Subversion Repositories Programming Utils

Compare Revisions

Ignore whitespace Rev 93 → Rev 94

/branches/TrainDatabase/1.1/aboutdialog.ui
0,0 → 1,100
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<ui version="4.0">
<class>AboutDialog</class>
<widget class="QDialog" name="AboutDialog">
<property name="geometry">
<rect>
<x>0</x>
<y>0</y>
<width>400</width>
<height>300</height>
</rect>
</property>
<property name="windowTitle">
<string>About</string>
</property>
<widget class="QPushButton" name="pushButton">
<property name="geometry">
<rect>
<x>150</x>
<y>240</y>
<width>95</width>
<height>31</height>
</rect>
</property>
<property name="text">
<string>OK</string>
</property>
</widget>
<widget class="QLabel" name="label">
<property name="geometry">
<rect>
<x>90</x>
<y>20</y>
<width>211</width>
<height>21</height>
</rect>
</property>
<property name="text">
<string>Train Database Browser V1.1</string>
</property>
</widget>
<widget class="QLabel" name="label_2">
<property name="geometry">
<rect>
<x>80</x>
<y>50</y>
<width>221</width>
<height>21</height>
</rect>
</property>
<property name="text">
<string>Copyright 2014-2015 rm5248</string>
</property>
</widget>
<widget class="QLabel" name="label_3">
<property name="geometry">
<rect>
<x>80</x>
<y>80</y>
<width>121</width>
<height>21</height>
</rect>
</property>
<property name="text">
<string>SQLite version:</string>
</property>
</widget>
<widget class="QLabel" name="sqliteversion">
<property name="geometry">
<rect>
<x>220</x>
<y>80</y>
<width>191</width>
<height>21</height>
</rect>
</property>
<property name="text">
<string>XX.XX.XX</string>
</property>
</widget>
<widget class="QLabel" name="label_4">
<property name="geometry">
<rect>
<x>80</x>
<y>180</y>
<width>251</width>
<height>21</height>
</rect>
</property>
<property name="text">
<string>http://programming.rm5248.com</string>
</property>
<property name="openExternalLinks">
<bool>true</bool>
</property>
</widget>
</widget>
<resources/>
<connections/>
</ui>
/branches/TrainDatabase/1.1/traintablemodel.cpp
0,0 → 1,115
#include <QDebug>
#include <QPushButton>
 
#include "traintablemodel.h"
#include "dbexception.h"
 
TrainTableModel::TrainTableModel( DBAccess* access, QObject *parent) :
QAbstractTableModel(parent)
{
this->access = access;
}
 
int TrainTableModel::rowCount(const QModelIndex &) const{
return access->getNumberOfRecords();
}
 
int TrainTableModel::columnCount(const QModelIndex &) const{
return 5;
}
 
QVariant TrainTableModel::data(const QModelIndex &index, int role) const{
int row = index.row();
int col = index.column();
 
if (role == Qt::DisplayRole || role == Qt::EditRole) {
TrainRecord* record = this->access->getRecord( row );
if( record == NULL ){
qDebug() << "ERROR: TrainRecord NULL. Row " << row;
return QVariant();
}
switch( col ){
case 0: return QString( record->getReportingMark().c_str() );
case 1: return record->getRoadNumber();
case 2: return record->getCost();
case 3: return QString( record->getStockType().c_str() );
case 4: return QString( record->getNotes().c_str() );
case 5: return QString( "Delete" );
}
}
return QVariant();
}
 
QVariant TrainTableModel::headerData(int section, Qt::Orientation orientation, int role) const{
if (role == Qt::DisplayRole) {
if( orientation == Qt::Horizontal ){
switch( section ){
case 0: return QString( "Reporting Mark" );
case 1: return QString( "Road Number" );
case 2: return QString( "Cost" );
case 3: return QString( "Type" );
case 4: return QString( "Notes" );
case 5: return QString( "Delete" );
}
}
}
return QVariant();
}
 
Qt::ItemFlags TrainTableModel::flags(const QModelIndex &) const{
return Qt::ItemIsSelectable | Qt::ItemIsEditable | Qt::ItemIsEnabled ;
}
 
bool TrainTableModel::setData(const QModelIndex &index, const QVariant &value, int role){
int row = index.row();
int col = index.column();
 
if( role == Qt::EditRole ){
TrainRecord* record = this->access->getRecord( row );
switch( col ){
case 0: record->setReportingMark( value.toString().toStdString() );
break;
case 1: record->setRoadNumber( value.toInt() );
break;
case 2: record->setCost( value.toInt() );
break;
case 3: record->setStockType( value.toString().toStdString() );
break;
case 4: record->setNotes( value.toString().toStdString() );
break;
}
try{
access->updateRecord( record );
}catch( DBException ex ){
qDebug() << ex.what();
}
}
 
emit dataChanged( index, index );
return true;
}
 
void TrainTableModel::updateFull(){
QModelIndex topIndex = createIndex( 0, 0 );
QModelIndex bottomIndex = createIndex( access->getNumberOfRecords(), 5 );
 
emit dataChanged( topIndex, bottomIndex );
}
 
void TrainTableModel::updateLastRecord(){
beginInsertRows( QModelIndex(), access->getNumberOfRecords(), access->getNumberOfRecords() );
endInsertRows();
 
emit dataChanged( QModelIndex(), QModelIndex() );
}
 
void TrainTableModel::deleteRow( int row ){
TrainRecord* rec = access->getRecord( row);
 
beginRemoveRows( QModelIndex(), rec->getKey(), rec->getKey() );
endRemoveRows();
 
access->deleteRecord( rec );
 
emit dataChanged( QModelIndex(), QModelIndex() );
}
/branches/TrainDatabase/1.1/dbaccess.cpp
0,0 → 1,283
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <QString>
#include <QDebug>
 
#include "dbaccess.h"
#include "dbexception.h"
 
DBAccess::DBAccess( const char* dbLocation, bool create )
{
int error = 0;
sqlite3_stmt* res;
int result;
int count;
int flags = SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE;
 
if( create ){
flags |= SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE;
}
 
error = sqlite3_open_v2( dbLocation, &m_sql, flags, NULL );
if( error ){
QString exc = QString( "Can't open database: %1" ).arg( sqlite3_errmsg( m_sql ) );
throw DBException( exc.toStdString() );
}
 
if( create ){
error = sqlite3_exec( m_sql, "CREATE TABLE \"Trains\" (train_id INTEGER PRIMARY KEY NOT NULL,\n Reporting_Mark TEXT,\n Road_Num INTEGER,\n Type TEXT,\n Cost INTEGER,\n Notes TEXT )",
NULL, NULL, NULL );
if( error ){
QString exc = QString( "Can't create database: %1" ).arg( sqlite3_errmsg( m_sql ) );
throw DBException( exc.toStdString() );
}
}
 
records = getNumberOfRecords();
allRecords.resize( records );
 
if( sqlite3_prepare_v2( m_sql, "SELECT train_id, Reporting_Mark, Road_Num, Type, Cost, Notes FROM Trains",
-1, &res, NULL ) != SQLITE_OK ){
QString exc = QString( "Can't create prepared statement: %1" ).arg( sqlite3_errmsg( m_sql ) );
throw DBException( exc.toStdString() );
}
 
 
count = 0;
while( result = sqlite3_step( res ), result == SQLITE_ROW ){
TrainRecord* newRecord = new TrainRecord(
sqlite3_column_int( res, 0 ),
(const char*)sqlite3_column_text( res, 1 ),
sqlite3_column_int( res, 2 ),
(const char*)sqlite3_column_text( res, 3 ),
sqlite3_column_int( res, 4 ),
(const char*)sqlite3_column_text( res, 5 )
);
allRecords[ count ] = newRecord;
count++;
}
if( result != SQLITE_DONE || count != records ){
QString exc = QString( "Can't read from database: %1" ).arg( sqlite3_errmsg( m_sql ) );
throw DBException( exc.toStdString() );
}
 
}
 
DBAccess::~DBAccess(){
for( uint32_t x = 0; x < allRecords.size(); x++ ){
delete( allRecords[ x ] );
}
 
sqlite3_close_v2( m_sql );
}
 
int DBAccess::getNumberOfRecords(){
sqlite3_stmt* res;
int result;
 
if( sqlite3_prepare_v2( m_sql, "SELECT COUNT( * ) FROM Trains", -1, &res, NULL ) != SQLITE_OK ){
QString exc = QString( "Can't create prepared statement: %1" ).arg( sqlite3_errmsg( m_sql ) );
throw DBException( exc.toStdString() );
}
 
result = sqlite3_step( res );
if( result == SQLITE_ROW ){
return sqlite3_column_int( res, 0 );
}else{
throw DBException( "No records" );
}
}
 
int DBAccess::getTotalCost(){
sqlite3_stmt* res;
int result;
 
if( sqlite3_prepare_v2( m_sql, "SELECT SUM( Cost ) FROM Trains", -1, &res, NULL ) != SQLITE_OK ){
QString exc = QString( "Can't create prepared statement: %1" ).arg( sqlite3_errmsg( m_sql ) );
throw DBException( exc.toStdString() );
}
 
result = sqlite3_step( res );
if( result == SQLITE_ROW ){
return sqlite3_column_int( res, 0 );
}else{
throw DBException( "No cost" );
}
}
 
TrainRecord* DBAccess::getRecord(int num){
if( num < 0 || (unsigned)num > allRecords.size() ){
qDebug() << "RETURN NULL";
return NULL;
}
 
return allRecords[ num ];
}
 
void DBAccess::updateRecord( TrainRecord * rec ){
sqlite3_stmt* res;
int result;
char str[ 1024 ];
size_t copy_len;
if( rec == NULL ){
return;
}
 
//set the reporting mark
if( sqlite3_prepare_v2( m_sql, "UPDATE Trains SET Reporting_Mark = ? WHERE train_id = ?", -1, &res, NULL ) != SQLITE_OK ){
QString exc = QString( "Can't create prepared statement: %1" ).arg( sqlite3_errmsg( m_sql ) );
throw DBException( exc.toStdString() );
}
 
//note: for some reason on Windows, we can't just pass in the c_str that we get from std::string
//copy the c_str to a char array
copy_len = rec->getReportingMark().length() + 1;
if( copy_len > 1024 ) copy_len = 1024;
memcpy( str, rec->getReportingMark().c_str(), copy_len );
sqlite3_bind_text( res, 1, str, -1, NULL );
sqlite3_bind_int( res, 2, rec->getKey() );
 
result = sqlite3_step( res );
if( result != SQLITE_DONE ){
QString exc = QString( "Can't execute prepared statement: %1" ).arg( sqlite3_errmsg( m_sql ) );
throw DBException( exc.toStdString() );
}
 
//set the road number
if( sqlite3_prepare_v2( m_sql, "UPDATE Trains SET Road_Num = ? WHERE train_id = ?", -1, &res, NULL ) != SQLITE_OK ){
QString exc = QString( "Can't create prepared statement: %1" ).arg( sqlite3_errmsg( m_sql ) );
throw DBException( exc.toStdString() );
}
sqlite3_bind_int( res, 1, rec->getRoadNumber() );
sqlite3_bind_int( res, 2, rec->getKey() );
 
result = sqlite3_step( res );
if( result != SQLITE_DONE ){
QString exc = QString( "Can't execute prepared statement: %1" ).arg( sqlite3_errmsg( m_sql ) );
throw DBException( exc.toStdString() );
}
 
//set the type
if( sqlite3_prepare_v2( m_sql, "UPDATE Trains SET Type = ? WHERE train_id = ?", -1, &res, NULL ) != SQLITE_OK ){
QString exc = QString( "Can't create prepared statement: %1" ).arg( sqlite3_errmsg( m_sql ) );
throw DBException( exc.toStdString() );
}
copy_len = rec->getStockType().length() + 1;
if( copy_len > 1024 ) copy_len = 1024;
memcpy( str, rec->getStockType().c_str(), copy_len );
sqlite3_bind_text( res, 1, str, -1, NULL );
sqlite3_bind_int( res, 2, rec->getKey() );
 
result = sqlite3_step( res );
if( result != SQLITE_DONE ){
QString exc = QString( "Can't execute prepared statement: %1" ).arg( sqlite3_errmsg( m_sql ) );
throw DBException( exc.toStdString() );
}
 
//set the cost
if( sqlite3_prepare_v2( m_sql, "UPDATE Trains SET Cost = ? WHERE train_id = ?", -1, &res, NULL ) != SQLITE_OK ){
QString exc = QString( "Can't create prepared statement: %1" ).arg( sqlite3_errmsg( m_sql ) );
throw DBException( exc.toStdString() );
}
sqlite3_bind_int( res, 1, rec->getCost() );
sqlite3_bind_int( res, 2, rec->getKey() );
 
result = sqlite3_step( res );
if( result != SQLITE_DONE ){
QString exc = QString( "Can't execute prepared statement: %1" ).arg( sqlite3_errmsg( m_sql ) );
throw DBException( exc.toStdString() );
}
 
//set the notes
if( sqlite3_prepare_v2( m_sql, "UPDATE Trains SET Notes = ? WHERE train_id = ?", -1, &res, NULL ) != SQLITE_OK ){
QString exc = QString( "Can't create prepared statement: %1" ).arg( sqlite3_errmsg( m_sql ) );
throw DBException( exc.toStdString() );
}
copy_len = rec->getNotes().length() + 1;
if( copy_len > 1024 ) copy_len = 1024;
memcpy( str, rec->getNotes().c_str(), copy_len );
sqlite3_bind_text( res, 1, str, -1, NULL );
sqlite3_bind_int( res, 2, rec->getKey() );
 
result = sqlite3_step( res );
if( result != SQLITE_DONE ){
QString exc = QString( "Can't execute prepared statement: %1" ).arg( sqlite3_errmsg( m_sql ) );
throw DBException( exc.toStdString() );
}
}
 
TrainRecord* DBAccess::newRecord(){
sqlite3_stmt* res;
int result;
 
//set the reporting mark to be NEW
if( sqlite3_prepare_v2( m_sql, "INSERT INTO Trains ( Reporting_Mark ) VALUES ( 'NEW' )", -1, &res, NULL ) != SQLITE_OK ){
QString exc = QString( "Can't create prepared statement: %1" ).arg( sqlite3_errmsg( m_sql ) );
throw DBException( exc.toStdString() );
}
 
result = sqlite3_step( res );
if( result != SQLITE_DONE ){
QString exc = QString( "Can't execute prepared statement: %1" ).arg( sqlite3_errmsg( m_sql ) );
throw DBException( exc.toStdString() );
}
 
//get the new record and return a pointer to it.
if( sqlite3_prepare_v2( m_sql, "SELECT train_id, reporting_mark, road_num, type, cost FROM Trains ORDER BY train_id DESC LIMIT 1",
-1, &res, NULL ) != SQLITE_OK ){
QString exc = QString( "Can't create prepared statement: %1" ).arg( sqlite3_errmsg( m_sql ) );
throw DBException( exc.toStdString() );
}
 
result = sqlite3_step( res );
if( result != SQLITE_ROW){
QString exc = QString( "Can't execute prepared statement: %1" ).arg( sqlite3_errmsg( m_sql ) );
throw DBException( exc.toStdString() );
}
 
TrainRecord* newRecord = new TrainRecord(
sqlite3_column_int( res, 0 ),
(const char*)sqlite3_column_text( res, 1 ),
sqlite3_column_int( res, 2 ),
(const char*)sqlite3_column_text( res, 3 ),
sqlite3_column_int( res, 4 ),
(const char*)sqlite3_column_text( res, 5 )
);
 
allRecords.push_back( newRecord );
 
return newRecord;
}
 
void DBAccess::deleteRecord( TrainRecord * toDelete ){
int result;
if( toDelete == NULL ){
return;
}
 
sqlite3_stmt* res;
std::vector<TrainRecord*>::iterator it;
if( sqlite3_prepare_v2( m_sql, "DELETE FROM Trains WHERE train_id = ?", -1, &res, NULL ) != SQLITE_OK ){
QString exc = QString( "Can't create prepared statement: %1" ).arg( sqlite3_errmsg( m_sql ) );
throw DBException( exc.toStdString() );
}
 
sqlite3_bind_int( res, 1, toDelete->getKey() );
result = sqlite3_step( res );
if( result != SQLITE_DONE ){
QString exc = QString( "Can't execute prepared statement: %1" ).arg( sqlite3_errmsg( m_sql ) );
throw DBException( exc.toStdString() );
}
 
//find this in our local cache
for( it = allRecords.begin(); it != allRecords.end(); it++ ){
if( *it == toDelete ){
break;
}
}
 
if( it != allRecords.end() ){
allRecords.erase( it );
delete toDelete;
}
}
/branches/TrainDatabase/1.1/trainrecord.cpp
0,0 → 1,64
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
 
#include "trainrecord.h"
 
TrainRecord::TrainRecord( int key, const char* reporting_mark, uint32_t road_number,
const char* stock_type, uint16_t costi, const char* notesi ){
if( reporting_mark != NULL ){
reporting.assign( reporting_mark );
}
road = road_number;
if( stock_type != NULL ){
stock.assign( stock_type );
}
cost = costi;
if( notesi != NULL ){
notes.assign( notesi );
}
this->key = key;
}
 
std::string TrainRecord::getReportingMark(){
return reporting;
}
 
void TrainRecord::setReportingMark(std::string mark ){
reporting.assign( mark );
}
 
uint32_t TrainRecord::getRoadNumber(){
return road;
}
 
void TrainRecord::setRoadNumber( uint32_t roadIn ){
road = roadIn;
}
 
std::string TrainRecord::getStockType(){
return stock;
}
 
void TrainRecord::setStockType( std::string stck ){
stock.assign( stck );
}
 
uint16_t TrainRecord::getCost(){
return cost;
}
 
void TrainRecord::setCost( uint16_t costIn ){
cost = costIn;
}
 
std::string TrainRecord::getNotes(){
return notes;
}
 
void TrainRecord::setNotes( std::string notesIn ){
notes.assign( notesIn );
}
 
int TrainRecord::getKey(){
return key;
}
/branches/TrainDatabase/1.1/TrainDatabase.pro
0,0 → 1,36
#-------------------------------------------------
#
# Project created by QtCreator 2014-11-02T11:22:16
#
#-------------------------------------------------
 
QT += core gui
 
greaterThan(QT_MAJOR_VERSION, 4): QT += widgets
 
TARGET = TrainDatabase
TEMPLATE = app
 
 
SOURCES += main.cpp\
traindb.cpp\
sqlite3.c \
aboutdialog.cpp \
traintablemodel.cpp \
dbaccess.cpp \
dbexception.cpp \
trainrecord.cpp
 
HEADERS += traindb.h sqlite3.h sqlite3ext.h \
aboutdialog.h \
traintablemodel.h \
dbaccess.h \
dbexception.h \
trainrecord.h
 
FORMS += traindb.ui \
aboutdialog.ui
 
#need the dynamic loader for some reason
unix:LIBS += -ldl
/branches/TrainDatabase/1.1/trainrecord.h
0,0 → 1,43
#ifndef TRAINRECORD_H
#define TRAINRECORD_H
 
#include <string>
#include <stdint.h>
 
class TrainRecord
{
public:
TrainRecord( int key,
const char* reporting_mark,
uint32_t road_number,
const char* stock_type,
uint16_t costi,
const char* notes );
 
std::string getReportingMark();
void setReportingMark( std::string );
 
uint32_t getRoadNumber();
void setRoadNumber( uint32_t );
 
std::string getStockType();
void setStockType( std::string );
 
uint16_t getCost();
void setCost( uint16_t );
 
std::string getNotes();
void setNotes( std::string );
 
int getKey();
 
private:
std::string reporting;
uint32_t road;
std::string stock;
uint16_t cost;
std::string notes;
int key;
};
 
#endif // TRAINRECORD_H
/branches/TrainDatabase/1.1/traintablemodel.h
0,0 → 1,44
#ifndef TRAINTABLEMODEL_H
#define TRAINTABLEMODEL_H
 
#include <QAbstractTableModel>
 
#include "dbaccess.h"
 
class TrainTableModel : public QAbstractTableModel
{
Q_OBJECT
public:
explicit TrainTableModel( DBAccess* access, QObject *parent = 0);
int rowCount(const QModelIndex &parent) const;
int columnCount(const QModelIndex &parent) const;
QVariant data(const QModelIndex &index, int role) const;
QVariant headerData(int section, Qt::Orientation orientation, int role) const;
Qt::ItemFlags flags(const QModelIndex &index) const;
bool setData(const QModelIndex &index, const QVariant &value, int role);
 
/**
* @brief updateFull Do a full update of the table
*/
void updateFull();
 
/**
* @brief updateLastRecord Update just the last record in the table.
*/
void updateLastRecord();
 
/**
* @brief deleteSelected Delete the given row.
*/
void deleteRow( int row );
 
signals:
 
public slots:
 
private:
DBAccess* access;
 
};
 
#endif // TRAINTABLEMODEL_H
/branches/TrainDatabase/1.1/dbaccess.h
0,0 → 1,56
#ifndef DBACCESS_H
#define DBACCESS_H
 
#include <vector>
 
#include "sqlite3.h"
#include "trainrecord.h"
 
class DBAccess
{
public:
DBAccess( const char* dbLocation, bool create );
~DBAccess();
 
/**
* @brief getTotalCost Get the total cost of all trains in the database
* @return
*/
int getTotalCost();
 
/**
* @brief getNumberOfRecords Get the total number of records in the database
* @return
*/
int getNumberOfRecords();
 
/**
* @brief getRecord Get the specified record
* @param num
* @return
*/
TrainRecord* getRecord( int num );
 
/**
* @brief updateRecord Update the given record in the database
*/
void updateRecord( TrainRecord* );
 
/**
* @brief newRecord Create a new record and return it
* @return
*/
TrainRecord* newRecord();
 
/**
* @brief deleteRecord Delete the given record from the database
*/
void deleteRecord( TrainRecord* );
 
private:
sqlite3* m_sql;
int records;
std::vector<TrainRecord*> allRecords;
};
 
#endif // DBACCESS_H
/branches/TrainDatabase/1.1/traindb.ui
0,0 → 1,123
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<ui version="4.0">
<class>TrainDB</class>
<widget class="QMainWindow" name="TrainDB">
<property name="geometry">
<rect>
<x>0</x>
<y>0</y>
<width>1024</width>
<height>768</height>
</rect>
</property>
<property name="windowTitle">
<string>TrainDB</string>
</property>
<widget class="QWidget" name="centralWidget">
<layout class="QGridLayout" name="gridLayout_2">
<item row="0" column="0">
<widget class="QTableView" name="trainTable"/>
</item>
<item row="1" column="0">
<widget class="QWidget" name="statsWidget" native="true">
<layout class="QHBoxLayout" name="horizontalLayout">
<item>
<widget class="QLabel" name="numberOfTrainsLbl">
<property name="text">
<string>Total Number of Trains:</string>
</property>
</widget>
</item>
<item>
<widget class="QLabel" name="numberOfTrains">
<property name="text">
<string>TextLabel</string>
</property>
</widget>
</item>
<item>
<widget class="QLabel" name="totalCostLbl">
<property name="text">
<string>Total Cost:</string>
</property>
</widget>
</item>
<item>
<widget class="QLabel" name="totalCost">
<property name="text">
<string>TextLabel</string>
</property>
</widget>
</item>
<item>
<widget class="QPushButton" name="pushButton">
<property name="text">
<string>New Record</string>
</property>
</widget>
</item>
<item>
<widget class="QPushButton" name="deleteButton">
<property name="text">
<string>Delete Selected</string>
</property>
</widget>
</item>
</layout>
</widget>
</item>
</layout>
</widget>
<widget class="QMenuBar" name="menuBar">
<property name="geometry">
<rect>
<x>0</x>
<y>0</y>
<width>1024</width>
<height>27</height>
</rect>
</property>
<widget class="QMenu" name="menuTrain_Database">
<property name="title">
<string>File</string>
</property>
<addaction name="actionOpen_Database"/>
<addaction name="actionNew_Database"/>
<addaction name="separator"/>
<addaction name="actionExit"/>
</widget>
<widget class="QMenu" name="menuAbout">
<property name="title">
<string>About</string>
</property>
<addaction name="actionAbout_This_Program"/>
</widget>
<addaction name="menuTrain_Database"/>
<addaction name="menuAbout"/>
</widget>
<widget class="QStatusBar" name="statusBar"/>
<action name="actionOpen_Database">
<property name="text">
<string>Open Database</string>
</property>
</action>
<action name="actionExit">
<property name="text">
<string>Exit</string>
</property>
</action>
<action name="actionAbout_This_Program">
<property name="text">
<string>About This Program</string>
</property>
</action>
<action name="actionNew_Database">
<property name="text">
<string>New Database</string>
</property>
</action>
</widget>
<layoutdefault spacing="6" margin="11"/>
<resources/>
<connections/>
</ui>
/branches/TrainDatabase/1.1/traindb.cpp
0,0 → 1,141
#include <QFileDialog>
#include <QDebug>
#include <QMessageBox>
#include <QModelIndexList>
 
#include "traindb.h"
#include "ui_traindb.h"
#include "aboutdialog.h"
#include "traintablemodel.h"
#include "dbexception.h"
 
TrainDB::TrainDB(QWidget *parent) :
QMainWindow(parent),
ui(new Ui::TrainDB)
{
ui->setupUi(this);
ui->totalCost->setText( "0" );
ui->numberOfTrains->setText( "0" );
access = NULL;
model = NULL;
}
 
TrainDB::~TrainDB()
{
delete ui;
if( access != NULL ){
delete access;
}
}
 
void TrainDB::on_actionExit_triggered()
{
if( access != NULL ){
delete access;
}
exit( 0 );
}
 
void TrainDB::on_actionOpen_Database_triggered()
{
QString filename = QFileDialog::getOpenFileName( this, "Open database", "." );
if( filename.size() == 0 ){
//this happens if the user cancels
return;
}
 
if( access != NULL ){
delete access;
}
try{
access = new DBAccess( (const char*)(filename.toStdString().c_str()), false );
}catch( DBException ex ){
access = NULL;
QMessageBox::critical( this, "ERROR", ex.what() );
return;
}catch( ... ){
QMessageBox::critical( this, "ERROR", "Dunno lol" );
return;
}
updateGUILabelsAndModel();
}
 
void TrainDB::on_actionAbout_This_Program_triggered()
{
AboutDialog ab( this );
ab.setSQLiteVersion( SQLITE_VERSION );
ab.exec();
}
 
void TrainDB::on_actionNew_Database_triggered()
{
QString filename = QFileDialog::getSaveFileName( this, "Choose File" );
if( filename == NULL ){
return;
}
 
if( access != NULL ){
delete access;
}
try{
access = new DBAccess( (const char*)(filename.toStdString().c_str()), true );
}catch( DBException ex ){
access = NULL;
QMessageBox::critical( this, "ERROR", ex.what() );
return;
}catch( ... ){
QMessageBox::critical( this, "ERROR", "Dunno lol" );
return;
}
updateGUILabelsAndModel();
}
 
void TrainDB::updateGUILabelsAndModel(){
QString formatted = QString( "%1" ).arg( access->getNumberOfRecords() );
ui->numberOfTrains->setText( formatted );
QString costformatted = QString( "$%1" ).arg( access->getTotalCost() );
ui->totalCost->setText( costformatted );
 
if( model != NULL ){
delete model;
}
model = new TrainTableModel( access );
ui->trainTable->setModel( model );
connect( model, SIGNAL(dataChanged(const QModelIndex &, const QModelIndex &)),
this, SLOT(db_updated(const QModelIndex&, const QModelIndex&)) );
ui->trainTable->setColumnWidth( 0, 120 );
ui->trainTable->setColumnWidth( 4, 400 );
}
 
void TrainDB::on_pushButton_clicked()
{
if( access == NULL ){
return;
}
 
access->newRecord();
model->updateLastRecord();
}
 
void TrainDB::db_updated(const QModelIndex &, const QModelIndex &){
QString formatted = QString( "%1" ).arg( access->getNumberOfRecords() );
ui->numberOfTrains->setText( formatted );
QString costformatted = QString( "$%1" ).arg( access->getTotalCost() );
ui->totalCost->setText( costformatted );
}
 
void TrainDB::on_deleteButton_clicked()
{
int response = QMessageBox::question( this, "Delete?", "Are you sure you want to delete this record?",
QMessageBox::Yes, QMessageBox::No );
if( response != QMessageBox::Yes ){
return;
}
 
QModelIndexList bb = ui->trainTable->selectionModel()->selection().indexes();
try{
model->deleteRow( bb[ 0 ].row() );
}catch( DBException ex ){
QMessageBox::critical( this, "ERROR", ex.what() );
}
}
/branches/TrainDatabase/1.1/traindb.h
0,0 → 1,45
#ifndef TRAINDB_H
#define TRAINDB_H
 
#include <QMainWindow>
 
#include "dbaccess.h"
#include "traintablemodel.h"
 
namespace Ui {
class TrainDB;
}
 
class TrainDB : public QMainWindow
{
Q_OBJECT
public:
explicit TrainDB(QWidget *parent = 0);
~TrainDB();
private slots:
void on_actionExit_triggered();
 
void on_actionOpen_Database_triggered();
 
void on_actionAbout_This_Program_triggered();
 
void on_actionNew_Database_triggered();
 
void on_pushButton_clicked();
 
void db_updated( const QModelIndex & topLeft, const QModelIndex & bottomRigh );
 
void on_deleteButton_clicked();
 
private:
void updateGUILabelsAndModel();
 
private:
Ui::TrainDB *ui;
DBAccess* access;
TrainTableModel* model;
};
 
#endif // TRAINDB_H
/branches/TrainDatabase/1.1/aboutdialog.h
0,0 → 1,27
#ifndef ABOUTDIALOG_H
#define ABOUTDIALOG_H
 
#include <QDialog>
 
namespace Ui {
class AboutDialog;
}
 
class AboutDialog : public QDialog
{
Q_OBJECT
public:
explicit AboutDialog(QWidget *parent = 0);
~AboutDialog();
 
void setSQLiteVersion( const char* version );
private slots:
void on_pushButton_clicked();
 
private:
Ui::AboutDialog *ui;
};
 
#endif // ABOUTDIALOG_H
/branches/TrainDatabase/1.1/dbexception.cpp
0,0 → 1,14
#include "dbexception.h"
 
DBException::DBException( const std::string reason )
{
this->reason.assign( reason );
}
 
DBException::DBException( const char* reason ){
this->reason.assign( reason );
}
 
const char* DBException::what(){
return reason.c_str();
}
/branches/TrainDatabase/1.1/dbexception.h
0,0 → 1,20
#ifndef DBEXCEPTION_H
#define DBEXCEPTION_H
 
#include <exception>
#include <string>
 
class DBException : public std::exception
{
public:
DBException( const std::string reason );
DBException( const char* reason );
~DBException() throw() {}
 
const char* what();
 
private:
std::string reason;
};
 
#endif // DBEXCEPTION_H
/branches/TrainDatabase/1.1/sqlite3ext.h
0,0 → 1,517
/*
** 2006 June 7
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
** May you do good and not evil.
** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This header file defines the SQLite interface for use by
** shared libraries that want to be imported as extensions into
** an SQLite instance. Shared libraries that intend to be loaded
** as extensions by SQLite should #include this file instead of
** sqlite3.h.
*/
#ifndef _SQLITE3EXT_H_
#define _SQLITE3EXT_H_
#include "sqlite3.h"
 
typedef struct sqlite3_api_routines sqlite3_api_routines;
 
/*
** The following structure holds pointers to all of the SQLite API
** routines.
**
** WARNING: In order to maintain backwards compatibility, add new
** interfaces to the end of this structure only. If you insert new
** interfaces in the middle of this structure, then older different
** versions of SQLite will not be able to load each other's shared
** libraries!
*/
struct sqlite3_api_routines {
void * (*aggregate_context)(sqlite3_context*,int nBytes);
int (*aggregate_count)(sqlite3_context*);
int (*bind_blob)(sqlite3_stmt*,int,const void*,int n,void(*)(void*));
int (*bind_double)(sqlite3_stmt*,int,double);
int (*bind_int)(sqlite3_stmt*,int,int);
int (*bind_int64)(sqlite3_stmt*,int,sqlite_int64);
int (*bind_null)(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
int (*bind_parameter_count)(sqlite3_stmt*);
int (*bind_parameter_index)(sqlite3_stmt*,const char*zName);
const char * (*bind_parameter_name)(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
int (*bind_text)(sqlite3_stmt*,int,const char*,int n,void(*)(void*));
int (*bind_text16)(sqlite3_stmt*,int,const void*,int,void(*)(void*));
int (*bind_value)(sqlite3_stmt*,int,const sqlite3_value*);
int (*busy_handler)(sqlite3*,int(*)(void*,int),void*);
int (*busy_timeout)(sqlite3*,int ms);
int (*changes)(sqlite3*);
int (*close)(sqlite3*);
int (*collation_needed)(sqlite3*,void*,void(*)(void*,sqlite3*,
int eTextRep,const char*));
int (*collation_needed16)(sqlite3*,void*,void(*)(void*,sqlite3*,
int eTextRep,const void*));
const void * (*column_blob)(sqlite3_stmt*,int iCol);
int (*column_bytes)(sqlite3_stmt*,int iCol);
int (*column_bytes16)(sqlite3_stmt*,int iCol);
int (*column_count)(sqlite3_stmt*pStmt);
const char * (*column_database_name)(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
const void * (*column_database_name16)(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
const char * (*column_decltype)(sqlite3_stmt*,int i);
const void * (*column_decltype16)(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
double (*column_double)(sqlite3_stmt*,int iCol);
int (*column_int)(sqlite3_stmt*,int iCol);
sqlite_int64 (*column_int64)(sqlite3_stmt*,int iCol);
const char * (*column_name)(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
const void * (*column_name16)(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
const char * (*column_origin_name)(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
const void * (*column_origin_name16)(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
const char * (*column_table_name)(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
const void * (*column_table_name16)(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
const unsigned char * (*column_text)(sqlite3_stmt*,int iCol);
const void * (*column_text16)(sqlite3_stmt*,int iCol);
int (*column_type)(sqlite3_stmt*,int iCol);
sqlite3_value* (*column_value)(sqlite3_stmt*,int iCol);
void * (*commit_hook)(sqlite3*,int(*)(void*),void*);
int (*complete)(const char*sql);
int (*complete16)(const void*sql);
int (*create_collation)(sqlite3*,const char*,int,void*,
int(*)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*));
int (*create_collation16)(sqlite3*,const void*,int,void*,
int(*)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*));
int (*create_function)(sqlite3*,const char*,int,int,void*,
void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*));
int (*create_function16)(sqlite3*,const void*,int,int,void*,
void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*));
int (*create_module)(sqlite3*,const char*,const sqlite3_module*,void*);
int (*data_count)(sqlite3_stmt*pStmt);
sqlite3 * (*db_handle)(sqlite3_stmt*);
int (*declare_vtab)(sqlite3*,const char*);
int (*enable_shared_cache)(int);
int (*errcode)(sqlite3*db);
const char * (*errmsg)(sqlite3*);
const void * (*errmsg16)(sqlite3*);
int (*exec)(sqlite3*,const char*,sqlite3_callback,void*,char**);
int (*expired)(sqlite3_stmt*);
int (*finalize)(sqlite3_stmt*pStmt);
void (*free)(void*);
void (*free_table)(char**result);
int (*get_autocommit)(sqlite3*);
void * (*get_auxdata)(sqlite3_context*,int);
int (*get_table)(sqlite3*,const char*,char***,int*,int*,char**);
int (*global_recover)(void);
void (*interruptx)(sqlite3*);
sqlite_int64 (*last_insert_rowid)(sqlite3*);
const char * (*libversion)(void);
int (*libversion_number)(void);
void *(*malloc)(int);
char * (*mprintf)(const char*,...);
int (*open)(const char*,sqlite3**);
int (*open16)(const void*,sqlite3**);
int (*prepare)(sqlite3*,const char*,int,sqlite3_stmt**,const char**);
int (*prepare16)(sqlite3*,const void*,int,sqlite3_stmt**,const void**);
void * (*profile)(sqlite3*,void(*)(void*,const char*,sqlite_uint64),void*);
void (*progress_handler)(sqlite3*,int,int(*)(void*),void*);
void *(*realloc)(void*,int);
int (*reset)(sqlite3_stmt*pStmt);
void (*result_blob)(sqlite3_context*,const void*,int,void(*)(void*));
void (*result_double)(sqlite3_context*,double);
void (*result_error)(sqlite3_context*,const char*,int);
void (*result_error16)(sqlite3_context*,const void*,int);
void (*result_int)(sqlite3_context*,int);
void (*result_int64)(sqlite3_context*,sqlite_int64);
void (*result_null)(sqlite3_context*);
void (*result_text)(sqlite3_context*,const char*,int,void(*)(void*));
void (*result_text16)(sqlite3_context*,const void*,int,void(*)(void*));
void (*result_text16be)(sqlite3_context*,const void*,int,void(*)(void*));
void (*result_text16le)(sqlite3_context*,const void*,int,void(*)(void*));
void (*result_value)(sqlite3_context*,sqlite3_value*);
void * (*rollback_hook)(sqlite3*,void(*)(void*),void*);
int (*set_authorizer)(sqlite3*,int(*)(void*,int,const char*,const char*,
const char*,const char*),void*);
void (*set_auxdata)(sqlite3_context*,int,void*,void (*)(void*));
char * (*snprintf)(int,char*,const char*,...);
int (*step)(sqlite3_stmt*);
int (*table_column_metadata)(sqlite3*,const char*,const char*,const char*,
char const**,char const**,int*,int*,int*);
void (*thread_cleanup)(void);
int (*total_changes)(sqlite3*);
void * (*trace)(sqlite3*,void(*xTrace)(void*,const char*),void*);
int (*transfer_bindings)(sqlite3_stmt*,sqlite3_stmt*);
void * (*update_hook)(sqlite3*,void(*)(void*,int ,char const*,char const*,
sqlite_int64),void*);
void * (*user_data)(sqlite3_context*);
const void * (*value_blob)(sqlite3_value*);
int (*value_bytes)(sqlite3_value*);
int (*value_bytes16)(sqlite3_value*);
double (*value_double)(sqlite3_value*);
int (*value_int)(sqlite3_value*);
sqlite_int64 (*value_int64)(sqlite3_value*);
int (*value_numeric_type)(sqlite3_value*);
const unsigned char * (*value_text)(sqlite3_value*);
const void * (*value_text16)(sqlite3_value*);
const void * (*value_text16be)(sqlite3_value*);
const void * (*value_text16le)(sqlite3_value*);
int (*value_type)(sqlite3_value*);
char *(*vmprintf)(const char*,va_list);
/* Added ??? */
int (*overload_function)(sqlite3*, const char *zFuncName, int nArg);
/* Added by 3.3.13 */
int (*prepare_v2)(sqlite3*,const char*,int,sqlite3_stmt**,const char**);
int (*prepare16_v2)(sqlite3*,const void*,int,sqlite3_stmt**,const void**);
int (*clear_bindings)(sqlite3_stmt*);
/* Added by 3.4.1 */
int (*create_module_v2)(sqlite3*,const char*,const sqlite3_module*,void*,
void (*xDestroy)(void *));
/* Added by 3.5.0 */
int (*bind_zeroblob)(sqlite3_stmt*,int,int);
int (*blob_bytes)(sqlite3_blob*);
int (*blob_close)(sqlite3_blob*);
int (*blob_open)(sqlite3*,const char*,const char*,const char*,sqlite3_int64,
int,sqlite3_blob**);
int (*blob_read)(sqlite3_blob*,void*,int,int);
int (*blob_write)(sqlite3_blob*,const void*,int,int);
int (*create_collation_v2)(sqlite3*,const char*,int,void*,
int(*)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*),
void(*)(void*));
int (*file_control)(sqlite3*,const char*,int,void*);
sqlite3_int64 (*memory_highwater)(int);
sqlite3_int64 (*memory_used)(void);
sqlite3_mutex *(*mutex_alloc)(int);
void (*mutex_enter)(sqlite3_mutex*);
void (*mutex_free)(sqlite3_mutex*);
void (*mutex_leave)(sqlite3_mutex*);
int (*mutex_try)(sqlite3_mutex*);
int (*open_v2)(const char*,sqlite3**,int,const char*);
int (*release_memory)(int);
void (*result_error_nomem)(sqlite3_context*);
void (*result_error_toobig)(sqlite3_context*);
int (*sleep)(int);
void (*soft_heap_limit)(int);
sqlite3_vfs *(*vfs_find)(const char*);
int (*vfs_register)(sqlite3_vfs*,int);
int (*vfs_unregister)(sqlite3_vfs*);
int (*xthreadsafe)(void);
void (*result_zeroblob)(sqlite3_context*,int);
void (*result_error_code)(sqlite3_context*,int);
int (*test_control)(int, ...);
void (*randomness)(int,void*);
sqlite3 *(*context_db_handle)(sqlite3_context*);
int (*extended_result_codes)(sqlite3*,int);
int (*limit)(sqlite3*,int,int);
sqlite3_stmt *(*next_stmt)(sqlite3*,sqlite3_stmt*);
const char *(*sql)(sqlite3_stmt*);
int (*status)(int,int*,int*,int);
int (*backup_finish)(sqlite3_backup*);
sqlite3_backup *(*backup_init)(sqlite3*,const char*,sqlite3*,const char*);
int (*backup_pagecount)(sqlite3_backup*);
int (*backup_remaining)(sqlite3_backup*);
int (*backup_step)(sqlite3_backup*,int);
const char *(*compileoption_get)(int);
int (*compileoption_used)(const char*);
int (*create_function_v2)(sqlite3*,const char*,int,int,void*,
void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*),
void(*xDestroy)(void*));
int (*db_config)(sqlite3*,int,...);
sqlite3_mutex *(*db_mutex)(sqlite3*);
int (*db_status)(sqlite3*,int,int*,int*,int);
int (*extended_errcode)(sqlite3*);
void (*log)(int,const char*,...);
sqlite3_int64 (*soft_heap_limit64)(sqlite3_int64);
const char *(*sourceid)(void);
int (*stmt_status)(sqlite3_stmt*,int,int);
int (*strnicmp)(const char*,const char*,int);
int (*unlock_notify)(sqlite3*,void(*)(void**,int),void*);
int (*wal_autocheckpoint)(sqlite3*,int);
int (*wal_checkpoint)(sqlite3*,const char*);
void *(*wal_hook)(sqlite3*,int(*)(void*,sqlite3*,const char*,int),void*);
int (*blob_reopen)(sqlite3_blob*,sqlite3_int64);
int (*vtab_config)(sqlite3*,int op,...);
int (*vtab_on_conflict)(sqlite3*);
/* Version 3.7.16 and later */
int (*close_v2)(sqlite3*);
const char *(*db_filename)(sqlite3*,const char*);
int (*db_readonly)(sqlite3*,const char*);
int (*db_release_memory)(sqlite3*);
const char *(*errstr)(int);
int (*stmt_busy)(sqlite3_stmt*);
int (*stmt_readonly)(sqlite3_stmt*);
int (*stricmp)(const char*,const char*);
int (*uri_boolean)(const char*,const char*,int);
sqlite3_int64 (*uri_int64)(const char*,const char*,sqlite3_int64);
const char *(*uri_parameter)(const char*,const char*);
char *(*vsnprintf)(int,char*,const char*,va_list);
int (*wal_checkpoint_v2)(sqlite3*,const char*,int,int*,int*);
/* Version 3.8.7 and later */
int (*auto_extension)(void(*)(void));
int (*bind_blob64)(sqlite3_stmt*,int,const void*,sqlite3_uint64,
void(*)(void*));
int (*bind_text64)(sqlite3_stmt*,int,const char*,sqlite3_uint64,
void(*)(void*),unsigned char);
int (*cancel_auto_extension)(void(*)(void));
int (*load_extension)(sqlite3*,const char*,const char*,char**);
void *(*malloc64)(sqlite3_uint64);
sqlite3_uint64 (*msize)(void*);
void *(*realloc64)(void*,sqlite3_uint64);
void (*reset_auto_extension)(void);
void (*result_blob64)(sqlite3_context*,const void*,sqlite3_uint64,
void(*)(void*));
void (*result_text64)(sqlite3_context*,const char*,sqlite3_uint64,
void(*)(void*), unsigned char);
int (*strglob)(const char*,const char*);
};
 
/*
** The following macros redefine the API routines so that they are
** redirected through the global sqlite3_api structure.
**
** This header file is also used by the loadext.c source file
** (part of the main SQLite library - not an extension) so that
** it can get access to the sqlite3_api_routines structure
** definition. But the main library does not want to redefine
** the API. So the redefinition macros are only valid if the
** SQLITE_CORE macros is undefined.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_CORE
#define sqlite3_aggregate_context sqlite3_api->aggregate_context
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED
#define sqlite3_aggregate_count sqlite3_api->aggregate_count
#endif
#define sqlite3_bind_blob sqlite3_api->bind_blob
#define sqlite3_bind_double sqlite3_api->bind_double
#define sqlite3_bind_int sqlite3_api->bind_int
#define sqlite3_bind_int64 sqlite3_api->bind_int64
#define sqlite3_bind_null sqlite3_api->bind_null
#define sqlite3_bind_parameter_count sqlite3_api->bind_parameter_count
#define sqlite3_bind_parameter_index sqlite3_api->bind_parameter_index
#define sqlite3_bind_parameter_name sqlite3_api->bind_parameter_name
#define sqlite3_bind_text sqlite3_api->bind_text
#define sqlite3_bind_text16 sqlite3_api->bind_text16
#define sqlite3_bind_value sqlite3_api->bind_value
#define sqlite3_busy_handler sqlite3_api->busy_handler
#define sqlite3_busy_timeout sqlite3_api->busy_timeout
#define sqlite3_changes sqlite3_api->changes
#define sqlite3_close sqlite3_api->close
#define sqlite3_collation_needed sqlite3_api->collation_needed
#define sqlite3_collation_needed16 sqlite3_api->collation_needed16
#define sqlite3_column_blob sqlite3_api->column_blob
#define sqlite3_column_bytes sqlite3_api->column_bytes
#define sqlite3_column_bytes16 sqlite3_api->column_bytes16
#define sqlite3_column_count sqlite3_api->column_count
#define sqlite3_column_database_name sqlite3_api->column_database_name
#define sqlite3_column_database_name16 sqlite3_api->column_database_name16
#define sqlite3_column_decltype sqlite3_api->column_decltype
#define sqlite3_column_decltype16 sqlite3_api->column_decltype16
#define sqlite3_column_double sqlite3_api->column_double
#define sqlite3_column_int sqlite3_api->column_int
#define sqlite3_column_int64 sqlite3_api->column_int64
#define sqlite3_column_name sqlite3_api->column_name
#define sqlite3_column_name16 sqlite3_api->column_name16
#define sqlite3_column_origin_name sqlite3_api->column_origin_name
#define sqlite3_column_origin_name16 sqlite3_api->column_origin_name16
#define sqlite3_column_table_name sqlite3_api->column_table_name
#define sqlite3_column_table_name16 sqlite3_api->column_table_name16
#define sqlite3_column_text sqlite3_api->column_text
#define sqlite3_column_text16 sqlite3_api->column_text16
#define sqlite3_column_type sqlite3_api->column_type
#define sqlite3_column_value sqlite3_api->column_value
#define sqlite3_commit_hook sqlite3_api->commit_hook
#define sqlite3_complete sqlite3_api->complete
#define sqlite3_complete16 sqlite3_api->complete16
#define sqlite3_create_collation sqlite3_api->create_collation
#define sqlite3_create_collation16 sqlite3_api->create_collation16
#define sqlite3_create_function sqlite3_api->create_function
#define sqlite3_create_function16 sqlite3_api->create_function16
#define sqlite3_create_module sqlite3_api->create_module
#define sqlite3_create_module_v2 sqlite3_api->create_module_v2
#define sqlite3_data_count sqlite3_api->data_count
#define sqlite3_db_handle sqlite3_api->db_handle
#define sqlite3_declare_vtab sqlite3_api->declare_vtab
#define sqlite3_enable_shared_cache sqlite3_api->enable_shared_cache
#define sqlite3_errcode sqlite3_api->errcode
#define sqlite3_errmsg sqlite3_api->errmsg
#define sqlite3_errmsg16 sqlite3_api->errmsg16
#define sqlite3_exec sqlite3_api->exec
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED
#define sqlite3_expired sqlite3_api->expired
#endif
#define sqlite3_finalize sqlite3_api->finalize
#define sqlite3_free sqlite3_api->free
#define sqlite3_free_table sqlite3_api->free_table
#define sqlite3_get_autocommit sqlite3_api->get_autocommit
#define sqlite3_get_auxdata sqlite3_api->get_auxdata
#define sqlite3_get_table sqlite3_api->get_table
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED
#define sqlite3_global_recover sqlite3_api->global_recover
#endif
#define sqlite3_interrupt sqlite3_api->interruptx
#define sqlite3_last_insert_rowid sqlite3_api->last_insert_rowid
#define sqlite3_libversion sqlite3_api->libversion
#define sqlite3_libversion_number sqlite3_api->libversion_number
#define sqlite3_malloc sqlite3_api->malloc
#define sqlite3_mprintf sqlite3_api->mprintf
#define sqlite3_open sqlite3_api->open
#define sqlite3_open16 sqlite3_api->open16
#define sqlite3_prepare sqlite3_api->prepare
#define sqlite3_prepare16 sqlite3_api->prepare16
#define sqlite3_prepare_v2 sqlite3_api->prepare_v2
#define sqlite3_prepare16_v2 sqlite3_api->prepare16_v2
#define sqlite3_profile sqlite3_api->profile
#define sqlite3_progress_handler sqlite3_api->progress_handler
#define sqlite3_realloc sqlite3_api->realloc
#define sqlite3_reset sqlite3_api->reset
#define sqlite3_result_blob sqlite3_api->result_blob
#define sqlite3_result_double sqlite3_api->result_double
#define sqlite3_result_error sqlite3_api->result_error
#define sqlite3_result_error16 sqlite3_api->result_error16
#define sqlite3_result_int sqlite3_api->result_int
#define sqlite3_result_int64 sqlite3_api->result_int64
#define sqlite3_result_null sqlite3_api->result_null
#define sqlite3_result_text sqlite3_api->result_text
#define sqlite3_result_text16 sqlite3_api->result_text16
#define sqlite3_result_text16be sqlite3_api->result_text16be
#define sqlite3_result_text16le sqlite3_api->result_text16le
#define sqlite3_result_value sqlite3_api->result_value
#define sqlite3_rollback_hook sqlite3_api->rollback_hook
#define sqlite3_set_authorizer sqlite3_api->set_authorizer
#define sqlite3_set_auxdata sqlite3_api->set_auxdata
#define sqlite3_snprintf sqlite3_api->snprintf
#define sqlite3_step sqlite3_api->step
#define sqlite3_table_column_metadata sqlite3_api->table_column_metadata
#define sqlite3_thread_cleanup sqlite3_api->thread_cleanup
#define sqlite3_total_changes sqlite3_api->total_changes
#define sqlite3_trace sqlite3_api->trace
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED
#define sqlite3_transfer_bindings sqlite3_api->transfer_bindings
#endif
#define sqlite3_update_hook sqlite3_api->update_hook
#define sqlite3_user_data sqlite3_api->user_data
#define sqlite3_value_blob sqlite3_api->value_blob
#define sqlite3_value_bytes sqlite3_api->value_bytes
#define sqlite3_value_bytes16 sqlite3_api->value_bytes16
#define sqlite3_value_double sqlite3_api->value_double
#define sqlite3_value_int sqlite3_api->value_int
#define sqlite3_value_int64 sqlite3_api->value_int64
#define sqlite3_value_numeric_type sqlite3_api->value_numeric_type
#define sqlite3_value_text sqlite3_api->value_text
#define sqlite3_value_text16 sqlite3_api->value_text16
#define sqlite3_value_text16be sqlite3_api->value_text16be
#define sqlite3_value_text16le sqlite3_api->value_text16le
#define sqlite3_value_type sqlite3_api->value_type
#define sqlite3_vmprintf sqlite3_api->vmprintf
#define sqlite3_overload_function sqlite3_api->overload_function
#define sqlite3_prepare_v2 sqlite3_api->prepare_v2
#define sqlite3_prepare16_v2 sqlite3_api->prepare16_v2
#define sqlite3_clear_bindings sqlite3_api->clear_bindings
#define sqlite3_bind_zeroblob sqlite3_api->bind_zeroblob
#define sqlite3_blob_bytes sqlite3_api->blob_bytes
#define sqlite3_blob_close sqlite3_api->blob_close
#define sqlite3_blob_open sqlite3_api->blob_open
#define sqlite3_blob_read sqlite3_api->blob_read
#define sqlite3_blob_write sqlite3_api->blob_write
#define sqlite3_create_collation_v2 sqlite3_api->create_collation_v2
#define sqlite3_file_control sqlite3_api->file_control
#define sqlite3_memory_highwater sqlite3_api->memory_highwater
#define sqlite3_memory_used sqlite3_api->memory_used
#define sqlite3_mutex_alloc sqlite3_api->mutex_alloc
#define sqlite3_mutex_enter sqlite3_api->mutex_enter
#define sqlite3_mutex_free sqlite3_api->mutex_free
#define sqlite3_mutex_leave sqlite3_api->mutex_leave
#define sqlite3_mutex_try sqlite3_api->mutex_try
#define sqlite3_open_v2 sqlite3_api->open_v2
#define sqlite3_release_memory sqlite3_api->release_memory
#define sqlite3_result_error_nomem sqlite3_api->result_error_nomem
#define sqlite3_result_error_toobig sqlite3_api->result_error_toobig
#define sqlite3_sleep sqlite3_api->sleep
#define sqlite3_soft_heap_limit sqlite3_api->soft_heap_limit
#define sqlite3_vfs_find sqlite3_api->vfs_find
#define sqlite3_vfs_register sqlite3_api->vfs_register
#define sqlite3_vfs_unregister sqlite3_api->vfs_unregister
#define sqlite3_threadsafe sqlite3_api->xthreadsafe
#define sqlite3_result_zeroblob sqlite3_api->result_zeroblob
#define sqlite3_result_error_code sqlite3_api->result_error_code
#define sqlite3_test_control sqlite3_api->test_control
#define sqlite3_randomness sqlite3_api->randomness
#define sqlite3_context_db_handle sqlite3_api->context_db_handle
#define sqlite3_extended_result_codes sqlite3_api->extended_result_codes
#define sqlite3_limit sqlite3_api->limit
#define sqlite3_next_stmt sqlite3_api->next_stmt
#define sqlite3_sql sqlite3_api->sql
#define sqlite3_status sqlite3_api->status
#define sqlite3_backup_finish sqlite3_api->backup_finish
#define sqlite3_backup_init sqlite3_api->backup_init
#define sqlite3_backup_pagecount sqlite3_api->backup_pagecount
#define sqlite3_backup_remaining sqlite3_api->backup_remaining
#define sqlite3_backup_step sqlite3_api->backup_step
#define sqlite3_compileoption_get sqlite3_api->compileoption_get
#define sqlite3_compileoption_used sqlite3_api->compileoption_used
#define sqlite3_create_function_v2 sqlite3_api->create_function_v2
#define sqlite3_db_config sqlite3_api->db_config
#define sqlite3_db_mutex sqlite3_api->db_mutex
#define sqlite3_db_status sqlite3_api->db_status
#define sqlite3_extended_errcode sqlite3_api->extended_errcode
#define sqlite3_log sqlite3_api->log
#define sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64 sqlite3_api->soft_heap_limit64
#define sqlite3_sourceid sqlite3_api->sourceid
#define sqlite3_stmt_status sqlite3_api->stmt_status
#define sqlite3_strnicmp sqlite3_api->strnicmp
#define sqlite3_unlock_notify sqlite3_api->unlock_notify
#define sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint sqlite3_api->wal_autocheckpoint
#define sqlite3_wal_checkpoint sqlite3_api->wal_checkpoint
#define sqlite3_wal_hook sqlite3_api->wal_hook
#define sqlite3_blob_reopen sqlite3_api->blob_reopen
#define sqlite3_vtab_config sqlite3_api->vtab_config
#define sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict sqlite3_api->vtab_on_conflict
/* Version 3.7.16 and later */
#define sqlite3_close_v2 sqlite3_api->close_v2
#define sqlite3_db_filename sqlite3_api->db_filename
#define sqlite3_db_readonly sqlite3_api->db_readonly
#define sqlite3_db_release_memory sqlite3_api->db_release_memory
#define sqlite3_errstr sqlite3_api->errstr
#define sqlite3_stmt_busy sqlite3_api->stmt_busy
#define sqlite3_stmt_readonly sqlite3_api->stmt_readonly
#define sqlite3_stricmp sqlite3_api->stricmp
#define sqlite3_uri_boolean sqlite3_api->uri_boolean
#define sqlite3_uri_int64 sqlite3_api->uri_int64
#define sqlite3_uri_parameter sqlite3_api->uri_parameter
#define sqlite3_uri_vsnprintf sqlite3_api->vsnprintf
#define sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2 sqlite3_api->wal_checkpoint_v2
/* Version 3.8.7 and later */
#define sqlite3_auto_extension sqlite3_api->auto_extension
#define sqlite3_bind_blob64 sqlite3_api->bind_blob64
#define sqlite3_bind_text64 sqlite3_api->bind_text64
#define sqlite3_cancel_auto_extension sqlite3_api->cancel_auto_extension
#define sqlite3_load_extension sqlite3_api->load_extension
#define sqlite3_malloc64 sqlite3_api->malloc64
#define sqlite3_msize sqlite3_api->msize
#define sqlite3_realloc64 sqlite3_api->realloc64
#define sqlite3_reset_auto_extension sqlite3_api->reset_auto_extension
#define sqlite3_result_blob64 sqlite3_api->result_blob64
#define sqlite3_result_text64 sqlite3_api->result_text64
#define sqlite3_strglob sqlite3_api->strglob
#endif /* SQLITE_CORE */
 
#ifndef SQLITE_CORE
/* This case when the file really is being compiled as a loadable
** extension */
# define SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1 const sqlite3_api_routines *sqlite3_api=0;
# define SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(v) sqlite3_api=v;
# define SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT3 \
extern const sqlite3_api_routines *sqlite3_api;
#else
/* This case when the file is being statically linked into the
** application */
# define SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT1 /*no-op*/
# define SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT2(v) (void)v; /* unused parameter */
# define SQLITE_EXTENSION_INIT3 /*no-op*/
#endif
 
#endif /* _SQLITE3EXT_H_ */
/branches/TrainDatabase/1.1/sqlite3.c
0,0 → 1,151638
/******************************************************************************
** This file is an amalgamation of many separate C source files from SQLite
** version 3.8.7.1. By combining all the individual C code files into this
** single large file, the entire code can be compiled as a single translation
** unit. This allows many compilers to do optimizations that would not be
** possible if the files were compiled separately. Performance improvements
** of 5% or more are commonly seen when SQLite is compiled as a single
** translation unit.
**
** This file is all you need to compile SQLite. To use SQLite in other
** programs, you need this file and the "sqlite3.h" header file that defines
** the programming interface to the SQLite library. (If you do not have
** the "sqlite3.h" header file at hand, you will find a copy embedded within
** the text of this file. Search for "Begin file sqlite3.h" to find the start
** of the embedded sqlite3.h header file.) Additional code files may be needed
** if you want a wrapper to interface SQLite with your choice of programming
** language. The code for the "sqlite3" command-line shell is also in a
** separate file. This file contains only code for the core SQLite library.
*/
#define SQLITE_CORE 1
#define SQLITE_AMALGAMATION 1
#ifndef SQLITE_PRIVATE
# define SQLITE_PRIVATE static
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_API
# define SQLITE_API
#endif
/************** Begin file sqliteInt.h ***************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
** May you do good and not evil.
** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** Internal interface definitions for SQLite.
**
*/
#ifndef _SQLITEINT_H_
#define _SQLITEINT_H_
 
/*
** These #defines should enable >2GB file support on POSIX if the
** underlying operating system supports it. If the OS lacks
** large file support, or if the OS is windows, these should be no-ops.
**
** Ticket #2739: The _LARGEFILE_SOURCE macro must appear before any
** system #includes. Hence, this block of code must be the very first
** code in all source files.
**
** Large file support can be disabled using the -DSQLITE_DISABLE_LFS switch
** on the compiler command line. This is necessary if you are compiling
** on a recent machine (ex: Red Hat 7.2) but you want your code to work
** on an older machine (ex: Red Hat 6.0). If you compile on Red Hat 7.2
** without this option, LFS is enable. But LFS does not exist in the kernel
** in Red Hat 6.0, so the code won't work. Hence, for maximum binary
** portability you should omit LFS.
**
** The previous paragraph was written in 2005. (This paragraph is written
** on 2008-11-28.) These days, all Linux kernels support large files, so
** you should probably leave LFS enabled. But some embedded platforms might
** lack LFS in which case the SQLITE_DISABLE_LFS macro might still be useful.
**
** Similar is true for Mac OS X. LFS is only supported on Mac OS X 9 and later.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DISABLE_LFS
# define _LARGE_FILE 1
# ifndef _FILE_OFFSET_BITS
# define _FILE_OFFSET_BITS 64
# endif
# define _LARGEFILE_SOURCE 1
#endif
 
/* Needed for various definitions... */
#if defined(__GNUC__) && !defined(_GNU_SOURCE)
# define _GNU_SOURCE
#endif
 
#if defined(__OpenBSD__) && !defined(_BSD_SOURCE)
# define _BSD_SOURCE
#endif
 
/*
** For MinGW, check to see if we can include the header file containing its
** version information, among other things. Normally, this internal MinGW
** header file would [only] be included automatically by other MinGW header
** files; however, the contained version information is now required by this
** header file to work around binary compatibility issues (see below) and
** this is the only known way to reliably obtain it. This entire #if block
** would be completely unnecessary if there was any other way of detecting
** MinGW via their preprocessor (e.g. if they customized their GCC to define
** some MinGW-specific macros). When compiling for MinGW, either the
** _HAVE_MINGW_H or _HAVE__MINGW_H (note the extra underscore) macro must be
** defined; otherwise, detection of conditions specific to MinGW will be
** disabled.
*/
#if defined(_HAVE_MINGW_H)
# include "mingw.h"
#elif defined(_HAVE__MINGW_H)
# include "_mingw.h"
#endif
 
/*
** For MinGW version 4.x (and higher), check to see if the _USE_32BIT_TIME_T
** define is required to maintain binary compatibility with the MSVC runtime
** library in use (e.g. for Windows XP).
*/
#if !defined(_USE_32BIT_TIME_T) && !defined(_USE_64BIT_TIME_T) && \
defined(_WIN32) && !defined(_WIN64) && \
defined(__MINGW_MAJOR_VERSION) && __MINGW_MAJOR_VERSION >= 4 && \
defined(__MSVCRT__)
# define _USE_32BIT_TIME_T
#endif
 
/* The public SQLite interface. The _FILE_OFFSET_BITS macro must appear
** first in QNX. Also, the _USE_32BIT_TIME_T macro must appear first for
** MinGW.
*/
/************** Include sqlite3.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ***************/
/************** Begin file sqlite3.h *****************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
** May you do good and not evil.
** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This header file defines the interface that the SQLite library
** presents to client programs. If a C-function, structure, datatype,
** or constant definition does not appear in this file, then it is
** not a published API of SQLite, is subject to change without
** notice, and should not be referenced by programs that use SQLite.
**
** Some of the definitions that are in this file are marked as
** "experimental". Experimental interfaces are normally new
** features recently added to SQLite. We do not anticipate changes
** to experimental interfaces but reserve the right to make minor changes
** if experience from use "in the wild" suggest such changes are prudent.
**
** The official C-language API documentation for SQLite is derived
** from comments in this file. This file is the authoritative source
** on how SQLite interfaces are suppose to operate.
**
** The name of this file under configuration management is "sqlite.h.in".
** The makefile makes some minor changes to this file (such as inserting
** the version number) and changes its name to "sqlite3.h" as
** part of the build process.
*/
#ifndef _SQLITE3_H_
#define _SQLITE3_H_
#include <stdarg.h> /* Needed for the definition of va_list */
 
/*
** Make sure we can call this stuff from C++.
*/
#if 0
extern "C" {
#endif
 
 
/*
** Add the ability to override 'extern'
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_EXTERN
# define SQLITE_EXTERN extern
#endif
 
#ifndef SQLITE_API
# define SQLITE_API
#endif
 
 
/*
** These no-op macros are used in front of interfaces to mark those
** interfaces as either deprecated or experimental. New applications
** should not use deprecated interfaces - they are support for backwards
** compatibility only. Application writers should be aware that
** experimental interfaces are subject to change in point releases.
**
** These macros used to resolve to various kinds of compiler magic that
** would generate warning messages when they were used. But that
** compiler magic ended up generating such a flurry of bug reports
** that we have taken it all out and gone back to using simple
** noop macros.
*/
#define SQLITE_DEPRECATED
#define SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL
 
/*
** Ensure these symbols were not defined by some previous header file.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_VERSION
# undef SQLITE_VERSION
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER
# undef SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER
#endif
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Compile-Time Library Version Numbers
**
** ^(The [SQLITE_VERSION] C preprocessor macro in the sqlite3.h header
** evaluates to a string literal that is the SQLite version in the
** format "X.Y.Z" where X is the major version number (always 3 for
** SQLite3) and Y is the minor version number and Z is the release number.)^
** ^(The [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER] C preprocessor macro resolves to an integer
** with the value (X*1000000 + Y*1000 + Z) where X, Y, and Z are the same
** numbers used in [SQLITE_VERSION].)^
** The SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER for any given release of SQLite will also
** be larger than the release from which it is derived. Either Y will
** be held constant and Z will be incremented or else Y will be incremented
** and Z will be reset to zero.
**
** Since version 3.6.18, SQLite source code has been stored in the
** <a href="http://www.fossil-scm.org/">Fossil configuration management
** system</a>. ^The SQLITE_SOURCE_ID macro evaluates to
** a string which identifies a particular check-in of SQLite
** within its configuration management system. ^The SQLITE_SOURCE_ID
** string contains the date and time of the check-in (UTC) and an SHA1
** hash of the entire source tree.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_libversion()],
** [sqlite3_libversion_number()], [sqlite3_sourceid()],
** [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
#define SQLITE_VERSION "3.8.7.1"
#define SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER 3008007
#define SQLITE_SOURCE_ID "2014-10-29 13:59:56 3b7b72c4685aa5cf5e675c2c47ebec10d9704221"
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Version Numbers
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_version, sqlite3_sourceid
**
** These interfaces provide the same information as the [SQLITE_VERSION],
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER], and [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macros
** but are associated with the library instead of the header file. ^(Cautious
** programmers might include assert() statements in their application to
** verify that values returned by these interfaces match the macros in
** the header, and thus insure that the application is
** compiled with matching library and header files.
**
** <blockquote><pre>
** assert( sqlite3_libversion_number()==SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER );
** assert( strcmp(sqlite3_sourceid(),SQLITE_SOURCE_ID)==0 );
** assert( strcmp(sqlite3_libversion(),SQLITE_VERSION)==0 );
** </pre></blockquote>)^
**
** ^The sqlite3_version[] string constant contains the text of [SQLITE_VERSION]
** macro. ^The sqlite3_libversion() function returns a pointer to the
** to the sqlite3_version[] string constant. The sqlite3_libversion()
** function is provided for use in DLLs since DLL users usually do not have
** direct access to string constants within the DLL. ^The
** sqlite3_libversion_number() function returns an integer equal to
** [SQLITE_VERSION_NUMBER]. ^The sqlite3_sourceid() function returns
** a pointer to a string constant whose value is the same as the
** [SQLITE_SOURCE_ID] C preprocessor macro.
**
** See also: [sqlite_version()] and [sqlite_source_id()].
*/
SQLITE_API const char sqlite3_version[] = SQLITE_VERSION;
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_libversion(void);
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_sourceid(void);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_libversion_number(void);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Library Compilation Options Diagnostics
**
** ^The sqlite3_compileoption_used() function returns 0 or 1
** indicating whether the specified option was defined at
** compile time. ^The SQLITE_ prefix may be omitted from the
** option name passed to sqlite3_compileoption_used().
**
** ^The sqlite3_compileoption_get() function allows iterating
** over the list of options that were defined at compile time by
** returning the N-th compile time option string. ^If N is out of range,
** sqlite3_compileoption_get() returns a NULL pointer. ^The SQLITE_
** prefix is omitted from any strings returned by
** sqlite3_compileoption_get().
**
** ^Support for the diagnostic functions sqlite3_compileoption_used()
** and sqlite3_compileoption_get() may be omitted by specifying the
** [SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS] option at compile time.
**
** See also: SQL functions [sqlite_compileoption_used()] and
** [sqlite_compileoption_get()] and the [compile_options pragma].
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_COMPILEOPTION_DIAGS
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_compileoption_used(const char *zOptName);
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_compileoption_get(int N);
#endif
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Test To See If The Library Is Threadsafe
**
** ^The sqlite3_threadsafe() function returns zero if and only if
** SQLite was compiled with mutexing code omitted due to the
** [SQLITE_THREADSAFE] compile-time option being set to 0.
**
** SQLite can be compiled with or without mutexes. When
** the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE] C preprocessor macro is 1 or 2, mutexes
** are enabled and SQLite is threadsafe. When the
** [SQLITE_THREADSAFE] macro is 0,
** the mutexes are omitted. Without the mutexes, it is not safe
** to use SQLite concurrently from more than one thread.
**
** Enabling mutexes incurs a measurable performance penalty.
** So if speed is of utmost importance, it makes sense to disable
** the mutexes. But for maximum safety, mutexes should be enabled.
** ^The default behavior is for mutexes to be enabled.
**
** This interface can be used by an application to make sure that the
** version of SQLite that it is linking against was compiled with
** the desired setting of the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE] macro.
**
** This interface only reports on the compile-time mutex setting
** of the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE] flag. If SQLite is compiled with
** SQLITE_THREADSAFE=1 or =2 then mutexes are enabled by default but
** can be fully or partially disabled using a call to [sqlite3_config()]
** with the verbs [SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD], [SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD],
** or [SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX]. ^(The return value of the
** sqlite3_threadsafe() function shows only the compile-time setting of
** thread safety, not any run-time changes to that setting made by
** sqlite3_config(). In other words, the return value from sqlite3_threadsafe()
** is unchanged by calls to sqlite3_config().)^
**
** See the [threading mode] documentation for additional information.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_threadsafe(void);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Database Connection Handle
** KEYWORDS: {database connection} {database connections}
**
** Each open SQLite database is represented by a pointer to an instance of
** the opaque structure named "sqlite3". It is useful to think of an sqlite3
** pointer as an object. The [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open16()], and
** [sqlite3_open_v2()] interfaces are its constructors, and [sqlite3_close()]
** and [sqlite3_close_v2()] are its destructors. There are many other
** interfaces (such as
** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()], [sqlite3_create_function()], and
** [sqlite3_busy_timeout()] to name but three) that are methods on an
** sqlite3 object.
*/
typedef struct sqlite3 sqlite3;
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: 64-Bit Integer Types
** KEYWORDS: sqlite_int64 sqlite_uint64
**
** Because there is no cross-platform way to specify 64-bit integer types
** SQLite includes typedefs for 64-bit signed and unsigned integers.
**
** The sqlite3_int64 and sqlite3_uint64 are the preferred type definitions.
** The sqlite_int64 and sqlite_uint64 types are supported for backwards
** compatibility only.
**
** ^The sqlite3_int64 and sqlite_int64 types can store integer values
** between -9223372036854775808 and +9223372036854775807 inclusive. ^The
** sqlite3_uint64 and sqlite_uint64 types can store integer values
** between 0 and +18446744073709551615 inclusive.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_INT64_TYPE
typedef SQLITE_INT64_TYPE sqlite_int64;
typedef unsigned SQLITE_INT64_TYPE sqlite_uint64;
#elif defined(_MSC_VER) || defined(__BORLANDC__)
typedef __int64 sqlite_int64;
typedef unsigned __int64 sqlite_uint64;
#else
typedef long long int sqlite_int64;
typedef unsigned long long int sqlite_uint64;
#endif
typedef sqlite_int64 sqlite3_int64;
typedef sqlite_uint64 sqlite3_uint64;
 
/*
** If compiling for a processor that lacks floating point support,
** substitute integer for floating-point.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
# define double sqlite3_int64
#endif
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Closing A Database Connection
**
** ^The sqlite3_close() and sqlite3_close_v2() routines are destructors
** for the [sqlite3] object.
** ^Calls to sqlite3_close() and sqlite3_close_v2() return [SQLITE_OK] if
** the [sqlite3] object is successfully destroyed and all associated
** resources are deallocated.
**
** ^If the database connection is associated with unfinalized prepared
** statements or unfinished sqlite3_backup objects then sqlite3_close()
** will leave the database connection open and return [SQLITE_BUSY].
** ^If sqlite3_close_v2() is called with unfinalized prepared statements
** and/or unfinished sqlite3_backups, then the database connection becomes
** an unusable "zombie" which will automatically be deallocated when the
** last prepared statement is finalized or the last sqlite3_backup is
** finished. The sqlite3_close_v2() interface is intended for use with
** host languages that are garbage collected, and where the order in which
** destructors are called is arbitrary.
**
** Applications should [sqlite3_finalize | finalize] all [prepared statements],
** [sqlite3_blob_close | close] all [BLOB handles], and
** [sqlite3_backup_finish | finish] all [sqlite3_backup] objects associated
** with the [sqlite3] object prior to attempting to close the object. ^If
** sqlite3_close_v2() is called on a [database connection] that still has
** outstanding [prepared statements], [BLOB handles], and/or
** [sqlite3_backup] objects then it returns [SQLITE_OK] and the deallocation
** of resources is deferred until all [prepared statements], [BLOB handles],
** and [sqlite3_backup] objects are also destroyed.
**
** ^If an [sqlite3] object is destroyed while a transaction is open,
** the transaction is automatically rolled back.
**
** The C parameter to [sqlite3_close(C)] and [sqlite3_close_v2(C)]
** must be either a NULL
** pointer or an [sqlite3] object pointer obtained
** from [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open16()], or
** [sqlite3_open_v2()], and not previously closed.
** ^Calling sqlite3_close() or sqlite3_close_v2() with a NULL pointer
** argument is a harmless no-op.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_close(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_close_v2(sqlite3*);
 
/*
** The type for a callback function.
** This is legacy and deprecated. It is included for historical
** compatibility and is not documented.
*/
typedef int (*sqlite3_callback)(void*,int,char**, char**);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: One-Step Query Execution Interface
**
** The sqlite3_exec() interface is a convenience wrapper around
** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()], [sqlite3_step()], and [sqlite3_finalize()],
** that allows an application to run multiple statements of SQL
** without having to use a lot of C code.
**
** ^The sqlite3_exec() interface runs zero or more UTF-8 encoded,
** semicolon-separate SQL statements passed into its 2nd argument,
** in the context of the [database connection] passed in as its 1st
** argument. ^If the callback function of the 3rd argument to
** sqlite3_exec() is not NULL, then it is invoked for each result row
** coming out of the evaluated SQL statements. ^The 4th argument to
** sqlite3_exec() is relayed through to the 1st argument of each
** callback invocation. ^If the callback pointer to sqlite3_exec()
** is NULL, then no callback is ever invoked and result rows are
** ignored.
**
** ^If an error occurs while evaluating the SQL statements passed into
** sqlite3_exec(), then execution of the current statement stops and
** subsequent statements are skipped. ^If the 5th parameter to sqlite3_exec()
** is not NULL then any error message is written into memory obtained
** from [sqlite3_malloc()] and passed back through the 5th parameter.
** To avoid memory leaks, the application should invoke [sqlite3_free()]
** on error message strings returned through the 5th parameter of
** of sqlite3_exec() after the error message string is no longer needed.
** ^If the 5th parameter to sqlite3_exec() is not NULL and no errors
** occur, then sqlite3_exec() sets the pointer in its 5th parameter to
** NULL before returning.
**
** ^If an sqlite3_exec() callback returns non-zero, the sqlite3_exec()
** routine returns SQLITE_ABORT without invoking the callback again and
** without running any subsequent SQL statements.
**
** ^The 2nd argument to the sqlite3_exec() callback function is the
** number of columns in the result. ^The 3rd argument to the sqlite3_exec()
** callback is an array of pointers to strings obtained as if from
** [sqlite3_column_text()], one for each column. ^If an element of a
** result row is NULL then the corresponding string pointer for the
** sqlite3_exec() callback is a NULL pointer. ^The 4th argument to the
** sqlite3_exec() callback is an array of pointers to strings where each
** entry represents the name of corresponding result column as obtained
** from [sqlite3_column_name()].
**
** ^If the 2nd parameter to sqlite3_exec() is a NULL pointer, a pointer
** to an empty string, or a pointer that contains only whitespace and/or
** SQL comments, then no SQL statements are evaluated and the database
** is not changed.
**
** Restrictions:
**
** <ul>
** <li> The application must insure that the 1st parameter to sqlite3_exec()
** is a valid and open [database connection].
** <li> The application must not close the [database connection] specified by
** the 1st parameter to sqlite3_exec() while sqlite3_exec() is running.
** <li> The application must not modify the SQL statement text passed into
** the 2nd parameter of sqlite3_exec() while sqlite3_exec() is running.
** </ul>
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_exec(
sqlite3*, /* An open database */
const char *sql, /* SQL to be evaluated */
int (*callback)(void*,int,char**,char**), /* Callback function */
void *, /* 1st argument to callback */
char **errmsg /* Error msg written here */
);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Result Codes
** KEYWORDS: {result code definitions}
**
** Many SQLite functions return an integer result code from the set shown
** here in order to indicate success or failure.
**
** New error codes may be added in future versions of SQLite.
**
** See also: [extended result code definitions]
*/
#define SQLITE_OK 0 /* Successful result */
/* beginning-of-error-codes */
#define SQLITE_ERROR 1 /* SQL error or missing database */
#define SQLITE_INTERNAL 2 /* Internal logic error in SQLite */
#define SQLITE_PERM 3 /* Access permission denied */
#define SQLITE_ABORT 4 /* Callback routine requested an abort */
#define SQLITE_BUSY 5 /* The database file is locked */
#define SQLITE_LOCKED 6 /* A table in the database is locked */
#define SQLITE_NOMEM 7 /* A malloc() failed */
#define SQLITE_READONLY 8 /* Attempt to write a readonly database */
#define SQLITE_INTERRUPT 9 /* Operation terminated by sqlite3_interrupt()*/
#define SQLITE_IOERR 10 /* Some kind of disk I/O error occurred */
#define SQLITE_CORRUPT 11 /* The database disk image is malformed */
#define SQLITE_NOTFOUND 12 /* Unknown opcode in sqlite3_file_control() */
#define SQLITE_FULL 13 /* Insertion failed because database is full */
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN 14 /* Unable to open the database file */
#define SQLITE_PROTOCOL 15 /* Database lock protocol error */
#define SQLITE_EMPTY 16 /* Database is empty */
#define SQLITE_SCHEMA 17 /* The database schema changed */
#define SQLITE_TOOBIG 18 /* String or BLOB exceeds size limit */
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT 19 /* Abort due to constraint violation */
#define SQLITE_MISMATCH 20 /* Data type mismatch */
#define SQLITE_MISUSE 21 /* Library used incorrectly */
#define SQLITE_NOLFS 22 /* Uses OS features not supported on host */
#define SQLITE_AUTH 23 /* Authorization denied */
#define SQLITE_FORMAT 24 /* Auxiliary database format error */
#define SQLITE_RANGE 25 /* 2nd parameter to sqlite3_bind out of range */
#define SQLITE_NOTADB 26 /* File opened that is not a database file */
#define SQLITE_NOTICE 27 /* Notifications from sqlite3_log() */
#define SQLITE_WARNING 28 /* Warnings from sqlite3_log() */
#define SQLITE_ROW 100 /* sqlite3_step() has another row ready */
#define SQLITE_DONE 101 /* sqlite3_step() has finished executing */
/* end-of-error-codes */
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Extended Result Codes
** KEYWORDS: {extended result code definitions}
**
** In its default configuration, SQLite API routines return one of 30 integer
** [result codes]. However, experience has shown that many of
** these result codes are too coarse-grained. They do not provide as
** much information about problems as programmers might like. In an effort to
** address this, newer versions of SQLite (version 3.3.8 and later) include
** support for additional result codes that provide more detailed information
** about errors. These [extended result codes] are enabled or disabled
** on a per database connection basis using the
** [sqlite3_extended_result_codes()] API. Or, the extended code for
** the most recent error can be obtained using
** [sqlite3_extended_errcode()].
*/
#define SQLITE_IOERR_READ (SQLITE_IOERR | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ (SQLITE_IOERR | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_WRITE (SQLITE_IOERR | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_FSYNC (SQLITE_IOERR | (4<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_DIR_FSYNC (SQLITE_IOERR | (5<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_TRUNCATE (SQLITE_IOERR | (6<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_FSTAT (SQLITE_IOERR | (7<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_UNLOCK (SQLITE_IOERR | (8<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_RDLOCK (SQLITE_IOERR | (9<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE (SQLITE_IOERR | (10<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_BLOCKED (SQLITE_IOERR | (11<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_NOMEM (SQLITE_IOERR | (12<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS (SQLITE_IOERR | (13<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_CHECKRESERVEDLOCK (SQLITE_IOERR | (14<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_LOCK (SQLITE_IOERR | (15<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_CLOSE (SQLITE_IOERR | (16<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_DIR_CLOSE (SQLITE_IOERR | (17<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHMOPEN (SQLITE_IOERR | (18<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHMSIZE (SQLITE_IOERR | (19<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHMLOCK (SQLITE_IOERR | (20<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SHMMAP (SQLITE_IOERR | (21<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_SEEK (SQLITE_IOERR | (22<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_DELETE_NOENT (SQLITE_IOERR | (23<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_MMAP (SQLITE_IOERR | (24<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_GETTEMPPATH (SQLITE_IOERR | (25<<8))
#define SQLITE_IOERR_CONVPATH (SQLITE_IOERR | (26<<8))
#define SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE (SQLITE_LOCKED | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_BUSY_RECOVERY (SQLITE_BUSY | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_BUSY_SNAPSHOT (SQLITE_BUSY | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_NOTEMPDIR (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_ISDIR (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_FULLPATH (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_CANTOPEN_CONVPATH (SQLITE_CANTOPEN | (4<<8))
#define SQLITE_CORRUPT_VTAB (SQLITE_CORRUPT | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_RECOVERY (SQLITE_READONLY | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_CANTLOCK (SQLITE_READONLY | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_ROLLBACK (SQLITE_READONLY | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_READONLY_DBMOVED (SQLITE_READONLY | (4<<8))
#define SQLITE_ABORT_ROLLBACK (SQLITE_ABORT | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_CHECK (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_COMMITHOOK (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FOREIGNKEY (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (3<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_FUNCTION (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (4<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_NOTNULL (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (5<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_PRIMARYKEY (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (6<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_TRIGGER (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (7<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_UNIQUE (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (8<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_VTAB (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT | (9<<8))
#define SQLITE_CONSTRAINT_ROWID (SQLITE_CONSTRAINT |(10<<8))
#define SQLITE_NOTICE_RECOVER_WAL (SQLITE_NOTICE | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_NOTICE_RECOVER_ROLLBACK (SQLITE_NOTICE | (2<<8))
#define SQLITE_WARNING_AUTOINDEX (SQLITE_WARNING | (1<<8))
#define SQLITE_AUTH_USER (SQLITE_AUTH | (1<<8))
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Flags For File Open Operations
**
** These bit values are intended for use in the
** 3rd parameter to the [sqlite3_open_v2()] interface and
** in the 4th parameter to the [sqlite3_vfs.xOpen] method.
*/
#define SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY 0x00000001 /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE 0x00000002 /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE 0x00000004 /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE 0x00000008 /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE 0x00000010 /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_AUTOPROXY 0x00000020 /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_URI 0x00000040 /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_MEMORY 0x00000080 /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB 0x00000100 /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB 0x00000200 /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB 0x00000400 /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL 0x00000800 /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL 0x00001000 /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_SUBJOURNAL 0x00002000 /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL 0x00004000 /* VFS only */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_NOMUTEX 0x00008000 /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_FULLMUTEX 0x00010000 /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE 0x00020000 /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_PRIVATECACHE 0x00040000 /* Ok for sqlite3_open_v2() */
#define SQLITE_OPEN_WAL 0x00080000 /* VFS only */
 
/* Reserved: 0x00F00000 */
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Device Characteristics
**
** The xDeviceCharacteristics method of the [sqlite3_io_methods]
** object returns an integer which is a vector of these
** bit values expressing I/O characteristics of the mass storage
** device that holds the file that the [sqlite3_io_methods]
** refers to.
**
** The SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC property means that all writes of
** any size are atomic. The SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMICnnn values
** mean that writes of blocks that are nnn bytes in size and
** are aligned to an address which is an integer multiple of
** nnn are atomic. The SQLITE_IOCAP_SAFE_APPEND value means
** that when data is appended to a file, the data is appended
** first then the size of the file is extended, never the other
** way around. The SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL property means that
** information is written to disk in the same order as calls
** to xWrite(). The SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE property means that
** after reboot following a crash or power loss, the only bytes in a
** file that were written at the application level might have changed
** and that adjacent bytes, even bytes within the same sector are
** guaranteed to be unchanged. The SQLITE_IOCAP_UNDELETABLE_WHEN_OPEN
** flag indicate that a file cannot be deleted when open. The
** SQLITE_IOCAP_IMMUTABLE flag indicates that the file is on
** read-only media and cannot be changed even by processes with
** elevated privileges.
*/
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC 0x00000001
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC512 0x00000002
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC1K 0x00000004
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC2K 0x00000008
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC4K 0x00000010
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC8K 0x00000020
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC16K 0x00000040
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC32K 0x00000080
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC64K 0x00000100
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_SAFE_APPEND 0x00000200
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL 0x00000400
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_UNDELETABLE_WHEN_OPEN 0x00000800
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE 0x00001000
#define SQLITE_IOCAP_IMMUTABLE 0x00002000
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: File Locking Levels
**
** SQLite uses one of these integer values as the second
** argument to calls it makes to the xLock() and xUnlock() methods
** of an [sqlite3_io_methods] object.
*/
#define SQLITE_LOCK_NONE 0
#define SQLITE_LOCK_SHARED 1
#define SQLITE_LOCK_RESERVED 2
#define SQLITE_LOCK_PENDING 3
#define SQLITE_LOCK_EXCLUSIVE 4
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Synchronization Type Flags
**
** When SQLite invokes the xSync() method of an
** [sqlite3_io_methods] object it uses a combination of
** these integer values as the second argument.
**
** When the SQLITE_SYNC_DATAONLY flag is used, it means that the
** sync operation only needs to flush data to mass storage. Inode
** information need not be flushed. If the lower four bits of the flag
** equal SQLITE_SYNC_NORMAL, that means to use normal fsync() semantics.
** If the lower four bits equal SQLITE_SYNC_FULL, that means
** to use Mac OS X style fullsync instead of fsync().
**
** Do not confuse the SQLITE_SYNC_NORMAL and SQLITE_SYNC_FULL flags
** with the [PRAGMA synchronous]=NORMAL and [PRAGMA synchronous]=FULL
** settings. The [synchronous pragma] determines when calls to the
** xSync VFS method occur and applies uniformly across all platforms.
** The SQLITE_SYNC_NORMAL and SQLITE_SYNC_FULL flags determine how
** energetic or rigorous or forceful the sync operations are and
** only make a difference on Mac OSX for the default SQLite code.
** (Third-party VFS implementations might also make the distinction
** between SQLITE_SYNC_NORMAL and SQLITE_SYNC_FULL, but among the
** operating systems natively supported by SQLite, only Mac OSX
** cares about the difference.)
*/
#define SQLITE_SYNC_NORMAL 0x00002
#define SQLITE_SYNC_FULL 0x00003
#define SQLITE_SYNC_DATAONLY 0x00010
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: OS Interface Open File Handle
**
** An [sqlite3_file] object represents an open file in the
** [sqlite3_vfs | OS interface layer]. Individual OS interface
** implementations will
** want to subclass this object by appending additional fields
** for their own use. The pMethods entry is a pointer to an
** [sqlite3_io_methods] object that defines methods for performing
** I/O operations on the open file.
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_file sqlite3_file;
struct sqlite3_file {
const struct sqlite3_io_methods *pMethods; /* Methods for an open file */
};
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: OS Interface File Virtual Methods Object
**
** Every file opened by the [sqlite3_vfs.xOpen] method populates an
** [sqlite3_file] object (or, more commonly, a subclass of the
** [sqlite3_file] object) with a pointer to an instance of this object.
** This object defines the methods used to perform various operations
** against the open file represented by the [sqlite3_file] object.
**
** If the [sqlite3_vfs.xOpen] method sets the sqlite3_file.pMethods element
** to a non-NULL pointer, then the sqlite3_io_methods.xClose method
** may be invoked even if the [sqlite3_vfs.xOpen] reported that it failed. The
** only way to prevent a call to xClose following a failed [sqlite3_vfs.xOpen]
** is for the [sqlite3_vfs.xOpen] to set the sqlite3_file.pMethods element
** to NULL.
**
** The flags argument to xSync may be one of [SQLITE_SYNC_NORMAL] or
** [SQLITE_SYNC_FULL]. The first choice is the normal fsync().
** The second choice is a Mac OS X style fullsync. The [SQLITE_SYNC_DATAONLY]
** flag may be ORed in to indicate that only the data of the file
** and not its inode needs to be synced.
**
** The integer values to xLock() and xUnlock() are one of
** <ul>
** <li> [SQLITE_LOCK_NONE],
** <li> [SQLITE_LOCK_SHARED],
** <li> [SQLITE_LOCK_RESERVED],
** <li> [SQLITE_LOCK_PENDING], or
** <li> [SQLITE_LOCK_EXCLUSIVE].
** </ul>
** xLock() increases the lock. xUnlock() decreases the lock.
** The xCheckReservedLock() method checks whether any database connection,
** either in this process or in some other process, is holding a RESERVED,
** PENDING, or EXCLUSIVE lock on the file. It returns true
** if such a lock exists and false otherwise.
**
** The xFileControl() method is a generic interface that allows custom
** VFS implementations to directly control an open file using the
** [sqlite3_file_control()] interface. The second "op" argument is an
** integer opcode. The third argument is a generic pointer intended to
** point to a structure that may contain arguments or space in which to
** write return values. Potential uses for xFileControl() might be
** functions to enable blocking locks with timeouts, to change the
** locking strategy (for example to use dot-file locks), to inquire
** about the status of a lock, or to break stale locks. The SQLite
** core reserves all opcodes less than 100 for its own use.
** A [file control opcodes | list of opcodes] less than 100 is available.
** Applications that define a custom xFileControl method should use opcodes
** greater than 100 to avoid conflicts. VFS implementations should
** return [SQLITE_NOTFOUND] for file control opcodes that they do not
** recognize.
**
** The xSectorSize() method returns the sector size of the
** device that underlies the file. The sector size is the
** minimum write that can be performed without disturbing
** other bytes in the file. The xDeviceCharacteristics()
** method returns a bit vector describing behaviors of the
** underlying device:
**
** <ul>
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC512]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC1K]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC2K]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC4K]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC8K]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC16K]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC32K]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC64K]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_SAFE_APPEND]
** <li> [SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL]
** </ul>
**
** The SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMIC property means that all writes of
** any size are atomic. The SQLITE_IOCAP_ATOMICnnn values
** mean that writes of blocks that are nnn bytes in size and
** are aligned to an address which is an integer multiple of
** nnn are atomic. The SQLITE_IOCAP_SAFE_APPEND value means
** that when data is appended to a file, the data is appended
** first then the size of the file is extended, never the other
** way around. The SQLITE_IOCAP_SEQUENTIAL property means that
** information is written to disk in the same order as calls
** to xWrite().
**
** If xRead() returns SQLITE_IOERR_SHORT_READ it must also fill
** in the unread portions of the buffer with zeros. A VFS that
** fails to zero-fill short reads might seem to work. However,
** failure to zero-fill short reads will eventually lead to
** database corruption.
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_io_methods sqlite3_io_methods;
struct sqlite3_io_methods {
int iVersion;
int (*xClose)(sqlite3_file*);
int (*xRead)(sqlite3_file*, void*, int iAmt, sqlite3_int64 iOfst);
int (*xWrite)(sqlite3_file*, const void*, int iAmt, sqlite3_int64 iOfst);
int (*xTruncate)(sqlite3_file*, sqlite3_int64 size);
int (*xSync)(sqlite3_file*, int flags);
int (*xFileSize)(sqlite3_file*, sqlite3_int64 *pSize);
int (*xLock)(sqlite3_file*, int);
int (*xUnlock)(sqlite3_file*, int);
int (*xCheckReservedLock)(sqlite3_file*, int *pResOut);
int (*xFileControl)(sqlite3_file*, int op, void *pArg);
int (*xSectorSize)(sqlite3_file*);
int (*xDeviceCharacteristics)(sqlite3_file*);
/* Methods above are valid for version 1 */
int (*xShmMap)(sqlite3_file*, int iPg, int pgsz, int, void volatile**);
int (*xShmLock)(sqlite3_file*, int offset, int n, int flags);
void (*xShmBarrier)(sqlite3_file*);
int (*xShmUnmap)(sqlite3_file*, int deleteFlag);
/* Methods above are valid for version 2 */
int (*xFetch)(sqlite3_file*, sqlite3_int64 iOfst, int iAmt, void **pp);
int (*xUnfetch)(sqlite3_file*, sqlite3_int64 iOfst, void *p);
/* Methods above are valid for version 3 */
/* Additional methods may be added in future releases */
};
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Standard File Control Opcodes
** KEYWORDS: {file control opcodes} {file control opcode}
**
** These integer constants are opcodes for the xFileControl method
** of the [sqlite3_io_methods] object and for the [sqlite3_file_control()]
** interface.
**
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE] opcode is used for debugging. This
** opcode causes the xFileControl method to write the current state of
** the lock (one of [SQLITE_LOCK_NONE], [SQLITE_LOCK_SHARED],
** [SQLITE_LOCK_RESERVED], [SQLITE_LOCK_PENDING], or [SQLITE_LOCK_EXCLUSIVE])
** into an integer that the pArg argument points to. This capability
** is used during testing and only needs to be supported when SQLITE_TEST
** is defined.
** <ul>
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT] opcode is used by SQLite to give the VFS
** layer a hint of how large the database file will grow to be during the
** current transaction. This hint is not guaranteed to be accurate but it
** is often close. The underlying VFS might choose to preallocate database
** file space based on this hint in order to help writes to the database
** file run faster.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE] opcode is used to request that the VFS
** extends and truncates the database file in chunks of a size specified
** by the user. The fourth argument to [sqlite3_file_control()] should
** point to an integer (type int) containing the new chunk-size to use
** for the nominated database. Allocating database file space in large
** chunks (say 1MB at a time), may reduce file-system fragmentation and
** improve performance on some systems.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER] opcode is used to obtain a pointer
** to the [sqlite3_file] object associated with a particular database
** connection. See the [sqlite3_file_control()] documentation for
** additional information.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC_OMITTED]]
** No longer in use.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC] opcode is generated internally by SQLite and
** sent to the VFS immediately before the xSync method is invoked on a
** database file descriptor. Or, if the xSync method is not invoked
** because the user has configured SQLite with
** [PRAGMA synchronous | PRAGMA synchronous=OFF] it is invoked in place
** of the xSync method. In most cases, the pointer argument passed with
** this file-control is NULL. However, if the database file is being synced
** as part of a multi-database commit, the argument points to a nul-terminated
** string containing the transactions master-journal file name. VFSes that
** do not need this signal should silently ignore this opcode. Applications
** should not call [sqlite3_file_control()] with this opcode as doing so may
** disrupt the operation of the specialized VFSes that do require it.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_PHASETWO]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_PHASETWO] opcode is generated internally by SQLite
** and sent to the VFS after a transaction has been committed immediately
** but before the database is unlocked. VFSes that do not need this signal
** should silently ignore this opcode. Applications should not call
** [sqlite3_file_control()] with this opcode as doing so may disrupt the
** operation of the specialized VFSes that do require it.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_AV_RETRY]]
** ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_AV_RETRY] opcode is used to configure automatic
** retry counts and intervals for certain disk I/O operations for the
** windows [VFS] in order to provide robustness in the presence of
** anti-virus programs. By default, the windows VFS will retry file read,
** file write, and file delete operations up to 10 times, with a delay
** of 25 milliseconds before the first retry and with the delay increasing
** by an additional 25 milliseconds with each subsequent retry. This
** opcode allows these two values (10 retries and 25 milliseconds of delay)
** to be adjusted. The values are changed for all database connections
** within the same process. The argument is a pointer to an array of two
** integers where the first integer i the new retry count and the second
** integer is the delay. If either integer is negative, then the setting
** is not changed but instead the prior value of that setting is written
** into the array entry, allowing the current retry settings to be
** interrogated. The zDbName parameter is ignored.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL]]
** ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL] opcode is used to set or query the
** persistent [WAL | Write Ahead Log] setting. By default, the auxiliary
** write ahead log and shared memory files used for transaction control
** are automatically deleted when the latest connection to the database
** closes. Setting persistent WAL mode causes those files to persist after
** close. Persisting the files is useful when other processes that do not
** have write permission on the directory containing the database file want
** to read the database file, as the WAL and shared memory files must exist
** in order for the database to be readable. The fourth parameter to
** [sqlite3_file_control()] for this opcode should be a pointer to an integer.
** That integer is 0 to disable persistent WAL mode or 1 to enable persistent
** WAL mode. If the integer is -1, then it is overwritten with the current
** WAL persistence setting.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE]]
** ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE] opcode is used to set or query the
** persistent "powersafe-overwrite" or "PSOW" setting. The PSOW setting
** determines the [SQLITE_IOCAP_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE] bit of the
** xDeviceCharacteristics methods. The fourth parameter to
** [sqlite3_file_control()] for this opcode should be a pointer to an integer.
** That integer is 0 to disable zero-damage mode or 1 to enable zero-damage
** mode. If the integer is -1, then it is overwritten with the current
** zero-damage mode setting.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_OVERWRITE]]
** ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_OVERWRITE] opcode is invoked by SQLite after opening
** a write transaction to indicate that, unless it is rolled back for some
** reason, the entire database file will be overwritten by the current
** transaction. This is used by VACUUM operations.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_VFSNAME]]
** ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_VFSNAME] opcode can be used to obtain the names of
** all [VFSes] in the VFS stack. The names are of all VFS shims and the
** final bottom-level VFS are written into memory obtained from
** [sqlite3_malloc()] and the result is stored in the char* variable
** that the fourth parameter of [sqlite3_file_control()] points to.
** The caller is responsible for freeing the memory when done. As with
** all file-control actions, there is no guarantee that this will actually
** do anything. Callers should initialize the char* variable to a NULL
** pointer in case this file-control is not implemented. This file-control
** is intended for diagnostic use only.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA]]
** ^Whenever a [PRAGMA] statement is parsed, an [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA]
** file control is sent to the open [sqlite3_file] object corresponding
** to the database file to which the pragma statement refers. ^The argument
** to the [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA] file control is an array of
** pointers to strings (char**) in which the second element of the array
** is the name of the pragma and the third element is the argument to the
** pragma or NULL if the pragma has no argument. ^The handler for an
** [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA] file control can optionally make the first element
** of the char** argument point to a string obtained from [sqlite3_mprintf()]
** or the equivalent and that string will become the result of the pragma or
** the error message if the pragma fails. ^If the
** [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA] file control returns [SQLITE_NOTFOUND], then normal
** [PRAGMA] processing continues. ^If the [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA]
** file control returns [SQLITE_OK], then the parser assumes that the
** VFS has handled the PRAGMA itself and the parser generates a no-op
** prepared statement. ^If the [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA] file control returns
** any result code other than [SQLITE_OK] or [SQLITE_NOTFOUND], that means
** that the VFS encountered an error while handling the [PRAGMA] and the
** compilation of the PRAGMA fails with an error. ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA]
** file control occurs at the beginning of pragma statement analysis and so
** it is able to override built-in [PRAGMA] statements.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_BUSYHANDLER]]
** ^The [SQLITE_FCNTL_BUSYHANDLER]
** file-control may be invoked by SQLite on the database file handle
** shortly after it is opened in order to provide a custom VFS with access
** to the connections busy-handler callback. The argument is of type (void **)
** - an array of two (void *) values. The first (void *) actually points
** to a function of type (int (*)(void *)). In order to invoke the connections
** busy-handler, this function should be invoked with the second (void *) in
** the array as the only argument. If it returns non-zero, then the operation
** should be retried. If it returns zero, the custom VFS should abandon the
** current operation.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_TEMPFILENAME]]
** ^Application can invoke the [SQLITE_FCNTL_TEMPFILENAME] file-control
** to have SQLite generate a
** temporary filename using the same algorithm that is followed to generate
** temporary filenames for TEMP tables and other internal uses. The
** argument should be a char** which will be filled with the filename
** written into memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc()]. The caller should
** invoke [sqlite3_free()] on the result to avoid a memory leak.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE] file control is used to query or set the
** maximum number of bytes that will be used for memory-mapped I/O.
** The argument is a pointer to a value of type sqlite3_int64 that
** is an advisory maximum number of bytes in the file to memory map. The
** pointer is overwritten with the old value. The limit is not changed if
** the value originally pointed to is negative, and so the current limit
** can be queried by passing in a pointer to a negative number. This
** file-control is used internally to implement [PRAGMA mmap_size].
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_TRACE]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_TRACE] file control provides advisory information
** to the VFS about what the higher layers of the SQLite stack are doing.
** This file control is used by some VFS activity tracing [shims].
** The argument is a zero-terminated string. Higher layers in the
** SQLite stack may generate instances of this file control if
** the [SQLITE_USE_FCNTL_TRACE] compile-time option is enabled.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_HAS_MOVED]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_HAS_MOVED] file control interprets its argument as a
** pointer to an integer and it writes a boolean into that integer depending
** on whether or not the file has been renamed, moved, or deleted since it
** was first opened.
**
** <li>[[SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_SET_HANDLE]]
** The [SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_SET_HANDLE] opcode is used for debugging. This
** opcode causes the xFileControl method to swap the file handle with the one
** pointed to by the pArg argument. This capability is used during testing
** and only needs to be supported when SQLITE_TEST is defined.
**
** </ul>
*/
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE 1
#define SQLITE_GET_LOCKPROXYFILE 2
#define SQLITE_SET_LOCKPROXYFILE 3
#define SQLITE_LAST_ERRNO 4
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SIZE_HINT 5
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_CHUNK_SIZE 6
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER 7
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC_OMITTED 8
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_AV_RETRY 9
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_PERSIST_WAL 10
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_OVERWRITE 11
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_VFSNAME 12
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE 13
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_PRAGMA 14
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_BUSYHANDLER 15
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_TEMPFILENAME 16
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE 18
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_TRACE 19
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_HAS_MOVED 20
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_SYNC 21
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_COMMIT_PHASETWO 22
#define SQLITE_FCNTL_WIN32_SET_HANDLE 23
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Handle
**
** The mutex module within SQLite defines [sqlite3_mutex] to be an
** abstract type for a mutex object. The SQLite core never looks
** at the internal representation of an [sqlite3_mutex]. It only
** deals with pointers to the [sqlite3_mutex] object.
**
** Mutexes are created using [sqlite3_mutex_alloc()].
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_mutex sqlite3_mutex;
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: OS Interface Object
**
** An instance of the sqlite3_vfs object defines the interface between
** the SQLite core and the underlying operating system. The "vfs"
** in the name of the object stands for "virtual file system". See
** the [VFS | VFS documentation] for further information.
**
** The value of the iVersion field is initially 1 but may be larger in
** future versions of SQLite. Additional fields may be appended to this
** object when the iVersion value is increased. Note that the structure
** of the sqlite3_vfs object changes in the transaction between
** SQLite version 3.5.9 and 3.6.0 and yet the iVersion field was not
** modified.
**
** The szOsFile field is the size of the subclassed [sqlite3_file]
** structure used by this VFS. mxPathname is the maximum length of
** a pathname in this VFS.
**
** Registered sqlite3_vfs objects are kept on a linked list formed by
** the pNext pointer. The [sqlite3_vfs_register()]
** and [sqlite3_vfs_unregister()] interfaces manage this list
** in a thread-safe way. The [sqlite3_vfs_find()] interface
** searches the list. Neither the application code nor the VFS
** implementation should use the pNext pointer.
**
** The pNext field is the only field in the sqlite3_vfs
** structure that SQLite will ever modify. SQLite will only access
** or modify this field while holding a particular static mutex.
** The application should never modify anything within the sqlite3_vfs
** object once the object has been registered.
**
** The zName field holds the name of the VFS module. The name must
** be unique across all VFS modules.
**
** [[sqlite3_vfs.xOpen]]
** ^SQLite guarantees that the zFilename parameter to xOpen
** is either a NULL pointer or string obtained
** from xFullPathname() with an optional suffix added.
** ^If a suffix is added to the zFilename parameter, it will
** consist of a single "-" character followed by no more than
** 11 alphanumeric and/or "-" characters.
** ^SQLite further guarantees that
** the string will be valid and unchanged until xClose() is
** called. Because of the previous sentence,
** the [sqlite3_file] can safely store a pointer to the
** filename if it needs to remember the filename for some reason.
** If the zFilename parameter to xOpen is a NULL pointer then xOpen
** must invent its own temporary name for the file. ^Whenever the
** xFilename parameter is NULL it will also be the case that the
** flags parameter will include [SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE].
**
** The flags argument to xOpen() includes all bits set in
** the flags argument to [sqlite3_open_v2()]. Or if [sqlite3_open()]
** or [sqlite3_open16()] is used, then flags includes at least
** [SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE] | [SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE].
** If xOpen() opens a file read-only then it sets *pOutFlags to
** include [SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY]. Other bits in *pOutFlags may be set.
**
** ^(SQLite will also add one of the following flags to the xOpen()
** call, depending on the object being opened:
**
** <ul>
** <li> [SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB]
** <li> [SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_JOURNAL]
** <li> [SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_DB]
** <li> [SQLITE_OPEN_TEMP_JOURNAL]
** <li> [SQLITE_OPEN_TRANSIENT_DB]
** <li> [SQLITE_OPEN_SUBJOURNAL]
** <li> [SQLITE_OPEN_MASTER_JOURNAL]
** <li> [SQLITE_OPEN_WAL]
** </ul>)^
**
** The file I/O implementation can use the object type flags to
** change the way it deals with files. For example, an application
** that does not care about crash recovery or rollback might make
** the open of a journal file a no-op. Writes to this journal would
** also be no-ops, and any attempt to read the journal would return
** SQLITE_IOERR. Or the implementation might recognize that a database
** file will be doing page-aligned sector reads and writes in a random
** order and set up its I/O subsystem accordingly.
**
** SQLite might also add one of the following flags to the xOpen method:
**
** <ul>
** <li> [SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE]
** <li> [SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE]
** </ul>
**
** The [SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE] flag means the file should be
** deleted when it is closed. ^The [SQLITE_OPEN_DELETEONCLOSE]
** will be set for TEMP databases and their journals, transient
** databases, and subjournals.
**
** ^The [SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE] flag is always used in conjunction
** with the [SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE] flag, which are both directly
** analogous to the O_EXCL and O_CREAT flags of the POSIX open()
** API. The SQLITE_OPEN_EXCLUSIVE flag, when paired with the
** SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE, is used to indicate that file should always
** be created, and that it is an error if it already exists.
** It is <i>not</i> used to indicate the file should be opened
** for exclusive access.
**
** ^At least szOsFile bytes of memory are allocated by SQLite
** to hold the [sqlite3_file] structure passed as the third
** argument to xOpen. The xOpen method does not have to
** allocate the structure; it should just fill it in. Note that
** the xOpen method must set the sqlite3_file.pMethods to either
** a valid [sqlite3_io_methods] object or to NULL. xOpen must do
** this even if the open fails. SQLite expects that the sqlite3_file.pMethods
** element will be valid after xOpen returns regardless of the success
** or failure of the xOpen call.
**
** [[sqlite3_vfs.xAccess]]
** ^The flags argument to xAccess() may be [SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS]
** to test for the existence of a file, or [SQLITE_ACCESS_READWRITE] to
** test whether a file is readable and writable, or [SQLITE_ACCESS_READ]
** to test whether a file is at least readable. The file can be a
** directory.
**
** ^SQLite will always allocate at least mxPathname+1 bytes for the
** output buffer xFullPathname. The exact size of the output buffer
** is also passed as a parameter to both methods. If the output buffer
** is not large enough, [SQLITE_CANTOPEN] should be returned. Since this is
** handled as a fatal error by SQLite, vfs implementations should endeavor
** to prevent this by setting mxPathname to a sufficiently large value.
**
** The xRandomness(), xSleep(), xCurrentTime(), and xCurrentTimeInt64()
** interfaces are not strictly a part of the filesystem, but they are
** included in the VFS structure for completeness.
** The xRandomness() function attempts to return nBytes bytes
** of good-quality randomness into zOut. The return value is
** the actual number of bytes of randomness obtained.
** The xSleep() method causes the calling thread to sleep for at
** least the number of microseconds given. ^The xCurrentTime()
** method returns a Julian Day Number for the current date and time as
** a floating point value.
** ^The xCurrentTimeInt64() method returns, as an integer, the Julian
** Day Number multiplied by 86400000 (the number of milliseconds in
** a 24-hour day).
** ^SQLite will use the xCurrentTimeInt64() method to get the current
** date and time if that method is available (if iVersion is 2 or
** greater and the function pointer is not NULL) and will fall back
** to xCurrentTime() if xCurrentTimeInt64() is unavailable.
**
** ^The xSetSystemCall(), xGetSystemCall(), and xNestSystemCall() interfaces
** are not used by the SQLite core. These optional interfaces are provided
** by some VFSes to facilitate testing of the VFS code. By overriding
** system calls with functions under its control, a test program can
** simulate faults and error conditions that would otherwise be difficult
** or impossible to induce. The set of system calls that can be overridden
** varies from one VFS to another, and from one version of the same VFS to the
** next. Applications that use these interfaces must be prepared for any
** or all of these interfaces to be NULL or for their behavior to change
** from one release to the next. Applications must not attempt to access
** any of these methods if the iVersion of the VFS is less than 3.
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_vfs sqlite3_vfs;
typedef void (*sqlite3_syscall_ptr)(void);
struct sqlite3_vfs {
int iVersion; /* Structure version number (currently 3) */
int szOsFile; /* Size of subclassed sqlite3_file */
int mxPathname; /* Maximum file pathname length */
sqlite3_vfs *pNext; /* Next registered VFS */
const char *zName; /* Name of this virtual file system */
void *pAppData; /* Pointer to application-specific data */
int (*xOpen)(sqlite3_vfs*, const char *zName, sqlite3_file*,
int flags, int *pOutFlags);
int (*xDelete)(sqlite3_vfs*, const char *zName, int syncDir);
int (*xAccess)(sqlite3_vfs*, const char *zName, int flags, int *pResOut);
int (*xFullPathname)(sqlite3_vfs*, const char *zName, int nOut, char *zOut);
void *(*xDlOpen)(sqlite3_vfs*, const char *zFilename);
void (*xDlError)(sqlite3_vfs*, int nByte, char *zErrMsg);
void (*(*xDlSym)(sqlite3_vfs*,void*, const char *zSymbol))(void);
void (*xDlClose)(sqlite3_vfs*, void*);
int (*xRandomness)(sqlite3_vfs*, int nByte, char *zOut);
int (*xSleep)(sqlite3_vfs*, int microseconds);
int (*xCurrentTime)(sqlite3_vfs*, double*);
int (*xGetLastError)(sqlite3_vfs*, int, char *);
/*
** The methods above are in version 1 of the sqlite_vfs object
** definition. Those that follow are added in version 2 or later
*/
int (*xCurrentTimeInt64)(sqlite3_vfs*, sqlite3_int64*);
/*
** The methods above are in versions 1 and 2 of the sqlite_vfs object.
** Those below are for version 3 and greater.
*/
int (*xSetSystemCall)(sqlite3_vfs*, const char *zName, sqlite3_syscall_ptr);
sqlite3_syscall_ptr (*xGetSystemCall)(sqlite3_vfs*, const char *zName);
const char *(*xNextSystemCall)(sqlite3_vfs*, const char *zName);
/*
** The methods above are in versions 1 through 3 of the sqlite_vfs object.
** New fields may be appended in figure versions. The iVersion
** value will increment whenever this happens.
*/
};
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Flags for the xAccess VFS method
**
** These integer constants can be used as the third parameter to
** the xAccess method of an [sqlite3_vfs] object. They determine
** what kind of permissions the xAccess method is looking for.
** With SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS, the xAccess method
** simply checks whether the file exists.
** With SQLITE_ACCESS_READWRITE, the xAccess method
** checks whether the named directory is both readable and writable
** (in other words, if files can be added, removed, and renamed within
** the directory).
** The SQLITE_ACCESS_READWRITE constant is currently used only by the
** [temp_store_directory pragma], though this could change in a future
** release of SQLite.
** With SQLITE_ACCESS_READ, the xAccess method
** checks whether the file is readable. The SQLITE_ACCESS_READ constant is
** currently unused, though it might be used in a future release of
** SQLite.
*/
#define SQLITE_ACCESS_EXISTS 0
#define SQLITE_ACCESS_READWRITE 1 /* Used by PRAGMA temp_store_directory */
#define SQLITE_ACCESS_READ 2 /* Unused */
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Flags for the xShmLock VFS method
**
** These integer constants define the various locking operations
** allowed by the xShmLock method of [sqlite3_io_methods]. The
** following are the only legal combinations of flags to the
** xShmLock method:
**
** <ul>
** <li> SQLITE_SHM_LOCK | SQLITE_SHM_SHARED
** <li> SQLITE_SHM_LOCK | SQLITE_SHM_EXCLUSIVE
** <li> SQLITE_SHM_UNLOCK | SQLITE_SHM_SHARED
** <li> SQLITE_SHM_UNLOCK | SQLITE_SHM_EXCLUSIVE
** </ul>
**
** When unlocking, the same SHARED or EXCLUSIVE flag must be supplied as
** was given no the corresponding lock.
**
** The xShmLock method can transition between unlocked and SHARED or
** between unlocked and EXCLUSIVE. It cannot transition between SHARED
** and EXCLUSIVE.
*/
#define SQLITE_SHM_UNLOCK 1
#define SQLITE_SHM_LOCK 2
#define SQLITE_SHM_SHARED 4
#define SQLITE_SHM_EXCLUSIVE 8
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Maximum xShmLock index
**
** The xShmLock method on [sqlite3_io_methods] may use values
** between 0 and this upper bound as its "offset" argument.
** The SQLite core will never attempt to acquire or release a
** lock outside of this range
*/
#define SQLITE_SHM_NLOCK 8
 
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Initialize The SQLite Library
**
** ^The sqlite3_initialize() routine initializes the
** SQLite library. ^The sqlite3_shutdown() routine
** deallocates any resources that were allocated by sqlite3_initialize().
** These routines are designed to aid in process initialization and
** shutdown on embedded systems. Workstation applications using
** SQLite normally do not need to invoke either of these routines.
**
** A call to sqlite3_initialize() is an "effective" call if it is
** the first time sqlite3_initialize() is invoked during the lifetime of
** the process, or if it is the first time sqlite3_initialize() is invoked
** following a call to sqlite3_shutdown(). ^(Only an effective call
** of sqlite3_initialize() does any initialization. All other calls
** are harmless no-ops.)^
**
** A call to sqlite3_shutdown() is an "effective" call if it is the first
** call to sqlite3_shutdown() since the last sqlite3_initialize(). ^(Only
** an effective call to sqlite3_shutdown() does any deinitialization.
** All other valid calls to sqlite3_shutdown() are harmless no-ops.)^
**
** The sqlite3_initialize() interface is threadsafe, but sqlite3_shutdown()
** is not. The sqlite3_shutdown() interface must only be called from a
** single thread. All open [database connections] must be closed and all
** other SQLite resources must be deallocated prior to invoking
** sqlite3_shutdown().
**
** Among other things, ^sqlite3_initialize() will invoke
** sqlite3_os_init(). Similarly, ^sqlite3_shutdown()
** will invoke sqlite3_os_end().
**
** ^The sqlite3_initialize() routine returns [SQLITE_OK] on success.
** ^If for some reason, sqlite3_initialize() is unable to initialize
** the library (perhaps it is unable to allocate a needed resource such
** as a mutex) it returns an [error code] other than [SQLITE_OK].
**
** ^The sqlite3_initialize() routine is called internally by many other
** SQLite interfaces so that an application usually does not need to
** invoke sqlite3_initialize() directly. For example, [sqlite3_open()]
** calls sqlite3_initialize() so the SQLite library will be automatically
** initialized when [sqlite3_open()] is called if it has not be initialized
** already. ^However, if SQLite is compiled with the [SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT]
** compile-time option, then the automatic calls to sqlite3_initialize()
** are omitted and the application must call sqlite3_initialize() directly
** prior to using any other SQLite interface. For maximum portability,
** it is recommended that applications always invoke sqlite3_initialize()
** directly prior to using any other SQLite interface. Future releases
** of SQLite may require this. In other words, the behavior exhibited
** when SQLite is compiled with [SQLITE_OMIT_AUTOINIT] might become the
** default behavior in some future release of SQLite.
**
** The sqlite3_os_init() routine does operating-system specific
** initialization of the SQLite library. The sqlite3_os_end()
** routine undoes the effect of sqlite3_os_init(). Typical tasks
** performed by these routines include allocation or deallocation
** of static resources, initialization of global variables,
** setting up a default [sqlite3_vfs] module, or setting up
** a default configuration using [sqlite3_config()].
**
** The application should never invoke either sqlite3_os_init()
** or sqlite3_os_end() directly. The application should only invoke
** sqlite3_initialize() and sqlite3_shutdown(). The sqlite3_os_init()
** interface is called automatically by sqlite3_initialize() and
** sqlite3_os_end() is called by sqlite3_shutdown(). Appropriate
** implementations for sqlite3_os_init() and sqlite3_os_end()
** are built into SQLite when it is compiled for Unix, Windows, or OS/2.
** When [custom builds | built for other platforms]
** (using the [SQLITE_OS_OTHER=1] compile-time
** option) the application must supply a suitable implementation for
** sqlite3_os_init() and sqlite3_os_end(). An application-supplied
** implementation of sqlite3_os_init() or sqlite3_os_end()
** must return [SQLITE_OK] on success and some other [error code] upon
** failure.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_initialize(void);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_shutdown(void);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_os_init(void);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_os_end(void);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Configuring The SQLite Library
**
** The sqlite3_config() interface is used to make global configuration
** changes to SQLite in order to tune SQLite to the specific needs of
** the application. The default configuration is recommended for most
** applications and so this routine is usually not necessary. It is
** provided to support rare applications with unusual needs.
**
** The sqlite3_config() interface is not threadsafe. The application
** must insure that no other SQLite interfaces are invoked by other
** threads while sqlite3_config() is running. Furthermore, sqlite3_config()
** may only be invoked prior to library initialization using
** [sqlite3_initialize()] or after shutdown by [sqlite3_shutdown()].
** ^If sqlite3_config() is called after [sqlite3_initialize()] and before
** [sqlite3_shutdown()] then it will return SQLITE_MISUSE.
** Note, however, that ^sqlite3_config() can be called as part of the
** implementation of an application-defined [sqlite3_os_init()].
**
** The first argument to sqlite3_config() is an integer
** [configuration option] that determines
** what property of SQLite is to be configured. Subsequent arguments
** vary depending on the [configuration option]
** in the first argument.
**
** ^When a configuration option is set, sqlite3_config() returns [SQLITE_OK].
** ^If the option is unknown or SQLite is unable to set the option
** then this routine returns a non-zero [error code].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_config(int, ...);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Configure database connections
**
** The sqlite3_db_config() interface is used to make configuration
** changes to a [database connection]. The interface is similar to
** [sqlite3_config()] except that the changes apply to a single
** [database connection] (specified in the first argument).
**
** The second argument to sqlite3_db_config(D,V,...) is the
** [SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE | configuration verb] - an integer code
** that indicates what aspect of the [database connection] is being configured.
** Subsequent arguments vary depending on the configuration verb.
**
** ^Calls to sqlite3_db_config() return SQLITE_OK if and only if
** the call is considered successful.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_db_config(sqlite3*, int op, ...);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Memory Allocation Routines
**
** An instance of this object defines the interface between SQLite
** and low-level memory allocation routines.
**
** This object is used in only one place in the SQLite interface.
** A pointer to an instance of this object is the argument to
** [sqlite3_config()] when the configuration option is
** [SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC] or [SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC].
** By creating an instance of this object
** and passing it to [sqlite3_config]([SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC])
** during configuration, an application can specify an alternative
** memory allocation subsystem for SQLite to use for all of its
** dynamic memory needs.
**
** Note that SQLite comes with several [built-in memory allocators]
** that are perfectly adequate for the overwhelming majority of applications
** and that this object is only useful to a tiny minority of applications
** with specialized memory allocation requirements. This object is
** also used during testing of SQLite in order to specify an alternative
** memory allocator that simulates memory out-of-memory conditions in
** order to verify that SQLite recovers gracefully from such
** conditions.
**
** The xMalloc, xRealloc, and xFree methods must work like the
** malloc(), realloc() and free() functions from the standard C library.
** ^SQLite guarantees that the second argument to
** xRealloc is always a value returned by a prior call to xRoundup.
**
** xSize should return the allocated size of a memory allocation
** previously obtained from xMalloc or xRealloc. The allocated size
** is always at least as big as the requested size but may be larger.
**
** The xRoundup method returns what would be the allocated size of
** a memory allocation given a particular requested size. Most memory
** allocators round up memory allocations at least to the next multiple
** of 8. Some allocators round up to a larger multiple or to a power of 2.
** Every memory allocation request coming in through [sqlite3_malloc()]
** or [sqlite3_realloc()] first calls xRoundup. If xRoundup returns 0,
** that causes the corresponding memory allocation to fail.
**
** The xInit method initializes the memory allocator. For example,
** it might allocate any require mutexes or initialize internal data
** structures. The xShutdown method is invoked (indirectly) by
** [sqlite3_shutdown()] and should deallocate any resources acquired
** by xInit. The pAppData pointer is used as the only parameter to
** xInit and xShutdown.
**
** SQLite holds the [SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER] mutex when it invokes
** the xInit method, so the xInit method need not be threadsafe. The
** xShutdown method is only called from [sqlite3_shutdown()] so it does
** not need to be threadsafe either. For all other methods, SQLite
** holds the [SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM] mutex as long as the
** [SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS] configuration option is turned on (which
** it is by default) and so the methods are automatically serialized.
** However, if [SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS] is disabled, then the other
** methods must be threadsafe or else make their own arrangements for
** serialization.
**
** SQLite will never invoke xInit() more than once without an intervening
** call to xShutdown().
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_mem_methods sqlite3_mem_methods;
struct sqlite3_mem_methods {
void *(*xMalloc)(int); /* Memory allocation function */
void (*xFree)(void*); /* Free a prior allocation */
void *(*xRealloc)(void*,int); /* Resize an allocation */
int (*xSize)(void*); /* Return the size of an allocation */
int (*xRoundup)(int); /* Round up request size to allocation size */
int (*xInit)(void*); /* Initialize the memory allocator */
void (*xShutdown)(void*); /* Deinitialize the memory allocator */
void *pAppData; /* Argument to xInit() and xShutdown() */
};
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Configuration Options
** KEYWORDS: {configuration option}
**
** These constants are the available integer configuration options that
** can be passed as the first argument to the [sqlite3_config()] interface.
**
** New configuration options may be added in future releases of SQLite.
** Existing configuration options might be discontinued. Applications
** should check the return code from [sqlite3_config()] to make sure that
** the call worked. The [sqlite3_config()] interface will return a
** non-zero [error code] if a discontinued or unsupported configuration option
** is invoked.
**
** <dl>
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD</dt>
** <dd>There are no arguments to this option. ^This option sets the
** [threading mode] to Single-thread. In other words, it disables
** all mutexing and puts SQLite into a mode where it can only be used
** by a single thread. ^If SQLite is compiled with
** the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE | SQLITE_THREADSAFE=0] compile-time option then
** it is not possible to change the [threading mode] from its default
** value of Single-thread and so [sqlite3_config()] will return
** [SQLITE_ERROR] if called with the SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD
** configuration option.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD</dt>
** <dd>There are no arguments to this option. ^This option sets the
** [threading mode] to Multi-thread. In other words, it disables
** mutexing on [database connection] and [prepared statement] objects.
** The application is responsible for serializing access to
** [database connections] and [prepared statements]. But other mutexes
** are enabled so that SQLite will be safe to use in a multi-threaded
** environment as long as no two threads attempt to use the same
** [database connection] at the same time. ^If SQLite is compiled with
** the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE | SQLITE_THREADSAFE=0] compile-time option then
** it is not possible to set the Multi-thread [threading mode] and
** [sqlite3_config()] will return [SQLITE_ERROR] if called with the
** SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD configuration option.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED</dt>
** <dd>There are no arguments to this option. ^This option sets the
** [threading mode] to Serialized. In other words, this option enables
** all mutexes including the recursive
** mutexes on [database connection] and [prepared statement] objects.
** In this mode (which is the default when SQLite is compiled with
** [SQLITE_THREADSAFE=1]) the SQLite library will itself serialize access
** to [database connections] and [prepared statements] so that the
** application is free to use the same [database connection] or the
** same [prepared statement] in different threads at the same time.
** ^If SQLite is compiled with
** the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE | SQLITE_THREADSAFE=0] compile-time option then
** it is not possible to set the Serialized [threading mode] and
** [sqlite3_config()] will return [SQLITE_ERROR] if called with the
** SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED configuration option.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC</dt>
** <dd> ^(This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
** instance of the [sqlite3_mem_methods] structure. The argument specifies
** alternative low-level memory allocation routines to be used in place of
** the memory allocation routines built into SQLite.)^ ^SQLite makes
** its own private copy of the content of the [sqlite3_mem_methods] structure
** before the [sqlite3_config()] call returns.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC</dt>
** <dd> ^(This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
** instance of the [sqlite3_mem_methods] structure. The [sqlite3_mem_methods]
** structure is filled with the currently defined memory allocation routines.)^
** This option can be used to overload the default memory allocation
** routines with a wrapper that simulations memory allocation failure or
** tracks memory usage, for example. </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS</dt>
** <dd> ^This option takes single argument of type int, interpreted as a
** boolean, which enables or disables the collection of memory allocation
** statistics. ^(When memory allocation statistics are disabled, the
** following SQLite interfaces become non-operational:
** <ul>
** <li> [sqlite3_memory_used()]
** <li> [sqlite3_memory_highwater()]
** <li> [sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64()]
** <li> [sqlite3_status()]
** </ul>)^
** ^Memory allocation statistics are enabled by default unless SQLite is
** compiled with [SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS]=0 in which case memory
** allocation statistics are disabled by default.
** </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH</dt>
** <dd> ^This option specifies a static memory buffer that SQLite can use for
** scratch memory. There are three arguments: A pointer an 8-byte
** aligned memory buffer from which the scratch allocations will be
** drawn, the size of each scratch allocation (sz),
** and the maximum number of scratch allocations (N). The sz
** argument must be a multiple of 16.
** The first argument must be a pointer to an 8-byte aligned buffer
** of at least sz*N bytes of memory.
** ^SQLite will use no more than two scratch buffers per thread. So
** N should be set to twice the expected maximum number of threads.
** ^SQLite will never require a scratch buffer that is more than 6
** times the database page size. ^If SQLite needs needs additional
** scratch memory beyond what is provided by this configuration option, then
** [sqlite3_malloc()] will be used to obtain the memory needed.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE</dt>
** <dd> ^This option specifies a static memory buffer that SQLite can use for
** the database page cache with the default page cache implementation.
** This configuration should not be used if an application-define page
** cache implementation is loaded using the SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2 option.
** There are three arguments to this option: A pointer to 8-byte aligned
** memory, the size of each page buffer (sz), and the number of pages (N).
** The sz argument should be the size of the largest database page
** (a power of two between 512 and 32768) plus a little extra for each
** page header. ^The page header size is 20 to 40 bytes depending on
** the host architecture. ^It is harmless, apart from the wasted memory,
** to make sz a little too large. The first
** argument should point to an allocation of at least sz*N bytes of memory.
** ^SQLite will use the memory provided by the first argument to satisfy its
** memory needs for the first N pages that it adds to cache. ^If additional
** page cache memory is needed beyond what is provided by this option, then
** SQLite goes to [sqlite3_malloc()] for the additional storage space.
** The pointer in the first argument must
** be aligned to an 8-byte boundary or subsequent behavior of SQLite
** will be undefined.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP</dt>
** <dd> ^This option specifies a static memory buffer that SQLite will use
** for all of its dynamic memory allocation needs beyond those provided
** for by [SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH] and [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE].
** There are three arguments: An 8-byte aligned pointer to the memory,
** the number of bytes in the memory buffer, and the minimum allocation size.
** ^If the first pointer (the memory pointer) is NULL, then SQLite reverts
** to using its default memory allocator (the system malloc() implementation),
** undoing any prior invocation of [SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC]. ^If the
** memory pointer is not NULL and either [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS3] or
** [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5] are defined, then the alternative memory
** allocator is engaged to handle all of SQLites memory allocation needs.
** The first pointer (the memory pointer) must be aligned to an 8-byte
** boundary or subsequent behavior of SQLite will be undefined.
** The minimum allocation size is capped at 2**12. Reasonable values
** for the minimum allocation size are 2**5 through 2**8.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX</dt>
** <dd> ^(This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
** instance of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure. The argument specifies
** alternative low-level mutex routines to be used in place
** the mutex routines built into SQLite.)^ ^SQLite makes a copy of the
** content of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure before the call to
** [sqlite3_config()] returns. ^If SQLite is compiled with
** the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE | SQLITE_THREADSAFE=0] compile-time option then
** the entire mutexing subsystem is omitted from the build and hence calls to
** [sqlite3_config()] with the SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX configuration option will
** return [SQLITE_ERROR].</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX</dt>
** <dd> ^(This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
** instance of the [sqlite3_mutex_methods] structure. The
** [sqlite3_mutex_methods]
** structure is filled with the currently defined mutex routines.)^
** This option can be used to overload the default mutex allocation
** routines with a wrapper used to track mutex usage for performance
** profiling or testing, for example. ^If SQLite is compiled with
** the [SQLITE_THREADSAFE | SQLITE_THREADSAFE=0] compile-time option then
** the entire mutexing subsystem is omitted from the build and hence calls to
** [sqlite3_config()] with the SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX configuration option will
** return [SQLITE_ERROR].</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_LOOKASIDE]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_LOOKASIDE</dt>
** <dd> ^(This option takes two arguments that determine the default
** memory allocation for the lookaside memory allocator on each
** [database connection]. The first argument is the
** size of each lookaside buffer slot and the second is the number of
** slots allocated to each database connection.)^ ^(This option sets the
** <i>default</i> lookaside size. The [SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE]
** verb to [sqlite3_db_config()] can be used to change the lookaside
** configuration on individual connections.)^ </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2</dt>
** <dd> ^(This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to
** an [sqlite3_pcache_methods2] object. This object specifies the interface
** to a custom page cache implementation.)^ ^SQLite makes a copy of the
** object and uses it for page cache memory allocations.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE2]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE2</dt>
** <dd> ^(This option takes a single argument which is a pointer to an
** [sqlite3_pcache_methods2] object. SQLite copies of the current
** page cache implementation into that object.)^ </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG</dt>
** <dd> The SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG option is used to configure the SQLite
** global [error log].
** (^The SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG option takes two arguments: a pointer to a
** function with a call signature of void(*)(void*,int,const char*),
** and a pointer to void. ^If the function pointer is not NULL, it is
** invoked by [sqlite3_log()] to process each logging event. ^If the
** function pointer is NULL, the [sqlite3_log()] interface becomes a no-op.
** ^The void pointer that is the second argument to SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG is
** passed through as the first parameter to the application-defined logger
** function whenever that function is invoked. ^The second parameter to
** the logger function is a copy of the first parameter to the corresponding
** [sqlite3_log()] call and is intended to be a [result code] or an
** [extended result code]. ^The third parameter passed to the logger is
** log message after formatting via [sqlite3_snprintf()].
** The SQLite logging interface is not reentrant; the logger function
** supplied by the application must not invoke any SQLite interface.
** In a multi-threaded application, the application-defined logger
** function must be threadsafe. </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_URI]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_URI
** <dd>^(This option takes a single argument of type int. If non-zero, then
** URI handling is globally enabled. If the parameter is zero, then URI handling
** is globally disabled.)^ ^If URI handling is globally enabled, all filenames
** passed to [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open_v2()], [sqlite3_open16()] or
** specified as part of [ATTACH] commands are interpreted as URIs, regardless
** of whether or not the [SQLITE_OPEN_URI] flag is set when the database
** connection is opened. ^If it is globally disabled, filenames are
** only interpreted as URIs if the SQLITE_OPEN_URI flag is set when the
** database connection is opened. ^(By default, URI handling is globally
** disabled. The default value may be changed by compiling with the
** [SQLITE_USE_URI] symbol defined.)^
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN]] <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN
** <dd>^This option takes a single integer argument which is interpreted as
** a boolean in order to enable or disable the use of covering indices for
** full table scans in the query optimizer. ^The default setting is determined
** by the [SQLITE_ALLOW_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN] compile-time option, or is "on"
** if that compile-time option is omitted.
** The ability to disable the use of covering indices for full table scans
** is because some incorrectly coded legacy applications might malfunction
** when the optimization is enabled. Providing the ability to
** disable the optimization allows the older, buggy application code to work
** without change even with newer versions of SQLite.
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE]] [[SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE]]
** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE and SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE
** <dd> These options are obsolete and should not be used by new code.
** They are retained for backwards compatibility but are now no-ops.
** </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_SQLLOG]]
** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_SQLLOG
** <dd>This option is only available if sqlite is compiled with the
** [SQLITE_ENABLE_SQLLOG] pre-processor macro defined. The first argument should
** be a pointer to a function of type void(*)(void*,sqlite3*,const char*, int).
** The second should be of type (void*). The callback is invoked by the library
** in three separate circumstances, identified by the value passed as the
** fourth parameter. If the fourth parameter is 0, then the database connection
** passed as the second argument has just been opened. The third argument
** points to a buffer containing the name of the main database file. If the
** fourth parameter is 1, then the SQL statement that the third parameter
** points to has just been executed. Or, if the fourth parameter is 2, then
** the connection being passed as the second parameter is being closed. The
** third parameter is passed NULL In this case. An example of using this
** configuration option can be seen in the "test_sqllog.c" source file in
** the canonical SQLite source tree.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE]]
** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE
** <dd>^SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE takes two 64-bit integer (sqlite3_int64) values
** that are the default mmap size limit (the default setting for
** [PRAGMA mmap_size]) and the maximum allowed mmap size limit.
** ^The default setting can be overridden by each database connection using
** either the [PRAGMA mmap_size] command, or by using the
** [SQLITE_FCNTL_MMAP_SIZE] file control. ^(The maximum allowed mmap size
** cannot be changed at run-time. Nor may the maximum allowed mmap size
** exceed the compile-time maximum mmap size set by the
** [SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE] compile-time option.)^
** ^If either argument to this option is negative, then that argument is
** changed to its compile-time default.
**
** [[SQLITE_CONFIG_WIN32_HEAPSIZE]]
** <dt>SQLITE_CONFIG_WIN32_HEAPSIZE
** <dd>^This option is only available if SQLite is compiled for Windows
** with the [SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC] pre-processor macro defined.
** SQLITE_CONFIG_WIN32_HEAPSIZE takes a 32-bit unsigned integer value
** that specifies the maximum size of the created heap.
** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD 1 /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD 2 /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SERIALIZED 3 /* nil */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MALLOC 4 /* sqlite3_mem_methods* */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMALLOC 5 /* sqlite3_mem_methods* */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH 6 /* void*, int sz, int N */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE 7 /* void*, int sz, int N */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP 8 /* void*, int nByte, int min */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS 9 /* boolean */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX 10 /* sqlite3_mutex_methods* */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX 11 /* sqlite3_mutex_methods* */
/* previously SQLITE_CONFIG_CHUNKALLOC 12 which is now unused. */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_LOOKASIDE 13 /* int int */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE 14 /* no-op */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE 15 /* no-op */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG 16 /* xFunc, void* */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_URI 17 /* int */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2 18 /* sqlite3_pcache_methods2* */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_GETPCACHE2 19 /* sqlite3_pcache_methods2* */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_COVERING_INDEX_SCAN 20 /* int */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_SQLLOG 21 /* xSqllog, void* */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_MMAP_SIZE 22 /* sqlite3_int64, sqlite3_int64 */
#define SQLITE_CONFIG_WIN32_HEAPSIZE 23 /* int nByte */
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Database Connection Configuration Options
**
** These constants are the available integer configuration options that
** can be passed as the second argument to the [sqlite3_db_config()] interface.
**
** New configuration options may be added in future releases of SQLite.
** Existing configuration options might be discontinued. Applications
** should check the return code from [sqlite3_db_config()] to make sure that
** the call worked. ^The [sqlite3_db_config()] interface will return a
** non-zero [error code] if a discontinued or unsupported configuration option
** is invoked.
**
** <dl>
** <dt>SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE</dt>
** <dd> ^This option takes three additional arguments that determine the
** [lookaside memory allocator] configuration for the [database connection].
** ^The first argument (the third parameter to [sqlite3_db_config()] is a
** pointer to a memory buffer to use for lookaside memory.
** ^The first argument after the SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE verb
** may be NULL in which case SQLite will allocate the
** lookaside buffer itself using [sqlite3_malloc()]. ^The second argument is the
** size of each lookaside buffer slot. ^The third argument is the number of
** slots. The size of the buffer in the first argument must be greater than
** or equal to the product of the second and third arguments. The buffer
** must be aligned to an 8-byte boundary. ^If the second argument to
** SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE is not a multiple of 8, it is internally
** rounded down to the next smaller multiple of 8. ^(The lookaside memory
** configuration for a database connection can only be changed when that
** connection is not currently using lookaside memory, or in other words
** when the "current value" returned by
** [sqlite3_db_status](D,[SQLITE_CONFIG_LOOKASIDE],...) is zero.
** Any attempt to change the lookaside memory configuration when lookaside
** memory is in use leaves the configuration unchanged and returns
** [SQLITE_BUSY].)^</dd>
**
** <dt>SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FKEY</dt>
** <dd> ^This option is used to enable or disable the enforcement of
** [foreign key constraints]. There should be two additional arguments.
** The first argument is an integer which is 0 to disable FK enforcement,
** positive to enable FK enforcement or negative to leave FK enforcement
** unchanged. The second parameter is a pointer to an integer into which
** is written 0 or 1 to indicate whether FK enforcement is off or on
** following this call. The second parameter may be a NULL pointer, in
** which case the FK enforcement setting is not reported back. </dd>
**
** <dt>SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_TRIGGER</dt>
** <dd> ^This option is used to enable or disable [CREATE TRIGGER | triggers].
** There should be two additional arguments.
** The first argument is an integer which is 0 to disable triggers,
** positive to enable triggers or negative to leave the setting unchanged.
** The second parameter is a pointer to an integer into which
** is written 0 or 1 to indicate whether triggers are disabled or enabled
** following this call. The second parameter may be a NULL pointer, in
** which case the trigger setting is not reported back. </dd>
**
** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_LOOKASIDE 1001 /* void* int int */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_FKEY 1002 /* int int* */
#define SQLITE_DBCONFIG_ENABLE_TRIGGER 1003 /* int int* */
 
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Enable Or Disable Extended Result Codes
**
** ^The sqlite3_extended_result_codes() routine enables or disables the
** [extended result codes] feature of SQLite. ^The extended result
** codes are disabled by default for historical compatibility.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_extended_result_codes(sqlite3*, int onoff);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Last Insert Rowid
**
** ^Each entry in most SQLite tables (except for [WITHOUT ROWID] tables)
** has a unique 64-bit signed
** integer key called the [ROWID | "rowid"]. ^The rowid is always available
** as an undeclared column named ROWID, OID, or _ROWID_ as long as those
** names are not also used by explicitly declared columns. ^If
** the table has a column of type [INTEGER PRIMARY KEY] then that column
** is another alias for the rowid.
**
** ^The sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(D) interface returns the [rowid] of the
** most recent successful [INSERT] into a rowid table or [virtual table]
** on database connection D.
** ^Inserts into [WITHOUT ROWID] tables are not recorded.
** ^If no successful [INSERT]s into rowid tables
** have ever occurred on the database connection D,
** then sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(D) returns zero.
**
** ^(If an [INSERT] occurs within a trigger or within a [virtual table]
** method, then this routine will return the [rowid] of the inserted
** row as long as the trigger or virtual table method is running.
** But once the trigger or virtual table method ends, the value returned
** by this routine reverts to what it was before the trigger or virtual
** table method began.)^
**
** ^An [INSERT] that fails due to a constraint violation is not a
** successful [INSERT] and does not change the value returned by this
** routine. ^Thus INSERT OR FAIL, INSERT OR IGNORE, INSERT OR ROLLBACK,
** and INSERT OR ABORT make no changes to the return value of this
** routine when their insertion fails. ^(When INSERT OR REPLACE
** encounters a constraint violation, it does not fail. The
** INSERT continues to completion after deleting rows that caused
** the constraint problem so INSERT OR REPLACE will always change
** the return value of this interface.)^
**
** ^For the purposes of this routine, an [INSERT] is considered to
** be successful even if it is subsequently rolled back.
**
** This function is accessible to SQL statements via the
** [last_insert_rowid() SQL function].
**
** If a separate thread performs a new [INSERT] on the same
** database connection while the [sqlite3_last_insert_rowid()]
** function is running and thus changes the last insert [rowid],
** then the value returned by [sqlite3_last_insert_rowid()] is
** unpredictable and might not equal either the old or the new
** last insert [rowid].
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_last_insert_rowid(sqlite3*);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Count The Number Of Rows Modified
**
** ^This function returns the number of database rows that were changed
** or inserted or deleted by the most recently completed SQL statement
** on the [database connection] specified by the first parameter.
** ^(Only changes that are directly specified by the [INSERT], [UPDATE],
** or [DELETE] statement are counted. Auxiliary changes caused by
** triggers or [foreign key actions] are not counted.)^ Use the
** [sqlite3_total_changes()] function to find the total number of changes
** including changes caused by triggers and foreign key actions.
**
** ^Changes to a view that are simulated by an [INSTEAD OF trigger]
** are not counted. Only real table changes are counted.
**
** ^(A "row change" is a change to a single row of a single table
** caused by an INSERT, DELETE, or UPDATE statement. Rows that
** are changed as side effects of [REPLACE] constraint resolution,
** rollback, ABORT processing, [DROP TABLE], or by any other
** mechanisms do not count as direct row changes.)^
**
** A "trigger context" is a scope of execution that begins and
** ends with the script of a [CREATE TRIGGER | trigger].
** Most SQL statements are
** evaluated outside of any trigger. This is the "top level"
** trigger context. If a trigger fires from the top level, a
** new trigger context is entered for the duration of that one
** trigger. Subtriggers create subcontexts for their duration.
**
** ^Calling [sqlite3_exec()] or [sqlite3_step()] recursively does
** not create a new trigger context.
**
** ^This function returns the number of direct row changes in the
** most recent INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE statement within the same
** trigger context.
**
** ^Thus, when called from the top level, this function returns the
** number of changes in the most recent INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE
** that also occurred at the top level. ^(Within the body of a trigger,
** the sqlite3_changes() interface can be called to find the number of
** changes in the most recently completed INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE
** statement within the body of the same trigger.
** However, the number returned does not include changes
** caused by subtriggers since those have their own context.)^
**
** See also the [sqlite3_total_changes()] interface, the
** [count_changes pragma], and the [changes() SQL function].
**
** If a separate thread makes changes on the same database connection
** while [sqlite3_changes()] is running then the value returned
** is unpredictable and not meaningful.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_changes(sqlite3*);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Total Number Of Rows Modified
**
** ^This function returns the number of row changes caused by [INSERT],
** [UPDATE] or [DELETE] statements since the [database connection] was opened.
** ^(The count returned by sqlite3_total_changes() includes all changes
** from all [CREATE TRIGGER | trigger] contexts and changes made by
** [foreign key actions]. However,
** the count does not include changes used to implement [REPLACE] constraints,
** do rollbacks or ABORT processing, or [DROP TABLE] processing. The
** count does not include rows of views that fire an [INSTEAD OF trigger],
** though if the INSTEAD OF trigger makes changes of its own, those changes
** are counted.)^
** ^The sqlite3_total_changes() function counts the changes as soon as
** the statement that makes them is completed (when the statement handle
** is passed to [sqlite3_reset()] or [sqlite3_finalize()]).
**
** See also the [sqlite3_changes()] interface, the
** [count_changes pragma], and the [total_changes() SQL function].
**
** If a separate thread makes changes on the same database connection
** while [sqlite3_total_changes()] is running then the value
** returned is unpredictable and not meaningful.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_total_changes(sqlite3*);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Interrupt A Long-Running Query
**
** ^This function causes any pending database operation to abort and
** return at its earliest opportunity. This routine is typically
** called in response to a user action such as pressing "Cancel"
** or Ctrl-C where the user wants a long query operation to halt
** immediately.
**
** ^It is safe to call this routine from a thread different from the
** thread that is currently running the database operation. But it
** is not safe to call this routine with a [database connection] that
** is closed or might close before sqlite3_interrupt() returns.
**
** ^If an SQL operation is very nearly finished at the time when
** sqlite3_interrupt() is called, then it might not have an opportunity
** to be interrupted and might continue to completion.
**
** ^An SQL operation that is interrupted will return [SQLITE_INTERRUPT].
** ^If the interrupted SQL operation is an INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE
** that is inside an explicit transaction, then the entire transaction
** will be rolled back automatically.
**
** ^The sqlite3_interrupt(D) call is in effect until all currently running
** SQL statements on [database connection] D complete. ^Any new SQL statements
** that are started after the sqlite3_interrupt() call and before the
** running statements reaches zero are interrupted as if they had been
** running prior to the sqlite3_interrupt() call. ^New SQL statements
** that are started after the running statement count reaches zero are
** not effected by the sqlite3_interrupt().
** ^A call to sqlite3_interrupt(D) that occurs when there are no running
** SQL statements is a no-op and has no effect on SQL statements
** that are started after the sqlite3_interrupt() call returns.
**
** If the database connection closes while [sqlite3_interrupt()]
** is running then bad things will likely happen.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_interrupt(sqlite3*);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Determine If An SQL Statement Is Complete
**
** These routines are useful during command-line input to determine if the
** currently entered text seems to form a complete SQL statement or
** if additional input is needed before sending the text into
** SQLite for parsing. ^These routines return 1 if the input string
** appears to be a complete SQL statement. ^A statement is judged to be
** complete if it ends with a semicolon token and is not a prefix of a
** well-formed CREATE TRIGGER statement. ^Semicolons that are embedded within
** string literals or quoted identifier names or comments are not
** independent tokens (they are part of the token in which they are
** embedded) and thus do not count as a statement terminator. ^Whitespace
** and comments that follow the final semicolon are ignored.
**
** ^These routines return 0 if the statement is incomplete. ^If a
** memory allocation fails, then SQLITE_NOMEM is returned.
**
** ^These routines do not parse the SQL statements thus
** will not detect syntactically incorrect SQL.
**
** ^(If SQLite has not been initialized using [sqlite3_initialize()] prior
** to invoking sqlite3_complete16() then sqlite3_initialize() is invoked
** automatically by sqlite3_complete16(). If that initialization fails,
** then the return value from sqlite3_complete16() will be non-zero
** regardless of whether or not the input SQL is complete.)^
**
** The input to [sqlite3_complete()] must be a zero-terminated
** UTF-8 string.
**
** The input to [sqlite3_complete16()] must be a zero-terminated
** UTF-16 string in native byte order.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_complete(const char *sql);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_complete16(const void *sql);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Register A Callback To Handle SQLITE_BUSY Errors
**
** ^The sqlite3_busy_handler(D,X,P) routine sets a callback function X
** that might be invoked with argument P whenever
** an attempt is made to access a database table associated with
** [database connection] D when another thread
** or process has the table locked.
** The sqlite3_busy_handler() interface is used to implement
** [sqlite3_busy_timeout()] and [PRAGMA busy_timeout].
**
** ^If the busy callback is NULL, then [SQLITE_BUSY]
** is returned immediately upon encountering the lock. ^If the busy callback
** is not NULL, then the callback might be invoked with two arguments.
**
** ^The first argument to the busy handler is a copy of the void* pointer which
** is the third argument to sqlite3_busy_handler(). ^The second argument to
** the busy handler callback is the number of times that the busy handler has
** been invoked for the same locking event. ^If the
** busy callback returns 0, then no additional attempts are made to
** access the database and [SQLITE_BUSY] is returned
** to the application.
** ^If the callback returns non-zero, then another attempt
** is made to access the database and the cycle repeats.
**
** The presence of a busy handler does not guarantee that it will be invoked
** when there is lock contention. ^If SQLite determines that invoking the busy
** handler could result in a deadlock, it will go ahead and return [SQLITE_BUSY]
** to the application instead of invoking the
** busy handler.
** Consider a scenario where one process is holding a read lock that
** it is trying to promote to a reserved lock and
** a second process is holding a reserved lock that it is trying
** to promote to an exclusive lock. The first process cannot proceed
** because it is blocked by the second and the second process cannot
** proceed because it is blocked by the first. If both processes
** invoke the busy handlers, neither will make any progress. Therefore,
** SQLite returns [SQLITE_BUSY] for the first process, hoping that this
** will induce the first process to release its read lock and allow
** the second process to proceed.
**
** ^The default busy callback is NULL.
**
** ^(There can only be a single busy handler defined for each
** [database connection]. Setting a new busy handler clears any
** previously set handler.)^ ^Note that calling [sqlite3_busy_timeout()]
** or evaluating [PRAGMA busy_timeout=N] will change the
** busy handler and thus clear any previously set busy handler.
**
** The busy callback should not take any actions which modify the
** database connection that invoked the busy handler. In other words,
** the busy handler is not reentrant. Any such actions
** result in undefined behavior.
**
** A busy handler must not close the database connection
** or [prepared statement] that invoked the busy handler.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_busy_handler(sqlite3*, int(*)(void*,int), void*);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Set A Busy Timeout
**
** ^This routine sets a [sqlite3_busy_handler | busy handler] that sleeps
** for a specified amount of time when a table is locked. ^The handler
** will sleep multiple times until at least "ms" milliseconds of sleeping
** have accumulated. ^After at least "ms" milliseconds of sleeping,
** the handler returns 0 which causes [sqlite3_step()] to return
** [SQLITE_BUSY].
**
** ^Calling this routine with an argument less than or equal to zero
** turns off all busy handlers.
**
** ^(There can only be a single busy handler for a particular
** [database connection] at any given moment. If another busy handler
** was defined (using [sqlite3_busy_handler()]) prior to calling
** this routine, that other busy handler is cleared.)^
**
** See also: [PRAGMA busy_timeout]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_busy_timeout(sqlite3*, int ms);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Convenience Routines For Running Queries
**
** This is a legacy interface that is preserved for backwards compatibility.
** Use of this interface is not recommended.
**
** Definition: A <b>result table</b> is memory data structure created by the
** [sqlite3_get_table()] interface. A result table records the
** complete query results from one or more queries.
**
** The table conceptually has a number of rows and columns. But
** these numbers are not part of the result table itself. These
** numbers are obtained separately. Let N be the number of rows
** and M be the number of columns.
**
** A result table is an array of pointers to zero-terminated UTF-8 strings.
** There are (N+1)*M elements in the array. The first M pointers point
** to zero-terminated strings that contain the names of the columns.
** The remaining entries all point to query results. NULL values result
** in NULL pointers. All other values are in their UTF-8 zero-terminated
** string representation as returned by [sqlite3_column_text()].
**
** A result table might consist of one or more memory allocations.
** It is not safe to pass a result table directly to [sqlite3_free()].
** A result table should be deallocated using [sqlite3_free_table()].
**
** ^(As an example of the result table format, suppose a query result
** is as follows:
**
** <blockquote><pre>
** Name | Age
** -----------------------
** Alice | 43
** Bob | 28
** Cindy | 21
** </pre></blockquote>
**
** There are two column (M==2) and three rows (N==3). Thus the
** result table has 8 entries. Suppose the result table is stored
** in an array names azResult. Then azResult holds this content:
**
** <blockquote><pre>
** azResult&#91;0] = "Name";
** azResult&#91;1] = "Age";
** azResult&#91;2] = "Alice";
** azResult&#91;3] = "43";
** azResult&#91;4] = "Bob";
** azResult&#91;5] = "28";
** azResult&#91;6] = "Cindy";
** azResult&#91;7] = "21";
** </pre></blockquote>)^
**
** ^The sqlite3_get_table() function evaluates one or more
** semicolon-separated SQL statements in the zero-terminated UTF-8
** string of its 2nd parameter and returns a result table to the
** pointer given in its 3rd parameter.
**
** After the application has finished with the result from sqlite3_get_table(),
** it must pass the result table pointer to sqlite3_free_table() in order to
** release the memory that was malloced. Because of the way the
** [sqlite3_malloc()] happens within sqlite3_get_table(), the calling
** function must not try to call [sqlite3_free()] directly. Only
** [sqlite3_free_table()] is able to release the memory properly and safely.
**
** The sqlite3_get_table() interface is implemented as a wrapper around
** [sqlite3_exec()]. The sqlite3_get_table() routine does not have access
** to any internal data structures of SQLite. It uses only the public
** interface defined here. As a consequence, errors that occur in the
** wrapper layer outside of the internal [sqlite3_exec()] call are not
** reflected in subsequent calls to [sqlite3_errcode()] or
** [sqlite3_errmsg()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_get_table(
sqlite3 *db, /* An open database */
const char *zSql, /* SQL to be evaluated */
char ***pazResult, /* Results of the query */
int *pnRow, /* Number of result rows written here */
int *pnColumn, /* Number of result columns written here */
char **pzErrmsg /* Error msg written here */
);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_free_table(char **result);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Formatted String Printing Functions
**
** These routines are work-alikes of the "printf()" family of functions
** from the standard C library.
**
** ^The sqlite3_mprintf() and sqlite3_vmprintf() routines write their
** results into memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc()].
** The strings returned by these two routines should be
** released by [sqlite3_free()]. ^Both routines return a
** NULL pointer if [sqlite3_malloc()] is unable to allocate enough
** memory to hold the resulting string.
**
** ^(The sqlite3_snprintf() routine is similar to "snprintf()" from
** the standard C library. The result is written into the
** buffer supplied as the second parameter whose size is given by
** the first parameter. Note that the order of the
** first two parameters is reversed from snprintf().)^ This is an
** historical accident that cannot be fixed without breaking
** backwards compatibility. ^(Note also that sqlite3_snprintf()
** returns a pointer to its buffer instead of the number of
** characters actually written into the buffer.)^ We admit that
** the number of characters written would be a more useful return
** value but we cannot change the implementation of sqlite3_snprintf()
** now without breaking compatibility.
**
** ^As long as the buffer size is greater than zero, sqlite3_snprintf()
** guarantees that the buffer is always zero-terminated. ^The first
** parameter "n" is the total size of the buffer, including space for
** the zero terminator. So the longest string that can be completely
** written will be n-1 characters.
**
** ^The sqlite3_vsnprintf() routine is a varargs version of sqlite3_snprintf().
**
** These routines all implement some additional formatting
** options that are useful for constructing SQL statements.
** All of the usual printf() formatting options apply. In addition, there
** is are "%q", "%Q", and "%z" options.
**
** ^(The %q option works like %s in that it substitutes a nul-terminated
** string from the argument list. But %q also doubles every '\'' character.
** %q is designed for use inside a string literal.)^ By doubling each '\''
** character it escapes that character and allows it to be inserted into
** the string.
**
** For example, assume the string variable zText contains text as follows:
**
** <blockquote><pre>
** char *zText = "It's a happy day!";
** </pre></blockquote>
**
** One can use this text in an SQL statement as follows:
**
** <blockquote><pre>
** char *zSQL = sqlite3_mprintf("INSERT INTO table VALUES('%q')", zText);
** sqlite3_exec(db, zSQL, 0, 0, 0);
** sqlite3_free(zSQL);
** </pre></blockquote>
**
** Because the %q format string is used, the '\'' character in zText
** is escaped and the SQL generated is as follows:
**
** <blockquote><pre>
** INSERT INTO table1 VALUES('It''s a happy day!')
** </pre></blockquote>
**
** This is correct. Had we used %s instead of %q, the generated SQL
** would have looked like this:
**
** <blockquote><pre>
** INSERT INTO table1 VALUES('It's a happy day!');
** </pre></blockquote>
**
** This second example is an SQL syntax error. As a general rule you should
** always use %q instead of %s when inserting text into a string literal.
**
** ^(The %Q option works like %q except it also adds single quotes around
** the outside of the total string. Additionally, if the parameter in the
** argument list is a NULL pointer, %Q substitutes the text "NULL" (without
** single quotes).)^ So, for example, one could say:
**
** <blockquote><pre>
** char *zSQL = sqlite3_mprintf("INSERT INTO table VALUES(%Q)", zText);
** sqlite3_exec(db, zSQL, 0, 0, 0);
** sqlite3_free(zSQL);
** </pre></blockquote>
**
** The code above will render a correct SQL statement in the zSQL
** variable even if the zText variable is a NULL pointer.
**
** ^(The "%z" formatting option works like "%s" but with the
** addition that after the string has been read and copied into
** the result, [sqlite3_free()] is called on the input string.)^
*/
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_mprintf(const char*,...);
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_vmprintf(const char*, va_list);
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_snprintf(int,char*,const char*, ...);
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_vsnprintf(int,char*,const char*, va_list);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Memory Allocation Subsystem
**
** The SQLite core uses these three routines for all of its own
** internal memory allocation needs. "Core" in the previous sentence
** does not include operating-system specific VFS implementation. The
** Windows VFS uses native malloc() and free() for some operations.
**
** ^The sqlite3_malloc() routine returns a pointer to a block
** of memory at least N bytes in length, where N is the parameter.
** ^If sqlite3_malloc() is unable to obtain sufficient free
** memory, it returns a NULL pointer. ^If the parameter N to
** sqlite3_malloc() is zero or negative then sqlite3_malloc() returns
** a NULL pointer.
**
** ^The sqlite3_malloc64(N) routine works just like
** sqlite3_malloc(N) except that N is an unsigned 64-bit integer instead
** of a signed 32-bit integer.
**
** ^Calling sqlite3_free() with a pointer previously returned
** by sqlite3_malloc() or sqlite3_realloc() releases that memory so
** that it might be reused. ^The sqlite3_free() routine is
** a no-op if is called with a NULL pointer. Passing a NULL pointer
** to sqlite3_free() is harmless. After being freed, memory
** should neither be read nor written. Even reading previously freed
** memory might result in a segmentation fault or other severe error.
** Memory corruption, a segmentation fault, or other severe error
** might result if sqlite3_free() is called with a non-NULL pointer that
** was not obtained from sqlite3_malloc() or sqlite3_realloc().
**
** ^The sqlite3_realloc(X,N) interface attempts to resize a
** prior memory allocation X to be at least N bytes.
** ^If the X parameter to sqlite3_realloc(X,N)
** is a NULL pointer then its behavior is identical to calling
** sqlite3_malloc(N).
** ^If the N parameter to sqlite3_realloc(X,N) is zero or
** negative then the behavior is exactly the same as calling
** sqlite3_free(X).
** ^sqlite3_realloc(X,N) returns a pointer to a memory allocation
** of at least N bytes in size or NULL if insufficient memory is available.
** ^If M is the size of the prior allocation, then min(N,M) bytes
** of the prior allocation are copied into the beginning of buffer returned
** by sqlite3_realloc(X,N) and the prior allocation is freed.
** ^If sqlite3_realloc(X,N) returns NULL and N is positive, then the
** prior allocation is not freed.
**
** ^The sqlite3_realloc64(X,N) interfaces works the same as
** sqlite3_realloc(X,N) except that N is a 64-bit unsigned integer instead
** of a 32-bit signed integer.
**
** ^If X is a memory allocation previously obtained from sqlite3_malloc(),
** sqlite3_malloc64(), sqlite3_realloc(), or sqlite3_realloc64(), then
** sqlite3_msize(X) returns the size of that memory allocation in bytes.
** ^The value returned by sqlite3_msize(X) might be larger than the number
** of bytes requested when X was allocated. ^If X is a NULL pointer then
** sqlite3_msize(X) returns zero. If X points to something that is not
** the beginning of memory allocation, or if it points to a formerly
** valid memory allocation that has now been freed, then the behavior
** of sqlite3_msize(X) is undefined and possibly harmful.
**
** ^The memory returned by sqlite3_malloc(), sqlite3_realloc(),
** sqlite3_malloc64(), and sqlite3_realloc64()
** is always aligned to at least an 8 byte boundary, or to a
** 4 byte boundary if the [SQLITE_4_BYTE_ALIGNED_MALLOC] compile-time
** option is used.
**
** In SQLite version 3.5.0 and 3.5.1, it was possible to define
** the SQLITE_OMIT_MEMORY_ALLOCATION which would cause the built-in
** implementation of these routines to be omitted. That capability
** is no longer provided. Only built-in memory allocators can be used.
**
** Prior to SQLite version 3.7.10, the Windows OS interface layer called
** the system malloc() and free() directly when converting
** filenames between the UTF-8 encoding used by SQLite
** and whatever filename encoding is used by the particular Windows
** installation. Memory allocation errors were detected, but
** they were reported back as [SQLITE_CANTOPEN] or
** [SQLITE_IOERR] rather than [SQLITE_NOMEM].
**
** The pointer arguments to [sqlite3_free()] and [sqlite3_realloc()]
** must be either NULL or else pointers obtained from a prior
** invocation of [sqlite3_malloc()] or [sqlite3_realloc()] that have
** not yet been released.
**
** The application must not read or write any part of
** a block of memory after it has been released using
** [sqlite3_free()] or [sqlite3_realloc()].
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_malloc(int);
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_malloc64(sqlite3_uint64);
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_realloc(void*, int);
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_realloc64(void*, sqlite3_uint64);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_free(void*);
SQLITE_API sqlite3_uint64 sqlite3_msize(void*);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Memory Allocator Statistics
**
** SQLite provides these two interfaces for reporting on the status
** of the [sqlite3_malloc()], [sqlite3_free()], and [sqlite3_realloc()]
** routines, which form the built-in memory allocation subsystem.
**
** ^The [sqlite3_memory_used()] routine returns the number of bytes
** of memory currently outstanding (malloced but not freed).
** ^The [sqlite3_memory_highwater()] routine returns the maximum
** value of [sqlite3_memory_used()] since the high-water mark
** was last reset. ^The values returned by [sqlite3_memory_used()] and
** [sqlite3_memory_highwater()] include any overhead
** added by SQLite in its implementation of [sqlite3_malloc()],
** but not overhead added by the any underlying system library
** routines that [sqlite3_malloc()] may call.
**
** ^The memory high-water mark is reset to the current value of
** [sqlite3_memory_used()] if and only if the parameter to
** [sqlite3_memory_highwater()] is true. ^The value returned
** by [sqlite3_memory_highwater(1)] is the high-water mark
** prior to the reset.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_memory_used(void);
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_memory_highwater(int resetFlag);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Pseudo-Random Number Generator
**
** SQLite contains a high-quality pseudo-random number generator (PRNG) used to
** select random [ROWID | ROWIDs] when inserting new records into a table that
** already uses the largest possible [ROWID]. The PRNG is also used for
** the build-in random() and randomblob() SQL functions. This interface allows
** applications to access the same PRNG for other purposes.
**
** ^A call to this routine stores N bytes of randomness into buffer P.
** ^If N is less than one, then P can be a NULL pointer.
**
** ^If this routine has not been previously called or if the previous
** call had N less than one, then the PRNG is seeded using randomness
** obtained from the xRandomness method of the default [sqlite3_vfs] object.
** ^If the previous call to this routine had an N of 1 or more then
** the pseudo-randomness is generated
** internally and without recourse to the [sqlite3_vfs] xRandomness
** method.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_randomness(int N, void *P);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Compile-Time Authorization Callbacks
**
** ^This routine registers an authorizer callback with a particular
** [database connection], supplied in the first argument.
** ^The authorizer callback is invoked as SQL statements are being compiled
** by [sqlite3_prepare()] or its variants [sqlite3_prepare_v2()],
** [sqlite3_prepare16()] and [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()]. ^At various
** points during the compilation process, as logic is being created
** to perform various actions, the authorizer callback is invoked to
** see if those actions are allowed. ^The authorizer callback should
** return [SQLITE_OK] to allow the action, [SQLITE_IGNORE] to disallow the
** specific action but allow the SQL statement to continue to be
** compiled, or [SQLITE_DENY] to cause the entire SQL statement to be
** rejected with an error. ^If the authorizer callback returns
** any value other than [SQLITE_IGNORE], [SQLITE_OK], or [SQLITE_DENY]
** then the [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or equivalent call that triggered
** the authorizer will fail with an error message.
**
** When the callback returns [SQLITE_OK], that means the operation
** requested is ok. ^When the callback returns [SQLITE_DENY], the
** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or equivalent call that triggered the
** authorizer will fail with an error message explaining that
** access is denied.
**
** ^The first parameter to the authorizer callback is a copy of the third
** parameter to the sqlite3_set_authorizer() interface. ^The second parameter
** to the callback is an integer [SQLITE_COPY | action code] that specifies
** the particular action to be authorized. ^The third through sixth parameters
** to the callback are zero-terminated strings that contain additional
** details about the action to be authorized.
**
** ^If the action code is [SQLITE_READ]
** and the callback returns [SQLITE_IGNORE] then the
** [prepared statement] statement is constructed to substitute
** a NULL value in place of the table column that would have
** been read if [SQLITE_OK] had been returned. The [SQLITE_IGNORE]
** return can be used to deny an untrusted user access to individual
** columns of a table.
** ^If the action code is [SQLITE_DELETE] and the callback returns
** [SQLITE_IGNORE] then the [DELETE] operation proceeds but the
** [truncate optimization] is disabled and all rows are deleted individually.
**
** An authorizer is used when [sqlite3_prepare | preparing]
** SQL statements from an untrusted source, to ensure that the SQL statements
** do not try to access data they are not allowed to see, or that they do not
** try to execute malicious statements that damage the database. For
** example, an application may allow a user to enter arbitrary
** SQL queries for evaluation by a database. But the application does
** not want the user to be able to make arbitrary changes to the
** database. An authorizer could then be put in place while the
** user-entered SQL is being [sqlite3_prepare | prepared] that
** disallows everything except [SELECT] statements.
**
** Applications that need to process SQL from untrusted sources
** might also consider lowering resource limits using [sqlite3_limit()]
** and limiting database size using the [max_page_count] [PRAGMA]
** in addition to using an authorizer.
**
** ^(Only a single authorizer can be in place on a database connection
** at a time. Each call to sqlite3_set_authorizer overrides the
** previous call.)^ ^Disable the authorizer by installing a NULL callback.
** The authorizer is disabled by default.
**
** The authorizer callback must not do anything that will modify
** the database connection that invoked the authorizer callback.
** Note that [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] and [sqlite3_step()] both modify their
** database connections for the meaning of "modify" in this paragraph.
**
** ^When [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] is used to prepare a statement, the
** statement might be re-prepared during [sqlite3_step()] due to a
** schema change. Hence, the application should ensure that the
** correct authorizer callback remains in place during the [sqlite3_step()].
**
** ^Note that the authorizer callback is invoked only during
** [sqlite3_prepare()] or its variants. Authorization is not
** performed during statement evaluation in [sqlite3_step()], unless
** as stated in the previous paragraph, sqlite3_step() invokes
** sqlite3_prepare_v2() to reprepare a statement after a schema change.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_set_authorizer(
sqlite3*,
int (*xAuth)(void*,int,const char*,const char*,const char*,const char*),
void *pUserData
);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Authorizer Return Codes
**
** The [sqlite3_set_authorizer | authorizer callback function] must
** return either [SQLITE_OK] or one of these two constants in order
** to signal SQLite whether or not the action is permitted. See the
** [sqlite3_set_authorizer | authorizer documentation] for additional
** information.
**
** Note that SQLITE_IGNORE is also used as a [conflict resolution mode]
** returned from the [sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict()] interface.
*/
#define SQLITE_DENY 1 /* Abort the SQL statement with an error */
#define SQLITE_IGNORE 2 /* Don't allow access, but don't generate an error */
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Authorizer Action Codes
**
** The [sqlite3_set_authorizer()] interface registers a callback function
** that is invoked to authorize certain SQL statement actions. The
** second parameter to the callback is an integer code that specifies
** what action is being authorized. These are the integer action codes that
** the authorizer callback may be passed.
**
** These action code values signify what kind of operation is to be
** authorized. The 3rd and 4th parameters to the authorization
** callback function will be parameters or NULL depending on which of these
** codes is used as the second parameter. ^(The 5th parameter to the
** authorizer callback is the name of the database ("main", "temp",
** etc.) if applicable.)^ ^The 6th parameter to the authorizer callback
** is the name of the inner-most trigger or view that is responsible for
** the access attempt or NULL if this access attempt is directly from
** top-level SQL code.
*/
/******************************************* 3rd ************ 4th ***********/
#define SQLITE_CREATE_INDEX 1 /* Index Name Table Name */
#define SQLITE_CREATE_TABLE 2 /* Table Name NULL */
#define SQLITE_CREATE_TEMP_INDEX 3 /* Index Name Table Name */
#define SQLITE_CREATE_TEMP_TABLE 4 /* Table Name NULL */
#define SQLITE_CREATE_TEMP_TRIGGER 5 /* Trigger Name Table Name */
#define SQLITE_CREATE_TEMP_VIEW 6 /* View Name NULL */
#define SQLITE_CREATE_TRIGGER 7 /* Trigger Name Table Name */
#define SQLITE_CREATE_VIEW 8 /* View Name NULL */
#define SQLITE_DELETE 9 /* Table Name NULL */
#define SQLITE_DROP_INDEX 10 /* Index Name Table Name */
#define SQLITE_DROP_TABLE 11 /* Table Name NULL */
#define SQLITE_DROP_TEMP_INDEX 12 /* Index Name Table Name */
#define SQLITE_DROP_TEMP_TABLE 13 /* Table Name NULL */
#define SQLITE_DROP_TEMP_TRIGGER 14 /* Trigger Name Table Name */
#define SQLITE_DROP_TEMP_VIEW 15 /* View Name NULL */
#define SQLITE_DROP_TRIGGER 16 /* Trigger Name Table Name */
#define SQLITE_DROP_VIEW 17 /* View Name NULL */
#define SQLITE_INSERT 18 /* Table Name NULL */
#define SQLITE_PRAGMA 19 /* Pragma Name 1st arg or NULL */
#define SQLITE_READ 20 /* Table Name Column Name */
#define SQLITE_SELECT 21 /* NULL NULL */
#define SQLITE_TRANSACTION 22 /* Operation NULL */
#define SQLITE_UPDATE 23 /* Table Name Column Name */
#define SQLITE_ATTACH 24 /* Filename NULL */
#define SQLITE_DETACH 25 /* Database Name NULL */
#define SQLITE_ALTER_TABLE 26 /* Database Name Table Name */
#define SQLITE_REINDEX 27 /* Index Name NULL */
#define SQLITE_ANALYZE 28 /* Table Name NULL */
#define SQLITE_CREATE_VTABLE 29 /* Table Name Module Name */
#define SQLITE_DROP_VTABLE 30 /* Table Name Module Name */
#define SQLITE_FUNCTION 31 /* NULL Function Name */
#define SQLITE_SAVEPOINT 32 /* Operation Savepoint Name */
#define SQLITE_COPY 0 /* No longer used */
#define SQLITE_RECURSIVE 33 /* NULL NULL */
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Tracing And Profiling Functions
**
** These routines register callback functions that can be used for
** tracing and profiling the execution of SQL statements.
**
** ^The callback function registered by sqlite3_trace() is invoked at
** various times when an SQL statement is being run by [sqlite3_step()].
** ^The sqlite3_trace() callback is invoked with a UTF-8 rendering of the
** SQL statement text as the statement first begins executing.
** ^(Additional sqlite3_trace() callbacks might occur
** as each triggered subprogram is entered. The callbacks for triggers
** contain a UTF-8 SQL comment that identifies the trigger.)^
**
** The [SQLITE_TRACE_SIZE_LIMIT] compile-time option can be used to limit
** the length of [bound parameter] expansion in the output of sqlite3_trace().
**
** ^The callback function registered by sqlite3_profile() is invoked
** as each SQL statement finishes. ^The profile callback contains
** the original statement text and an estimate of wall-clock time
** of how long that statement took to run. ^The profile callback
** time is in units of nanoseconds, however the current implementation
** is only capable of millisecond resolution so the six least significant
** digits in the time are meaningless. Future versions of SQLite
** might provide greater resolution on the profiler callback. The
** sqlite3_profile() function is considered experimental and is
** subject to change in future versions of SQLite.
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_trace(sqlite3*, void(*xTrace)(void*,const char*), void*);
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL void *sqlite3_profile(sqlite3*,
void(*xProfile)(void*,const char*,sqlite3_uint64), void*);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Query Progress Callbacks
**
** ^The sqlite3_progress_handler(D,N,X,P) interface causes the callback
** function X to be invoked periodically during long running calls to
** [sqlite3_exec()], [sqlite3_step()] and [sqlite3_get_table()] for
** database connection D. An example use for this
** interface is to keep a GUI updated during a large query.
**
** ^The parameter P is passed through as the only parameter to the
** callback function X. ^The parameter N is the approximate number of
** [virtual machine instructions] that are evaluated between successive
** invocations of the callback X. ^If N is less than one then the progress
** handler is disabled.
**
** ^Only a single progress handler may be defined at one time per
** [database connection]; setting a new progress handler cancels the
** old one. ^Setting parameter X to NULL disables the progress handler.
** ^The progress handler is also disabled by setting N to a value less
** than 1.
**
** ^If the progress callback returns non-zero, the operation is
** interrupted. This feature can be used to implement a
** "Cancel" button on a GUI progress dialog box.
**
** The progress handler callback must not do anything that will modify
** the database connection that invoked the progress handler.
** Note that [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] and [sqlite3_step()] both modify their
** database connections for the meaning of "modify" in this paragraph.
**
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_progress_handler(sqlite3*, int, int(*)(void*), void*);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Opening A New Database Connection
**
** ^These routines open an SQLite database file as specified by the
** filename argument. ^The filename argument is interpreted as UTF-8 for
** sqlite3_open() and sqlite3_open_v2() and as UTF-16 in the native byte
** order for sqlite3_open16(). ^(A [database connection] handle is usually
** returned in *ppDb, even if an error occurs. The only exception is that
** if SQLite is unable to allocate memory to hold the [sqlite3] object,
** a NULL will be written into *ppDb instead of a pointer to the [sqlite3]
** object.)^ ^(If the database is opened (and/or created) successfully, then
** [SQLITE_OK] is returned. Otherwise an [error code] is returned.)^ ^The
** [sqlite3_errmsg()] or [sqlite3_errmsg16()] routines can be used to obtain
** an English language description of the error following a failure of any
** of the sqlite3_open() routines.
**
** ^The default encoding will be UTF-8 for databases created using
** sqlite3_open() or sqlite3_open_v2(). ^The default encoding for databases
** created using sqlite3_open16() will be UTF-16 in the native byte order.
**
** Whether or not an error occurs when it is opened, resources
** associated with the [database connection] handle should be released by
** passing it to [sqlite3_close()] when it is no longer required.
**
** The sqlite3_open_v2() interface works like sqlite3_open()
** except that it accepts two additional parameters for additional control
** over the new database connection. ^(The flags parameter to
** sqlite3_open_v2() can take one of
** the following three values, optionally combined with the
** [SQLITE_OPEN_NOMUTEX], [SQLITE_OPEN_FULLMUTEX], [SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE],
** [SQLITE_OPEN_PRIVATECACHE], and/or [SQLITE_OPEN_URI] flags:)^
**
** <dl>
** ^(<dt>[SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY]</dt>
** <dd>The database is opened in read-only mode. If the database does not
** already exist, an error is returned.</dd>)^
**
** ^(<dt>[SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE]</dt>
** <dd>The database is opened for reading and writing if possible, or reading
** only if the file is write protected by the operating system. In either
** case the database must already exist, otherwise an error is returned.</dd>)^
**
** ^(<dt>[SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE] | [SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE]</dt>
** <dd>The database is opened for reading and writing, and is created if
** it does not already exist. This is the behavior that is always used for
** sqlite3_open() and sqlite3_open16().</dd>)^
** </dl>
**
** If the 3rd parameter to sqlite3_open_v2() is not one of the
** combinations shown above optionally combined with other
** [SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY | SQLITE_OPEN_* bits]
** then the behavior is undefined.
**
** ^If the [SQLITE_OPEN_NOMUTEX] flag is set, then the database connection
** opens in the multi-thread [threading mode] as long as the single-thread
** mode has not been set at compile-time or start-time. ^If the
** [SQLITE_OPEN_FULLMUTEX] flag is set then the database connection opens
** in the serialized [threading mode] unless single-thread was
** previously selected at compile-time or start-time.
** ^The [SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE] flag causes the database connection to be
** eligible to use [shared cache mode], regardless of whether or not shared
** cache is enabled using [sqlite3_enable_shared_cache()]. ^The
** [SQLITE_OPEN_PRIVATECACHE] flag causes the database connection to not
** participate in [shared cache mode] even if it is enabled.
**
** ^The fourth parameter to sqlite3_open_v2() is the name of the
** [sqlite3_vfs] object that defines the operating system interface that
** the new database connection should use. ^If the fourth parameter is
** a NULL pointer then the default [sqlite3_vfs] object is used.
**
** ^If the filename is ":memory:", then a private, temporary in-memory database
** is created for the connection. ^This in-memory database will vanish when
** the database connection is closed. Future versions of SQLite might
** make use of additional special filenames that begin with the ":" character.
** It is recommended that when a database filename actually does begin with
** a ":" character you should prefix the filename with a pathname such as
** "./" to avoid ambiguity.
**
** ^If the filename is an empty string, then a private, temporary
** on-disk database will be created. ^This private database will be
** automatically deleted as soon as the database connection is closed.
**
** [[URI filenames in sqlite3_open()]] <h3>URI Filenames</h3>
**
** ^If [URI filename] interpretation is enabled, and the filename argument
** begins with "file:", then the filename is interpreted as a URI. ^URI
** filename interpretation is enabled if the [SQLITE_OPEN_URI] flag is
** set in the fourth argument to sqlite3_open_v2(), or if it has
** been enabled globally using the [SQLITE_CONFIG_URI] option with the
** [sqlite3_config()] method or by the [SQLITE_USE_URI] compile-time option.
** As of SQLite version 3.7.7, URI filename interpretation is turned off
** by default, but future releases of SQLite might enable URI filename
** interpretation by default. See "[URI filenames]" for additional
** information.
**
** URI filenames are parsed according to RFC 3986. ^If the URI contains an
** authority, then it must be either an empty string or the string
** "localhost". ^If the authority is not an empty string or "localhost", an
** error is returned to the caller. ^The fragment component of a URI, if
** present, is ignored.
**
** ^SQLite uses the path component of the URI as the name of the disk file
** which contains the database. ^If the path begins with a '/' character,
** then it is interpreted as an absolute path. ^If the path does not begin
** with a '/' (meaning that the authority section is omitted from the URI)
** then the path is interpreted as a relative path.
** ^(On windows, the first component of an absolute path
** is a drive specification (e.g. "C:").)^
**
** [[core URI query parameters]]
** The query component of a URI may contain parameters that are interpreted
** either by SQLite itself, or by a [VFS | custom VFS implementation].
** SQLite and its built-in [VFSes] interpret the
** following query parameters:
**
** <ul>
** <li> <b>vfs</b>: ^The "vfs" parameter may be used to specify the name of
** a VFS object that provides the operating system interface that should
** be used to access the database file on disk. ^If this option is set to
** an empty string the default VFS object is used. ^Specifying an unknown
** VFS is an error. ^If sqlite3_open_v2() is used and the vfs option is
** present, then the VFS specified by the option takes precedence over
** the value passed as the fourth parameter to sqlite3_open_v2().
**
** <li> <b>mode</b>: ^(The mode parameter may be set to either "ro", "rw",
** "rwc", or "memory". Attempting to set it to any other value is
** an error)^.
** ^If "ro" is specified, then the database is opened for read-only
** access, just as if the [SQLITE_OPEN_READONLY] flag had been set in the
** third argument to sqlite3_open_v2(). ^If the mode option is set to
** "rw", then the database is opened for read-write (but not create)
** access, as if SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE (but not SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE) had
** been set. ^Value "rwc" is equivalent to setting both
** SQLITE_OPEN_READWRITE and SQLITE_OPEN_CREATE. ^If the mode option is
** set to "memory" then a pure [in-memory database] that never reads
** or writes from disk is used. ^It is an error to specify a value for
** the mode parameter that is less restrictive than that specified by
** the flags passed in the third parameter to sqlite3_open_v2().
**
** <li> <b>cache</b>: ^The cache parameter may be set to either "shared" or
** "private". ^Setting it to "shared" is equivalent to setting the
** SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE bit in the flags argument passed to
** sqlite3_open_v2(). ^Setting the cache parameter to "private" is
** equivalent to setting the SQLITE_OPEN_PRIVATECACHE bit.
** ^If sqlite3_open_v2() is used and the "cache" parameter is present in
** a URI filename, its value overrides any behavior requested by setting
** SQLITE_OPEN_PRIVATECACHE or SQLITE_OPEN_SHAREDCACHE flag.
**
** <li> <b>psow</b>: ^The psow parameter indicates whether or not the
** [powersafe overwrite] property does or does not apply to the
** storage media on which the database file resides.
**
** <li> <b>nolock</b>: ^The nolock parameter is a boolean query parameter
** which if set disables file locking in rollback journal modes. This
** is useful for accessing a database on a filesystem that does not
** support locking. Caution: Database corruption might result if two
** or more processes write to the same database and any one of those
** processes uses nolock=1.
**
** <li> <b>immutable</b>: ^The immutable parameter is a boolean query
** parameter that indicates that the database file is stored on
** read-only media. ^When immutable is set, SQLite assumes that the
** database file cannot be changed, even by a process with higher
** privilege, and so the database is opened read-only and all locking
** and change detection is disabled. Caution: Setting the immutable
** property on a database file that does in fact change can result
** in incorrect query results and/or [SQLITE_CORRUPT] errors.
** See also: [SQLITE_IOCAP_IMMUTABLE].
**
** </ul>
**
** ^Specifying an unknown parameter in the query component of a URI is not an
** error. Future versions of SQLite might understand additional query
** parameters. See "[query parameters with special meaning to SQLite]" for
** additional information.
**
** [[URI filename examples]] <h3>URI filename examples</h3>
**
** <table border="1" align=center cellpadding=5>
** <tr><th> URI filenames <th> Results
** <tr><td> file:data.db <td>
** Open the file "data.db" in the current directory.
** <tr><td> file:/home/fred/data.db<br>
** file:///home/fred/data.db <br>
** file://localhost/home/fred/data.db <br> <td>
** Open the database file "/home/fred/data.db".
** <tr><td> file://darkstar/home/fred/data.db <td>
** An error. "darkstar" is not a recognized authority.
** <tr><td style="white-space:nowrap">
** file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/fred/Desktop/data.db
** <td> Windows only: Open the file "data.db" on fred's desktop on drive
** C:. Note that the %20 escaping in this example is not strictly
** necessary - space characters can be used literally
** in URI filenames.
** <tr><td> file:data.db?mode=ro&cache=private <td>
** Open file "data.db" in the current directory for read-only access.
** Regardless of whether or not shared-cache mode is enabled by
** default, use a private cache.
** <tr><td> file:/home/fred/data.db?vfs=unix-dotfile <td>
** Open file "/home/fred/data.db". Use the special VFS "unix-dotfile"
** that uses dot-files in place of posix advisory locking.
** <tr><td> file:data.db?mode=readonly <td>
** An error. "readonly" is not a valid option for the "mode" parameter.
** </table>
**
** ^URI hexadecimal escape sequences (%HH) are supported within the path and
** query components of a URI. A hexadecimal escape sequence consists of a
** percent sign - "%" - followed by exactly two hexadecimal digits
** specifying an octet value. ^Before the path or query components of a
** URI filename are interpreted, they are encoded using UTF-8 and all
** hexadecimal escape sequences replaced by a single byte containing the
** corresponding octet. If this process generates an invalid UTF-8 encoding,
** the results are undefined.
**
** <b>Note to Windows users:</b> The encoding used for the filename argument
** of sqlite3_open() and sqlite3_open_v2() must be UTF-8, not whatever
** codepage is currently defined. Filenames containing international
** characters must be converted to UTF-8 prior to passing them into
** sqlite3_open() or sqlite3_open_v2().
**
** <b>Note to Windows Runtime users:</b> The temporary directory must be set
** prior to calling sqlite3_open() or sqlite3_open_v2(). Otherwise, various
** features that require the use of temporary files may fail.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_temp_directory]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_open(
const char *filename, /* Database filename (UTF-8) */
sqlite3 **ppDb /* OUT: SQLite db handle */
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_open16(
const void *filename, /* Database filename (UTF-16) */
sqlite3 **ppDb /* OUT: SQLite db handle */
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_open_v2(
const char *filename, /* Database filename (UTF-8) */
sqlite3 **ppDb, /* OUT: SQLite db handle */
int flags, /* Flags */
const char *zVfs /* Name of VFS module to use */
);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtain Values For URI Parameters
**
** These are utility routines, useful to VFS implementations, that check
** to see if a database file was a URI that contained a specific query
** parameter, and if so obtains the value of that query parameter.
**
** If F is the database filename pointer passed into the xOpen() method of
** a VFS implementation when the flags parameter to xOpen() has one or
** more of the [SQLITE_OPEN_URI] or [SQLITE_OPEN_MAIN_DB] bits set and
** P is the name of the query parameter, then
** sqlite3_uri_parameter(F,P) returns the value of the P
** parameter if it exists or a NULL pointer if P does not appear as a
** query parameter on F. If P is a query parameter of F
** has no explicit value, then sqlite3_uri_parameter(F,P) returns
** a pointer to an empty string.
**
** The sqlite3_uri_boolean(F,P,B) routine assumes that P is a boolean
** parameter and returns true (1) or false (0) according to the value
** of P. The sqlite3_uri_boolean(F,P,B) routine returns true (1) if the
** value of query parameter P is one of "yes", "true", or "on" in any
** case or if the value begins with a non-zero number. The
** sqlite3_uri_boolean(F,P,B) routines returns false (0) if the value of
** query parameter P is one of "no", "false", or "off" in any case or
** if the value begins with a numeric zero. If P is not a query
** parameter on F or if the value of P is does not match any of the
** above, then sqlite3_uri_boolean(F,P,B) returns (B!=0).
**
** The sqlite3_uri_int64(F,P,D) routine converts the value of P into a
** 64-bit signed integer and returns that integer, or D if P does not
** exist. If the value of P is something other than an integer, then
** zero is returned.
**
** If F is a NULL pointer, then sqlite3_uri_parameter(F,P) returns NULL and
** sqlite3_uri_boolean(F,P,B) returns B. If F is not a NULL pointer and
** is not a database file pathname pointer that SQLite passed into the xOpen
** VFS method, then the behavior of this routine is undefined and probably
** undesirable.
*/
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_uri_parameter(const char *zFilename, const char *zParam);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_uri_boolean(const char *zFile, const char *zParam, int bDefault);
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_uri_int64(const char*, const char*, sqlite3_int64);
 
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Error Codes And Messages
**
** ^The sqlite3_errcode() interface returns the numeric [result code] or
** [extended result code] for the most recent failed sqlite3_* API call
** associated with a [database connection]. If a prior API call failed
** but the most recent API call succeeded, the return value from
** sqlite3_errcode() is undefined. ^The sqlite3_extended_errcode()
** interface is the same except that it always returns the
** [extended result code] even when extended result codes are
** disabled.
**
** ^The sqlite3_errmsg() and sqlite3_errmsg16() return English-language
** text that describes the error, as either UTF-8 or UTF-16 respectively.
** ^(Memory to hold the error message string is managed internally.
** The application does not need to worry about freeing the result.
** However, the error string might be overwritten or deallocated by
** subsequent calls to other SQLite interface functions.)^
**
** ^The sqlite3_errstr() interface returns the English-language text
** that describes the [result code], as UTF-8.
** ^(Memory to hold the error message string is managed internally
** and must not be freed by the application)^.
**
** When the serialized [threading mode] is in use, it might be the
** case that a second error occurs on a separate thread in between
** the time of the first error and the call to these interfaces.
** When that happens, the second error will be reported since these
** interfaces always report the most recent result. To avoid
** this, each thread can obtain exclusive use of the [database connection] D
** by invoking [sqlite3_mutex_enter]([sqlite3_db_mutex](D)) before beginning
** to use D and invoking [sqlite3_mutex_leave]([sqlite3_db_mutex](D)) after
** all calls to the interfaces listed here are completed.
**
** If an interface fails with SQLITE_MISUSE, that means the interface
** was invoked incorrectly by the application. In that case, the
** error code and message may or may not be set.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_errcode(sqlite3 *db);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_extended_errcode(sqlite3 *db);
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_errmsg(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_errmsg16(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_errstr(int);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: SQL Statement Object
** KEYWORDS: {prepared statement} {prepared statements}
**
** An instance of this object represents a single SQL statement.
** This object is variously known as a "prepared statement" or a
** "compiled SQL statement" or simply as a "statement".
**
** The life of a statement object goes something like this:
**
** <ol>
** <li> Create the object using [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or a related
** function.
** <li> Bind values to [host parameters] using the sqlite3_bind_*()
** interfaces.
** <li> Run the SQL by calling [sqlite3_step()] one or more times.
** <li> Reset the statement using [sqlite3_reset()] then go back
** to step 2. Do this zero or more times.
** <li> Destroy the object using [sqlite3_finalize()].
** </ol>
**
** Refer to documentation on individual methods above for additional
** information.
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_stmt sqlite3_stmt;
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-time Limits
**
** ^(This interface allows the size of various constructs to be limited
** on a connection by connection basis. The first parameter is the
** [database connection] whose limit is to be set or queried. The
** second parameter is one of the [limit categories] that define a
** class of constructs to be size limited. The third parameter is the
** new limit for that construct.)^
**
** ^If the new limit is a negative number, the limit is unchanged.
** ^(For each limit category SQLITE_LIMIT_<i>NAME</i> there is a
** [limits | hard upper bound]
** set at compile-time by a C preprocessor macro called
** [limits | SQLITE_MAX_<i>NAME</i>].
** (The "_LIMIT_" in the name is changed to "_MAX_".))^
** ^Attempts to increase a limit above its hard upper bound are
** silently truncated to the hard upper bound.
**
** ^Regardless of whether or not the limit was changed, the
** [sqlite3_limit()] interface returns the prior value of the limit.
** ^Hence, to find the current value of a limit without changing it,
** simply invoke this interface with the third parameter set to -1.
**
** Run-time limits are intended for use in applications that manage
** both their own internal database and also databases that are controlled
** by untrusted external sources. An example application might be a
** web browser that has its own databases for storing history and
** separate databases controlled by JavaScript applications downloaded
** off the Internet. The internal databases can be given the
** large, default limits. Databases managed by external sources can
** be given much smaller limits designed to prevent a denial of service
** attack. Developers might also want to use the [sqlite3_set_authorizer()]
** interface to further control untrusted SQL. The size of the database
** created by an untrusted script can be contained using the
** [max_page_count] [PRAGMA].
**
** New run-time limit categories may be added in future releases.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_limit(sqlite3*, int id, int newVal);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Run-Time Limit Categories
** KEYWORDS: {limit category} {*limit categories}
**
** These constants define various performance limits
** that can be lowered at run-time using [sqlite3_limit()].
** The synopsis of the meanings of the various limits is shown below.
** Additional information is available at [limits | Limits in SQLite].
**
** <dl>
** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH</dt>
** <dd>The maximum size of any string or BLOB or table row, in bytes.<dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_SQL_LENGTH]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_SQL_LENGTH</dt>
** <dd>The maximum length of an SQL statement, in bytes.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_COLUMN]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_COLUMN</dt>
** <dd>The maximum number of columns in a table definition or in the
** result set of a [SELECT] or the maximum number of columns in an index
** or in an ORDER BY or GROUP BY clause.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_EXPR_DEPTH]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_EXPR_DEPTH</dt>
** <dd>The maximum depth of the parse tree on any expression.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT</dt>
** <dd>The maximum number of terms in a compound SELECT statement.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_VDBE_OP]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_VDBE_OP</dt>
** <dd>The maximum number of instructions in a virtual machine program
** used to implement an SQL statement. This limit is not currently
** enforced, though that might be added in some future release of
** SQLite.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG</dt>
** <dd>The maximum number of arguments on a function.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_ATTACHED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_ATTACHED</dt>
** <dd>The maximum number of [ATTACH | attached databases].)^</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH]]
** ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH</dt>
** <dd>The maximum length of the pattern argument to the [LIKE] or
** [GLOB] operators.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER]]
** ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER</dt>
** <dd>The maximum index number of any [parameter] in an SQL statement.)^
**
** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH</dt>
** <dd>The maximum depth of recursion for triggers.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_LIMIT_WORKER_THREADS]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_LIMIT_WORKER_THREADS</dt>
** <dd>The maximum number of auxiliary worker threads that a single
** [prepared statement] may start.</dd>)^
** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH 0
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_SQL_LENGTH 1
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_COLUMN 2
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_EXPR_DEPTH 3
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_COMPOUND_SELECT 4
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_VDBE_OP 5
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG 6
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_ATTACHED 7
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH 8
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER 9
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_TRIGGER_DEPTH 10
#define SQLITE_LIMIT_WORKER_THREADS 11
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Compiling An SQL Statement
** KEYWORDS: {SQL statement compiler}
**
** To execute an SQL query, it must first be compiled into a byte-code
** program using one of these routines.
**
** The first argument, "db", is a [database connection] obtained from a
** prior successful call to [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open_v2()] or
** [sqlite3_open16()]. The database connection must not have been closed.
**
** The second argument, "zSql", is the statement to be compiled, encoded
** as either UTF-8 or UTF-16. The sqlite3_prepare() and sqlite3_prepare_v2()
** interfaces use UTF-8, and sqlite3_prepare16() and sqlite3_prepare16_v2()
** use UTF-16.
**
** ^If the nByte argument is less than zero, then zSql is read up to the
** first zero terminator. ^If nByte is non-negative, then it is the maximum
** number of bytes read from zSql. ^When nByte is non-negative, the
** zSql string ends at either the first '\000' or '\u0000' character or
** the nByte-th byte, whichever comes first. If the caller knows
** that the supplied string is nul-terminated, then there is a small
** performance advantage to be gained by passing an nByte parameter that
** is equal to the number of bytes in the input string <i>including</i>
** the nul-terminator bytes as this saves SQLite from having to
** make a copy of the input string.
**
** ^If pzTail is not NULL then *pzTail is made to point to the first byte
** past the end of the first SQL statement in zSql. These routines only
** compile the first statement in zSql, so *pzTail is left pointing to
** what remains uncompiled.
**
** ^*ppStmt is left pointing to a compiled [prepared statement] that can be
** executed using [sqlite3_step()]. ^If there is an error, *ppStmt is set
** to NULL. ^If the input text contains no SQL (if the input is an empty
** string or a comment) then *ppStmt is set to NULL.
** The calling procedure is responsible for deleting the compiled
** SQL statement using [sqlite3_finalize()] after it has finished with it.
** ppStmt may not be NULL.
**
** ^On success, the sqlite3_prepare() family of routines return [SQLITE_OK];
** otherwise an [error code] is returned.
**
** The sqlite3_prepare_v2() and sqlite3_prepare16_v2() interfaces are
** recommended for all new programs. The two older interfaces are retained
** for backwards compatibility, but their use is discouraged.
** ^In the "v2" interfaces, the prepared statement
** that is returned (the [sqlite3_stmt] object) contains a copy of the
** original SQL text. This causes the [sqlite3_step()] interface to
** behave differently in three ways:
**
** <ol>
** <li>
** ^If the database schema changes, instead of returning [SQLITE_SCHEMA] as it
** always used to do, [sqlite3_step()] will automatically recompile the SQL
** statement and try to run it again. As many as [SQLITE_MAX_SCHEMA_RETRY]
** retries will occur before sqlite3_step() gives up and returns an error.
** </li>
**
** <li>
** ^When an error occurs, [sqlite3_step()] will return one of the detailed
** [error codes] or [extended error codes]. ^The legacy behavior was that
** [sqlite3_step()] would only return a generic [SQLITE_ERROR] result code
** and the application would have to make a second call to [sqlite3_reset()]
** in order to find the underlying cause of the problem. With the "v2" prepare
** interfaces, the underlying reason for the error is returned immediately.
** </li>
**
** <li>
** ^If the specific value bound to [parameter | host parameter] in the
** WHERE clause might influence the choice of query plan for a statement,
** then the statement will be automatically recompiled, as if there had been
** a schema change, on the first [sqlite3_step()] call following any change
** to the [sqlite3_bind_text | bindings] of that [parameter].
** ^The specific value of WHERE-clause [parameter] might influence the
** choice of query plan if the parameter is the left-hand side of a [LIKE]
** or [GLOB] operator or if the parameter is compared to an indexed column
** and the [SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3] compile-time option is enabled.
** </li>
** </ol>
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare(
sqlite3 *db, /* Database handle */
const char *zSql, /* SQL statement, UTF-8 encoded */
int nByte, /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt, /* OUT: Statement handle */
const char **pzTail /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare_v2(
sqlite3 *db, /* Database handle */
const char *zSql, /* SQL statement, UTF-8 encoded */
int nByte, /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt, /* OUT: Statement handle */
const char **pzTail /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare16(
sqlite3 *db, /* Database handle */
const void *zSql, /* SQL statement, UTF-16 encoded */
int nByte, /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt, /* OUT: Statement handle */
const void **pzTail /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_prepare16_v2(
sqlite3 *db, /* Database handle */
const void *zSql, /* SQL statement, UTF-16 encoded */
int nByte, /* Maximum length of zSql in bytes. */
sqlite3_stmt **ppStmt, /* OUT: Statement handle */
const void **pzTail /* OUT: Pointer to unused portion of zSql */
);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Retrieving Statement SQL
**
** ^This interface can be used to retrieve a saved copy of the original
** SQL text used to create a [prepared statement] if that statement was
** compiled using either [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()].
*/
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_sql(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Determine If An SQL Statement Writes The Database
**
** ^The sqlite3_stmt_readonly(X) interface returns true (non-zero) if
** and only if the [prepared statement] X makes no direct changes to
** the content of the database file.
**
** Note that [application-defined SQL functions] or
** [virtual tables] might change the database indirectly as a side effect.
** ^(For example, if an application defines a function "eval()" that
** calls [sqlite3_exec()], then the following SQL statement would
** change the database file through side-effects:
**
** <blockquote><pre>
** SELECT eval('DELETE FROM t1') FROM t2;
** </pre></blockquote>
**
** But because the [SELECT] statement does not change the database file
** directly, sqlite3_stmt_readonly() would still return true.)^
**
** ^Transaction control statements such as [BEGIN], [COMMIT], [ROLLBACK],
** [SAVEPOINT], and [RELEASE] cause sqlite3_stmt_readonly() to return true,
** since the statements themselves do not actually modify the database but
** rather they control the timing of when other statements modify the
** database. ^The [ATTACH] and [DETACH] statements also cause
** sqlite3_stmt_readonly() to return true since, while those statements
** change the configuration of a database connection, they do not make
** changes to the content of the database files on disk.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stmt_readonly(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Determine If A Prepared Statement Has Been Reset
**
** ^The sqlite3_stmt_busy(S) interface returns true (non-zero) if the
** [prepared statement] S has been stepped at least once using
** [sqlite3_step(S)] but has not run to completion and/or has not
** been reset using [sqlite3_reset(S)]. ^The sqlite3_stmt_busy(S)
** interface returns false if S is a NULL pointer. If S is not a
** NULL pointer and is not a pointer to a valid [prepared statement]
** object, then the behavior is undefined and probably undesirable.
**
** This interface can be used in combination [sqlite3_next_stmt()]
** to locate all prepared statements associated with a database
** connection that are in need of being reset. This can be used,
** for example, in diagnostic routines to search for prepared
** statements that are holding a transaction open.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stmt_busy(sqlite3_stmt*);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Dynamically Typed Value Object
** KEYWORDS: {protected sqlite3_value} {unprotected sqlite3_value}
**
** SQLite uses the sqlite3_value object to represent all values
** that can be stored in a database table. SQLite uses dynamic typing
** for the values it stores. ^Values stored in sqlite3_value objects
** can be integers, floating point values, strings, BLOBs, or NULL.
**
** An sqlite3_value object may be either "protected" or "unprotected".
** Some interfaces require a protected sqlite3_value. Other interfaces
** will accept either a protected or an unprotected sqlite3_value.
** Every interface that accepts sqlite3_value arguments specifies
** whether or not it requires a protected sqlite3_value.
**
** The terms "protected" and "unprotected" refer to whether or not
** a mutex is held. An internal mutex is held for a protected
** sqlite3_value object but no mutex is held for an unprotected
** sqlite3_value object. If SQLite is compiled to be single-threaded
** (with [SQLITE_THREADSAFE=0] and with [sqlite3_threadsafe()] returning 0)
** or if SQLite is run in one of reduced mutex modes
** [SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD] or [SQLITE_CONFIG_MULTITHREAD]
** then there is no distinction between protected and unprotected
** sqlite3_value objects and they can be used interchangeably. However,
** for maximum code portability it is recommended that applications
** still make the distinction between protected and unprotected
** sqlite3_value objects even when not strictly required.
**
** ^The sqlite3_value objects that are passed as parameters into the
** implementation of [application-defined SQL functions] are protected.
** ^The sqlite3_value object returned by
** [sqlite3_column_value()] is unprotected.
** Unprotected sqlite3_value objects may only be used with
** [sqlite3_result_value()] and [sqlite3_bind_value()].
** The [sqlite3_value_blob | sqlite3_value_type()] family of
** interfaces require protected sqlite3_value objects.
*/
typedef struct Mem sqlite3_value;
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: SQL Function Context Object
**
** The context in which an SQL function executes is stored in an
** sqlite3_context object. ^A pointer to an sqlite3_context object
** is always first parameter to [application-defined SQL functions].
** The application-defined SQL function implementation will pass this
** pointer through into calls to [sqlite3_result_int | sqlite3_result()],
** [sqlite3_aggregate_context()], [sqlite3_user_data()],
** [sqlite3_context_db_handle()], [sqlite3_get_auxdata()],
** and/or [sqlite3_set_auxdata()].
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_context sqlite3_context;
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Binding Values To Prepared Statements
** KEYWORDS: {host parameter} {host parameters} {host parameter name}
** KEYWORDS: {SQL parameter} {SQL parameters} {parameter binding}
**
** ^(In the SQL statement text input to [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] and its variants,
** literals may be replaced by a [parameter] that matches one of following
** templates:
**
** <ul>
** <li> ?
** <li> ?NNN
** <li> :VVV
** <li> @VVV
** <li> $VVV
** </ul>
**
** In the templates above, NNN represents an integer literal,
** and VVV represents an alphanumeric identifier.)^ ^The values of these
** parameters (also called "host parameter names" or "SQL parameters")
** can be set using the sqlite3_bind_*() routines defined here.
**
** ^The first argument to the sqlite3_bind_*() routines is always
** a pointer to the [sqlite3_stmt] object returned from
** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or its variants.
**
** ^The second argument is the index of the SQL parameter to be set.
** ^The leftmost SQL parameter has an index of 1. ^When the same named
** SQL parameter is used more than once, second and subsequent
** occurrences have the same index as the first occurrence.
** ^The index for named parameters can be looked up using the
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()] API if desired. ^The index
** for "?NNN" parameters is the value of NNN.
** ^The NNN value must be between 1 and the [sqlite3_limit()]
** parameter [SQLITE_LIMIT_VARIABLE_NUMBER] (default value: 999).
**
** ^The third argument is the value to bind to the parameter.
** ^If the third parameter to sqlite3_bind_text() or sqlite3_bind_text16()
** or sqlite3_bind_blob() is a NULL pointer then the fourth parameter
** is ignored and the end result is the same as sqlite3_bind_null().
**
** ^(In those routines that have a fourth argument, its value is the
** number of bytes in the parameter. To be clear: the value is the
** number of <u>bytes</u> in the value, not the number of characters.)^
** ^If the fourth parameter to sqlite3_bind_text() or sqlite3_bind_text16()
** is negative, then the length of the string is
** the number of bytes up to the first zero terminator.
** If the fourth parameter to sqlite3_bind_blob() is negative, then
** the behavior is undefined.
** If a non-negative fourth parameter is provided to sqlite3_bind_text()
** or sqlite3_bind_text16() or sqlite3_bind_text64() then
** that parameter must be the byte offset
** where the NUL terminator would occur assuming the string were NUL
** terminated. If any NUL characters occur at byte offsets less than
** the value of the fourth parameter then the resulting string value will
** contain embedded NULs. The result of expressions involving strings
** with embedded NULs is undefined.
**
** ^The fifth argument to the BLOB and string binding interfaces
** is a destructor used to dispose of the BLOB or
** string after SQLite has finished with it. ^The destructor is called
** to dispose of the BLOB or string even if the call to bind API fails.
** ^If the fifth argument is
** the special value [SQLITE_STATIC], then SQLite assumes that the
** information is in static, unmanaged space and does not need to be freed.
** ^If the fifth argument has the value [SQLITE_TRANSIENT], then
** SQLite makes its own private copy of the data immediately, before
** the sqlite3_bind_*() routine returns.
**
** ^The sixth argument to sqlite3_bind_text64() must be one of
** [SQLITE_UTF8], [SQLITE_UTF16], [SQLITE_UTF16BE], or [SQLITE_UTF16LE]
** to specify the encoding of the text in the third parameter. If
** the sixth argument to sqlite3_bind_text64() is not one of the
** allowed values shown above, or if the text encoding is different
** from the encoding specified by the sixth parameter, then the behavior
** is undefined.
**
** ^The sqlite3_bind_zeroblob() routine binds a BLOB of length N that
** is filled with zeroes. ^A zeroblob uses a fixed amount of memory
** (just an integer to hold its size) while it is being processed.
** Zeroblobs are intended to serve as placeholders for BLOBs whose
** content is later written using
** [sqlite3_blob_open | incremental BLOB I/O] routines.
** ^A negative value for the zeroblob results in a zero-length BLOB.
**
** ^If any of the sqlite3_bind_*() routines are called with a NULL pointer
** for the [prepared statement] or with a prepared statement for which
** [sqlite3_step()] has been called more recently than [sqlite3_reset()],
** then the call will return [SQLITE_MISUSE]. If any sqlite3_bind_()
** routine is passed a [prepared statement] that has been finalized, the
** result is undefined and probably harmful.
**
** ^Bindings are not cleared by the [sqlite3_reset()] routine.
** ^Unbound parameters are interpreted as NULL.
**
** ^The sqlite3_bind_* routines return [SQLITE_OK] on success or an
** [error code] if anything goes wrong.
** ^[SQLITE_TOOBIG] might be returned if the size of a string or BLOB
** exceeds limits imposed by [sqlite3_limit]([SQLITE_LIMIT_LENGTH]) or
** [SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH].
** ^[SQLITE_RANGE] is returned if the parameter
** index is out of range. ^[SQLITE_NOMEM] is returned if malloc() fails.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_bind_parameter_count()],
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_name()], and [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_blob(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const void*, int n, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_blob64(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const void*, sqlite3_uint64,
void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_double(sqlite3_stmt*, int, double);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_int(sqlite3_stmt*, int, int);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_int64(sqlite3_stmt*, int, sqlite3_int64);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_null(sqlite3_stmt*, int);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_text(sqlite3_stmt*,int,const char*,int,void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_text16(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_text64(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const char*, sqlite3_uint64,
void(*)(void*), unsigned char encoding);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_value(sqlite3_stmt*, int, const sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_zeroblob(sqlite3_stmt*, int, int n);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Number Of SQL Parameters
**
** ^This routine can be used to find the number of [SQL parameters]
** in a [prepared statement]. SQL parameters are tokens of the
** form "?", "?NNN", ":AAA", "$AAA", or "@AAA" that serve as
** placeholders for values that are [sqlite3_bind_blob | bound]
** to the parameters at a later time.
**
** ^(This routine actually returns the index of the largest (rightmost)
** parameter. For all forms except ?NNN, this will correspond to the
** number of unique parameters. If parameters of the ?NNN form are used,
** there may be gaps in the list.)^
**
** See also: [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()],
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_name()], and
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_parameter_count(sqlite3_stmt*);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Name Of A Host Parameter
**
** ^The sqlite3_bind_parameter_name(P,N) interface returns
** the name of the N-th [SQL parameter] in the [prepared statement] P.
** ^(SQL parameters of the form "?NNN" or ":AAA" or "@AAA" or "$AAA"
** have a name which is the string "?NNN" or ":AAA" or "@AAA" or "$AAA"
** respectively.
** In other words, the initial ":" or "$" or "@" or "?"
** is included as part of the name.)^
** ^Parameters of the form "?" without a following integer have no name
** and are referred to as "nameless" or "anonymous parameters".
**
** ^The first host parameter has an index of 1, not 0.
**
** ^If the value N is out of range or if the N-th parameter is
** nameless, then NULL is returned. ^The returned string is
** always in UTF-8 encoding even if the named parameter was
** originally specified as UTF-16 in [sqlite3_prepare16()] or
** [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()].
**
** See also: [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()],
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_count()], and
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()].
*/
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_bind_parameter_name(sqlite3_stmt*, int);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Index Of A Parameter With A Given Name
**
** ^Return the index of an SQL parameter given its name. ^The
** index value returned is suitable for use as the second
** parameter to [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()]. ^A zero
** is returned if no matching parameter is found. ^The parameter
** name must be given in UTF-8 even if the original statement
** was prepared from UTF-16 text using [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()].
**
** See also: [sqlite3_bind_blob|sqlite3_bind()],
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_count()], and
** [sqlite3_bind_parameter_index()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_bind_parameter_index(sqlite3_stmt*, const char *zName);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Reset All Bindings On A Prepared Statement
**
** ^Contrary to the intuition of many, [sqlite3_reset()] does not reset
** the [sqlite3_bind_blob | bindings] on a [prepared statement].
** ^Use this routine to reset all host parameters to NULL.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_clear_bindings(sqlite3_stmt*);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Number Of Columns In A Result Set
**
** ^Return the number of columns in the result set returned by the
** [prepared statement]. ^This routine returns 0 if pStmt is an SQL
** statement that does not return data (for example an [UPDATE]).
**
** See also: [sqlite3_data_count()]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_count(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Column Names In A Result Set
**
** ^These routines return the name assigned to a particular column
** in the result set of a [SELECT] statement. ^The sqlite3_column_name()
** interface returns a pointer to a zero-terminated UTF-8 string
** and sqlite3_column_name16() returns a pointer to a zero-terminated
** UTF-16 string. ^The first parameter is the [prepared statement]
** that implements the [SELECT] statement. ^The second parameter is the
** column number. ^The leftmost column is number 0.
**
** ^The returned string pointer is valid until either the [prepared statement]
** is destroyed by [sqlite3_finalize()] or until the statement is automatically
** reprepared by the first call to [sqlite3_step()] for a particular run
** or until the next call to
** sqlite3_column_name() or sqlite3_column_name16() on the same column.
**
** ^If sqlite3_malloc() fails during the processing of either routine
** (for example during a conversion from UTF-8 to UTF-16) then a
** NULL pointer is returned.
**
** ^The name of a result column is the value of the "AS" clause for
** that column, if there is an AS clause. If there is no AS clause
** then the name of the column is unspecified and may change from
** one release of SQLite to the next.
*/
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_column_name(sqlite3_stmt*, int N);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_name16(sqlite3_stmt*, int N);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Source Of Data In A Query Result
**
** ^These routines provide a means to determine the database, table, and
** table column that is the origin of a particular result column in
** [SELECT] statement.
** ^The name of the database or table or column can be returned as
** either a UTF-8 or UTF-16 string. ^The _database_ routines return
** the database name, the _table_ routines return the table name, and
** the origin_ routines return the column name.
** ^The returned string is valid until the [prepared statement] is destroyed
** using [sqlite3_finalize()] or until the statement is automatically
** reprepared by the first call to [sqlite3_step()] for a particular run
** or until the same information is requested
** again in a different encoding.
**
** ^The names returned are the original un-aliased names of the
** database, table, and column.
**
** ^The first argument to these interfaces is a [prepared statement].
** ^These functions return information about the Nth result column returned by
** the statement, where N is the second function argument.
** ^The left-most column is column 0 for these routines.
**
** ^If the Nth column returned by the statement is an expression or
** subquery and is not a column value, then all of these functions return
** NULL. ^These routine might also return NULL if a memory allocation error
** occurs. ^Otherwise, they return the name of the attached database, table,
** or column that query result column was extracted from.
**
** ^As with all other SQLite APIs, those whose names end with "16" return
** UTF-16 encoded strings and the other functions return UTF-8.
**
** ^These APIs are only available if the library was compiled with the
** [SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA] C-preprocessor symbol.
**
** If two or more threads call one or more of these routines against the same
** prepared statement and column at the same time then the results are
** undefined.
**
** If two or more threads call one or more
** [sqlite3_column_database_name | column metadata interfaces]
** for the same [prepared statement] and result column
** at the same time then the results are undefined.
*/
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_column_database_name(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_database_name16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_column_table_name(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_table_name16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_column_origin_name(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_origin_name16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Declared Datatype Of A Query Result
**
** ^(The first parameter is a [prepared statement].
** If this statement is a [SELECT] statement and the Nth column of the
** returned result set of that [SELECT] is a table column (not an
** expression or subquery) then the declared type of the table
** column is returned.)^ ^If the Nth column of the result set is an
** expression or subquery, then a NULL pointer is returned.
** ^The returned string is always UTF-8 encoded.
**
** ^(For example, given the database schema:
**
** CREATE TABLE t1(c1 VARIANT);
**
** and the following statement to be compiled:
**
** SELECT c1 + 1, c1 FROM t1;
**
** this routine would return the string "VARIANT" for the second result
** column (i==1), and a NULL pointer for the first result column (i==0).)^
**
** ^SQLite uses dynamic run-time typing. ^So just because a column
** is declared to contain a particular type does not mean that the
** data stored in that column is of the declared type. SQLite is
** strongly typed, but the typing is dynamic not static. ^Type
** is associated with individual values, not with the containers
** used to hold those values.
*/
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_column_decltype(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_decltype16(sqlite3_stmt*,int);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Evaluate An SQL Statement
**
** After a [prepared statement] has been prepared using either
** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()] or one of the legacy
** interfaces [sqlite3_prepare()] or [sqlite3_prepare16()], this function
** must be called one or more times to evaluate the statement.
**
** The details of the behavior of the sqlite3_step() interface depend
** on whether the statement was prepared using the newer "v2" interface
** [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] and [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()] or the older legacy
** interface [sqlite3_prepare()] and [sqlite3_prepare16()]. The use of the
** new "v2" interface is recommended for new applications but the legacy
** interface will continue to be supported.
**
** ^In the legacy interface, the return value will be either [SQLITE_BUSY],
** [SQLITE_DONE], [SQLITE_ROW], [SQLITE_ERROR], or [SQLITE_MISUSE].
** ^With the "v2" interface, any of the other [result codes] or
** [extended result codes] might be returned as well.
**
** ^[SQLITE_BUSY] means that the database engine was unable to acquire the
** database locks it needs to do its job. ^If the statement is a [COMMIT]
** or occurs outside of an explicit transaction, then you can retry the
** statement. If the statement is not a [COMMIT] and occurs within an
** explicit transaction then you should rollback the transaction before
** continuing.
**
** ^[SQLITE_DONE] means that the statement has finished executing
** successfully. sqlite3_step() should not be called again on this virtual
** machine without first calling [sqlite3_reset()] to reset the virtual
** machine back to its initial state.
**
** ^If the SQL statement being executed returns any data, then [SQLITE_ROW]
** is returned each time a new row of data is ready for processing by the
** caller. The values may be accessed using the [column access functions].
** sqlite3_step() is called again to retrieve the next row of data.
**
** ^[SQLITE_ERROR] means that a run-time error (such as a constraint
** violation) has occurred. sqlite3_step() should not be called again on
** the VM. More information may be found by calling [sqlite3_errmsg()].
** ^With the legacy interface, a more specific error code (for example,
** [SQLITE_INTERRUPT], [SQLITE_SCHEMA], [SQLITE_CORRUPT], and so forth)
** can be obtained by calling [sqlite3_reset()] on the
** [prepared statement]. ^In the "v2" interface,
** the more specific error code is returned directly by sqlite3_step().
**
** [SQLITE_MISUSE] means that the this routine was called inappropriately.
** Perhaps it was called on a [prepared statement] that has
** already been [sqlite3_finalize | finalized] or on one that had
** previously returned [SQLITE_ERROR] or [SQLITE_DONE]. Or it could
** be the case that the same database connection is being used by two or
** more threads at the same moment in time.
**
** For all versions of SQLite up to and including 3.6.23.1, a call to
** [sqlite3_reset()] was required after sqlite3_step() returned anything
** other than [SQLITE_ROW] before any subsequent invocation of
** sqlite3_step(). Failure to reset the prepared statement using
** [sqlite3_reset()] would result in an [SQLITE_MISUSE] return from
** sqlite3_step(). But after version 3.6.23.1, sqlite3_step() began
** calling [sqlite3_reset()] automatically in this circumstance rather
** than returning [SQLITE_MISUSE]. This is not considered a compatibility
** break because any application that ever receives an SQLITE_MISUSE error
** is broken by definition. The [SQLITE_OMIT_AUTORESET] compile-time option
** can be used to restore the legacy behavior.
**
** <b>Goofy Interface Alert:</b> In the legacy interface, the sqlite3_step()
** API always returns a generic error code, [SQLITE_ERROR], following any
** error other than [SQLITE_BUSY] and [SQLITE_MISUSE]. You must call
** [sqlite3_reset()] or [sqlite3_finalize()] in order to find one of the
** specific [error codes] that better describes the error.
** We admit that this is a goofy design. The problem has been fixed
** with the "v2" interface. If you prepare all of your SQL statements
** using either [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or [sqlite3_prepare16_v2()] instead
** of the legacy [sqlite3_prepare()] and [sqlite3_prepare16()] interfaces,
** then the more specific [error codes] are returned directly
** by sqlite3_step(). The use of the "v2" interface is recommended.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_step(sqlite3_stmt*);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Number of columns in a result set
**
** ^The sqlite3_data_count(P) interface returns the number of columns in the
** current row of the result set of [prepared statement] P.
** ^If prepared statement P does not have results ready to return
** (via calls to the [sqlite3_column_int | sqlite3_column_*()] of
** interfaces) then sqlite3_data_count(P) returns 0.
** ^The sqlite3_data_count(P) routine also returns 0 if P is a NULL pointer.
** ^The sqlite3_data_count(P) routine returns 0 if the previous call to
** [sqlite3_step](P) returned [SQLITE_DONE]. ^The sqlite3_data_count(P)
** will return non-zero if previous call to [sqlite3_step](P) returned
** [SQLITE_ROW], except in the case of the [PRAGMA incremental_vacuum]
** where it always returns zero since each step of that multi-step
** pragma returns 0 columns of data.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_column_count()]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_data_count(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Fundamental Datatypes
** KEYWORDS: SQLITE_TEXT
**
** ^(Every value in SQLite has one of five fundamental datatypes:
**
** <ul>
** <li> 64-bit signed integer
** <li> 64-bit IEEE floating point number
** <li> string
** <li> BLOB
** <li> NULL
** </ul>)^
**
** These constants are codes for each of those types.
**
** Note that the SQLITE_TEXT constant was also used in SQLite version 2
** for a completely different meaning. Software that links against both
** SQLite version 2 and SQLite version 3 should use SQLITE3_TEXT, not
** SQLITE_TEXT.
*/
#define SQLITE_INTEGER 1
#define SQLITE_FLOAT 2
#define SQLITE_BLOB 4
#define SQLITE_NULL 5
#ifdef SQLITE_TEXT
# undef SQLITE_TEXT
#else
# define SQLITE_TEXT 3
#endif
#define SQLITE3_TEXT 3
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Result Values From A Query
** KEYWORDS: {column access functions}
**
** These routines form the "result set" interface.
**
** ^These routines return information about a single column of the current
** result row of a query. ^In every case the first argument is a pointer
** to the [prepared statement] that is being evaluated (the [sqlite3_stmt*]
** that was returned from [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] or one of its variants)
** and the second argument is the index of the column for which information
** should be returned. ^The leftmost column of the result set has the index 0.
** ^The number of columns in the result can be determined using
** [sqlite3_column_count()].
**
** If the SQL statement does not currently point to a valid row, or if the
** column index is out of range, the result is undefined.
** These routines may only be called when the most recent call to
** [sqlite3_step()] has returned [SQLITE_ROW] and neither
** [sqlite3_reset()] nor [sqlite3_finalize()] have been called subsequently.
** If any of these routines are called after [sqlite3_reset()] or
** [sqlite3_finalize()] or after [sqlite3_step()] has returned
** something other than [SQLITE_ROW], the results are undefined.
** If [sqlite3_step()] or [sqlite3_reset()] or [sqlite3_finalize()]
** are called from a different thread while any of these routines
** are pending, then the results are undefined.
**
** ^The sqlite3_column_type() routine returns the
** [SQLITE_INTEGER | datatype code] for the initial data type
** of the result column. ^The returned value is one of [SQLITE_INTEGER],
** [SQLITE_FLOAT], [SQLITE_TEXT], [SQLITE_BLOB], or [SQLITE_NULL]. The value
** returned by sqlite3_column_type() is only meaningful if no type
** conversions have occurred as described below. After a type conversion,
** the value returned by sqlite3_column_type() is undefined. Future
** versions of SQLite may change the behavior of sqlite3_column_type()
** following a type conversion.
**
** ^If the result is a BLOB or UTF-8 string then the sqlite3_column_bytes()
** routine returns the number of bytes in that BLOB or string.
** ^If the result is a UTF-16 string, then sqlite3_column_bytes() converts
** the string to UTF-8 and then returns the number of bytes.
** ^If the result is a numeric value then sqlite3_column_bytes() uses
** [sqlite3_snprintf()] to convert that value to a UTF-8 string and returns
** the number of bytes in that string.
** ^If the result is NULL, then sqlite3_column_bytes() returns zero.
**
** ^If the result is a BLOB or UTF-16 string then the sqlite3_column_bytes16()
** routine returns the number of bytes in that BLOB or string.
** ^If the result is a UTF-8 string, then sqlite3_column_bytes16() converts
** the string to UTF-16 and then returns the number of bytes.
** ^If the result is a numeric value then sqlite3_column_bytes16() uses
** [sqlite3_snprintf()] to convert that value to a UTF-16 string and returns
** the number of bytes in that string.
** ^If the result is NULL, then sqlite3_column_bytes16() returns zero.
**
** ^The values returned by [sqlite3_column_bytes()] and
** [sqlite3_column_bytes16()] do not include the zero terminators at the end
** of the string. ^For clarity: the values returned by
** [sqlite3_column_bytes()] and [sqlite3_column_bytes16()] are the number of
** bytes in the string, not the number of characters.
**
** ^Strings returned by sqlite3_column_text() and sqlite3_column_text16(),
** even empty strings, are always zero-terminated. ^The return
** value from sqlite3_column_blob() for a zero-length BLOB is a NULL pointer.
**
** ^The object returned by [sqlite3_column_value()] is an
** [unprotected sqlite3_value] object. An unprotected sqlite3_value object
** may only be used with [sqlite3_bind_value()] and [sqlite3_result_value()].
** If the [unprotected sqlite3_value] object returned by
** [sqlite3_column_value()] is used in any other way, including calls
** to routines like [sqlite3_value_int()], [sqlite3_value_text()],
** or [sqlite3_value_bytes()], then the behavior is undefined.
**
** These routines attempt to convert the value where appropriate. ^For
** example, if the internal representation is FLOAT and a text result
** is requested, [sqlite3_snprintf()] is used internally to perform the
** conversion automatically. ^(The following table details the conversions
** that are applied:
**
** <blockquote>
** <table border="1">
** <tr><th> Internal<br>Type <th> Requested<br>Type <th> Conversion
**
** <tr><td> NULL <td> INTEGER <td> Result is 0
** <tr><td> NULL <td> FLOAT <td> Result is 0.0
** <tr><td> NULL <td> TEXT <td> Result is a NULL pointer
** <tr><td> NULL <td> BLOB <td> Result is a NULL pointer
** <tr><td> INTEGER <td> FLOAT <td> Convert from integer to float
** <tr><td> INTEGER <td> TEXT <td> ASCII rendering of the integer
** <tr><td> INTEGER <td> BLOB <td> Same as INTEGER->TEXT
** <tr><td> FLOAT <td> INTEGER <td> [CAST] to INTEGER
** <tr><td> FLOAT <td> TEXT <td> ASCII rendering of the float
** <tr><td> FLOAT <td> BLOB <td> [CAST] to BLOB
** <tr><td> TEXT <td> INTEGER <td> [CAST] to INTEGER
** <tr><td> TEXT <td> FLOAT <td> [CAST] to REAL
** <tr><td> TEXT <td> BLOB <td> No change
** <tr><td> BLOB <td> INTEGER <td> [CAST] to INTEGER
** <tr><td> BLOB <td> FLOAT <td> [CAST] to REAL
** <tr><td> BLOB <td> TEXT <td> Add a zero terminator if needed
** </table>
** </blockquote>)^
**
** The table above makes reference to standard C library functions atoi()
** and atof(). SQLite does not really use these functions. It has its
** own equivalent internal routines. The atoi() and atof() names are
** used in the table for brevity and because they are familiar to most
** C programmers.
**
** Note that when type conversions occur, pointers returned by prior
** calls to sqlite3_column_blob(), sqlite3_column_text(), and/or
** sqlite3_column_text16() may be invalidated.
** Type conversions and pointer invalidations might occur
** in the following cases:
**
** <ul>
** <li> The initial content is a BLOB and sqlite3_column_text() or
** sqlite3_column_text16() is called. A zero-terminator might
** need to be added to the string.</li>
** <li> The initial content is UTF-8 text and sqlite3_column_bytes16() or
** sqlite3_column_text16() is called. The content must be converted
** to UTF-16.</li>
** <li> The initial content is UTF-16 text and sqlite3_column_bytes() or
** sqlite3_column_text() is called. The content must be converted
** to UTF-8.</li>
** </ul>
**
** ^Conversions between UTF-16be and UTF-16le are always done in place and do
** not invalidate a prior pointer, though of course the content of the buffer
** that the prior pointer references will have been modified. Other kinds
** of conversion are done in place when it is possible, but sometimes they
** are not possible and in those cases prior pointers are invalidated.
**
** The safest and easiest to remember policy is to invoke these routines
** in one of the following ways:
**
** <ul>
** <li>sqlite3_column_text() followed by sqlite3_column_bytes()</li>
** <li>sqlite3_column_blob() followed by sqlite3_column_bytes()</li>
** <li>sqlite3_column_text16() followed by sqlite3_column_bytes16()</li>
** </ul>
**
** In other words, you should call sqlite3_column_text(),
** sqlite3_column_blob(), or sqlite3_column_text16() first to force the result
** into the desired format, then invoke sqlite3_column_bytes() or
** sqlite3_column_bytes16() to find the size of the result. Do not mix calls
** to sqlite3_column_text() or sqlite3_column_blob() with calls to
** sqlite3_column_bytes16(), and do not mix calls to sqlite3_column_text16()
** with calls to sqlite3_column_bytes().
**
** ^The pointers returned are valid until a type conversion occurs as
** described above, or until [sqlite3_step()] or [sqlite3_reset()] or
** [sqlite3_finalize()] is called. ^The memory space used to hold strings
** and BLOBs is freed automatically. Do <b>not</b> pass the pointers returned
** from [sqlite3_column_blob()], [sqlite3_column_text()], etc. into
** [sqlite3_free()].
**
** ^(If a memory allocation error occurs during the evaluation of any
** of these routines, a default value is returned. The default value
** is either the integer 0, the floating point number 0.0, or a NULL
** pointer. Subsequent calls to [sqlite3_errcode()] will return
** [SQLITE_NOMEM].)^
*/
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_blob(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_bytes(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_bytes16(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API double sqlite3_column_double(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_int(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_column_int64(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API const unsigned char *sqlite3_column_text(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_column_text16(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_column_type(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
SQLITE_API sqlite3_value *sqlite3_column_value(sqlite3_stmt*, int iCol);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Destroy A Prepared Statement Object
**
** ^The sqlite3_finalize() function is called to delete a [prepared statement].
** ^If the most recent evaluation of the statement encountered no errors
** or if the statement is never been evaluated, then sqlite3_finalize() returns
** SQLITE_OK. ^If the most recent evaluation of statement S failed, then
** sqlite3_finalize(S) returns the appropriate [error code] or
** [extended error code].
**
** ^The sqlite3_finalize(S) routine can be called at any point during
** the life cycle of [prepared statement] S:
** before statement S is ever evaluated, after
** one or more calls to [sqlite3_reset()], or after any call
** to [sqlite3_step()] regardless of whether or not the statement has
** completed execution.
**
** ^Invoking sqlite3_finalize() on a NULL pointer is a harmless no-op.
**
** The application must finalize every [prepared statement] in order to avoid
** resource leaks. It is a grievous error for the application to try to use
** a prepared statement after it has been finalized. Any use of a prepared
** statement after it has been finalized can result in undefined and
** undesirable behavior such as segfaults and heap corruption.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_finalize(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Reset A Prepared Statement Object
**
** The sqlite3_reset() function is called to reset a [prepared statement]
** object back to its initial state, ready to be re-executed.
** ^Any SQL statement variables that had values bound to them using
** the [sqlite3_bind_blob | sqlite3_bind_*() API] retain their values.
** Use [sqlite3_clear_bindings()] to reset the bindings.
**
** ^The [sqlite3_reset(S)] interface resets the [prepared statement] S
** back to the beginning of its program.
**
** ^If the most recent call to [sqlite3_step(S)] for the
** [prepared statement] S returned [SQLITE_ROW] or [SQLITE_DONE],
** or if [sqlite3_step(S)] has never before been called on S,
** then [sqlite3_reset(S)] returns [SQLITE_OK].
**
** ^If the most recent call to [sqlite3_step(S)] for the
** [prepared statement] S indicated an error, then
** [sqlite3_reset(S)] returns an appropriate [error code].
**
** ^The [sqlite3_reset(S)] interface does not change the values
** of any [sqlite3_bind_blob|bindings] on the [prepared statement] S.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_reset(sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Create Or Redefine SQL Functions
** KEYWORDS: {function creation routines}
** KEYWORDS: {application-defined SQL function}
** KEYWORDS: {application-defined SQL functions}
**
** ^These functions (collectively known as "function creation routines")
** are used to add SQL functions or aggregates or to redefine the behavior
** of existing SQL functions or aggregates. The only differences between
** these routines are the text encoding expected for
** the second parameter (the name of the function being created)
** and the presence or absence of a destructor callback for
** the application data pointer.
**
** ^The first parameter is the [database connection] to which the SQL
** function is to be added. ^If an application uses more than one database
** connection then application-defined SQL functions must be added
** to each database connection separately.
**
** ^The second parameter is the name of the SQL function to be created or
** redefined. ^The length of the name is limited to 255 bytes in a UTF-8
** representation, exclusive of the zero-terminator. ^Note that the name
** length limit is in UTF-8 bytes, not characters nor UTF-16 bytes.
** ^Any attempt to create a function with a longer name
** will result in [SQLITE_MISUSE] being returned.
**
** ^The third parameter (nArg)
** is the number of arguments that the SQL function or
** aggregate takes. ^If this parameter is -1, then the SQL function or
** aggregate may take any number of arguments between 0 and the limit
** set by [sqlite3_limit]([SQLITE_LIMIT_FUNCTION_ARG]). If the third
** parameter is less than -1 or greater than 127 then the behavior is
** undefined.
**
** ^The fourth parameter, eTextRep, specifies what
** [SQLITE_UTF8 | text encoding] this SQL function prefers for
** its parameters. The application should set this parameter to
** [SQLITE_UTF16LE] if the function implementation invokes
** [sqlite3_value_text16le()] on an input, or [SQLITE_UTF16BE] if the
** implementation invokes [sqlite3_value_text16be()] on an input, or
** [SQLITE_UTF16] if [sqlite3_value_text16()] is used, or [SQLITE_UTF8]
** otherwise. ^The same SQL function may be registered multiple times using
** different preferred text encodings, with different implementations for
** each encoding.
** ^When multiple implementations of the same function are available, SQLite
** will pick the one that involves the least amount of data conversion.
**
** ^The fourth parameter may optionally be ORed with [SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC]
** to signal that the function will always return the same result given
** the same inputs within a single SQL statement. Most SQL functions are
** deterministic. The built-in [random()] SQL function is an example of a
** function that is not deterministic. The SQLite query planner is able to
** perform additional optimizations on deterministic functions, so use
** of the [SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC] flag is recommended where possible.
**
** ^(The fifth parameter is an arbitrary pointer. The implementation of the
** function can gain access to this pointer using [sqlite3_user_data()].)^
**
** ^The sixth, seventh and eighth parameters, xFunc, xStep and xFinal, are
** pointers to C-language functions that implement the SQL function or
** aggregate. ^A scalar SQL function requires an implementation of the xFunc
** callback only; NULL pointers must be passed as the xStep and xFinal
** parameters. ^An aggregate SQL function requires an implementation of xStep
** and xFinal and NULL pointer must be passed for xFunc. ^To delete an existing
** SQL function or aggregate, pass NULL pointers for all three function
** callbacks.
**
** ^(If the ninth parameter to sqlite3_create_function_v2() is not NULL,
** then it is destructor for the application data pointer.
** The destructor is invoked when the function is deleted, either by being
** overloaded or when the database connection closes.)^
** ^The destructor is also invoked if the call to
** sqlite3_create_function_v2() fails.
** ^When the destructor callback of the tenth parameter is invoked, it
** is passed a single argument which is a copy of the application data
** pointer which was the fifth parameter to sqlite3_create_function_v2().
**
** ^It is permitted to register multiple implementations of the same
** functions with the same name but with either differing numbers of
** arguments or differing preferred text encodings. ^SQLite will use
** the implementation that most closely matches the way in which the
** SQL function is used. ^A function implementation with a non-negative
** nArg parameter is a better match than a function implementation with
** a negative nArg. ^A function where the preferred text encoding
** matches the database encoding is a better
** match than a function where the encoding is different.
** ^A function where the encoding difference is between UTF16le and UTF16be
** is a closer match than a function where the encoding difference is
** between UTF8 and UTF16.
**
** ^Built-in functions may be overloaded by new application-defined functions.
**
** ^An application-defined function is permitted to call other
** SQLite interfaces. However, such calls must not
** close the database connection nor finalize or reset the prepared
** statement in which the function is running.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_function(
sqlite3 *db,
const char *zFunctionName,
int nArg,
int eTextRep,
void *pApp,
void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*)
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_function16(
sqlite3 *db,
const void *zFunctionName,
int nArg,
int eTextRep,
void *pApp,
void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*)
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_function_v2(
sqlite3 *db,
const char *zFunctionName,
int nArg,
int eTextRep,
void *pApp,
void (*xFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
void (*xStep)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
void (*xFinal)(sqlite3_context*),
void(*xDestroy)(void*)
);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Text Encodings
**
** These constant define integer codes that represent the various
** text encodings supported by SQLite.
*/
#define SQLITE_UTF8 1
#define SQLITE_UTF16LE 2
#define SQLITE_UTF16BE 3
#define SQLITE_UTF16 4 /* Use native byte order */
#define SQLITE_ANY 5 /* Deprecated */
#define SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED 8 /* sqlite3_create_collation only */
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Function Flags
**
** These constants may be ORed together with the
** [SQLITE_UTF8 | preferred text encoding] as the fourth argument
** to [sqlite3_create_function()], [sqlite3_create_function16()], or
** [sqlite3_create_function_v2()].
*/
#define SQLITE_DETERMINISTIC 0x800
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Deprecated Functions
** DEPRECATED
**
** These functions are [deprecated]. In order to maintain
** backwards compatibility with older code, these functions continue
** to be supported. However, new applications should avoid
** the use of these functions. To help encourage people to avoid
** using these functions, we are not going to tell you what they do.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_DEPRECATED
SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int sqlite3_aggregate_count(sqlite3_context*);
SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int sqlite3_expired(sqlite3_stmt*);
SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int sqlite3_transfer_bindings(sqlite3_stmt*, sqlite3_stmt*);
SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int sqlite3_global_recover(void);
SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED void sqlite3_thread_cleanup(void);
SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED int sqlite3_memory_alarm(void(*)(void*,sqlite3_int64,int),
void*,sqlite3_int64);
#endif
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtaining SQL Function Parameter Values
**
** The C-language implementation of SQL functions and aggregates uses
** this set of interface routines to access the parameter values on
** the function or aggregate.
**
** The xFunc (for scalar functions) or xStep (for aggregates) parameters
** to [sqlite3_create_function()] and [sqlite3_create_function16()]
** define callbacks that implement the SQL functions and aggregates.
** The 3rd parameter to these callbacks is an array of pointers to
** [protected sqlite3_value] objects. There is one [sqlite3_value] object for
** each parameter to the SQL function. These routines are used to
** extract values from the [sqlite3_value] objects.
**
** These routines work only with [protected sqlite3_value] objects.
** Any attempt to use these routines on an [unprotected sqlite3_value]
** object results in undefined behavior.
**
** ^These routines work just like the corresponding [column access functions]
** except that these routines take a single [protected sqlite3_value] object
** pointer instead of a [sqlite3_stmt*] pointer and an integer column number.
**
** ^The sqlite3_value_text16() interface extracts a UTF-16 string
** in the native byte-order of the host machine. ^The
** sqlite3_value_text16be() and sqlite3_value_text16le() interfaces
** extract UTF-16 strings as big-endian and little-endian respectively.
**
** ^(The sqlite3_value_numeric_type() interface attempts to apply
** numeric affinity to the value. This means that an attempt is
** made to convert the value to an integer or floating point. If
** such a conversion is possible without loss of information (in other
** words, if the value is a string that looks like a number)
** then the conversion is performed. Otherwise no conversion occurs.
** The [SQLITE_INTEGER | datatype] after conversion is returned.)^
**
** Please pay particular attention to the fact that the pointer returned
** from [sqlite3_value_blob()], [sqlite3_value_text()], or
** [sqlite3_value_text16()] can be invalidated by a subsequent call to
** [sqlite3_value_bytes()], [sqlite3_value_bytes16()], [sqlite3_value_text()],
** or [sqlite3_value_text16()].
**
** These routines must be called from the same thread as
** the SQL function that supplied the [sqlite3_value*] parameters.
*/
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_blob(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_bytes(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_bytes16(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API double sqlite3_value_double(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_int(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_value_int64(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API const unsigned char *sqlite3_value_text(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_text16(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_text16le(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API const void *sqlite3_value_text16be(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_type(sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_value_numeric_type(sqlite3_value*);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Obtain Aggregate Function Context
**
** Implementations of aggregate SQL functions use this
** routine to allocate memory for storing their state.
**
** ^The first time the sqlite3_aggregate_context(C,N) routine is called
** for a particular aggregate function, SQLite
** allocates N of memory, zeroes out that memory, and returns a pointer
** to the new memory. ^On second and subsequent calls to
** sqlite3_aggregate_context() for the same aggregate function instance,
** the same buffer is returned. Sqlite3_aggregate_context() is normally
** called once for each invocation of the xStep callback and then one
** last time when the xFinal callback is invoked. ^(When no rows match
** an aggregate query, the xStep() callback of the aggregate function
** implementation is never called and xFinal() is called exactly once.
** In those cases, sqlite3_aggregate_context() might be called for the
** first time from within xFinal().)^
**
** ^The sqlite3_aggregate_context(C,N) routine returns a NULL pointer
** when first called if N is less than or equal to zero or if a memory
** allocate error occurs.
**
** ^(The amount of space allocated by sqlite3_aggregate_context(C,N) is
** determined by the N parameter on first successful call. Changing the
** value of N in subsequent call to sqlite3_aggregate_context() within
** the same aggregate function instance will not resize the memory
** allocation.)^ Within the xFinal callback, it is customary to set
** N=0 in calls to sqlite3_aggregate_context(C,N) so that no
** pointless memory allocations occur.
**
** ^SQLite automatically frees the memory allocated by
** sqlite3_aggregate_context() when the aggregate query concludes.
**
** The first parameter must be a copy of the
** [sqlite3_context | SQL function context] that is the first parameter
** to the xStep or xFinal callback routine that implements the aggregate
** function.
**
** This routine must be called from the same thread in which
** the aggregate SQL function is running.
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_aggregate_context(sqlite3_context*, int nBytes);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: User Data For Functions
**
** ^The sqlite3_user_data() interface returns a copy of
** the pointer that was the pUserData parameter (the 5th parameter)
** of the [sqlite3_create_function()]
** and [sqlite3_create_function16()] routines that originally
** registered the application defined function.
**
** This routine must be called from the same thread in which
** the application-defined function is running.
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_user_data(sqlite3_context*);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Database Connection For Functions
**
** ^The sqlite3_context_db_handle() interface returns a copy of
** the pointer to the [database connection] (the 1st parameter)
** of the [sqlite3_create_function()]
** and [sqlite3_create_function16()] routines that originally
** registered the application defined function.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3 *sqlite3_context_db_handle(sqlite3_context*);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Function Auxiliary Data
**
** These functions may be used by (non-aggregate) SQL functions to
** associate metadata with argument values. If the same value is passed to
** multiple invocations of the same SQL function during query execution, under
** some circumstances the associated metadata may be preserved. An example
** of where this might be useful is in a regular-expression matching
** function. The compiled version of the regular expression can be stored as
** metadata associated with the pattern string.
** Then as long as the pattern string remains the same,
** the compiled regular expression can be reused on multiple
** invocations of the same function.
**
** ^The sqlite3_get_auxdata() interface returns a pointer to the metadata
** associated by the sqlite3_set_auxdata() function with the Nth argument
** value to the application-defined function. ^If there is no metadata
** associated with the function argument, this sqlite3_get_auxdata() interface
** returns a NULL pointer.
**
** ^The sqlite3_set_auxdata(C,N,P,X) interface saves P as metadata for the N-th
** argument of the application-defined function. ^Subsequent
** calls to sqlite3_get_auxdata(C,N) return P from the most recent
** sqlite3_set_auxdata(C,N,P,X) call if the metadata is still valid or
** NULL if the metadata has been discarded.
** ^After each call to sqlite3_set_auxdata(C,N,P,X) where X is not NULL,
** SQLite will invoke the destructor function X with parameter P exactly
** once, when the metadata is discarded.
** SQLite is free to discard the metadata at any time, including: <ul>
** <li> when the corresponding function parameter changes, or
** <li> when [sqlite3_reset()] or [sqlite3_finalize()] is called for the
** SQL statement, or
** <li> when sqlite3_set_auxdata() is invoked again on the same parameter, or
** <li> during the original sqlite3_set_auxdata() call when a memory
** allocation error occurs. </ul>)^
**
** Note the last bullet in particular. The destructor X in
** sqlite3_set_auxdata(C,N,P,X) might be called immediately, before the
** sqlite3_set_auxdata() interface even returns. Hence sqlite3_set_auxdata()
** should be called near the end of the function implementation and the
** function implementation should not make any use of P after
** sqlite3_set_auxdata() has been called.
**
** ^(In practice, metadata is preserved between function calls for
** function parameters that are compile-time constants, including literal
** values and [parameters] and expressions composed from the same.)^
**
** These routines must be called from the same thread in which
** the SQL function is running.
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_get_auxdata(sqlite3_context*, int N);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_set_auxdata(sqlite3_context*, int N, void*, void (*)(void*));
 
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Constants Defining Special Destructor Behavior
**
** These are special values for the destructor that is passed in as the
** final argument to routines like [sqlite3_result_blob()]. ^If the destructor
** argument is SQLITE_STATIC, it means that the content pointer is constant
** and will never change. It does not need to be destroyed. ^The
** SQLITE_TRANSIENT value means that the content will likely change in
** the near future and that SQLite should make its own private copy of
** the content before returning.
**
** The typedef is necessary to work around problems in certain
** C++ compilers.
*/
typedef void (*sqlite3_destructor_type)(void*);
#define SQLITE_STATIC ((sqlite3_destructor_type)0)
#define SQLITE_TRANSIENT ((sqlite3_destructor_type)-1)
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Setting The Result Of An SQL Function
**
** These routines are used by the xFunc or xFinal callbacks that
** implement SQL functions and aggregates. See
** [sqlite3_create_function()] and [sqlite3_create_function16()]
** for additional information.
**
** These functions work very much like the [parameter binding] family of
** functions used to bind values to host parameters in prepared statements.
** Refer to the [SQL parameter] documentation for additional information.
**
** ^The sqlite3_result_blob() interface sets the result from
** an application-defined function to be the BLOB whose content is pointed
** to by the second parameter and which is N bytes long where N is the
** third parameter.
**
** ^The sqlite3_result_zeroblob() interfaces set the result of
** the application-defined function to be a BLOB containing all zero
** bytes and N bytes in size, where N is the value of the 2nd parameter.
**
** ^The sqlite3_result_double() interface sets the result from
** an application-defined function to be a floating point value specified
** by its 2nd argument.
**
** ^The sqlite3_result_error() and sqlite3_result_error16() functions
** cause the implemented SQL function to throw an exception.
** ^SQLite uses the string pointed to by the
** 2nd parameter of sqlite3_result_error() or sqlite3_result_error16()
** as the text of an error message. ^SQLite interprets the error
** message string from sqlite3_result_error() as UTF-8. ^SQLite
** interprets the string from sqlite3_result_error16() as UTF-16 in native
** byte order. ^If the third parameter to sqlite3_result_error()
** or sqlite3_result_error16() is negative then SQLite takes as the error
** message all text up through the first zero character.
** ^If the third parameter to sqlite3_result_error() or
** sqlite3_result_error16() is non-negative then SQLite takes that many
** bytes (not characters) from the 2nd parameter as the error message.
** ^The sqlite3_result_error() and sqlite3_result_error16()
** routines make a private copy of the error message text before
** they return. Hence, the calling function can deallocate or
** modify the text after they return without harm.
** ^The sqlite3_result_error_code() function changes the error code
** returned by SQLite as a result of an error in a function. ^By default,
** the error code is SQLITE_ERROR. ^A subsequent call to sqlite3_result_error()
** or sqlite3_result_error16() resets the error code to SQLITE_ERROR.
**
** ^The sqlite3_result_error_toobig() interface causes SQLite to throw an
** error indicating that a string or BLOB is too long to represent.
**
** ^The sqlite3_result_error_nomem() interface causes SQLite to throw an
** error indicating that a memory allocation failed.
**
** ^The sqlite3_result_int() interface sets the return value
** of the application-defined function to be the 32-bit signed integer
** value given in the 2nd argument.
** ^The sqlite3_result_int64() interface sets the return value
** of the application-defined function to be the 64-bit signed integer
** value given in the 2nd argument.
**
** ^The sqlite3_result_null() interface sets the return value
** of the application-defined function to be NULL.
**
** ^The sqlite3_result_text(), sqlite3_result_text16(),
** sqlite3_result_text16le(), and sqlite3_result_text16be() interfaces
** set the return value of the application-defined function to be
** a text string which is represented as UTF-8, UTF-16 native byte order,
** UTF-16 little endian, or UTF-16 big endian, respectively.
** ^The sqlite3_result_text64() interface sets the return value of an
** application-defined function to be a text string in an encoding
** specified by the fifth (and last) parameter, which must be one
** of [SQLITE_UTF8], [SQLITE_UTF16], [SQLITE_UTF16BE], or [SQLITE_UTF16LE].
** ^SQLite takes the text result from the application from
** the 2nd parameter of the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces.
** ^If the 3rd parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces
** is negative, then SQLite takes result text from the 2nd parameter
** through the first zero character.
** ^If the 3rd parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces
** is non-negative, then as many bytes (not characters) of the text
** pointed to by the 2nd parameter are taken as the application-defined
** function result. If the 3rd parameter is non-negative, then it
** must be the byte offset into the string where the NUL terminator would
** appear if the string where NUL terminated. If any NUL characters occur
** in the string at a byte offset that is less than the value of the 3rd
** parameter, then the resulting string will contain embedded NULs and the
** result of expressions operating on strings with embedded NULs is undefined.
** ^If the 4th parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces
** or sqlite3_result_blob is a non-NULL pointer, then SQLite calls that
** function as the destructor on the text or BLOB result when it has
** finished using that result.
** ^If the 4th parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces or to
** sqlite3_result_blob is the special constant SQLITE_STATIC, then SQLite
** assumes that the text or BLOB result is in constant space and does not
** copy the content of the parameter nor call a destructor on the content
** when it has finished using that result.
** ^If the 4th parameter to the sqlite3_result_text* interfaces
** or sqlite3_result_blob is the special constant SQLITE_TRANSIENT
** then SQLite makes a copy of the result into space obtained from
** from [sqlite3_malloc()] before it returns.
**
** ^The sqlite3_result_value() interface sets the result of
** the application-defined function to be a copy the
** [unprotected sqlite3_value] object specified by the 2nd parameter. ^The
** sqlite3_result_value() interface makes a copy of the [sqlite3_value]
** so that the [sqlite3_value] specified in the parameter may change or
** be deallocated after sqlite3_result_value() returns without harm.
** ^A [protected sqlite3_value] object may always be used where an
** [unprotected sqlite3_value] object is required, so either
** kind of [sqlite3_value] object can be used with this interface.
**
** If these routines are called from within the different thread
** than the one containing the application-defined function that received
** the [sqlite3_context] pointer, the results are undefined.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_blob(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_blob64(sqlite3_context*,const void*,sqlite3_uint64,void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_double(sqlite3_context*, double);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error(sqlite3_context*, const char*, int);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error16(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error_toobig(sqlite3_context*);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error_nomem(sqlite3_context*);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_error_code(sqlite3_context*, int);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_int(sqlite3_context*, int);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_int64(sqlite3_context*, sqlite3_int64);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_null(sqlite3_context*);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text(sqlite3_context*, const char*, int, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text64(sqlite3_context*, const char*,sqlite3_uint64,
void(*)(void*), unsigned char encoding);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text16(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text16le(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int,void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_text16be(sqlite3_context*, const void*, int,void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_value(sqlite3_context*, sqlite3_value*);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_result_zeroblob(sqlite3_context*, int n);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Define New Collating Sequences
**
** ^These functions add, remove, or modify a [collation] associated
** with the [database connection] specified as the first argument.
**
** ^The name of the collation is a UTF-8 string
** for sqlite3_create_collation() and sqlite3_create_collation_v2()
** and a UTF-16 string in native byte order for sqlite3_create_collation16().
** ^Collation names that compare equal according to [sqlite3_strnicmp()] are
** considered to be the same name.
**
** ^(The third argument (eTextRep) must be one of the constants:
** <ul>
** <li> [SQLITE_UTF8],
** <li> [SQLITE_UTF16LE],
** <li> [SQLITE_UTF16BE],
** <li> [SQLITE_UTF16], or
** <li> [SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED].
** </ul>)^
** ^The eTextRep argument determines the encoding of strings passed
** to the collating function callback, xCallback.
** ^The [SQLITE_UTF16] and [SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED] values for eTextRep
** force strings to be UTF16 with native byte order.
** ^The [SQLITE_UTF16_ALIGNED] value for eTextRep forces strings to begin
** on an even byte address.
**
** ^The fourth argument, pArg, is an application data pointer that is passed
** through as the first argument to the collating function callback.
**
** ^The fifth argument, xCallback, is a pointer to the collating function.
** ^Multiple collating functions can be registered using the same name but
** with different eTextRep parameters and SQLite will use whichever
** function requires the least amount of data transformation.
** ^If the xCallback argument is NULL then the collating function is
** deleted. ^When all collating functions having the same name are deleted,
** that collation is no longer usable.
**
** ^The collating function callback is invoked with a copy of the pArg
** application data pointer and with two strings in the encoding specified
** by the eTextRep argument. The collating function must return an
** integer that is negative, zero, or positive
** if the first string is less than, equal to, or greater than the second,
** respectively. A collating function must always return the same answer
** given the same inputs. If two or more collating functions are registered
** to the same collation name (using different eTextRep values) then all
** must give an equivalent answer when invoked with equivalent strings.
** The collating function must obey the following properties for all
** strings A, B, and C:
**
** <ol>
** <li> If A==B then B==A.
** <li> If A==B and B==C then A==C.
** <li> If A&lt;B THEN B&gt;A.
** <li> If A&lt;B and B&lt;C then A&lt;C.
** </ol>
**
** If a collating function fails any of the above constraints and that
** collating function is registered and used, then the behavior of SQLite
** is undefined.
**
** ^The sqlite3_create_collation_v2() works like sqlite3_create_collation()
** with the addition that the xDestroy callback is invoked on pArg when
** the collating function is deleted.
** ^Collating functions are deleted when they are overridden by later
** calls to the collation creation functions or when the
** [database connection] is closed using [sqlite3_close()].
**
** ^The xDestroy callback is <u>not</u> called if the
** sqlite3_create_collation_v2() function fails. Applications that invoke
** sqlite3_create_collation_v2() with a non-NULL xDestroy argument should
** check the return code and dispose of the application data pointer
** themselves rather than expecting SQLite to deal with it for them.
** This is different from every other SQLite interface. The inconsistency
** is unfortunate but cannot be changed without breaking backwards
** compatibility.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_collation_needed()] and [sqlite3_collation_needed16()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_collation(
sqlite3*,
const char *zName,
int eTextRep,
void *pArg,
int(*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*)
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_collation_v2(
sqlite3*,
const char *zName,
int eTextRep,
void *pArg,
int(*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*),
void(*xDestroy)(void*)
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_collation16(
sqlite3*,
const void *zName,
int eTextRep,
void *pArg,
int(*xCompare)(void*,int,const void*,int,const void*)
);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Collation Needed Callbacks
**
** ^To avoid having to register all collation sequences before a database
** can be used, a single callback function may be registered with the
** [database connection] to be invoked whenever an undefined collation
** sequence is required.
**
** ^If the function is registered using the sqlite3_collation_needed() API,
** then it is passed the names of undefined collation sequences as strings
** encoded in UTF-8. ^If sqlite3_collation_needed16() is used,
** the names are passed as UTF-16 in machine native byte order.
** ^A call to either function replaces the existing collation-needed callback.
**
** ^(When the callback is invoked, the first argument passed is a copy
** of the second argument to sqlite3_collation_needed() or
** sqlite3_collation_needed16(). The second argument is the database
** connection. The third argument is one of [SQLITE_UTF8], [SQLITE_UTF16BE],
** or [SQLITE_UTF16LE], indicating the most desirable form of the collation
** sequence function required. The fourth parameter is the name of the
** required collation sequence.)^
**
** The callback function should register the desired collation using
** [sqlite3_create_collation()], [sqlite3_create_collation16()], or
** [sqlite3_create_collation_v2()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_collation_needed(
sqlite3*,
void*,
void(*)(void*,sqlite3*,int eTextRep,const char*)
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_collation_needed16(
sqlite3*,
void*,
void(*)(void*,sqlite3*,int eTextRep,const void*)
);
 
#ifdef SQLITE_HAS_CODEC
/*
** Specify the key for an encrypted database. This routine should be
** called right after sqlite3_open().
**
** The code to implement this API is not available in the public release
** of SQLite.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_key(
sqlite3 *db, /* Database to be rekeyed */
const void *pKey, int nKey /* The key */
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_key_v2(
sqlite3 *db, /* Database to be rekeyed */
const char *zDbName, /* Name of the database */
const void *pKey, int nKey /* The key */
);
 
/*
** Change the key on an open database. If the current database is not
** encrypted, this routine will encrypt it. If pNew==0 or nNew==0, the
** database is decrypted.
**
** The code to implement this API is not available in the public release
** of SQLite.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_rekey(
sqlite3 *db, /* Database to be rekeyed */
const void *pKey, int nKey /* The new key */
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_rekey_v2(
sqlite3 *db, /* Database to be rekeyed */
const char *zDbName, /* Name of the database */
const void *pKey, int nKey /* The new key */
);
 
/*
** Specify the activation key for a SEE database. Unless
** activated, none of the SEE routines will work.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_activate_see(
const char *zPassPhrase /* Activation phrase */
);
#endif
 
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_CEROD
/*
** Specify the activation key for a CEROD database. Unless
** activated, none of the CEROD routines will work.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_activate_cerod(
const char *zPassPhrase /* Activation phrase */
);
#endif
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Suspend Execution For A Short Time
**
** The sqlite3_sleep() function causes the current thread to suspend execution
** for at least a number of milliseconds specified in its parameter.
**
** If the operating system does not support sleep requests with
** millisecond time resolution, then the time will be rounded up to
** the nearest second. The number of milliseconds of sleep actually
** requested from the operating system is returned.
**
** ^SQLite implements this interface by calling the xSleep()
** method of the default [sqlite3_vfs] object. If the xSleep() method
** of the default VFS is not implemented correctly, or not implemented at
** all, then the behavior of sqlite3_sleep() may deviate from the description
** in the previous paragraphs.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_sleep(int);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Name Of The Folder Holding Temporary Files
**
** ^(If this global variable is made to point to a string which is
** the name of a folder (a.k.a. directory), then all temporary files
** created by SQLite when using a built-in [sqlite3_vfs | VFS]
** will be placed in that directory.)^ ^If this variable
** is a NULL pointer, then SQLite performs a search for an appropriate
** temporary file directory.
**
** Applications are strongly discouraged from using this global variable.
** It is required to set a temporary folder on Windows Runtime (WinRT).
** But for all other platforms, it is highly recommended that applications
** neither read nor write this variable. This global variable is a relic
** that exists for backwards compatibility of legacy applications and should
** be avoided in new projects.
**
** It is not safe to read or modify this variable in more than one
** thread at a time. It is not safe to read or modify this variable
** if a [database connection] is being used at the same time in a separate
** thread.
** It is intended that this variable be set once
** as part of process initialization and before any SQLite interface
** routines have been called and that this variable remain unchanged
** thereafter.
**
** ^The [temp_store_directory pragma] may modify this variable and cause
** it to point to memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc]. ^Furthermore,
** the [temp_store_directory pragma] always assumes that any string
** that this variable points to is held in memory obtained from
** [sqlite3_malloc] and the pragma may attempt to free that memory
** using [sqlite3_free].
** Hence, if this variable is modified directly, either it should be
** made NULL or made to point to memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc]
** or else the use of the [temp_store_directory pragma] should be avoided.
** Except when requested by the [temp_store_directory pragma], SQLite
** does not free the memory that sqlite3_temp_directory points to. If
** the application wants that memory to be freed, it must do
** so itself, taking care to only do so after all [database connection]
** objects have been destroyed.
**
** <b>Note to Windows Runtime users:</b> The temporary directory must be set
** prior to calling [sqlite3_open] or [sqlite3_open_v2]. Otherwise, various
** features that require the use of temporary files may fail. Here is an
** example of how to do this using C++ with the Windows Runtime:
**
** <blockquote><pre>
** LPCWSTR zPath = Windows::Storage::ApplicationData::Current->
** &nbsp; TemporaryFolder->Path->Data();
** char zPathBuf&#91;MAX_PATH + 1&#93;;
** memset(zPathBuf, 0, sizeof(zPathBuf));
** WideCharToMultiByte(CP_UTF8, 0, zPath, -1, zPathBuf, sizeof(zPathBuf),
** &nbsp; NULL, NULL);
** sqlite3_temp_directory = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", zPathBuf);
** </pre></blockquote>
*/
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_temp_directory;
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Name Of The Folder Holding Database Files
**
** ^(If this global variable is made to point to a string which is
** the name of a folder (a.k.a. directory), then all database files
** specified with a relative pathname and created or accessed by
** SQLite when using a built-in windows [sqlite3_vfs | VFS] will be assumed
** to be relative to that directory.)^ ^If this variable is a NULL
** pointer, then SQLite assumes that all database files specified
** with a relative pathname are relative to the current directory
** for the process. Only the windows VFS makes use of this global
** variable; it is ignored by the unix VFS.
**
** Changing the value of this variable while a database connection is
** open can result in a corrupt database.
**
** It is not safe to read or modify this variable in more than one
** thread at a time. It is not safe to read or modify this variable
** if a [database connection] is being used at the same time in a separate
** thread.
** It is intended that this variable be set once
** as part of process initialization and before any SQLite interface
** routines have been called and that this variable remain unchanged
** thereafter.
**
** ^The [data_store_directory pragma] may modify this variable and cause
** it to point to memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc]. ^Furthermore,
** the [data_store_directory pragma] always assumes that any string
** that this variable points to is held in memory obtained from
** [sqlite3_malloc] and the pragma may attempt to free that memory
** using [sqlite3_free].
** Hence, if this variable is modified directly, either it should be
** made NULL or made to point to memory obtained from [sqlite3_malloc]
** or else the use of the [data_store_directory pragma] should be avoided.
*/
SQLITE_API char *sqlite3_data_directory;
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Test For Auto-Commit Mode
** KEYWORDS: {autocommit mode}
**
** ^The sqlite3_get_autocommit() interface returns non-zero or
** zero if the given database connection is or is not in autocommit mode,
** respectively. ^Autocommit mode is on by default.
** ^Autocommit mode is disabled by a [BEGIN] statement.
** ^Autocommit mode is re-enabled by a [COMMIT] or [ROLLBACK].
**
** If certain kinds of errors occur on a statement within a multi-statement
** transaction (errors including [SQLITE_FULL], [SQLITE_IOERR],
** [SQLITE_NOMEM], [SQLITE_BUSY], and [SQLITE_INTERRUPT]) then the
** transaction might be rolled back automatically. The only way to
** find out whether SQLite automatically rolled back the transaction after
** an error is to use this function.
**
** If another thread changes the autocommit status of the database
** connection while this routine is running, then the return value
** is undefined.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_get_autocommit(sqlite3*);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Find The Database Handle Of A Prepared Statement
**
** ^The sqlite3_db_handle interface returns the [database connection] handle
** to which a [prepared statement] belongs. ^The [database connection]
** returned by sqlite3_db_handle is the same [database connection]
** that was the first argument
** to the [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] call (or its variants) that was used to
** create the statement in the first place.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3 *sqlite3_db_handle(sqlite3_stmt*);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Return The Filename For A Database Connection
**
** ^The sqlite3_db_filename(D,N) interface returns a pointer to a filename
** associated with database N of connection D. ^The main database file
** has the name "main". If there is no attached database N on the database
** connection D, or if database N is a temporary or in-memory database, then
** a NULL pointer is returned.
**
** ^The filename returned by this function is the output of the
** xFullPathname method of the [VFS]. ^In other words, the filename
** will be an absolute pathname, even if the filename used
** to open the database originally was a URI or relative pathname.
*/
SQLITE_API const char *sqlite3_db_filename(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDbName);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Determine if a database is read-only
**
** ^The sqlite3_db_readonly(D,N) interface returns 1 if the database N
** of connection D is read-only, 0 if it is read/write, or -1 if N is not
** the name of a database on connection D.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_db_readonly(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDbName);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Find the next prepared statement
**
** ^This interface returns a pointer to the next [prepared statement] after
** pStmt associated with the [database connection] pDb. ^If pStmt is NULL
** then this interface returns a pointer to the first prepared statement
** associated with the database connection pDb. ^If no prepared statement
** satisfies the conditions of this routine, it returns NULL.
**
** The [database connection] pointer D in a call to
** [sqlite3_next_stmt(D,S)] must refer to an open database
** connection and in particular must not be a NULL pointer.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_stmt *sqlite3_next_stmt(sqlite3 *pDb, sqlite3_stmt *pStmt);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Commit And Rollback Notification Callbacks
**
** ^The sqlite3_commit_hook() interface registers a callback
** function to be invoked whenever a transaction is [COMMIT | committed].
** ^Any callback set by a previous call to sqlite3_commit_hook()
** for the same database connection is overridden.
** ^The sqlite3_rollback_hook() interface registers a callback
** function to be invoked whenever a transaction is [ROLLBACK | rolled back].
** ^Any callback set by a previous call to sqlite3_rollback_hook()
** for the same database connection is overridden.
** ^The pArg argument is passed through to the callback.
** ^If the callback on a commit hook function returns non-zero,
** then the commit is converted into a rollback.
**
** ^The sqlite3_commit_hook(D,C,P) and sqlite3_rollback_hook(D,C,P) functions
** return the P argument from the previous call of the same function
** on the same [database connection] D, or NULL for
** the first call for each function on D.
**
** The commit and rollback hook callbacks are not reentrant.
** The callback implementation must not do anything that will modify
** the database connection that invoked the callback. Any actions
** to modify the database connection must be deferred until after the
** completion of the [sqlite3_step()] call that triggered the commit
** or rollback hook in the first place.
** Note that running any other SQL statements, including SELECT statements,
** or merely calling [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] and [sqlite3_step()] will modify
** the database connections for the meaning of "modify" in this paragraph.
**
** ^Registering a NULL function disables the callback.
**
** ^When the commit hook callback routine returns zero, the [COMMIT]
** operation is allowed to continue normally. ^If the commit hook
** returns non-zero, then the [COMMIT] is converted into a [ROLLBACK].
** ^The rollback hook is invoked on a rollback that results from a commit
** hook returning non-zero, just as it would be with any other rollback.
**
** ^For the purposes of this API, a transaction is said to have been
** rolled back if an explicit "ROLLBACK" statement is executed, or
** an error or constraint causes an implicit rollback to occur.
** ^The rollback callback is not invoked if a transaction is
** automatically rolled back because the database connection is closed.
**
** See also the [sqlite3_update_hook()] interface.
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_commit_hook(sqlite3*, int(*)(void*), void*);
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_rollback_hook(sqlite3*, void(*)(void *), void*);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Data Change Notification Callbacks
**
** ^The sqlite3_update_hook() interface registers a callback function
** with the [database connection] identified by the first argument
** to be invoked whenever a row is updated, inserted or deleted in
** a rowid table.
** ^Any callback set by a previous call to this function
** for the same database connection is overridden.
**
** ^The second argument is a pointer to the function to invoke when a
** row is updated, inserted or deleted in a rowid table.
** ^The first argument to the callback is a copy of the third argument
** to sqlite3_update_hook().
** ^The second callback argument is one of [SQLITE_INSERT], [SQLITE_DELETE],
** or [SQLITE_UPDATE], depending on the operation that caused the callback
** to be invoked.
** ^The third and fourth arguments to the callback contain pointers to the
** database and table name containing the affected row.
** ^The final callback parameter is the [rowid] of the row.
** ^In the case of an update, this is the [rowid] after the update takes place.
**
** ^(The update hook is not invoked when internal system tables are
** modified (i.e. sqlite_master and sqlite_sequence).)^
** ^The update hook is not invoked when [WITHOUT ROWID] tables are modified.
**
** ^In the current implementation, the update hook
** is not invoked when duplication rows are deleted because of an
** [ON CONFLICT | ON CONFLICT REPLACE] clause. ^Nor is the update hook
** invoked when rows are deleted using the [truncate optimization].
** The exceptions defined in this paragraph might change in a future
** release of SQLite.
**
** The update hook implementation must not do anything that will modify
** the database connection that invoked the update hook. Any actions
** to modify the database connection must be deferred until after the
** completion of the [sqlite3_step()] call that triggered the update hook.
** Note that [sqlite3_prepare_v2()] and [sqlite3_step()] both modify their
** database connections for the meaning of "modify" in this paragraph.
**
** ^The sqlite3_update_hook(D,C,P) function
** returns the P argument from the previous call
** on the same [database connection] D, or NULL for
** the first call on D.
**
** See also the [sqlite3_commit_hook()] and [sqlite3_rollback_hook()]
** interfaces.
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_update_hook(
sqlite3*,
void(*)(void *,int ,char const *,char const *,sqlite3_int64),
void*
);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Enable Or Disable Shared Pager Cache
**
** ^(This routine enables or disables the sharing of the database cache
** and schema data structures between [database connection | connections]
** to the same database. Sharing is enabled if the argument is true
** and disabled if the argument is false.)^
**
** ^Cache sharing is enabled and disabled for an entire process.
** This is a change as of SQLite version 3.5.0. In prior versions of SQLite,
** sharing was enabled or disabled for each thread separately.
**
** ^(The cache sharing mode set by this interface effects all subsequent
** calls to [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open_v2()], and [sqlite3_open16()].
** Existing database connections continue use the sharing mode
** that was in effect at the time they were opened.)^
**
** ^(This routine returns [SQLITE_OK] if shared cache was enabled or disabled
** successfully. An [error code] is returned otherwise.)^
**
** ^Shared cache is disabled by default. But this might change in
** future releases of SQLite. Applications that care about shared
** cache setting should set it explicitly.
**
** This interface is threadsafe on processors where writing a
** 32-bit integer is atomic.
**
** See Also: [SQLite Shared-Cache Mode]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_enable_shared_cache(int);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Attempt To Free Heap Memory
**
** ^The sqlite3_release_memory() interface attempts to free N bytes
** of heap memory by deallocating non-essential memory allocations
** held by the database library. Memory used to cache database
** pages to improve performance is an example of non-essential memory.
** ^sqlite3_release_memory() returns the number of bytes actually freed,
** which might be more or less than the amount requested.
** ^The sqlite3_release_memory() routine is a no-op returning zero
** if SQLite is not compiled with [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT].
**
** See also: [sqlite3_db_release_memory()]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_release_memory(int);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Free Memory Used By A Database Connection
**
** ^The sqlite3_db_release_memory(D) interface attempts to free as much heap
** memory as possible from database connection D. Unlike the
** [sqlite3_release_memory()] interface, this interface is in effect even
** when the [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT] compile-time option is
** omitted.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_release_memory()]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_db_release_memory(sqlite3*);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Impose A Limit On Heap Size
**
** ^The sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64() interface sets and/or queries the
** soft limit on the amount of heap memory that may be allocated by SQLite.
** ^SQLite strives to keep heap memory utilization below the soft heap
** limit by reducing the number of pages held in the page cache
** as heap memory usages approaches the limit.
** ^The soft heap limit is "soft" because even though SQLite strives to stay
** below the limit, it will exceed the limit rather than generate
** an [SQLITE_NOMEM] error. In other words, the soft heap limit
** is advisory only.
**
** ^The return value from sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64() is the size of
** the soft heap limit prior to the call, or negative in the case of an
** error. ^If the argument N is negative
** then no change is made to the soft heap limit. Hence, the current
** size of the soft heap limit can be determined by invoking
** sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64() with a negative argument.
**
** ^If the argument N is zero then the soft heap limit is disabled.
**
** ^(The soft heap limit is not enforced in the current implementation
** if one or more of following conditions are true:
**
** <ul>
** <li> The soft heap limit is set to zero.
** <li> Memory accounting is disabled using a combination of the
** [sqlite3_config]([SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS],...) start-time option and
** the [SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS] compile-time option.
** <li> An alternative page cache implementation is specified using
** [sqlite3_config]([SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2],...).
** <li> The page cache allocates from its own memory pool supplied
** by [sqlite3_config]([SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE],...) rather than
** from the heap.
** </ul>)^
**
** Beginning with SQLite version 3.7.3, the soft heap limit is enforced
** regardless of whether or not the [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT]
** compile-time option is invoked. With [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT],
** the soft heap limit is enforced on every memory allocation. Without
** [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT], the soft heap limit is only enforced
** when memory is allocated by the page cache. Testing suggests that because
** the page cache is the predominate memory user in SQLite, most
** applications will achieve adequate soft heap limit enforcement without
** the use of [SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT].
**
** The circumstances under which SQLite will enforce the soft heap limit may
** changes in future releases of SQLite.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64(sqlite3_int64 N);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Deprecated Soft Heap Limit Interface
** DEPRECATED
**
** This is a deprecated version of the [sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64()]
** interface. This routine is provided for historical compatibility
** only. All new applications should use the
** [sqlite3_soft_heap_limit64()] interface rather than this one.
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_DEPRECATED void sqlite3_soft_heap_limit(int N);
 
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Extract Metadata About A Column Of A Table
**
** ^This routine returns metadata about a specific column of a specific
** database table accessible using the [database connection] handle
** passed as the first function argument.
**
** ^The column is identified by the second, third and fourth parameters to
** this function. ^The second parameter is either the name of the database
** (i.e. "main", "temp", or an attached database) containing the specified
** table or NULL. ^If it is NULL, then all attached databases are searched
** for the table using the same algorithm used by the database engine to
** resolve unqualified table references.
**
** ^The third and fourth parameters to this function are the table and column
** name of the desired column, respectively. Neither of these parameters
** may be NULL.
**
** ^Metadata is returned by writing to the memory locations passed as the 5th
** and subsequent parameters to this function. ^Any of these arguments may be
** NULL, in which case the corresponding element of metadata is omitted.
**
** ^(<blockquote>
** <table border="1">
** <tr><th> Parameter <th> Output<br>Type <th> Description
**
** <tr><td> 5th <td> const char* <td> Data type
** <tr><td> 6th <td> const char* <td> Name of default collation sequence
** <tr><td> 7th <td> int <td> True if column has a NOT NULL constraint
** <tr><td> 8th <td> int <td> True if column is part of the PRIMARY KEY
** <tr><td> 9th <td> int <td> True if column is [AUTOINCREMENT]
** </table>
** </blockquote>)^
**
** ^The memory pointed to by the character pointers returned for the
** declaration type and collation sequence is valid only until the next
** call to any SQLite API function.
**
** ^If the specified table is actually a view, an [error code] is returned.
**
** ^If the specified column is "rowid", "oid" or "_rowid_" and an
** [INTEGER PRIMARY KEY] column has been explicitly declared, then the output
** parameters are set for the explicitly declared column. ^(If there is no
** explicitly declared [INTEGER PRIMARY KEY] column, then the output
** parameters are set as follows:
**
** <pre>
** data type: "INTEGER"
** collation sequence: "BINARY"
** not null: 0
** primary key: 1
** auto increment: 0
** </pre>)^
**
** ^(This function may load one or more schemas from database files. If an
** error occurs during this process, or if the requested table or column
** cannot be found, an [error code] is returned and an error message left
** in the [database connection] (to be retrieved using sqlite3_errmsg()).)^
**
** ^This API is only available if the library was compiled with the
** [SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA] C-preprocessor symbol defined.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_table_column_metadata(
sqlite3 *db, /* Connection handle */
const char *zDbName, /* Database name or NULL */
const char *zTableName, /* Table name */
const char *zColumnName, /* Column name */
char const **pzDataType, /* OUTPUT: Declared data type */
char const **pzCollSeq, /* OUTPUT: Collation sequence name */
int *pNotNull, /* OUTPUT: True if NOT NULL constraint exists */
int *pPrimaryKey, /* OUTPUT: True if column part of PK */
int *pAutoinc /* OUTPUT: True if column is auto-increment */
);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Load An Extension
**
** ^This interface loads an SQLite extension library from the named file.
**
** ^The sqlite3_load_extension() interface attempts to load an
** [SQLite extension] library contained in the file zFile. If
** the file cannot be loaded directly, attempts are made to load
** with various operating-system specific extensions added.
** So for example, if "samplelib" cannot be loaded, then names like
** "samplelib.so" or "samplelib.dylib" or "samplelib.dll" might
** be tried also.
**
** ^The entry point is zProc.
** ^(zProc may be 0, in which case SQLite will try to come up with an
** entry point name on its own. It first tries "sqlite3_extension_init".
** If that does not work, it constructs a name "sqlite3_X_init" where the
** X is consists of the lower-case equivalent of all ASCII alphabetic
** characters in the filename from the last "/" to the first following
** "." and omitting any initial "lib".)^
** ^The sqlite3_load_extension() interface returns
** [SQLITE_OK] on success and [SQLITE_ERROR] if something goes wrong.
** ^If an error occurs and pzErrMsg is not 0, then the
** [sqlite3_load_extension()] interface shall attempt to
** fill *pzErrMsg with error message text stored in memory
** obtained from [sqlite3_malloc()]. The calling function
** should free this memory by calling [sqlite3_free()].
**
** ^Extension loading must be enabled using
** [sqlite3_enable_load_extension()] prior to calling this API,
** otherwise an error will be returned.
**
** See also the [load_extension() SQL function].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_load_extension(
sqlite3 *db, /* Load the extension into this database connection */
const char *zFile, /* Name of the shared library containing extension */
const char *zProc, /* Entry point. Derived from zFile if 0 */
char **pzErrMsg /* Put error message here if not 0 */
);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Enable Or Disable Extension Loading
**
** ^So as not to open security holes in older applications that are
** unprepared to deal with [extension loading], and as a means of disabling
** [extension loading] while evaluating user-entered SQL, the following API
** is provided to turn the [sqlite3_load_extension()] mechanism on and off.
**
** ^Extension loading is off by default.
** ^Call the sqlite3_enable_load_extension() routine with onoff==1
** to turn extension loading on and call it with onoff==0 to turn
** it back off again.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_enable_load_extension(sqlite3 *db, int onoff);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Automatically Load Statically Linked Extensions
**
** ^This interface causes the xEntryPoint() function to be invoked for
** each new [database connection] that is created. The idea here is that
** xEntryPoint() is the entry point for a statically linked [SQLite extension]
** that is to be automatically loaded into all new database connections.
**
** ^(Even though the function prototype shows that xEntryPoint() takes
** no arguments and returns void, SQLite invokes xEntryPoint() with three
** arguments and expects and integer result as if the signature of the
** entry point where as follows:
**
** <blockquote><pre>
** &nbsp; int xEntryPoint(
** &nbsp; sqlite3 *db,
** &nbsp; const char **pzErrMsg,
** &nbsp; const struct sqlite3_api_routines *pThunk
** &nbsp; );
** </pre></blockquote>)^
**
** If the xEntryPoint routine encounters an error, it should make *pzErrMsg
** point to an appropriate error message (obtained from [sqlite3_mprintf()])
** and return an appropriate [error code]. ^SQLite ensures that *pzErrMsg
** is NULL before calling the xEntryPoint(). ^SQLite will invoke
** [sqlite3_free()] on *pzErrMsg after xEntryPoint() returns. ^If any
** xEntryPoint() returns an error, the [sqlite3_open()], [sqlite3_open16()],
** or [sqlite3_open_v2()] call that provoked the xEntryPoint() will fail.
**
** ^Calling sqlite3_auto_extension(X) with an entry point X that is already
** on the list of automatic extensions is a harmless no-op. ^No entry point
** will be called more than once for each database connection that is opened.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_reset_auto_extension()]
** and [sqlite3_cancel_auto_extension()]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_auto_extension(void (*xEntryPoint)(void));
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Cancel Automatic Extension Loading
**
** ^The [sqlite3_cancel_auto_extension(X)] interface unregisters the
** initialization routine X that was registered using a prior call to
** [sqlite3_auto_extension(X)]. ^The [sqlite3_cancel_auto_extension(X)]
** routine returns 1 if initialization routine X was successfully
** unregistered and it returns 0 if X was not on the list of initialization
** routines.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_cancel_auto_extension(void (*xEntryPoint)(void));
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Reset Automatic Extension Loading
**
** ^This interface disables all automatic extensions previously
** registered using [sqlite3_auto_extension()].
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_reset_auto_extension(void);
 
/*
** The interface to the virtual-table mechanism is currently considered
** to be experimental. The interface might change in incompatible ways.
** If this is a problem for you, do not use the interface at this time.
**
** When the virtual-table mechanism stabilizes, we will declare the
** interface fixed, support it indefinitely, and remove this comment.
*/
 
/*
** Structures used by the virtual table interface
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_vtab sqlite3_vtab;
typedef struct sqlite3_index_info sqlite3_index_info;
typedef struct sqlite3_vtab_cursor sqlite3_vtab_cursor;
typedef struct sqlite3_module sqlite3_module;
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Object
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_module {virtual table module}
**
** This structure, sometimes called a "virtual table module",
** defines the implementation of a [virtual tables].
** This structure consists mostly of methods for the module.
**
** ^A virtual table module is created by filling in a persistent
** instance of this structure and passing a pointer to that instance
** to [sqlite3_create_module()] or [sqlite3_create_module_v2()].
** ^The registration remains valid until it is replaced by a different
** module or until the [database connection] closes. The content
** of this structure must not change while it is registered with
** any database connection.
*/
struct sqlite3_module {
int iVersion;
int (*xCreate)(sqlite3*, void *pAux,
int argc, const char *const*argv,
sqlite3_vtab **ppVTab, char**);
int (*xConnect)(sqlite3*, void *pAux,
int argc, const char *const*argv,
sqlite3_vtab **ppVTab, char**);
int (*xBestIndex)(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab, sqlite3_index_info*);
int (*xDisconnect)(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab);
int (*xDestroy)(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab);
int (*xOpen)(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab, sqlite3_vtab_cursor **ppCursor);
int (*xClose)(sqlite3_vtab_cursor*);
int (*xFilter)(sqlite3_vtab_cursor*, int idxNum, const char *idxStr,
int argc, sqlite3_value **argv);
int (*xNext)(sqlite3_vtab_cursor*);
int (*xEof)(sqlite3_vtab_cursor*);
int (*xColumn)(sqlite3_vtab_cursor*, sqlite3_context*, int);
int (*xRowid)(sqlite3_vtab_cursor*, sqlite3_int64 *pRowid);
int (*xUpdate)(sqlite3_vtab *, int, sqlite3_value **, sqlite3_int64 *);
int (*xBegin)(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab);
int (*xSync)(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab);
int (*xCommit)(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab);
int (*xRollback)(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab);
int (*xFindFunction)(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab, int nArg, const char *zName,
void (**pxFunc)(sqlite3_context*,int,sqlite3_value**),
void **ppArg);
int (*xRename)(sqlite3_vtab *pVtab, const char *zNew);
/* The methods above are in version 1 of the sqlite_module object. Those
** below are for version 2 and greater. */
int (*xSavepoint)(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab, int);
int (*xRelease)(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab, int);
int (*xRollbackTo)(sqlite3_vtab *pVTab, int);
};
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Indexing Information
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_index_info
**
** The sqlite3_index_info structure and its substructures is used as part
** of the [virtual table] interface to
** pass information into and receive the reply from the [xBestIndex]
** method of a [virtual table module]. The fields under **Inputs** are the
** inputs to xBestIndex and are read-only. xBestIndex inserts its
** results into the **Outputs** fields.
**
** ^(The aConstraint[] array records WHERE clause constraints of the form:
**
** <blockquote>column OP expr</blockquote>
**
** where OP is =, &lt;, &lt;=, &gt;, or &gt;=.)^ ^(The particular operator is
** stored in aConstraint[].op using one of the
** [SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ | SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_ values].)^
** ^(The index of the column is stored in
** aConstraint[].iColumn.)^ ^(aConstraint[].usable is TRUE if the
** expr on the right-hand side can be evaluated (and thus the constraint
** is usable) and false if it cannot.)^
**
** ^The optimizer automatically inverts terms of the form "expr OP column"
** and makes other simplifications to the WHERE clause in an attempt to
** get as many WHERE clause terms into the form shown above as possible.
** ^The aConstraint[] array only reports WHERE clause terms that are
** relevant to the particular virtual table being queried.
**
** ^Information about the ORDER BY clause is stored in aOrderBy[].
** ^Each term of aOrderBy records a column of the ORDER BY clause.
**
** The [xBestIndex] method must fill aConstraintUsage[] with information
** about what parameters to pass to xFilter. ^If argvIndex>0 then
** the right-hand side of the corresponding aConstraint[] is evaluated
** and becomes the argvIndex-th entry in argv. ^(If aConstraintUsage[].omit
** is true, then the constraint is assumed to be fully handled by the
** virtual table and is not checked again by SQLite.)^
**
** ^The idxNum and idxPtr values are recorded and passed into the
** [xFilter] method.
** ^[sqlite3_free()] is used to free idxPtr if and only if
** needToFreeIdxPtr is true.
**
** ^The orderByConsumed means that output from [xFilter]/[xNext] will occur in
** the correct order to satisfy the ORDER BY clause so that no separate
** sorting step is required.
**
** ^The estimatedCost value is an estimate of the cost of a particular
** strategy. A cost of N indicates that the cost of the strategy is similar
** to a linear scan of an SQLite table with N rows. A cost of log(N)
** indicates that the expense of the operation is similar to that of a
** binary search on a unique indexed field of an SQLite table with N rows.
**
** ^The estimatedRows value is an estimate of the number of rows that
** will be returned by the strategy.
**
** IMPORTANT: The estimatedRows field was added to the sqlite3_index_info
** structure for SQLite version 3.8.2. If a virtual table extension is
** used with an SQLite version earlier than 3.8.2, the results of attempting
** to read or write the estimatedRows field are undefined (but are likely
** to included crashing the application). The estimatedRows field should
** therefore only be used if [sqlite3_libversion_number()] returns a
** value greater than or equal to 3008002.
*/
struct sqlite3_index_info {
/* Inputs */
int nConstraint; /* Number of entries in aConstraint */
struct sqlite3_index_constraint {
int iColumn; /* Column on left-hand side of constraint */
unsigned char op; /* Constraint operator */
unsigned char usable; /* True if this constraint is usable */
int iTermOffset; /* Used internally - xBestIndex should ignore */
} *aConstraint; /* Table of WHERE clause constraints */
int nOrderBy; /* Number of terms in the ORDER BY clause */
struct sqlite3_index_orderby {
int iColumn; /* Column number */
unsigned char desc; /* True for DESC. False for ASC. */
} *aOrderBy; /* The ORDER BY clause */
/* Outputs */
struct sqlite3_index_constraint_usage {
int argvIndex; /* if >0, constraint is part of argv to xFilter */
unsigned char omit; /* Do not code a test for this constraint */
} *aConstraintUsage;
int idxNum; /* Number used to identify the index */
char *idxStr; /* String, possibly obtained from sqlite3_malloc */
int needToFreeIdxStr; /* Free idxStr using sqlite3_free() if true */
int orderByConsumed; /* True if output is already ordered */
double estimatedCost; /* Estimated cost of using this index */
/* Fields below are only available in SQLite 3.8.2 and later */
sqlite3_int64 estimatedRows; /* Estimated number of rows returned */
};
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Constraint Operator Codes
**
** These macros defined the allowed values for the
** [sqlite3_index_info].aConstraint[].op field. Each value represents
** an operator that is part of a constraint term in the wHERE clause of
** a query that uses a [virtual table].
*/
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_EQ 2
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GT 4
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LE 8
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_LT 16
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_GE 32
#define SQLITE_INDEX_CONSTRAINT_MATCH 64
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Register A Virtual Table Implementation
**
** ^These routines are used to register a new [virtual table module] name.
** ^Module names must be registered before
** creating a new [virtual table] using the module and before using a
** preexisting [virtual table] for the module.
**
** ^The module name is registered on the [database connection] specified
** by the first parameter. ^The name of the module is given by the
** second parameter. ^The third parameter is a pointer to
** the implementation of the [virtual table module]. ^The fourth
** parameter is an arbitrary client data pointer that is passed through
** into the [xCreate] and [xConnect] methods of the virtual table module
** when a new virtual table is be being created or reinitialized.
**
** ^The sqlite3_create_module_v2() interface has a fifth parameter which
** is a pointer to a destructor for the pClientData. ^SQLite will
** invoke the destructor function (if it is not NULL) when SQLite
** no longer needs the pClientData pointer. ^The destructor will also
** be invoked if the call to sqlite3_create_module_v2() fails.
** ^The sqlite3_create_module()
** interface is equivalent to sqlite3_create_module_v2() with a NULL
** destructor.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_module(
sqlite3 *db, /* SQLite connection to register module with */
const char *zName, /* Name of the module */
const sqlite3_module *p, /* Methods for the module */
void *pClientData /* Client data for xCreate/xConnect */
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_create_module_v2(
sqlite3 *db, /* SQLite connection to register module with */
const char *zName, /* Name of the module */
const sqlite3_module *p, /* Methods for the module */
void *pClientData, /* Client data for xCreate/xConnect */
void(*xDestroy)(void*) /* Module destructor function */
);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Instance Object
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_vtab
**
** Every [virtual table module] implementation uses a subclass
** of this object to describe a particular instance
** of the [virtual table]. Each subclass will
** be tailored to the specific needs of the module implementation.
** The purpose of this superclass is to define certain fields that are
** common to all module implementations.
**
** ^Virtual tables methods can set an error message by assigning a
** string obtained from [sqlite3_mprintf()] to zErrMsg. The method should
** take care that any prior string is freed by a call to [sqlite3_free()]
** prior to assigning a new string to zErrMsg. ^After the error message
** is delivered up to the client application, the string will be automatically
** freed by sqlite3_free() and the zErrMsg field will be zeroed.
*/
struct sqlite3_vtab {
const sqlite3_module *pModule; /* The module for this virtual table */
int nRef; /* NO LONGER USED */
char *zErrMsg; /* Error message from sqlite3_mprintf() */
/* Virtual table implementations will typically add additional fields */
};
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Cursor Object
** KEYWORDS: sqlite3_vtab_cursor {virtual table cursor}
**
** Every [virtual table module] implementation uses a subclass of the
** following structure to describe cursors that point into the
** [virtual table] and are used
** to loop through the virtual table. Cursors are created using the
** [sqlite3_module.xOpen | xOpen] method of the module and are destroyed
** by the [sqlite3_module.xClose | xClose] method. Cursors are used
** by the [xFilter], [xNext], [xEof], [xColumn], and [xRowid] methods
** of the module. Each module implementation will define
** the content of a cursor structure to suit its own needs.
**
** This superclass exists in order to define fields of the cursor that
** are common to all implementations.
*/
struct sqlite3_vtab_cursor {
sqlite3_vtab *pVtab; /* Virtual table of this cursor */
/* Virtual table implementations will typically add additional fields */
};
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Declare The Schema Of A Virtual Table
**
** ^The [xCreate] and [xConnect] methods of a
** [virtual table module] call this interface
** to declare the format (the names and datatypes of the columns) of
** the virtual tables they implement.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_declare_vtab(sqlite3*, const char *zSQL);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Overload A Function For A Virtual Table
**
** ^(Virtual tables can provide alternative implementations of functions
** using the [xFindFunction] method of the [virtual table module].
** But global versions of those functions
** must exist in order to be overloaded.)^
**
** ^(This API makes sure a global version of a function with a particular
** name and number of parameters exists. If no such function exists
** before this API is called, a new function is created.)^ ^The implementation
** of the new function always causes an exception to be thrown. So
** the new function is not good for anything by itself. Its only
** purpose is to be a placeholder function that can be overloaded
** by a [virtual table].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_overload_function(sqlite3*, const char *zFuncName, int nArg);
 
/*
** The interface to the virtual-table mechanism defined above (back up
** to a comment remarkably similar to this one) is currently considered
** to be experimental. The interface might change in incompatible ways.
** If this is a problem for you, do not use the interface at this time.
**
** When the virtual-table mechanism stabilizes, we will declare the
** interface fixed, support it indefinitely, and remove this comment.
*/
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: A Handle To An Open BLOB
** KEYWORDS: {BLOB handle} {BLOB handles}
**
** An instance of this object represents an open BLOB on which
** [sqlite3_blob_open | incremental BLOB I/O] can be performed.
** ^Objects of this type are created by [sqlite3_blob_open()]
** and destroyed by [sqlite3_blob_close()].
** ^The [sqlite3_blob_read()] and [sqlite3_blob_write()] interfaces
** can be used to read or write small subsections of the BLOB.
** ^The [sqlite3_blob_bytes()] interface returns the size of the BLOB in bytes.
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_blob sqlite3_blob;
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Open A BLOB For Incremental I/O
**
** ^(This interfaces opens a [BLOB handle | handle] to the BLOB located
** in row iRow, column zColumn, table zTable in database zDb;
** in other words, the same BLOB that would be selected by:
**
** <pre>
** SELECT zColumn FROM zDb.zTable WHERE [rowid] = iRow;
** </pre>)^
**
** ^If the flags parameter is non-zero, then the BLOB is opened for read
** and write access. ^If it is zero, the BLOB is opened for read access.
** ^It is not possible to open a column that is part of an index or primary
** key for writing. ^If [foreign key constraints] are enabled, it is
** not possible to open a column that is part of a [child key] for writing.
**
** ^Note that the database name is not the filename that contains
** the database but rather the symbolic name of the database that
** appears after the AS keyword when the database is connected using [ATTACH].
** ^For the main database file, the database name is "main".
** ^For TEMP tables, the database name is "temp".
**
** ^(On success, [SQLITE_OK] is returned and the new [BLOB handle] is written
** to *ppBlob. Otherwise an [error code] is returned and *ppBlob is set
** to be a null pointer.)^
** ^This function sets the [database connection] error code and message
** accessible via [sqlite3_errcode()] and [sqlite3_errmsg()] and related
** functions. ^Note that the *ppBlob variable is always initialized in a
** way that makes it safe to invoke [sqlite3_blob_close()] on *ppBlob
** regardless of the success or failure of this routine.
**
** ^(If the row that a BLOB handle points to is modified by an
** [UPDATE], [DELETE], or by [ON CONFLICT] side-effects
** then the BLOB handle is marked as "expired".
** This is true if any column of the row is changed, even a column
** other than the one the BLOB handle is open on.)^
** ^Calls to [sqlite3_blob_read()] and [sqlite3_blob_write()] for
** an expired BLOB handle fail with a return code of [SQLITE_ABORT].
** ^(Changes written into a BLOB prior to the BLOB expiring are not
** rolled back by the expiration of the BLOB. Such changes will eventually
** commit if the transaction continues to completion.)^
**
** ^Use the [sqlite3_blob_bytes()] interface to determine the size of
** the opened blob. ^The size of a blob may not be changed by this
** interface. Use the [UPDATE] SQL command to change the size of a
** blob.
**
** ^The [sqlite3_blob_open()] interface will fail for a [WITHOUT ROWID]
** table. Incremental BLOB I/O is not possible on [WITHOUT ROWID] tables.
**
** ^The [sqlite3_bind_zeroblob()] and [sqlite3_result_zeroblob()] interfaces
** and the built-in [zeroblob] SQL function can be used, if desired,
** to create an empty, zero-filled blob in which to read or write using
** this interface.
**
** To avoid a resource leak, every open [BLOB handle] should eventually
** be released by a call to [sqlite3_blob_close()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_open(
sqlite3*,
const char *zDb,
const char *zTable,
const char *zColumn,
sqlite3_int64 iRow,
int flags,
sqlite3_blob **ppBlob
);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Move a BLOB Handle to a New Row
**
** ^This function is used to move an existing blob handle so that it points
** to a different row of the same database table. ^The new row is identified
** by the rowid value passed as the second argument. Only the row can be
** changed. ^The database, table and column on which the blob handle is open
** remain the same. Moving an existing blob handle to a new row can be
** faster than closing the existing handle and opening a new one.
**
** ^(The new row must meet the same criteria as for [sqlite3_blob_open()] -
** it must exist and there must be either a blob or text value stored in
** the nominated column.)^ ^If the new row is not present in the table, or if
** it does not contain a blob or text value, or if another error occurs, an
** SQLite error code is returned and the blob handle is considered aborted.
** ^All subsequent calls to [sqlite3_blob_read()], [sqlite3_blob_write()] or
** [sqlite3_blob_reopen()] on an aborted blob handle immediately return
** SQLITE_ABORT. ^Calling [sqlite3_blob_bytes()] on an aborted blob handle
** always returns zero.
**
** ^This function sets the database handle error code and message.
*/
SQLITE_API SQLITE_EXPERIMENTAL int sqlite3_blob_reopen(sqlite3_blob *, sqlite3_int64);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Close A BLOB Handle
**
** ^Closes an open [BLOB handle].
**
** ^Closing a BLOB shall cause the current transaction to commit
** if there are no other BLOBs, no pending prepared statements, and the
** database connection is in [autocommit mode].
** ^If any writes were made to the BLOB, they might be held in cache
** until the close operation if they will fit.
**
** ^(Closing the BLOB often forces the changes
** out to disk and so if any I/O errors occur, they will likely occur
** at the time when the BLOB is closed. Any errors that occur during
** closing are reported as a non-zero return value.)^
**
** ^(The BLOB is closed unconditionally. Even if this routine returns
** an error code, the BLOB is still closed.)^
**
** ^Calling this routine with a null pointer (such as would be returned
** by a failed call to [sqlite3_blob_open()]) is a harmless no-op.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_close(sqlite3_blob *);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Return The Size Of An Open BLOB
**
** ^Returns the size in bytes of the BLOB accessible via the
** successfully opened [BLOB handle] in its only argument. ^The
** incremental blob I/O routines can only read or overwriting existing
** blob content; they cannot change the size of a blob.
**
** This routine only works on a [BLOB handle] which has been created
** by a prior successful call to [sqlite3_blob_open()] and which has not
** been closed by [sqlite3_blob_close()]. Passing any other pointer in
** to this routine results in undefined and probably undesirable behavior.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_bytes(sqlite3_blob *);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Read Data From A BLOB Incrementally
**
** ^(This function is used to read data from an open [BLOB handle] into a
** caller-supplied buffer. N bytes of data are copied into buffer Z
** from the open BLOB, starting at offset iOffset.)^
**
** ^If offset iOffset is less than N bytes from the end of the BLOB,
** [SQLITE_ERROR] is returned and no data is read. ^If N or iOffset is
** less than zero, [SQLITE_ERROR] is returned and no data is read.
** ^The size of the blob (and hence the maximum value of N+iOffset)
** can be determined using the [sqlite3_blob_bytes()] interface.
**
** ^An attempt to read from an expired [BLOB handle] fails with an
** error code of [SQLITE_ABORT].
**
** ^(On success, sqlite3_blob_read() returns SQLITE_OK.
** Otherwise, an [error code] or an [extended error code] is returned.)^
**
** This routine only works on a [BLOB handle] which has been created
** by a prior successful call to [sqlite3_blob_open()] and which has not
** been closed by [sqlite3_blob_close()]. Passing any other pointer in
** to this routine results in undefined and probably undesirable behavior.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_blob_write()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_read(sqlite3_blob *, void *Z, int N, int iOffset);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Write Data Into A BLOB Incrementally
**
** ^This function is used to write data into an open [BLOB handle] from a
** caller-supplied buffer. ^N bytes of data are copied from the buffer Z
** into the open BLOB, starting at offset iOffset.
**
** ^If the [BLOB handle] passed as the first argument was not opened for
** writing (the flags parameter to [sqlite3_blob_open()] was zero),
** this function returns [SQLITE_READONLY].
**
** ^This function may only modify the contents of the BLOB; it is
** not possible to increase the size of a BLOB using this API.
** ^If offset iOffset is less than N bytes from the end of the BLOB,
** [SQLITE_ERROR] is returned and no data is written. ^If N is
** less than zero [SQLITE_ERROR] is returned and no data is written.
** The size of the BLOB (and hence the maximum value of N+iOffset)
** can be determined using the [sqlite3_blob_bytes()] interface.
**
** ^An attempt to write to an expired [BLOB handle] fails with an
** error code of [SQLITE_ABORT]. ^Writes to the BLOB that occurred
** before the [BLOB handle] expired are not rolled back by the
** expiration of the handle, though of course those changes might
** have been overwritten by the statement that expired the BLOB handle
** or by other independent statements.
**
** ^(On success, sqlite3_blob_write() returns SQLITE_OK.
** Otherwise, an [error code] or an [extended error code] is returned.)^
**
** This routine only works on a [BLOB handle] which has been created
** by a prior successful call to [sqlite3_blob_open()] and which has not
** been closed by [sqlite3_blob_close()]. Passing any other pointer in
** to this routine results in undefined and probably undesirable behavior.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_blob_read()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_blob_write(sqlite3_blob *, const void *z, int n, int iOffset);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual File System Objects
**
** A virtual filesystem (VFS) is an [sqlite3_vfs] object
** that SQLite uses to interact
** with the underlying operating system. Most SQLite builds come with a
** single default VFS that is appropriate for the host computer.
** New VFSes can be registered and existing VFSes can be unregistered.
** The following interfaces are provided.
**
** ^The sqlite3_vfs_find() interface returns a pointer to a VFS given its name.
** ^Names are case sensitive.
** ^Names are zero-terminated UTF-8 strings.
** ^If there is no match, a NULL pointer is returned.
** ^If zVfsName is NULL then the default VFS is returned.
**
** ^New VFSes are registered with sqlite3_vfs_register().
** ^Each new VFS becomes the default VFS if the makeDflt flag is set.
** ^The same VFS can be registered multiple times without injury.
** ^To make an existing VFS into the default VFS, register it again
** with the makeDflt flag set. If two different VFSes with the
** same name are registered, the behavior is undefined. If a
** VFS is registered with a name that is NULL or an empty string,
** then the behavior is undefined.
**
** ^Unregister a VFS with the sqlite3_vfs_unregister() interface.
** ^(If the default VFS is unregistered, another VFS is chosen as
** the default. The choice for the new VFS is arbitrary.)^
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_vfs *sqlite3_vfs_find(const char *zVfsName);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vfs_register(sqlite3_vfs*, int makeDflt);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vfs_unregister(sqlite3_vfs*);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutexes
**
** The SQLite core uses these routines for thread
** synchronization. Though they are intended for internal
** use by SQLite, code that links against SQLite is
** permitted to use any of these routines.
**
** The SQLite source code contains multiple implementations
** of these mutex routines. An appropriate implementation
** is selected automatically at compile-time. ^(The following
** implementations are available in the SQLite core:
**
** <ul>
** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_PTHREADS
** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_W32
** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_NOOP
** </ul>)^
**
** ^The SQLITE_MUTEX_NOOP implementation is a set of routines
** that does no real locking and is appropriate for use in
** a single-threaded application. ^The SQLITE_MUTEX_PTHREADS and
** SQLITE_MUTEX_W32 implementations are appropriate for use on Unix
** and Windows.
**
** ^(If SQLite is compiled with the SQLITE_MUTEX_APPDEF preprocessor
** macro defined (with "-DSQLITE_MUTEX_APPDEF=1"), then no mutex
** implementation is included with the library. In this case the
** application must supply a custom mutex implementation using the
** [SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX] option of the sqlite3_config() function
** before calling sqlite3_initialize() or any other public sqlite3_
** function that calls sqlite3_initialize().)^
**
** ^The sqlite3_mutex_alloc() routine allocates a new
** mutex and returns a pointer to it. ^If it returns NULL
** that means that a mutex could not be allocated. ^SQLite
** will unwind its stack and return an error. ^(The argument
** to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() is one of these integer constants:
**
** <ul>
** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST
** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER
** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM
** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN
** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG
** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU
** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM
** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP1
** <li> SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP2
** </ul>)^
**
** ^The first two constants (SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST and SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE)
** cause sqlite3_mutex_alloc() to create
** a new mutex. ^The new mutex is recursive when SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE
** is used but not necessarily so when SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST is used.
** The mutex implementation does not need to make a distinction
** between SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE and SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST if it does
** not want to. ^SQLite will only request a recursive mutex in
** cases where it really needs one. ^If a faster non-recursive mutex
** implementation is available on the host platform, the mutex subsystem
** might return such a mutex in response to SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST.
**
** ^The other allowed parameters to sqlite3_mutex_alloc() (anything other
** than SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST and SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE) each return
** a pointer to a static preexisting mutex. ^Six static mutexes are
** used by the current version of SQLite. Future versions of SQLite
** may add additional static mutexes. Static mutexes are for internal
** use by SQLite only. Applications that use SQLite mutexes should
** use only the dynamic mutexes returned by SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST or
** SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE.
**
** ^Note that if one of the dynamic mutex parameters (SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST
** or SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE) is used then sqlite3_mutex_alloc()
** returns a different mutex on every call. ^But for the static
** mutex types, the same mutex is returned on every call that has
** the same type number.
**
** ^The sqlite3_mutex_free() routine deallocates a previously
** allocated dynamic mutex. ^SQLite is careful to deallocate every
** dynamic mutex that it allocates. The dynamic mutexes must not be in
** use when they are deallocated. Attempting to deallocate a static
** mutex results in undefined behavior. ^SQLite never deallocates
** a static mutex.
**
** ^The sqlite3_mutex_enter() and sqlite3_mutex_try() routines attempt
** to enter a mutex. ^If another thread is already within the mutex,
** sqlite3_mutex_enter() will block and sqlite3_mutex_try() will return
** SQLITE_BUSY. ^The sqlite3_mutex_try() interface returns [SQLITE_OK]
** upon successful entry. ^(Mutexes created using
** SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE can be entered multiple times by the same thread.
** In such cases the,
** mutex must be exited an equal number of times before another thread
** can enter.)^ ^(If the same thread tries to enter any other
** kind of mutex more than once, the behavior is undefined.
** SQLite will never exhibit
** such behavior in its own use of mutexes.)^
**
** ^(Some systems (for example, Windows 95) do not support the operation
** implemented by sqlite3_mutex_try(). On those systems, sqlite3_mutex_try()
** will always return SQLITE_BUSY. The SQLite core only ever uses
** sqlite3_mutex_try() as an optimization so this is acceptable behavior.)^
**
** ^The sqlite3_mutex_leave() routine exits a mutex that was
** previously entered by the same thread. ^(The behavior
** is undefined if the mutex is not currently entered by the
** calling thread or is not currently allocated. SQLite will
** never do either.)^
**
** ^If the argument to sqlite3_mutex_enter(), sqlite3_mutex_try(), or
** sqlite3_mutex_leave() is a NULL pointer, then all three routines
** behave as no-ops.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_mutex_held()] and [sqlite3_mutex_notheld()].
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_mutex *sqlite3_mutex_alloc(int);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_mutex_free(sqlite3_mutex*);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_mutex_enter(sqlite3_mutex*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_mutex_try(sqlite3_mutex*);
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_mutex_leave(sqlite3_mutex*);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Methods Object
**
** An instance of this structure defines the low-level routines
** used to allocate and use mutexes.
**
** Usually, the default mutex implementations provided by SQLite are
** sufficient, however the user has the option of substituting a custom
** implementation for specialized deployments or systems for which SQLite
** does not provide a suitable implementation. In this case, the user
** creates and populates an instance of this structure to pass
** to sqlite3_config() along with the [SQLITE_CONFIG_MUTEX] option.
** Additionally, an instance of this structure can be used as an
** output variable when querying the system for the current mutex
** implementation, using the [SQLITE_CONFIG_GETMUTEX] option.
**
** ^The xMutexInit method defined by this structure is invoked as
** part of system initialization by the sqlite3_initialize() function.
** ^The xMutexInit routine is called by SQLite exactly once for each
** effective call to [sqlite3_initialize()].
**
** ^The xMutexEnd method defined by this structure is invoked as
** part of system shutdown by the sqlite3_shutdown() function. The
** implementation of this method is expected to release all outstanding
** resources obtained by the mutex methods implementation, especially
** those obtained by the xMutexInit method. ^The xMutexEnd()
** interface is invoked exactly once for each call to [sqlite3_shutdown()].
**
** ^(The remaining seven methods defined by this structure (xMutexAlloc,
** xMutexFree, xMutexEnter, xMutexTry, xMutexLeave, xMutexHeld and
** xMutexNotheld) implement the following interfaces (respectively):
**
** <ul>
** <li> [sqlite3_mutex_alloc()] </li>
** <li> [sqlite3_mutex_free()] </li>
** <li> [sqlite3_mutex_enter()] </li>
** <li> [sqlite3_mutex_try()] </li>
** <li> [sqlite3_mutex_leave()] </li>
** <li> [sqlite3_mutex_held()] </li>
** <li> [sqlite3_mutex_notheld()] </li>
** </ul>)^
**
** The only difference is that the public sqlite3_XXX functions enumerated
** above silently ignore any invocations that pass a NULL pointer instead
** of a valid mutex handle. The implementations of the methods defined
** by this structure are not required to handle this case, the results
** of passing a NULL pointer instead of a valid mutex handle are undefined
** (i.e. it is acceptable to provide an implementation that segfaults if
** it is passed a NULL pointer).
**
** The xMutexInit() method must be threadsafe. ^It must be harmless to
** invoke xMutexInit() multiple times within the same process and without
** intervening calls to xMutexEnd(). Second and subsequent calls to
** xMutexInit() must be no-ops.
**
** ^xMutexInit() must not use SQLite memory allocation ([sqlite3_malloc()]
** and its associates). ^Similarly, xMutexAlloc() must not use SQLite memory
** allocation for a static mutex. ^However xMutexAlloc() may use SQLite
** memory allocation for a fast or recursive mutex.
**
** ^SQLite will invoke the xMutexEnd() method when [sqlite3_shutdown()] is
** called, but only if the prior call to xMutexInit returned SQLITE_OK.
** If xMutexInit fails in any way, it is expected to clean up after itself
** prior to returning.
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_mutex_methods sqlite3_mutex_methods;
struct sqlite3_mutex_methods {
int (*xMutexInit)(void);
int (*xMutexEnd)(void);
sqlite3_mutex *(*xMutexAlloc)(int);
void (*xMutexFree)(sqlite3_mutex *);
void (*xMutexEnter)(sqlite3_mutex *);
int (*xMutexTry)(sqlite3_mutex *);
void (*xMutexLeave)(sqlite3_mutex *);
int (*xMutexHeld)(sqlite3_mutex *);
int (*xMutexNotheld)(sqlite3_mutex *);
};
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Verification Routines
**
** The sqlite3_mutex_held() and sqlite3_mutex_notheld() routines
** are intended for use inside assert() statements. ^The SQLite core
** never uses these routines except inside an assert() and applications
** are advised to follow the lead of the core. ^The SQLite core only
** provides implementations for these routines when it is compiled
** with the SQLITE_DEBUG flag. ^External mutex implementations
** are only required to provide these routines if SQLITE_DEBUG is
** defined and if NDEBUG is not defined.
**
** ^These routines should return true if the mutex in their argument
** is held or not held, respectively, by the calling thread.
**
** ^The implementation is not required to provide versions of these
** routines that actually work. If the implementation does not provide working
** versions of these routines, it should at least provide stubs that always
** return true so that one does not get spurious assertion failures.
**
** ^If the argument to sqlite3_mutex_held() is a NULL pointer then
** the routine should return 1. This seems counter-intuitive since
** clearly the mutex cannot be held if it does not exist. But
** the reason the mutex does not exist is because the build is not
** using mutexes. And we do not want the assert() containing the
** call to sqlite3_mutex_held() to fail, so a non-zero return is
** the appropriate thing to do. ^The sqlite3_mutex_notheld()
** interface should also return 1 when given a NULL pointer.
*/
#ifndef NDEBUG
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_mutex_held(sqlite3_mutex*);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_mutex_notheld(sqlite3_mutex*);
#endif
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Mutex Types
**
** The [sqlite3_mutex_alloc()] interface takes a single argument
** which is one of these integer constants.
**
** The set of static mutexes may change from one SQLite release to the
** next. Applications that override the built-in mutex logic must be
** prepared to accommodate additional static mutexes.
*/
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_FAST 0
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_RECURSIVE 1
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MASTER 2
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM 3 /* sqlite3_malloc() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_MEM2 4 /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_OPEN 4 /* sqlite3BtreeOpen() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PRNG 5 /* sqlite3_random() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU 6 /* lru page list */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_LRU2 7 /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_PMEM 7 /* sqlite3PageMalloc() */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP1 8 /* For use by application */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP2 9 /* For use by application */
#define SQLITE_MUTEX_STATIC_APP3 10 /* For use by application */
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Retrieve the mutex for a database connection
**
** ^This interface returns a pointer the [sqlite3_mutex] object that
** serializes access to the [database connection] given in the argument
** when the [threading mode] is Serialized.
** ^If the [threading mode] is Single-thread or Multi-thread then this
** routine returns a NULL pointer.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_mutex *sqlite3_db_mutex(sqlite3*);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Low-Level Control Of Database Files
**
** ^The [sqlite3_file_control()] interface makes a direct call to the
** xFileControl method for the [sqlite3_io_methods] object associated
** with a particular database identified by the second argument. ^The
** name of the database is "main" for the main database or "temp" for the
** TEMP database, or the name that appears after the AS keyword for
** databases that are added using the [ATTACH] SQL command.
** ^A NULL pointer can be used in place of "main" to refer to the
** main database file.
** ^The third and fourth parameters to this routine
** are passed directly through to the second and third parameters of
** the xFileControl method. ^The return value of the xFileControl
** method becomes the return value of this routine.
**
** ^The SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER value for the op parameter causes
** a pointer to the underlying [sqlite3_file] object to be written into
** the space pointed to by the 4th parameter. ^The SQLITE_FCNTL_FILE_POINTER
** case is a short-circuit path which does not actually invoke the
** underlying sqlite3_io_methods.xFileControl method.
**
** ^If the second parameter (zDbName) does not match the name of any
** open database file, then SQLITE_ERROR is returned. ^This error
** code is not remembered and will not be recalled by [sqlite3_errcode()]
** or [sqlite3_errmsg()]. The underlying xFileControl method might
** also return SQLITE_ERROR. There is no way to distinguish between
** an incorrect zDbName and an SQLITE_ERROR return from the underlying
** xFileControl method.
**
** See also: [SQLITE_FCNTL_LOCKSTATE]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_file_control(sqlite3*, const char *zDbName, int op, void*);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Testing Interface
**
** ^The sqlite3_test_control() interface is used to read out internal
** state of SQLite and to inject faults into SQLite for testing
** purposes. ^The first parameter is an operation code that determines
** the number, meaning, and operation of all subsequent parameters.
**
** This interface is not for use by applications. It exists solely
** for verifying the correct operation of the SQLite library. Depending
** on how the SQLite library is compiled, this interface might not exist.
**
** The details of the operation codes, their meanings, the parameters
** they take, and what they do are all subject to change without notice.
** Unlike most of the SQLite API, this function is not guaranteed to
** operate consistently from one release to the next.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_test_control(int op, ...);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Testing Interface Operation Codes
**
** These constants are the valid operation code parameters used
** as the first argument to [sqlite3_test_control()].
**
** These parameters and their meanings are subject to change
** without notice. These values are for testing purposes only.
** Applications should not use any of these parameters or the
** [sqlite3_test_control()] interface.
*/
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_FIRST 5
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PRNG_SAVE 5
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PRNG_RESTORE 6
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PRNG_RESET 7
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BITVEC_TEST 8
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_FAULT_INSTALL 9
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BENIGN_MALLOC_HOOKS 10
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PENDING_BYTE 11
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ASSERT 12
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ALWAYS 13
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_RESERVE 14
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS 15
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISKEYWORD 16
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SCRATCHMALLOC 17
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LOCALTIME_FAULT 18
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT 19 /* NOT USED */
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_NEVER_CORRUPT 20
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_VDBE_COVERAGE 21
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BYTEORDER 22
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISINIT 23
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SORTER_MMAP 24
#define SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LAST 24
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: SQLite Runtime Status
**
** ^This interface is used to retrieve runtime status information
** about the performance of SQLite, and optionally to reset various
** highwater marks. ^The first argument is an integer code for
** the specific parameter to measure. ^(Recognized integer codes
** are of the form [status parameters | SQLITE_STATUS_...].)^
** ^The current value of the parameter is returned into *pCurrent.
** ^The highest recorded value is returned in *pHighwater. ^If the
** resetFlag is true, then the highest record value is reset after
** *pHighwater is written. ^(Some parameters do not record the highest
** value. For those parameters
** nothing is written into *pHighwater and the resetFlag is ignored.)^
** ^(Other parameters record only the highwater mark and not the current
** value. For these latter parameters nothing is written into *pCurrent.)^
**
** ^The sqlite3_status() routine returns SQLITE_OK on success and a
** non-zero [error code] on failure.
**
** This routine is threadsafe but is not atomic. This routine can be
** called while other threads are running the same or different SQLite
** interfaces. However the values returned in *pCurrent and
** *pHighwater reflect the status of SQLite at different points in time
** and it is possible that another thread might change the parameter
** in between the times when *pCurrent and *pHighwater are written.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_db_status()]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_status(int op, int *pCurrent, int *pHighwater, int resetFlag);
 
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Status Parameters
** KEYWORDS: {status parameters}
**
** These integer constants designate various run-time status parameters
** that can be returned by [sqlite3_status()].
**
** <dl>
** [[SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED</dt>
** <dd>This parameter is the current amount of memory checked out
** using [sqlite3_malloc()], either directly or indirectly. The
** figure includes calls made to [sqlite3_malloc()] by the application
** and internal memory usage by the SQLite library. Scratch memory
** controlled by [SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH] and auxiliary page-cache
** memory controlled by [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE] is not included in
** this parameter. The amount returned is the sum of the allocation
** sizes as reported by the xSize method in [sqlite3_mem_methods].</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE</dt>
** <dd>This parameter records the largest memory allocation request
** handed to [sqlite3_malloc()] or [sqlite3_realloc()] (or their
** internal equivalents). Only the value returned in the
** *pHighwater parameter to [sqlite3_status()] is of interest.
** The value written into the *pCurrent parameter is undefined.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_COUNT]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_COUNT</dt>
** <dd>This parameter records the number of separate memory allocations
** currently checked out.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_USED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_USED</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the number of pages used out of the
** [pagecache memory allocator] that was configured using
** [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE]. The
** value returned is in pages, not in bytes.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW]]
** ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the number of bytes of page cache
** allocation which could not be satisfied by the [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE]
** buffer and where forced to overflow to [sqlite3_malloc()]. The
** returned value includes allocations that overflowed because they
** where too large (they were larger than the "sz" parameter to
** [SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE]) and allocations that overflowed because
** no space was left in the page cache.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_SIZE]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_SIZE</dt>
** <dd>This parameter records the largest memory allocation request
** handed to [pagecache memory allocator]. Only the value returned in the
** *pHighwater parameter to [sqlite3_status()] is of interest.
** The value written into the *pCurrent parameter is undefined.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_USED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_USED</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the number of allocations used out of the
** [scratch memory allocator] configured using
** [SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH]. The value returned is in allocations, not
** in bytes. Since a single thread may only have one scratch allocation
** outstanding at time, this parameter also reports the number of threads
** using scratch memory at the same time.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_OVERFLOW]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_OVERFLOW</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the number of bytes of scratch memory
** allocation which could not be satisfied by the [SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH]
** buffer and where forced to overflow to [sqlite3_malloc()]. The values
** returned include overflows because the requested allocation was too
** larger (that is, because the requested allocation was larger than the
** "sz" parameter to [SQLITE_CONFIG_SCRATCH]) and because no scratch buffer
** slots were available.
** </dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_SIZE]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_SIZE</dt>
** <dd>This parameter records the largest memory allocation request
** handed to [scratch memory allocator]. Only the value returned in the
** *pHighwater parameter to [sqlite3_status()] is of interest.
** The value written into the *pCurrent parameter is undefined.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_STATUS_PARSER_STACK]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_STATUS_PARSER_STACK</dt>
** <dd>This parameter records the deepest parser stack. It is only
** meaningful if SQLite is compiled with [YYTRACKMAXSTACKDEPTH].</dd>)^
** </dl>
**
** New status parameters may be added from time to time.
*/
#define SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED 0
#define SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_USED 1
#define SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW 2
#define SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_USED 3
#define SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_OVERFLOW 4
#define SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE 5
#define SQLITE_STATUS_PARSER_STACK 6
#define SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_SIZE 7
#define SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_SIZE 8
#define SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_COUNT 9
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Database Connection Status
**
** ^This interface is used to retrieve runtime status information
** about a single [database connection]. ^The first argument is the
** database connection object to be interrogated. ^The second argument
** is an integer constant, taken from the set of
** [SQLITE_DBSTATUS options], that
** determines the parameter to interrogate. The set of
** [SQLITE_DBSTATUS options] is likely
** to grow in future releases of SQLite.
**
** ^The current value of the requested parameter is written into *pCur
** and the highest instantaneous value is written into *pHiwtr. ^If
** the resetFlg is true, then the highest instantaneous value is
** reset back down to the current value.
**
** ^The sqlite3_db_status() routine returns SQLITE_OK on success and a
** non-zero [error code] on failure.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_status()] and [sqlite3_stmt_status()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_db_status(sqlite3*, int op, int *pCur, int *pHiwtr, int resetFlg);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Status Parameters for database connections
** KEYWORDS: {SQLITE_DBSTATUS options}
**
** These constants are the available integer "verbs" that can be passed as
** the second argument to the [sqlite3_db_status()] interface.
**
** New verbs may be added in future releases of SQLite. Existing verbs
** might be discontinued. Applications should check the return code from
** [sqlite3_db_status()] to make sure that the call worked.
** The [sqlite3_db_status()] interface will return a non-zero error code
** if a discontinued or unsupported verb is invoked.
**
** <dl>
** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the number of lookaside memory slots currently
** checked out.</dd>)^
**
** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_HIT]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_HIT</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the number malloc attempts that were
** satisfied using lookaside memory. Only the high-water value is meaningful;
** the current value is always zero.)^
**
** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_SIZE]]
** ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_SIZE</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the number malloc attempts that might have
** been satisfied using lookaside memory but failed due to the amount of
** memory requested being larger than the lookaside slot size.
** Only the high-water value is meaningful;
** the current value is always zero.)^
**
** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_FULL]]
** ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_FULL</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the number malloc attempts that might have
** been satisfied using lookaside memory but failed due to all lookaside
** memory already being in use.
** Only the high-water value is meaningful;
** the current value is always zero.)^
**
** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the approximate number of bytes of heap
** memory used by all pager caches associated with the database connection.)^
** ^The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED is always 0.
**
** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the approximate number of bytes of heap
** memory used to store the schema for all databases associated
** with the connection - main, temp, and any [ATTACH]-ed databases.)^
** ^The full amount of memory used by the schemas is reported, even if the
** schema memory is shared with other database connections due to
** [shared cache mode] being enabled.
** ^The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED is always 0.
**
** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the approximate number of bytes of heap
** and lookaside memory used by all prepared statements associated with
** the database connection.)^
** ^The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED is always 0.
** </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the number of pager cache hits that have
** occurred.)^ ^The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT
** is always 0.
** </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the number of pager cache misses that have
** occurred.)^ ^The highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS
** is always 0.
** </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns the number of dirty cache entries that have
** been written to disk. Specifically, the number of pages written to the
** wal file in wal mode databases, or the number of pages written to the
** database file in rollback mode databases. Any pages written as part of
** transaction rollback or database recovery operations are not included.
** If an IO or other error occurs while writing a page to disk, the effect
** on subsequent SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE requests is undefined.)^ ^The
** highwater mark associated with SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE is always 0.
** </dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_DBSTATUS_DEFERRED_FKS]] ^(<dt>SQLITE_DBSTATUS_DEFERRED_FKS</dt>
** <dd>This parameter returns zero for the current value if and only if
** all foreign key constraints (deferred or immediate) have been
** resolved.)^ ^The highwater mark is always 0.
** </dd>
** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED 0
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED 1
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED 2
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED 3
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_HIT 4
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_SIZE 5
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_FULL 6
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT 7
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS 8
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE 9
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_DEFERRED_FKS 10
#define SQLITE_DBSTATUS_MAX 10 /* Largest defined DBSTATUS */
 
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Prepared Statement Status
**
** ^(Each prepared statement maintains various
** [SQLITE_STMTSTATUS counters] that measure the number
** of times it has performed specific operations.)^ These counters can
** be used to monitor the performance characteristics of the prepared
** statements. For example, if the number of table steps greatly exceeds
** the number of table searches or result rows, that would tend to indicate
** that the prepared statement is using a full table scan rather than
** an index.
**
** ^(This interface is used to retrieve and reset counter values from
** a [prepared statement]. The first argument is the prepared statement
** object to be interrogated. The second argument
** is an integer code for a specific [SQLITE_STMTSTATUS counter]
** to be interrogated.)^
** ^The current value of the requested counter is returned.
** ^If the resetFlg is true, then the counter is reset to zero after this
** interface call returns.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_status()] and [sqlite3_db_status()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stmt_status(sqlite3_stmt*, int op,int resetFlg);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Status Parameters for prepared statements
** KEYWORDS: {SQLITE_STMTSTATUS counter} {SQLITE_STMTSTATUS counters}
**
** These preprocessor macros define integer codes that name counter
** values associated with the [sqlite3_stmt_status()] interface.
** The meanings of the various counters are as follows:
**
** <dl>
** [[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP]] <dt>SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP</dt>
** <dd>^This is the number of times that SQLite has stepped forward in
** a table as part of a full table scan. Large numbers for this counter
** may indicate opportunities for performance improvement through
** careful use of indices.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_SORT]] <dt>SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_SORT</dt>
** <dd>^This is the number of sort operations that have occurred.
** A non-zero value in this counter may indicate an opportunity to
** improvement performance through careful use of indices.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX]] <dt>SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX</dt>
** <dd>^This is the number of rows inserted into transient indices that
** were created automatically in order to help joins run faster.
** A non-zero value in this counter may indicate an opportunity to
** improvement performance by adding permanent indices that do not
** need to be reinitialized each time the statement is run.</dd>
**
** [[SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_VM_STEP]] <dt>SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_VM_STEP</dt>
** <dd>^This is the number of virtual machine operations executed
** by the prepared statement if that number is less than or equal
** to 2147483647. The number of virtual machine operations can be
** used as a proxy for the total work done by the prepared statement.
** If the number of virtual machine operations exceeds 2147483647
** then the value returned by this statement status code is undefined.
** </dd>
** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP 1
#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_SORT 2
#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX 3
#define SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_VM_STEP 4
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Custom Page Cache Object
**
** The sqlite3_pcache type is opaque. It is implemented by
** the pluggable module. The SQLite core has no knowledge of
** its size or internal structure and never deals with the
** sqlite3_pcache object except by holding and passing pointers
** to the object.
**
** See [sqlite3_pcache_methods2] for additional information.
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_pcache sqlite3_pcache;
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Custom Page Cache Object
**
** The sqlite3_pcache_page object represents a single page in the
** page cache. The page cache will allocate instances of this
** object. Various methods of the page cache use pointers to instances
** of this object as parameters or as their return value.
**
** See [sqlite3_pcache_methods2] for additional information.
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_pcache_page sqlite3_pcache_page;
struct sqlite3_pcache_page {
void *pBuf; /* The content of the page */
void *pExtra; /* Extra information associated with the page */
};
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Application Defined Page Cache.
** KEYWORDS: {page cache}
**
** ^(The [sqlite3_config]([SQLITE_CONFIG_PCACHE2], ...) interface can
** register an alternative page cache implementation by passing in an
** instance of the sqlite3_pcache_methods2 structure.)^
** In many applications, most of the heap memory allocated by
** SQLite is used for the page cache.
** By implementing a
** custom page cache using this API, an application can better control
** the amount of memory consumed by SQLite, the way in which
** that memory is allocated and released, and the policies used to
** determine exactly which parts of a database file are cached and for
** how long.
**
** The alternative page cache mechanism is an
** extreme measure that is only needed by the most demanding applications.
** The built-in page cache is recommended for most uses.
**
** ^(The contents of the sqlite3_pcache_methods2 structure are copied to an
** internal buffer by SQLite within the call to [sqlite3_config]. Hence
** the application may discard the parameter after the call to
** [sqlite3_config()] returns.)^
**
** [[the xInit() page cache method]]
** ^(The xInit() method is called once for each effective
** call to [sqlite3_initialize()])^
** (usually only once during the lifetime of the process). ^(The xInit()
** method is passed a copy of the sqlite3_pcache_methods2.pArg value.)^
** The intent of the xInit() method is to set up global data structures
** required by the custom page cache implementation.
** ^(If the xInit() method is NULL, then the
** built-in default page cache is used instead of the application defined
** page cache.)^
**
** [[the xShutdown() page cache method]]
** ^The xShutdown() method is called by [sqlite3_shutdown()].
** It can be used to clean up
** any outstanding resources before process shutdown, if required.
** ^The xShutdown() method may be NULL.
**
** ^SQLite automatically serializes calls to the xInit method,
** so the xInit method need not be threadsafe. ^The
** xShutdown method is only called from [sqlite3_shutdown()] so it does
** not need to be threadsafe either. All other methods must be threadsafe
** in multithreaded applications.
**
** ^SQLite will never invoke xInit() more than once without an intervening
** call to xShutdown().
**
** [[the xCreate() page cache methods]]
** ^SQLite invokes the xCreate() method to construct a new cache instance.
** SQLite will typically create one cache instance for each open database file,
** though this is not guaranteed. ^The
** first parameter, szPage, is the size in bytes of the pages that must
** be allocated by the cache. ^szPage will always a power of two. ^The
** second parameter szExtra is a number of bytes of extra storage
** associated with each page cache entry. ^The szExtra parameter will
** a number less than 250. SQLite will use the
** extra szExtra bytes on each page to store metadata about the underlying
** database page on disk. The value passed into szExtra depends
** on the SQLite version, the target platform, and how SQLite was compiled.
** ^The third argument to xCreate(), bPurgeable, is true if the cache being
** created will be used to cache database pages of a file stored on disk, or
** false if it is used for an in-memory database. The cache implementation
** does not have to do anything special based with the value of bPurgeable;
** it is purely advisory. ^On a cache where bPurgeable is false, SQLite will
** never invoke xUnpin() except to deliberately delete a page.
** ^In other words, calls to xUnpin() on a cache with bPurgeable set to
** false will always have the "discard" flag set to true.
** ^Hence, a cache created with bPurgeable false will
** never contain any unpinned pages.
**
** [[the xCachesize() page cache method]]
** ^(The xCachesize() method may be called at any time by SQLite to set the
** suggested maximum cache-size (number of pages stored by) the cache
** instance passed as the first argument. This is the value configured using
** the SQLite "[PRAGMA cache_size]" command.)^ As with the bPurgeable
** parameter, the implementation is not required to do anything with this
** value; it is advisory only.
**
** [[the xPagecount() page cache methods]]
** The xPagecount() method must return the number of pages currently
** stored in the cache, both pinned and unpinned.
**
** [[the xFetch() page cache methods]]
** The xFetch() method locates a page in the cache and returns a pointer to
** an sqlite3_pcache_page object associated with that page, or a NULL pointer.
** The pBuf element of the returned sqlite3_pcache_page object will be a
** pointer to a buffer of szPage bytes used to store the content of a
** single database page. The pExtra element of sqlite3_pcache_page will be
** a pointer to the szExtra bytes of extra storage that SQLite has requested
** for each entry in the page cache.
**
** The page to be fetched is determined by the key. ^The minimum key value
** is 1. After it has been retrieved using xFetch, the page is considered
** to be "pinned".
**
** If the requested page is already in the page cache, then the page cache
** implementation must return a pointer to the page buffer with its content
** intact. If the requested page is not already in the cache, then the
** cache implementation should use the value of the createFlag
** parameter to help it determined what action to take:
**
** <table border=1 width=85% align=center>
** <tr><th> createFlag <th> Behavior when page is not already in cache
** <tr><td> 0 <td> Do not allocate a new page. Return NULL.
** <tr><td> 1 <td> Allocate a new page if it easy and convenient to do so.
** Otherwise return NULL.
** <tr><td> 2 <td> Make every effort to allocate a new page. Only return
** NULL if allocating a new page is effectively impossible.
** </table>
**
** ^(SQLite will normally invoke xFetch() with a createFlag of 0 or 1. SQLite
** will only use a createFlag of 2 after a prior call with a createFlag of 1
** failed.)^ In between the to xFetch() calls, SQLite may
** attempt to unpin one or more cache pages by spilling the content of
** pinned pages to disk and synching the operating system disk cache.
**
** [[the xUnpin() page cache method]]
** ^xUnpin() is called by SQLite with a pointer to a currently pinned page
** as its second argument. If the third parameter, discard, is non-zero,
** then the page must be evicted from the cache.
** ^If the discard parameter is
** zero, then the page may be discarded or retained at the discretion of
** page cache implementation. ^The page cache implementation
** may choose to evict unpinned pages at any time.
**
** The cache must not perform any reference counting. A single
** call to xUnpin() unpins the page regardless of the number of prior calls
** to xFetch().
**
** [[the xRekey() page cache methods]]
** The xRekey() method is used to change the key value associated with the
** page passed as the second argument. If the cache
** previously contains an entry associated with newKey, it must be
** discarded. ^Any prior cache entry associated with newKey is guaranteed not
** to be pinned.
**
** When SQLite calls the xTruncate() method, the cache must discard all
** existing cache entries with page numbers (keys) greater than or equal
** to the value of the iLimit parameter passed to xTruncate(). If any
** of these pages are pinned, they are implicitly unpinned, meaning that
** they can be safely discarded.
**
** [[the xDestroy() page cache method]]
** ^The xDestroy() method is used to delete a cache allocated by xCreate().
** All resources associated with the specified cache should be freed. ^After
** calling the xDestroy() method, SQLite considers the [sqlite3_pcache*]
** handle invalid, and will not use it with any other sqlite3_pcache_methods2
** functions.
**
** [[the xShrink() page cache method]]
** ^SQLite invokes the xShrink() method when it wants the page cache to
** free up as much of heap memory as possible. The page cache implementation
** is not obligated to free any memory, but well-behaved implementations should
** do their best.
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_pcache_methods2 sqlite3_pcache_methods2;
struct sqlite3_pcache_methods2 {
int iVersion;
void *pArg;
int (*xInit)(void*);
void (*xShutdown)(void*);
sqlite3_pcache *(*xCreate)(int szPage, int szExtra, int bPurgeable);
void (*xCachesize)(sqlite3_pcache*, int nCachesize);
int (*xPagecount)(sqlite3_pcache*);
sqlite3_pcache_page *(*xFetch)(sqlite3_pcache*, unsigned key, int createFlag);
void (*xUnpin)(sqlite3_pcache*, sqlite3_pcache_page*, int discard);
void (*xRekey)(sqlite3_pcache*, sqlite3_pcache_page*,
unsigned oldKey, unsigned newKey);
void (*xTruncate)(sqlite3_pcache*, unsigned iLimit);
void (*xDestroy)(sqlite3_pcache*);
void (*xShrink)(sqlite3_pcache*);
};
 
/*
** This is the obsolete pcache_methods object that has now been replaced
** by sqlite3_pcache_methods2. This object is not used by SQLite. It is
** retained in the header file for backwards compatibility only.
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_pcache_methods sqlite3_pcache_methods;
struct sqlite3_pcache_methods {
void *pArg;
int (*xInit)(void*);
void (*xShutdown)(void*);
sqlite3_pcache *(*xCreate)(int szPage, int bPurgeable);
void (*xCachesize)(sqlite3_pcache*, int nCachesize);
int (*xPagecount)(sqlite3_pcache*);
void *(*xFetch)(sqlite3_pcache*, unsigned key, int createFlag);
void (*xUnpin)(sqlite3_pcache*, void*, int discard);
void (*xRekey)(sqlite3_pcache*, void*, unsigned oldKey, unsigned newKey);
void (*xTruncate)(sqlite3_pcache*, unsigned iLimit);
void (*xDestroy)(sqlite3_pcache*);
};
 
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Online Backup Object
**
** The sqlite3_backup object records state information about an ongoing
** online backup operation. ^The sqlite3_backup object is created by
** a call to [sqlite3_backup_init()] and is destroyed by a call to
** [sqlite3_backup_finish()].
**
** See Also: [Using the SQLite Online Backup API]
*/
typedef struct sqlite3_backup sqlite3_backup;
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Online Backup API.
**
** The backup API copies the content of one database into another.
** It is useful either for creating backups of databases or
** for copying in-memory databases to or from persistent files.
**
** See Also: [Using the SQLite Online Backup API]
**
** ^SQLite holds a write transaction open on the destination database file
** for the duration of the backup operation.
** ^The source database is read-locked only while it is being read;
** it is not locked continuously for the entire backup operation.
** ^Thus, the backup may be performed on a live source database without
** preventing other database connections from
** reading or writing to the source database while the backup is underway.
**
** ^(To perform a backup operation:
** <ol>
** <li><b>sqlite3_backup_init()</b> is called once to initialize the
** backup,
** <li><b>sqlite3_backup_step()</b> is called one or more times to transfer
** the data between the two databases, and finally
** <li><b>sqlite3_backup_finish()</b> is called to release all resources
** associated with the backup operation.
** </ol>)^
** There should be exactly one call to sqlite3_backup_finish() for each
** successful call to sqlite3_backup_init().
**
** [[sqlite3_backup_init()]] <b>sqlite3_backup_init()</b>
**
** ^The D and N arguments to sqlite3_backup_init(D,N,S,M) are the
** [database connection] associated with the destination database
** and the database name, respectively.
** ^The database name is "main" for the main database, "temp" for the
** temporary database, or the name specified after the AS keyword in
** an [ATTACH] statement for an attached database.
** ^The S and M arguments passed to
** sqlite3_backup_init(D,N,S,M) identify the [database connection]
** and database name of the source database, respectively.
** ^The source and destination [database connections] (parameters S and D)
** must be different or else sqlite3_backup_init(D,N,S,M) will fail with
** an error.
**
** ^If an error occurs within sqlite3_backup_init(D,N,S,M), then NULL is
** returned and an error code and error message are stored in the
** destination [database connection] D.
** ^The error code and message for the failed call to sqlite3_backup_init()
** can be retrieved using the [sqlite3_errcode()], [sqlite3_errmsg()], and/or
** [sqlite3_errmsg16()] functions.
** ^A successful call to sqlite3_backup_init() returns a pointer to an
** [sqlite3_backup] object.
** ^The [sqlite3_backup] object may be used with the sqlite3_backup_step() and
** sqlite3_backup_finish() functions to perform the specified backup
** operation.
**
** [[sqlite3_backup_step()]] <b>sqlite3_backup_step()</b>
**
** ^Function sqlite3_backup_step(B,N) will copy up to N pages between
** the source and destination databases specified by [sqlite3_backup] object B.
** ^If N is negative, all remaining source pages are copied.
** ^If sqlite3_backup_step(B,N) successfully copies N pages and there
** are still more pages to be copied, then the function returns [SQLITE_OK].
** ^If sqlite3_backup_step(B,N) successfully finishes copying all pages
** from source to destination, then it returns [SQLITE_DONE].
** ^If an error occurs while running sqlite3_backup_step(B,N),
** then an [error code] is returned. ^As well as [SQLITE_OK] and
** [SQLITE_DONE], a call to sqlite3_backup_step() may return [SQLITE_READONLY],
** [SQLITE_NOMEM], [SQLITE_BUSY], [SQLITE_LOCKED], or an
** [SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS | SQLITE_IOERR_XXX] extended error code.
**
** ^(The sqlite3_backup_step() might return [SQLITE_READONLY] if
** <ol>
** <li> the destination database was opened read-only, or
** <li> the destination database is using write-ahead-log journaling
** and the destination and source page sizes differ, or
** <li> the destination database is an in-memory database and the
** destination and source page sizes differ.
** </ol>)^
**
** ^If sqlite3_backup_step() cannot obtain a required file-system lock, then
** the [sqlite3_busy_handler | busy-handler function]
** is invoked (if one is specified). ^If the
** busy-handler returns non-zero before the lock is available, then
** [SQLITE_BUSY] is returned to the caller. ^In this case the call to
** sqlite3_backup_step() can be retried later. ^If the source
** [database connection]
** is being used to write to the source database when sqlite3_backup_step()
** is called, then [SQLITE_LOCKED] is returned immediately. ^Again, in this
** case the call to sqlite3_backup_step() can be retried later on. ^(If
** [SQLITE_IOERR_ACCESS | SQLITE_IOERR_XXX], [SQLITE_NOMEM], or
** [SQLITE_READONLY] is returned, then
** there is no point in retrying the call to sqlite3_backup_step(). These
** errors are considered fatal.)^ The application must accept
** that the backup operation has failed and pass the backup operation handle
** to the sqlite3_backup_finish() to release associated resources.
**
** ^The first call to sqlite3_backup_step() obtains an exclusive lock
** on the destination file. ^The exclusive lock is not released until either
** sqlite3_backup_finish() is called or the backup operation is complete
** and sqlite3_backup_step() returns [SQLITE_DONE]. ^Every call to
** sqlite3_backup_step() obtains a [shared lock] on the source database that
** lasts for the duration of the sqlite3_backup_step() call.
** ^Because the source database is not locked between calls to
** sqlite3_backup_step(), the source database may be modified mid-way
** through the backup process. ^If the source database is modified by an
** external process or via a database connection other than the one being
** used by the backup operation, then the backup will be automatically
** restarted by the next call to sqlite3_backup_step(). ^If the source
** database is modified by the using the same database connection as is used
** by the backup operation, then the backup database is automatically
** updated at the same time.
**
** [[sqlite3_backup_finish()]] <b>sqlite3_backup_finish()</b>
**
** When sqlite3_backup_step() has returned [SQLITE_DONE], or when the
** application wishes to abandon the backup operation, the application
** should destroy the [sqlite3_backup] by passing it to sqlite3_backup_finish().
** ^The sqlite3_backup_finish() interfaces releases all
** resources associated with the [sqlite3_backup] object.
** ^If sqlite3_backup_step() has not yet returned [SQLITE_DONE], then any
** active write-transaction on the destination database is rolled back.
** The [sqlite3_backup] object is invalid
** and may not be used following a call to sqlite3_backup_finish().
**
** ^The value returned by sqlite3_backup_finish is [SQLITE_OK] if no
** sqlite3_backup_step() errors occurred, regardless or whether or not
** sqlite3_backup_step() completed.
** ^If an out-of-memory condition or IO error occurred during any prior
** sqlite3_backup_step() call on the same [sqlite3_backup] object, then
** sqlite3_backup_finish() returns the corresponding [error code].
**
** ^A return of [SQLITE_BUSY] or [SQLITE_LOCKED] from sqlite3_backup_step()
** is not a permanent error and does not affect the return value of
** sqlite3_backup_finish().
**
** [[sqlite3_backup__remaining()]] [[sqlite3_backup_pagecount()]]
** <b>sqlite3_backup_remaining() and sqlite3_backup_pagecount()</b>
**
** ^Each call to sqlite3_backup_step() sets two values inside
** the [sqlite3_backup] object: the number of pages still to be backed
** up and the total number of pages in the source database file.
** The sqlite3_backup_remaining() and sqlite3_backup_pagecount() interfaces
** retrieve these two values, respectively.
**
** ^The values returned by these functions are only updated by
** sqlite3_backup_step(). ^If the source database is modified during a backup
** operation, then the values are not updated to account for any extra
** pages that need to be updated or the size of the source database file
** changing.
**
** <b>Concurrent Usage of Database Handles</b>
**
** ^The source [database connection] may be used by the application for other
** purposes while a backup operation is underway or being initialized.
** ^If SQLite is compiled and configured to support threadsafe database
** connections, then the source database connection may be used concurrently
** from within other threads.
**
** However, the application must guarantee that the destination
** [database connection] is not passed to any other API (by any thread) after
** sqlite3_backup_init() is called and before the corresponding call to
** sqlite3_backup_finish(). SQLite does not currently check to see
** if the application incorrectly accesses the destination [database connection]
** and so no error code is reported, but the operations may malfunction
** nevertheless. Use of the destination database connection while a
** backup is in progress might also also cause a mutex deadlock.
**
** If running in [shared cache mode], the application must
** guarantee that the shared cache used by the destination database
** is not accessed while the backup is running. In practice this means
** that the application must guarantee that the disk file being
** backed up to is not accessed by any connection within the process,
** not just the specific connection that was passed to sqlite3_backup_init().
**
** The [sqlite3_backup] object itself is partially threadsafe. Multiple
** threads may safely make multiple concurrent calls to sqlite3_backup_step().
** However, the sqlite3_backup_remaining() and sqlite3_backup_pagecount()
** APIs are not strictly speaking threadsafe. If they are invoked at the
** same time as another thread is invoking sqlite3_backup_step() it is
** possible that they return invalid values.
*/
SQLITE_API sqlite3_backup *sqlite3_backup_init(
sqlite3 *pDest, /* Destination database handle */
const char *zDestName, /* Destination database name */
sqlite3 *pSource, /* Source database handle */
const char *zSourceName /* Source database name */
);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_backup_step(sqlite3_backup *p, int nPage);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_backup_finish(sqlite3_backup *p);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_backup_remaining(sqlite3_backup *p);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_backup_pagecount(sqlite3_backup *p);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Unlock Notification
**
** ^When running in shared-cache mode, a database operation may fail with
** an [SQLITE_LOCKED] error if the required locks on the shared-cache or
** individual tables within the shared-cache cannot be obtained. See
** [SQLite Shared-Cache Mode] for a description of shared-cache locking.
** ^This API may be used to register a callback that SQLite will invoke
** when the connection currently holding the required lock relinquishes it.
** ^This API is only available if the library was compiled with the
** [SQLITE_ENABLE_UNLOCK_NOTIFY] C-preprocessor symbol defined.
**
** See Also: [Using the SQLite Unlock Notification Feature].
**
** ^Shared-cache locks are released when a database connection concludes
** its current transaction, either by committing it or rolling it back.
**
** ^When a connection (known as the blocked connection) fails to obtain a
** shared-cache lock and SQLITE_LOCKED is returned to the caller, the
** identity of the database connection (the blocking connection) that
** has locked the required resource is stored internally. ^After an
** application receives an SQLITE_LOCKED error, it may call the
** sqlite3_unlock_notify() method with the blocked connection handle as
** the first argument to register for a callback that will be invoked
** when the blocking connections current transaction is concluded. ^The
** callback is invoked from within the [sqlite3_step] or [sqlite3_close]
** call that concludes the blocking connections transaction.
**
** ^(If sqlite3_unlock_notify() is called in a multi-threaded application,
** there is a chance that the blocking connection will have already
** concluded its transaction by the time sqlite3_unlock_notify() is invoked.
** If this happens, then the specified callback is invoked immediately,
** from within the call to sqlite3_unlock_notify().)^
**
** ^If the blocked connection is attempting to obtain a write-lock on a
** shared-cache table, and more than one other connection currently holds
** a read-lock on the same table, then SQLite arbitrarily selects one of
** the other connections to use as the blocking connection.
**
** ^(There may be at most one unlock-notify callback registered by a
** blocked connection. If sqlite3_unlock_notify() is called when the
** blocked connection already has a registered unlock-notify callback,
** then the new callback replaces the old.)^ ^If sqlite3_unlock_notify() is
** called with a NULL pointer as its second argument, then any existing
** unlock-notify callback is canceled. ^The blocked connections
** unlock-notify callback may also be canceled by closing the blocked
** connection using [sqlite3_close()].
**
** The unlock-notify callback is not reentrant. If an application invokes
** any sqlite3_xxx API functions from within an unlock-notify callback, a
** crash or deadlock may be the result.
**
** ^Unless deadlock is detected (see below), sqlite3_unlock_notify() always
** returns SQLITE_OK.
**
** <b>Callback Invocation Details</b>
**
** When an unlock-notify callback is registered, the application provides a
** single void* pointer that is passed to the callback when it is invoked.
** However, the signature of the callback function allows SQLite to pass
** it an array of void* context pointers. The first argument passed to
** an unlock-notify callback is a pointer to an array of void* pointers,
** and the second is the number of entries in the array.
**
** When a blocking connections transaction is concluded, there may be
** more than one blocked connection that has registered for an unlock-notify
** callback. ^If two or more such blocked connections have specified the
** same callback function, then instead of invoking the callback function
** multiple times, it is invoked once with the set of void* context pointers
** specified by the blocked connections bundled together into an array.
** This gives the application an opportunity to prioritize any actions
** related to the set of unblocked database connections.
**
** <b>Deadlock Detection</b>
**
** Assuming that after registering for an unlock-notify callback a
** database waits for the callback to be issued before taking any further
** action (a reasonable assumption), then using this API may cause the
** application to deadlock. For example, if connection X is waiting for
** connection Y's transaction to be concluded, and similarly connection
** Y is waiting on connection X's transaction, then neither connection
** will proceed and the system may remain deadlocked indefinitely.
**
** To avoid this scenario, the sqlite3_unlock_notify() performs deadlock
** detection. ^If a given call to sqlite3_unlock_notify() would put the
** system in a deadlocked state, then SQLITE_LOCKED is returned and no
** unlock-notify callback is registered. The system is said to be in
** a deadlocked state if connection A has registered for an unlock-notify
** callback on the conclusion of connection B's transaction, and connection
** B has itself registered for an unlock-notify callback when connection
** A's transaction is concluded. ^Indirect deadlock is also detected, so
** the system is also considered to be deadlocked if connection B has
** registered for an unlock-notify callback on the conclusion of connection
** C's transaction, where connection C is waiting on connection A. ^Any
** number of levels of indirection are allowed.
**
** <b>The "DROP TABLE" Exception</b>
**
** When a call to [sqlite3_step()] returns SQLITE_LOCKED, it is almost
** always appropriate to call sqlite3_unlock_notify(). There is however,
** one exception. When executing a "DROP TABLE" or "DROP INDEX" statement,
** SQLite checks if there are any currently executing SELECT statements
** that belong to the same connection. If there are, SQLITE_LOCKED is
** returned. In this case there is no "blocking connection", so invoking
** sqlite3_unlock_notify() results in the unlock-notify callback being
** invoked immediately. If the application then re-attempts the "DROP TABLE"
** or "DROP INDEX" query, an infinite loop might be the result.
**
** One way around this problem is to check the extended error code returned
** by an sqlite3_step() call. ^(If there is a blocking connection, then the
** extended error code is set to SQLITE_LOCKED_SHAREDCACHE. Otherwise, in
** the special "DROP TABLE/INDEX" case, the extended error code is just
** SQLITE_LOCKED.)^
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_unlock_notify(
sqlite3 *pBlocked, /* Waiting connection */
void (*xNotify)(void **apArg, int nArg), /* Callback function to invoke */
void *pNotifyArg /* Argument to pass to xNotify */
);
 
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: String Comparison
**
** ^The [sqlite3_stricmp()] and [sqlite3_strnicmp()] APIs allow applications
** and extensions to compare the contents of two buffers containing UTF-8
** strings in a case-independent fashion, using the same definition of "case
** independence" that SQLite uses internally when comparing identifiers.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_stricmp(const char *, const char *);
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_strnicmp(const char *, const char *, int);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: String Globbing
*
** ^The [sqlite3_strglob(P,X)] interface returns zero if string X matches
** the glob pattern P, and it returns non-zero if string X does not match
** the glob pattern P. ^The definition of glob pattern matching used in
** [sqlite3_strglob(P,X)] is the same as for the "X GLOB P" operator in the
** SQL dialect used by SQLite. ^The sqlite3_strglob(P,X) function is case
** sensitive.
**
** Note that this routine returns zero on a match and non-zero if the strings
** do not match, the same as [sqlite3_stricmp()] and [sqlite3_strnicmp()].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_strglob(const char *zGlob, const char *zStr);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Error Logging Interface
**
** ^The [sqlite3_log()] interface writes a message into the [error log]
** established by the [SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG] option to [sqlite3_config()].
** ^If logging is enabled, the zFormat string and subsequent arguments are
** used with [sqlite3_snprintf()] to generate the final output string.
**
** The sqlite3_log() interface is intended for use by extensions such as
** virtual tables, collating functions, and SQL functions. While there is
** nothing to prevent an application from calling sqlite3_log(), doing so
** is considered bad form.
**
** The zFormat string must not be NULL.
**
** To avoid deadlocks and other threading problems, the sqlite3_log() routine
** will not use dynamically allocated memory. The log message is stored in
** a fixed-length buffer on the stack. If the log message is longer than
** a few hundred characters, it will be truncated to the length of the
** buffer.
*/
SQLITE_API void sqlite3_log(int iErrCode, const char *zFormat, ...);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Write-Ahead Log Commit Hook
**
** ^The [sqlite3_wal_hook()] function is used to register a callback that
** will be invoked each time a database connection commits data to a
** [write-ahead log] (i.e. whenever a transaction is committed in
** [journal_mode | journal_mode=WAL mode]).
**
** ^The callback is invoked by SQLite after the commit has taken place and
** the associated write-lock on the database released, so the implementation
** may read, write or [checkpoint] the database as required.
**
** ^The first parameter passed to the callback function when it is invoked
** is a copy of the third parameter passed to sqlite3_wal_hook() when
** registering the callback. ^The second is a copy of the database handle.
** ^The third parameter is the name of the database that was written to -
** either "main" or the name of an [ATTACH]-ed database. ^The fourth parameter
** is the number of pages currently in the write-ahead log file,
** including those that were just committed.
**
** The callback function should normally return [SQLITE_OK]. ^If an error
** code is returned, that error will propagate back up through the
** SQLite code base to cause the statement that provoked the callback
** to report an error, though the commit will have still occurred. If the
** callback returns [SQLITE_ROW] or [SQLITE_DONE], or if it returns a value
** that does not correspond to any valid SQLite error code, the results
** are undefined.
**
** A single database handle may have at most a single write-ahead log callback
** registered at one time. ^Calling [sqlite3_wal_hook()] replaces any
** previously registered write-ahead log callback. ^Note that the
** [sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint()] interface and the
** [wal_autocheckpoint pragma] both invoke [sqlite3_wal_hook()] and will
** those overwrite any prior [sqlite3_wal_hook()] settings.
*/
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_wal_hook(
sqlite3*,
int(*)(void *,sqlite3*,const char*,int),
void*
);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Configure an auto-checkpoint
**
** ^The [sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint(D,N)] is a wrapper around
** [sqlite3_wal_hook()] that causes any database on [database connection] D
** to automatically [checkpoint]
** after committing a transaction if there are N or
** more frames in the [write-ahead log] file. ^Passing zero or
** a negative value as the nFrame parameter disables automatic
** checkpoints entirely.
**
** ^The callback registered by this function replaces any existing callback
** registered using [sqlite3_wal_hook()]. ^Likewise, registering a callback
** using [sqlite3_wal_hook()] disables the automatic checkpoint mechanism
** configured by this function.
**
** ^The [wal_autocheckpoint pragma] can be used to invoke this interface
** from SQL.
**
** ^Checkpoints initiated by this mechanism are
** [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2|PASSIVE].
**
** ^Every new [database connection] defaults to having the auto-checkpoint
** enabled with a threshold of 1000 or [SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT]
** pages. The use of this interface
** is only necessary if the default setting is found to be suboptimal
** for a particular application.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint(sqlite3 *db, int N);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Checkpoint a database
**
** ^The [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(D,X)] interface causes database named X
** on [database connection] D to be [checkpointed]. ^If X is NULL or an
** empty string, then a checkpoint is run on all databases of
** connection D. ^If the database connection D is not in
** [WAL | write-ahead log mode] then this interface is a harmless no-op.
** ^The [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(D,X)] interface initiates a
** [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2|PASSIVE] checkpoint.
** Use the [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()] interface to get a FULL
** or RESET checkpoint.
**
** ^The [wal_checkpoint pragma] can be used to invoke this interface
** from SQL. ^The [sqlite3_wal_autocheckpoint()] interface and the
** [wal_autocheckpoint pragma] can be used to cause this interface to be
** run whenever the WAL reaches a certain size threshold.
**
** See also: [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()]
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(sqlite3 *db, const char *zDb);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Checkpoint a database
**
** Run a checkpoint operation on WAL database zDb attached to database
** handle db. The specific operation is determined by the value of the
** eMode parameter:
**
** <dl>
** <dt>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE<dd>
** Checkpoint as many frames as possible without waiting for any database
** readers or writers to finish. Sync the db file if all frames in the log
** are checkpointed. This mode is the same as calling
** sqlite3_wal_checkpoint(). The [sqlite3_busy_handler|busy-handler callback]
** is never invoked.
**
** <dt>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL<dd>
** This mode blocks (it invokes the
** [sqlite3_busy_handler|busy-handler callback]) until there is no
** database writer and all readers are reading from the most recent database
** snapshot. It then checkpoints all frames in the log file and syncs the
** database file. This call blocks database writers while it is running,
** but not database readers.
**
** <dt>SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART<dd>
** This mode works the same way as SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL, except after
** checkpointing the log file it blocks (calls the
** [sqlite3_busy_handler|busy-handler callback])
** until all readers are reading from the database file only. This ensures
** that the next client to write to the database file restarts the log file
** from the beginning. This call blocks database writers while it is running,
** but not database readers.
** </dl>
**
** If pnLog is not NULL, then *pnLog is set to the total number of frames in
** the log file before returning. If pnCkpt is not NULL, then *pnCkpt is set to
** the total number of checkpointed frames (including any that were already
** checkpointed when this function is called). *pnLog and *pnCkpt may be
** populated even if sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2() returns other than SQLITE_OK.
** If no values are available because of an error, they are both set to -1
** before returning to communicate this to the caller.
**
** All calls obtain an exclusive "checkpoint" lock on the database file. If
** any other process is running a checkpoint operation at the same time, the
** lock cannot be obtained and SQLITE_BUSY is returned. Even if there is a
** busy-handler configured, it will not be invoked in this case.
**
** The SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL and RESTART modes also obtain the exclusive
** "writer" lock on the database file. If the writer lock cannot be obtained
** immediately, and a busy-handler is configured, it is invoked and the writer
** lock retried until either the busy-handler returns 0 or the lock is
** successfully obtained. The busy-handler is also invoked while waiting for
** database readers as described above. If the busy-handler returns 0 before
** the writer lock is obtained or while waiting for database readers, the
** checkpoint operation proceeds from that point in the same way as
** SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE - checkpointing as many frames as possible
** without blocking any further. SQLITE_BUSY is returned in this case.
**
** If parameter zDb is NULL or points to a zero length string, then the
** specified operation is attempted on all WAL databases. In this case the
** values written to output parameters *pnLog and *pnCkpt are undefined. If
** an SQLITE_BUSY error is encountered when processing one or more of the
** attached WAL databases, the operation is still attempted on any remaining
** attached databases and SQLITE_BUSY is returned to the caller. If any other
** error occurs while processing an attached database, processing is abandoned
** and the error code returned to the caller immediately. If no error
** (SQLITE_BUSY or otherwise) is encountered while processing the attached
** databases, SQLITE_OK is returned.
**
** If database zDb is the name of an attached database that is not in WAL
** mode, SQLITE_OK is returned and both *pnLog and *pnCkpt set to -1. If
** zDb is not NULL (or a zero length string) and is not the name of any
** attached database, SQLITE_ERROR is returned to the caller.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2(
sqlite3 *db, /* Database handle */
const char *zDb, /* Name of attached database (or NULL) */
int eMode, /* SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_* value */
int *pnLog, /* OUT: Size of WAL log in frames */
int *pnCkpt /* OUT: Total number of frames checkpointed */
);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Checkpoint operation parameters
**
** These constants can be used as the 3rd parameter to
** [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()]. See the [sqlite3_wal_checkpoint_v2()]
** documentation for additional information about the meaning and use of
** each of these values.
*/
#define SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_PASSIVE 0
#define SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_FULL 1
#define SQLITE_CHECKPOINT_RESTART 2
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Interface Configuration
**
** This function may be called by either the [xConnect] or [xCreate] method
** of a [virtual table] implementation to configure
** various facets of the virtual table interface.
**
** If this interface is invoked outside the context of an xConnect or
** xCreate virtual table method then the behavior is undefined.
**
** At present, there is only one option that may be configured using
** this function. (See [SQLITE_VTAB_CONSTRAINT_SUPPORT].) Further options
** may be added in the future.
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vtab_config(sqlite3*, int op, ...);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Virtual Table Configuration Options
**
** These macros define the various options to the
** [sqlite3_vtab_config()] interface that [virtual table] implementations
** can use to customize and optimize their behavior.
**
** <dl>
** <dt>SQLITE_VTAB_CONSTRAINT_SUPPORT
** <dd>Calls of the form
** [sqlite3_vtab_config](db,SQLITE_VTAB_CONSTRAINT_SUPPORT,X) are supported,
** where X is an integer. If X is zero, then the [virtual table] whose
** [xCreate] or [xConnect] method invoked [sqlite3_vtab_config()] does not
** support constraints. In this configuration (which is the default) if
** a call to the [xUpdate] method returns [SQLITE_CONSTRAINT], then the entire
** statement is rolled back as if [ON CONFLICT | OR ABORT] had been
** specified as part of the users SQL statement, regardless of the actual
** ON CONFLICT mode specified.
**
** If X is non-zero, then the virtual table implementation guarantees
** that if [xUpdate] returns [SQLITE_CONSTRAINT], it will do so before
** any modifications to internal or persistent data structures have been made.
** If the [ON CONFLICT] mode is ABORT, FAIL, IGNORE or ROLLBACK, SQLite
** is able to roll back a statement or database transaction, and abandon
** or continue processing the current SQL statement as appropriate.
** If the ON CONFLICT mode is REPLACE and the [xUpdate] method returns
** [SQLITE_CONSTRAINT], SQLite handles this as if the ON CONFLICT mode
** had been ABORT.
**
** Virtual table implementations that are required to handle OR REPLACE
** must do so within the [xUpdate] method. If a call to the
** [sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict()] function indicates that the current ON
** CONFLICT policy is REPLACE, the virtual table implementation should
** silently replace the appropriate rows within the xUpdate callback and
** return SQLITE_OK. Or, if this is not possible, it may return
** SQLITE_CONSTRAINT, in which case SQLite falls back to OR ABORT
** constraint handling.
** </dl>
*/
#define SQLITE_VTAB_CONSTRAINT_SUPPORT 1
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Determine The Virtual Table Conflict Policy
**
** This function may only be called from within a call to the [xUpdate] method
** of a [virtual table] implementation for an INSERT or UPDATE operation. ^The
** value returned is one of [SQLITE_ROLLBACK], [SQLITE_IGNORE], [SQLITE_FAIL],
** [SQLITE_ABORT], or [SQLITE_REPLACE], according to the [ON CONFLICT] mode
** of the SQL statement that triggered the call to the [xUpdate] method of the
** [virtual table].
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict(sqlite3 *);
 
/*
** CAPI3REF: Conflict resolution modes
** KEYWORDS: {conflict resolution mode}
**
** These constants are returned by [sqlite3_vtab_on_conflict()] to
** inform a [virtual table] implementation what the [ON CONFLICT] mode
** is for the SQL statement being evaluated.
**
** Note that the [SQLITE_IGNORE] constant is also used as a potential
** return value from the [sqlite3_set_authorizer()] callback and that
** [SQLITE_ABORT] is also a [result code].
*/
#define SQLITE_ROLLBACK 1
/* #define SQLITE_IGNORE 2 // Also used by sqlite3_authorizer() callback */
#define SQLITE_FAIL 3
/* #define SQLITE_ABORT 4 // Also an error code */
#define SQLITE_REPLACE 5
 
 
 
/*
** Undo the hack that converts floating point types to integer for
** builds on processors without floating point support.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
# undef double
#endif
 
#if 0
} /* End of the 'extern "C"' block */
#endif
#endif /* _SQLITE3_H_ */
 
/*
** 2010 August 30
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
** May you do good and not evil.
** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
*/
 
#ifndef _SQLITE3RTREE_H_
#define _SQLITE3RTREE_H_
 
 
#if 0
extern "C" {
#endif
 
typedef struct sqlite3_rtree_geometry sqlite3_rtree_geometry;
typedef struct sqlite3_rtree_query_info sqlite3_rtree_query_info;
 
/* The double-precision datatype used by RTree depends on the
** SQLITE_RTREE_INT_ONLY compile-time option.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_RTREE_INT_ONLY
typedef sqlite3_int64 sqlite3_rtree_dbl;
#else
typedef double sqlite3_rtree_dbl;
#endif
 
/*
** Register a geometry callback named zGeom that can be used as part of an
** R-Tree geometry query as follows:
**
** SELECT ... FROM <rtree> WHERE <rtree col> MATCH $zGeom(... params ...)
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_rtree_geometry_callback(
sqlite3 *db,
const char *zGeom,
int (*xGeom)(sqlite3_rtree_geometry*, int, sqlite3_rtree_dbl*,int*),
void *pContext
);
 
 
/*
** A pointer to a structure of the following type is passed as the first
** argument to callbacks registered using rtree_geometry_callback().
*/
struct sqlite3_rtree_geometry {
void *pContext; /* Copy of pContext passed to s_r_g_c() */
int nParam; /* Size of array aParam[] */
sqlite3_rtree_dbl *aParam; /* Parameters passed to SQL geom function */
void *pUser; /* Callback implementation user data */
void (*xDelUser)(void *); /* Called by SQLite to clean up pUser */
};
 
/*
** Register a 2nd-generation geometry callback named zScore that can be
** used as part of an R-Tree geometry query as follows:
**
** SELECT ... FROM <rtree> WHERE <rtree col> MATCH $zQueryFunc(... params ...)
*/
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_rtree_query_callback(
sqlite3 *db,
const char *zQueryFunc,
int (*xQueryFunc)(sqlite3_rtree_query_info*),
void *pContext,
void (*xDestructor)(void*)
);
 
 
/*
** A pointer to a structure of the following type is passed as the
** argument to scored geometry callback registered using
** sqlite3_rtree_query_callback().
**
** Note that the first 5 fields of this structure are identical to
** sqlite3_rtree_geometry. This structure is a subclass of
** sqlite3_rtree_geometry.
*/
struct sqlite3_rtree_query_info {
void *pContext; /* pContext from when function registered */
int nParam; /* Number of function parameters */
sqlite3_rtree_dbl *aParam; /* value of function parameters */
void *pUser; /* callback can use this, if desired */
void (*xDelUser)(void*); /* function to free pUser */
sqlite3_rtree_dbl *aCoord; /* Coordinates of node or entry to check */
unsigned int *anQueue; /* Number of pending entries in the queue */
int nCoord; /* Number of coordinates */
int iLevel; /* Level of current node or entry */
int mxLevel; /* The largest iLevel value in the tree */
sqlite3_int64 iRowid; /* Rowid for current entry */
sqlite3_rtree_dbl rParentScore; /* Score of parent node */
int eParentWithin; /* Visibility of parent node */
int eWithin; /* OUT: Visiblity */
sqlite3_rtree_dbl rScore; /* OUT: Write the score here */
};
 
/*
** Allowed values for sqlite3_rtree_query.eWithin and .eParentWithin.
*/
#define NOT_WITHIN 0 /* Object completely outside of query region */
#define PARTLY_WITHIN 1 /* Object partially overlaps query region */
#define FULLY_WITHIN 2 /* Object fully contained within query region */
 
 
#if 0
} /* end of the 'extern "C"' block */
#endif
 
#endif /* ifndef _SQLITE3RTREE_H_ */
 
 
/************** End of sqlite3.h *********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
 
/*
** Include the configuration header output by 'configure' if we're using the
** autoconf-based build
*/
#ifdef _HAVE_SQLITE_CONFIG_H
#include "config.h"
#endif
 
/************** Include sqliteLimit.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ***********/
/************** Begin file sqliteLimit.h *************************************/
/*
** 2007 May 7
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
** May you do good and not evil.
** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
**
** This file defines various limits of what SQLite can process.
*/
 
/*
** The maximum length of a TEXT or BLOB in bytes. This also
** limits the size of a row in a table or index.
**
** The hard limit is the ability of a 32-bit signed integer
** to count the size: 2^31-1 or 2147483647.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH
# define SQLITE_MAX_LENGTH 1000000000
#endif
 
/*
** This is the maximum number of
**
** * Columns in a table
** * Columns in an index
** * Columns in a view
** * Terms in the SET clause of an UPDATE statement
** * Terms in the result set of a SELECT statement
** * Terms in the GROUP BY or ORDER BY clauses of a SELECT statement.
** * Terms in the VALUES clause of an INSERT statement
**
** The hard upper limit here is 32676. Most database people will
** tell you that in a well-normalized database, you usually should
** not have more than a dozen or so columns in any table. And if
** that is the case, there is no point in having more than a few
** dozen values in any of the other situations described above.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN
# define SQLITE_MAX_COLUMN 2000
#endif
 
/*
** The maximum length of a single SQL statement in bytes.
**
** It used to be the case that setting this value to zero would
** turn the limit off. That is no longer true. It is not possible
** to turn this limit off.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_SQL_LENGTH
# define SQLITE_MAX_SQL_LENGTH 1000000000
#endif
 
/*
** The maximum depth of an expression tree. This is limited to
** some extent by SQLITE_MAX_SQL_LENGTH. But sometime you might
** want to place more severe limits on the complexity of an
** expression.
**
** A value of 0 used to mean that the limit was not enforced.
** But that is no longer true. The limit is now strictly enforced
** at all times.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH
# define SQLITE_MAX_EXPR_DEPTH 1000
#endif
 
/*
** The maximum number of terms in a compound SELECT statement.
** The code generator for compound SELECT statements does one
** level of recursion for each term. A stack overflow can result
** if the number of terms is too large. In practice, most SQL
** never has more than 3 or 4 terms. Use a value of 0 to disable
** any limit on the number of terms in a compount SELECT.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_COMPOUND_SELECT
# define SQLITE_MAX_COMPOUND_SELECT 500
#endif
 
/*
** The maximum number of opcodes in a VDBE program.
** Not currently enforced.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_VDBE_OP
# define SQLITE_MAX_VDBE_OP 25000
#endif
 
/*
** The maximum number of arguments to an SQL function.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_FUNCTION_ARG
# define SQLITE_MAX_FUNCTION_ARG 127
#endif
 
/*
** The maximum number of in-memory pages to use for the main database
** table and for temporary tables. The SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE 2000
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_TEMP_CACHE_SIZE
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_TEMP_CACHE_SIZE 500
#endif
 
/*
** The default number of frames to accumulate in the log file before
** checkpointing the database in WAL mode.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_WAL_AUTOCHECKPOINT 1000
#endif
 
/*
** The maximum number of attached databases. This must be between 0
** and 62. The upper bound on 62 is because a 64-bit integer bitmap
** is used internally to track attached databases.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED
# define SQLITE_MAX_ATTACHED 10
#endif
 
 
/*
** The maximum value of a ?nnn wildcard that the parser will accept.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER
# define SQLITE_MAX_VARIABLE_NUMBER 999
#endif
 
/* Maximum page size. The upper bound on this value is 65536. This a limit
** imposed by the use of 16-bit offsets within each page.
**
** Earlier versions of SQLite allowed the user to change this value at
** compile time. This is no longer permitted, on the grounds that it creates
** a library that is technically incompatible with an SQLite library
** compiled with a different limit. If a process operating on a database
** with a page-size of 65536 bytes crashes, then an instance of SQLite
** compiled with the default page-size limit will not be able to rollback
** the aborted transaction. This could lead to database corruption.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
# undef SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
#endif
#define SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE 65536
 
 
/*
** The default size of a database page.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE 1024
#endif
#if SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
# undef SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
#endif
 
/*
** Ordinarily, if no value is explicitly provided, SQLite creates databases
** with page size SQLITE_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE. However, based on certain
** device characteristics (sector-size and atomic write() support),
** SQLite may choose a larger value. This constant is the maximum value
** SQLite will choose on its own.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
# define SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE 8192
#endif
#if SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE>SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
# undef SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE
# define SQLITE_MAX_DEFAULT_PAGE_SIZE SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_SIZE
#endif
 
 
/*
** Maximum number of pages in one database file.
**
** This is really just the default value for the max_page_count pragma.
** This value can be lowered (or raised) at run-time using that the
** max_page_count macro.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_COUNT
# define SQLITE_MAX_PAGE_COUNT 1073741823
#endif
 
/*
** Maximum length (in bytes) of the pattern in a LIKE or GLOB
** operator.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH
# define SQLITE_MAX_LIKE_PATTERN_LENGTH 50000
#endif
 
/*
** Maximum depth of recursion for triggers.
**
** A value of 1 means that a trigger program will not be able to itself
** fire any triggers. A value of 0 means that no trigger programs at all
** may be executed.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH
# define SQLITE_MAX_TRIGGER_DEPTH 1000
#endif
 
/************** End of sqliteLimit.h *****************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
 
/* Disable nuisance warnings on Borland compilers */
#if defined(__BORLANDC__)
#pragma warn -rch /* unreachable code */
#pragma warn -ccc /* Condition is always true or false */
#pragma warn -aus /* Assigned value is never used */
#pragma warn -csu /* Comparing signed and unsigned */
#pragma warn -spa /* Suspicious pointer arithmetic */
#endif
 
/*
** Include standard header files as necessary
*/
#ifdef HAVE_STDINT_H
#include <stdint.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_INTTYPES_H
#include <inttypes.h>
#endif
 
/*
** The following macros are used to cast pointers to integers and
** integers to pointers. The way you do this varies from one compiler
** to the next, so we have developed the following set of #if statements
** to generate appropriate macros for a wide range of compilers.
**
** The correct "ANSI" way to do this is to use the intptr_t type.
** Unfortunately, that typedef is not available on all compilers, or
** if it is available, it requires an #include of specific headers
** that vary from one machine to the next.
**
** Ticket #3860: The llvm-gcc-4.2 compiler from Apple chokes on
** the ((void*)&((char*)0)[X]) construct. But MSVC chokes on ((void*)(X)).
** So we have to define the macros in different ways depending on the
** compiler.
*/
#if defined(__PTRDIFF_TYPE__) /* This case should work for GCC */
# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X) ((void*)(__PTRDIFF_TYPE__)(X))
# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X) ((int)(__PTRDIFF_TYPE__)(X))
#elif !defined(__GNUC__) /* Works for compilers other than LLVM */
# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X) ((void*)&((char*)0)[X])
# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X) ((int)(((char*)X)-(char*)0))
#elif defined(HAVE_STDINT_H) /* Use this case if we have ANSI headers */
# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X) ((void*)(intptr_t)(X))
# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X) ((int)(intptr_t)(X))
#else /* Generates a warning - but it always works */
# define SQLITE_INT_TO_PTR(X) ((void*)(X))
# define SQLITE_PTR_TO_INT(X) ((int)(X))
#endif
 
/*
** A macro to hint to the compiler that a function should not be
** inlined.
*/
#if defined(__GNUC__)
# define SQLITE_NOINLINE __attribute__((noinline))
#elif defined(_MSC_VER) && _MSC_VER>=1310
# define SQLITE_NOINLINE __declspec(noinline)
#else
# define SQLITE_NOINLINE
#endif
 
/*
** The SQLITE_THREADSAFE macro must be defined as 0, 1, or 2.
** 0 means mutexes are permanently disable and the library is never
** threadsafe. 1 means the library is serialized which is the highest
** level of threadsafety. 2 means the library is multithreaded - multiple
** threads can use SQLite as long as no two threads try to use the same
** database connection at the same time.
**
** Older versions of SQLite used an optional THREADSAFE macro.
** We support that for legacy.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_THREADSAFE)
# if defined(THREADSAFE)
# define SQLITE_THREADSAFE THREADSAFE
# else
# define SQLITE_THREADSAFE 1 /* IMP: R-07272-22309 */
# endif
#endif
 
/*
** Powersafe overwrite is on by default. But can be turned off using
** the -DSQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE=0 command-line option.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE
# define SQLITE_POWERSAFE_OVERWRITE 1
#endif
 
/*
** The SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS macro must be defined as either 0 or 1.
** It determines whether or not the features related to
** SQLITE_CONFIG_MEMSTATUS are available by default or not. This value can
** be overridden at runtime using the sqlite3_config() API.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS)
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_MEMSTATUS 1
#endif
 
/*
** Exactly one of the following macros must be defined in order to
** specify which memory allocation subsystem to use.
**
** SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC // Use normal system malloc()
** SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC // Use Win32 native heap API
** SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC // Use a stub allocator that always fails
** SQLITE_MEMDEBUG // Debugging version of system malloc()
**
** On Windows, if the SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC_VALIDATE macro is defined and the
** assert() macro is enabled, each call into the Win32 native heap subsystem
** will cause HeapValidate to be called. If heap validation should fail, an
** assertion will be triggered.
**
** If none of the above are defined, then set SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC as
** the default.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC) \
+ defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC) \
+ defined(SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC) \
+ defined(SQLITE_MEMDEBUG)>1
# error "Two or more of the following compile-time configuration options\
are defined but at most one is allowed:\
SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC, SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC, SQLITE_MEMDEBUG,\
SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC"
#endif
#if defined(SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC) \
+ defined(SQLITE_WIN32_MALLOC) \
+ defined(SQLITE_ZERO_MALLOC) \
+ defined(SQLITE_MEMDEBUG)==0
# define SQLITE_SYSTEM_MALLOC 1
#endif
 
/*
** If SQLITE_MALLOC_SOFT_LIMIT is not zero, then try to keep the
** sizes of memory allocations below this value where possible.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_MALLOC_SOFT_LIMIT)
# define SQLITE_MALLOC_SOFT_LIMIT 1024
#endif
 
/*
** We need to define _XOPEN_SOURCE as follows in order to enable
** recursive mutexes on most Unix systems and fchmod() on OpenBSD.
** But _XOPEN_SOURCE define causes problems for Mac OS X, so omit
** it.
*/
#if !defined(_XOPEN_SOURCE) && !defined(__DARWIN__) && !defined(__APPLE__)
# define _XOPEN_SOURCE 600
#endif
 
/*
** NDEBUG and SQLITE_DEBUG are opposites. It should always be true that
** defined(NDEBUG)==!defined(SQLITE_DEBUG). If this is not currently true,
** make it true by defining or undefining NDEBUG.
**
** Setting NDEBUG makes the code smaller and faster by disabling the
** assert() statements in the code. So we want the default action
** to be for NDEBUG to be set and NDEBUG to be undefined only if SQLITE_DEBUG
** is set. Thus NDEBUG becomes an opt-in rather than an opt-out
** feature.
*/
#if !defined(NDEBUG) && !defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
# define NDEBUG 1
#endif
#if defined(NDEBUG) && defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
# undef NDEBUG
#endif
 
/*
** Enable SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS if SQLITE_DEBUG is turned on.
*/
#if !defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS) && defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
# define SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS 1
#endif
 
/*
** The testcase() macro is used to aid in coverage testing. When
** doing coverage testing, the condition inside the argument to
** testcase() must be evaluated both true and false in order to
** get full branch coverage. The testcase() macro is inserted
** to help ensure adequate test coverage in places where simple
** condition/decision coverage is inadequate. For example, testcase()
** can be used to make sure boundary values are tested. For
** bitmask tests, testcase() can be used to make sure each bit
** is significant and used at least once. On switch statements
** where multiple cases go to the same block of code, testcase()
** can insure that all cases are evaluated.
**
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3Coverage(int);
# define testcase(X) if( X ){ sqlite3Coverage(__LINE__); }
#else
# define testcase(X)
#endif
 
/*
** The TESTONLY macro is used to enclose variable declarations or
** other bits of code that are needed to support the arguments
** within testcase() and assert() macros.
*/
#if !defined(NDEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST)
# define TESTONLY(X) X
#else
# define TESTONLY(X)
#endif
 
/*
** Sometimes we need a small amount of code such as a variable initialization
** to setup for a later assert() statement. We do not want this code to
** appear when assert() is disabled. The following macro is therefore
** used to contain that setup code. The "VVA" acronym stands for
** "Verification, Validation, and Accreditation". In other words, the
** code within VVA_ONLY() will only run during verification processes.
*/
#ifndef NDEBUG
# define VVA_ONLY(X) X
#else
# define VVA_ONLY(X)
#endif
 
/*
** The ALWAYS and NEVER macros surround boolean expressions which
** are intended to always be true or false, respectively. Such
** expressions could be omitted from the code completely. But they
** are included in a few cases in order to enhance the resilience
** of SQLite to unexpected behavior - to make the code "self-healing"
** or "ductile" rather than being "brittle" and crashing at the first
** hint of unplanned behavior.
**
** In other words, ALWAYS and NEVER are added for defensive code.
**
** When doing coverage testing ALWAYS and NEVER are hard-coded to
** be true and false so that the unreachable code they specify will
** not be counted as untested code.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_COVERAGE_TEST)
# define ALWAYS(X) (1)
# define NEVER(X) (0)
#elif !defined(NDEBUG)
# define ALWAYS(X) ((X)?1:(assert(0),0))
# define NEVER(X) ((X)?(assert(0),1):0)
#else
# define ALWAYS(X) (X)
# define NEVER(X) (X)
#endif
 
/*
** Return true (non-zero) if the input is an integer that is too large
** to fit in 32-bits. This macro is used inside of various testcase()
** macros to verify that we have tested SQLite for large-file support.
*/
#define IS_BIG_INT(X) (((X)&~(i64)0xffffffff)!=0)
 
/*
** The macro unlikely() is a hint that surrounds a boolean
** expression that is usually false. Macro likely() surrounds
** a boolean expression that is usually true. These hints could,
** in theory, be used by the compiler to generate better code, but
** currently they are just comments for human readers.
*/
#define likely(X) (X)
#define unlikely(X) (X)
 
/************** Include hash.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ******************/
/************** Begin file hash.h ********************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 22
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
** May you do good and not evil.
** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This is the header file for the generic hash-table implementation
** used in SQLite.
*/
#ifndef _SQLITE_HASH_H_
#define _SQLITE_HASH_H_
 
/* Forward declarations of structures. */
typedef struct Hash Hash;
typedef struct HashElem HashElem;
 
/* A complete hash table is an instance of the following structure.
** The internals of this structure are intended to be opaque -- client
** code should not attempt to access or modify the fields of this structure
** directly. Change this structure only by using the routines below.
** However, some of the "procedures" and "functions" for modifying and
** accessing this structure are really macros, so we can't really make
** this structure opaque.
**
** All elements of the hash table are on a single doubly-linked list.
** Hash.first points to the head of this list.
**
** There are Hash.htsize buckets. Each bucket points to a spot in
** the global doubly-linked list. The contents of the bucket are the
** element pointed to plus the next _ht.count-1 elements in the list.
**
** Hash.htsize and Hash.ht may be zero. In that case lookup is done
** by a linear search of the global list. For small tables, the
** Hash.ht table is never allocated because if there are few elements
** in the table, it is faster to do a linear search than to manage
** the hash table.
*/
struct Hash {
unsigned int htsize; /* Number of buckets in the hash table */
unsigned int count; /* Number of entries in this table */
HashElem *first; /* The first element of the array */
struct _ht { /* the hash table */
int count; /* Number of entries with this hash */
HashElem *chain; /* Pointer to first entry with this hash */
} *ht;
};
 
/* Each element in the hash table is an instance of the following
** structure. All elements are stored on a single doubly-linked list.
**
** Again, this structure is intended to be opaque, but it can't really
** be opaque because it is used by macros.
*/
struct HashElem {
HashElem *next, *prev; /* Next and previous elements in the table */
void *data; /* Data associated with this element */
const char *pKey; /* Key associated with this element */
};
 
/*
** Access routines. To delete, insert a NULL pointer.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3HashInit(Hash*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3HashInsert(Hash*, const char *pKey, void *pData);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3HashFind(const Hash*, const char *pKey);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3HashClear(Hash*);
 
/*
** Macros for looping over all elements of a hash table. The idiom is
** like this:
**
** Hash h;
** HashElem *p;
** ...
** for(p=sqliteHashFirst(&h); p; p=sqliteHashNext(p)){
** SomeStructure *pData = sqliteHashData(p);
** // do something with pData
** }
*/
#define sqliteHashFirst(H) ((H)->first)
#define sqliteHashNext(E) ((E)->next)
#define sqliteHashData(E) ((E)->data)
/* #define sqliteHashKey(E) ((E)->pKey) // NOT USED */
/* #define sqliteHashKeysize(E) ((E)->nKey) // NOT USED */
 
/*
** Number of entries in a hash table
*/
/* #define sqliteHashCount(H) ((H)->count) // NOT USED */
 
#endif /* _SQLITE_HASH_H_ */
 
/************** End of hash.h ************************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
/************** Include parse.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h *****************/
/************** Begin file parse.h *******************************************/
#define TK_SEMI 1
#define TK_EXPLAIN 2
#define TK_QUERY 3
#define TK_PLAN 4
#define TK_BEGIN 5
#define TK_TRANSACTION 6
#define TK_DEFERRED 7
#define TK_IMMEDIATE 8
#define TK_EXCLUSIVE 9
#define TK_COMMIT 10
#define TK_END 11
#define TK_ROLLBACK 12
#define TK_SAVEPOINT 13
#define TK_RELEASE 14
#define TK_TO 15
#define TK_TABLE 16
#define TK_CREATE 17
#define TK_IF 18
#define TK_NOT 19
#define TK_EXISTS 20
#define TK_TEMP 21
#define TK_LP 22
#define TK_RP 23
#define TK_AS 24
#define TK_WITHOUT 25
#define TK_COMMA 26
#define TK_ID 27
#define TK_INDEXED 28
#define TK_ABORT 29
#define TK_ACTION 30
#define TK_AFTER 31
#define TK_ANALYZE 32
#define TK_ASC 33
#define TK_ATTACH 34
#define TK_BEFORE 35
#define TK_BY 36
#define TK_CASCADE 37
#define TK_CAST 38
#define TK_COLUMNKW 39
#define TK_CONFLICT 40
#define TK_DATABASE 41
#define TK_DESC 42
#define TK_DETACH 43
#define TK_EACH 44
#define TK_FAIL 45
#define TK_FOR 46
#define TK_IGNORE 47
#define TK_INITIALLY 48
#define TK_INSTEAD 49
#define TK_LIKE_KW 50
#define TK_MATCH 51
#define TK_NO 52
#define TK_KEY 53
#define TK_OF 54
#define TK_OFFSET 55
#define TK_PRAGMA 56
#define TK_RAISE 57
#define TK_RECURSIVE 58
#define TK_REPLACE 59
#define TK_RESTRICT 60
#define TK_ROW 61
#define TK_TRIGGER 62
#define TK_VACUUM 63
#define TK_VIEW 64
#define TK_VIRTUAL 65
#define TK_WITH 66
#define TK_REINDEX 67
#define TK_RENAME 68
#define TK_CTIME_KW 69
#define TK_ANY 70
#define TK_OR 71
#define TK_AND 72
#define TK_IS 73
#define TK_BETWEEN 74
#define TK_IN 75
#define TK_ISNULL 76
#define TK_NOTNULL 77
#define TK_NE 78
#define TK_EQ 79
#define TK_GT 80
#define TK_LE 81
#define TK_LT 82
#define TK_GE 83
#define TK_ESCAPE 84
#define TK_BITAND 85
#define TK_BITOR 86
#define TK_LSHIFT 87
#define TK_RSHIFT 88
#define TK_PLUS 89
#define TK_MINUS 90
#define TK_STAR 91
#define TK_SLASH 92
#define TK_REM 93
#define TK_CONCAT 94
#define TK_COLLATE 95
#define TK_BITNOT 96
#define TK_STRING 97
#define TK_JOIN_KW 98
#define TK_CONSTRAINT 99
#define TK_DEFAULT 100
#define TK_NULL 101
#define TK_PRIMARY 102
#define TK_UNIQUE 103
#define TK_CHECK 104
#define TK_REFERENCES 105
#define TK_AUTOINCR 106
#define TK_ON 107
#define TK_INSERT 108
#define TK_DELETE 109
#define TK_UPDATE 110
#define TK_SET 111
#define TK_DEFERRABLE 112
#define TK_FOREIGN 113
#define TK_DROP 114
#define TK_UNION 115
#define TK_ALL 116
#define TK_EXCEPT 117
#define TK_INTERSECT 118
#define TK_SELECT 119
#define TK_VALUES 120
#define TK_DISTINCT 121
#define TK_DOT 122
#define TK_FROM 123
#define TK_JOIN 124
#define TK_USING 125
#define TK_ORDER 126
#define TK_GROUP 127
#define TK_HAVING 128
#define TK_LIMIT 129
#define TK_WHERE 130
#define TK_INTO 131
#define TK_INTEGER 132
#define TK_FLOAT 133
#define TK_BLOB 134
#define TK_VARIABLE 135
#define TK_CASE 136
#define TK_WHEN 137
#define TK_THEN 138
#define TK_ELSE 139
#define TK_INDEX 140
#define TK_ALTER 141
#define TK_ADD 142
#define TK_TO_TEXT 143
#define TK_TO_BLOB 144
#define TK_TO_NUMERIC 145
#define TK_TO_INT 146
#define TK_TO_REAL 147
#define TK_ISNOT 148
#define TK_END_OF_FILE 149
#define TK_ILLEGAL 150
#define TK_SPACE 151
#define TK_UNCLOSED_STRING 152
#define TK_FUNCTION 153
#define TK_COLUMN 154
#define TK_AGG_FUNCTION 155
#define TK_AGG_COLUMN 156
#define TK_UMINUS 157
#define TK_UPLUS 158
#define TK_REGISTER 159
 
/************** End of parse.h ***********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <stddef.h>
 
/*
** If compiling for a processor that lacks floating point support,
** substitute integer for floating-point
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT
# define double sqlite_int64
# define float sqlite_int64
# define LONGDOUBLE_TYPE sqlite_int64
# ifndef SQLITE_BIG_DBL
# define SQLITE_BIG_DBL (((sqlite3_int64)1)<<50)
# endif
# define SQLITE_OMIT_DATETIME_FUNCS 1
# define SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE 1
# undef SQLITE_MIXED_ENDIAN_64BIT_FLOAT
# undef SQLITE_HAVE_ISNAN
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_BIG_DBL
# define SQLITE_BIG_DBL (1e99)
#endif
 
/*
** OMIT_TEMPDB is set to 1 if SQLITE_OMIT_TEMPDB is defined, or 0
** afterward. Having this macro allows us to cause the C compiler
** to omit code used by TEMP tables without messy #ifndef statements.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_TEMPDB
#define OMIT_TEMPDB 1
#else
#define OMIT_TEMPDB 0
#endif
 
/*
** The "file format" number is an integer that is incremented whenever
** the VDBE-level file format changes. The following macros define the
** the default file format for new databases and the maximum file format
** that the library can read.
*/
#define SQLITE_MAX_FILE_FORMAT 4
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_FORMAT
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_FILE_FORMAT 4
#endif
 
/*
** Determine whether triggers are recursive by default. This can be
** changed at run-time using a pragma.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_RECURSIVE_TRIGGERS
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_RECURSIVE_TRIGGERS 0
#endif
 
/*
** Provide a default value for SQLITE_TEMP_STORE in case it is not specified
** on the command-line
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_TEMP_STORE
# define SQLITE_TEMP_STORE 1
# define SQLITE_TEMP_STORE_xc 1 /* Exclude from ctime.c */
#endif
 
/*
** If no value has been provided for SQLITE_MAX_WORKER_THREADS, or if
** SQLITE_TEMP_STORE is set to 3 (never use temporary files), set it
** to zero.
*/
#if SQLITE_TEMP_STORE==3 || SQLITE_THREADSAFE==0
# undef SQLITE_MAX_WORKER_THREADS
# define SQLITE_MAX_WORKER_THREADS 0
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_WORKER_THREADS
# define SQLITE_MAX_WORKER_THREADS 8
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_WORKER_THREADS
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_WORKER_THREADS 0
#endif
#if SQLITE_DEFAULT_WORKER_THREADS>SQLITE_MAX_WORKER_THREADS
# undef SQLITE_MAX_WORKER_THREADS
# define SQLITE_MAX_WORKER_THREADS SQLITE_DEFAULT_WORKER_THREADS
#endif
 
 
/*
** GCC does not define the offsetof() macro so we'll have to do it
** ourselves.
*/
#ifndef offsetof
#define offsetof(STRUCTURE,FIELD) ((int)((char*)&((STRUCTURE*)0)->FIELD))
#endif
 
/*
** Macros to compute minimum and maximum of two numbers.
*/
#define MIN(A,B) ((A)<(B)?(A):(B))
#define MAX(A,B) ((A)>(B)?(A):(B))
 
/*
** Swap two objects of type TYPE.
*/
#define SWAP(TYPE,A,B) {TYPE t=A; A=B; B=t;}
 
/*
** Check to see if this machine uses EBCDIC. (Yes, believe it or
** not, there are still machines out there that use EBCDIC.)
*/
#if 'A' == '\301'
# define SQLITE_EBCDIC 1
#else
# define SQLITE_ASCII 1
#endif
 
/*
** Integers of known sizes. These typedefs might change for architectures
** where the sizes very. Preprocessor macros are available so that the
** types can be conveniently redefined at compile-type. Like this:
**
** cc '-DUINTPTR_TYPE=long long int' ...
*/
#ifndef UINT32_TYPE
# ifdef HAVE_UINT32_T
# define UINT32_TYPE uint32_t
# else
# define UINT32_TYPE unsigned int
# endif
#endif
#ifndef UINT16_TYPE
# ifdef HAVE_UINT16_T
# define UINT16_TYPE uint16_t
# else
# define UINT16_TYPE unsigned short int
# endif
#endif
#ifndef INT16_TYPE
# ifdef HAVE_INT16_T
# define INT16_TYPE int16_t
# else
# define INT16_TYPE short int
# endif
#endif
#ifndef UINT8_TYPE
# ifdef HAVE_UINT8_T
# define UINT8_TYPE uint8_t
# else
# define UINT8_TYPE unsigned char
# endif
#endif
#ifndef INT8_TYPE
# ifdef HAVE_INT8_T
# define INT8_TYPE int8_t
# else
# define INT8_TYPE signed char
# endif
#endif
#ifndef LONGDOUBLE_TYPE
# define LONGDOUBLE_TYPE long double
#endif
typedef sqlite_int64 i64; /* 8-byte signed integer */
typedef sqlite_uint64 u64; /* 8-byte unsigned integer */
typedef UINT32_TYPE u32; /* 4-byte unsigned integer */
typedef UINT16_TYPE u16; /* 2-byte unsigned integer */
typedef INT16_TYPE i16; /* 2-byte signed integer */
typedef UINT8_TYPE u8; /* 1-byte unsigned integer */
typedef INT8_TYPE i8; /* 1-byte signed integer */
 
/*
** SQLITE_MAX_U32 is a u64 constant that is the maximum u64 value
** that can be stored in a u32 without loss of data. The value
** is 0x00000000ffffffff. But because of quirks of some compilers, we
** have to specify the value in the less intuitive manner shown:
*/
#define SQLITE_MAX_U32 ((((u64)1)<<32)-1)
 
/*
** The datatype used to store estimates of the number of rows in a
** table or index. This is an unsigned integer type. For 99.9% of
** the world, a 32-bit integer is sufficient. But a 64-bit integer
** can be used at compile-time if desired.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_64BIT_STATS
typedef u64 tRowcnt; /* 64-bit only if requested at compile-time */
#else
typedef u32 tRowcnt; /* 32-bit is the default */
#endif
 
/*
** Estimated quantities used for query planning are stored as 16-bit
** logarithms. For quantity X, the value stored is 10*log2(X). This
** gives a possible range of values of approximately 1.0e986 to 1e-986.
** But the allowed values are "grainy". Not every value is representable.
** For example, quantities 16 and 17 are both represented by a LogEst
** of 40. However, since LogEst quantaties are suppose to be estimates,
** not exact values, this imprecision is not a problem.
**
** "LogEst" is short for "Logarithmic Estimate".
**
** Examples:
** 1 -> 0 20 -> 43 10000 -> 132
** 2 -> 10 25 -> 46 25000 -> 146
** 3 -> 16 100 -> 66 1000000 -> 199
** 4 -> 20 1000 -> 99 1048576 -> 200
** 10 -> 33 1024 -> 100 4294967296 -> 320
**
** The LogEst can be negative to indicate fractional values.
** Examples:
**
** 0.5 -> -10 0.1 -> -33 0.0625 -> -40
*/
typedef INT16_TYPE LogEst;
 
/*
** Macros to determine whether the machine is big or little endian,
** and whether or not that determination is run-time or compile-time.
**
** For best performance, an attempt is made to guess at the byte-order
** using C-preprocessor macros. If that is unsuccessful, or if
** -DSQLITE_RUNTIME_BYTEORDER=1 is set, then byte-order is determined
** at run-time.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_AMALGAMATION
SQLITE_PRIVATE const int sqlite3one = 1;
#else
SQLITE_PRIVATE const int sqlite3one;
#endif
#if (defined(i386) || defined(__i386__) || defined(_M_IX86) || \
defined(__x86_64) || defined(__x86_64__) || defined(_M_X64) || \
defined(_M_AMD64) || defined(_M_ARM) || defined(__x86) || \
defined(__arm__)) && !defined(SQLITE_RUNTIME_BYTEORDER)
# define SQLITE_BYTEORDER 1234
# define SQLITE_BIGENDIAN 0
# define SQLITE_LITTLEENDIAN 1
# define SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE SQLITE_UTF16LE
#endif
#if (defined(sparc) || defined(__ppc__)) \
&& !defined(SQLITE_RUNTIME_BYTEORDER)
# define SQLITE_BYTEORDER 4321
# define SQLITE_BIGENDIAN 1
# define SQLITE_LITTLEENDIAN 0
# define SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE SQLITE_UTF16BE
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_BYTEORDER)
# define SQLITE_BYTEORDER 0 /* 0 means "unknown at compile-time" */
# define SQLITE_BIGENDIAN (*(char *)(&sqlite3one)==0)
# define SQLITE_LITTLEENDIAN (*(char *)(&sqlite3one)==1)
# define SQLITE_UTF16NATIVE (SQLITE_BIGENDIAN?SQLITE_UTF16BE:SQLITE_UTF16LE)
#endif
 
/*
** Constants for the largest and smallest possible 64-bit signed integers.
** These macros are designed to work correctly on both 32-bit and 64-bit
** compilers.
*/
#define LARGEST_INT64 (0xffffffff|(((i64)0x7fffffff)<<32))
#define SMALLEST_INT64 (((i64)-1) - LARGEST_INT64)
 
/*
** Round up a number to the next larger multiple of 8. This is used
** to force 8-byte alignment on 64-bit architectures.
*/
#define ROUND8(x) (((x)+7)&~7)
 
/*
** Round down to the nearest multiple of 8
*/
#define ROUNDDOWN8(x) ((x)&~7)
 
/*
** Assert that the pointer X is aligned to an 8-byte boundary. This
** macro is used only within assert() to verify that the code gets
** all alignment restrictions correct.
**
** Except, if SQLITE_4_BYTE_ALIGNED_MALLOC is defined, then the
** underlying malloc() implementation might return us 4-byte aligned
** pointers. In that case, only verify 4-byte alignment.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_4_BYTE_ALIGNED_MALLOC
# define EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(X) ((((char*)(X) - (char*)0)&3)==0)
#else
# define EIGHT_BYTE_ALIGNMENT(X) ((((char*)(X) - (char*)0)&7)==0)
#endif
 
/*
** Disable MMAP on platforms where it is known to not work
*/
#if defined(__OpenBSD__) || defined(__QNXNTO__)
# undef SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE
# define SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE 0
#endif
 
/*
** Default maximum size of memory used by memory-mapped I/O in the VFS
*/
#ifdef __APPLE__
# include <TargetConditionals.h>
# if TARGET_OS_IPHONE
# undef SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE
# define SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE 0
# endif
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE
# if defined(__linux__) \
|| defined(_WIN32) \
|| (defined(__APPLE__) && defined(__MACH__)) \
|| defined(__sun)
# define SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE 0x7fff0000 /* 2147418112 */
# else
# define SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE 0
# endif
# define SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE_xc 1 /* exclude from ctime.c */
#endif
 
/*
** The default MMAP_SIZE is zero on all platforms. Or, even if a larger
** default MMAP_SIZE is specified at compile-time, make sure that it does
** not exceed the maximum mmap size.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE 0
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE_xc 1 /* Exclude from ctime.c */
#endif
#if SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE>SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE
# undef SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_MMAP_SIZE SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE
#endif
 
/*
** Only one of SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3 or SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4 can be defined.
** Priority is given to SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4. If either are defined, also
** define SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT4
# undef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
# define SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 1
#elif SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3
# define SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4 1
#elif SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
# undef SQLITE_ENABLE_STAT3_OR_STAT4
#endif
 
/*
** SELECTTRACE_ENABLED will be either 1 or 0 depending on whether or not
** the Select query generator tracing logic is turned on.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_DEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_SELECTTRACE)
# define SELECTTRACE_ENABLED 1
#else
# define SELECTTRACE_ENABLED 0
#endif
 
/*
** An instance of the following structure is used to store the busy-handler
** callback for a given sqlite handle.
**
** The sqlite.busyHandler member of the sqlite struct contains the busy
** callback for the database handle. Each pager opened via the sqlite
** handle is passed a pointer to sqlite.busyHandler. The busy-handler
** callback is currently invoked only from within pager.c.
*/
typedef struct BusyHandler BusyHandler;
struct BusyHandler {
int (*xFunc)(void *,int); /* The busy callback */
void *pArg; /* First arg to busy callback */
int nBusy; /* Incremented with each busy call */
};
 
/*
** Name of the master database table. The master database table
** is a special table that holds the names and attributes of all
** user tables and indices.
*/
#define MASTER_NAME "sqlite_master"
#define TEMP_MASTER_NAME "sqlite_temp_master"
 
/*
** The root-page of the master database table.
*/
#define MASTER_ROOT 1
 
/*
** The name of the schema table.
*/
#define SCHEMA_TABLE(x) ((!OMIT_TEMPDB)&&(x==1)?TEMP_MASTER_NAME:MASTER_NAME)
 
/*
** A convenience macro that returns the number of elements in
** an array.
*/
#define ArraySize(X) ((int)(sizeof(X)/sizeof(X[0])))
 
/*
** Determine if the argument is a power of two
*/
#define IsPowerOfTwo(X) (((X)&((X)-1))==0)
 
/*
** The following value as a destructor means to use sqlite3DbFree().
** The sqlite3DbFree() routine requires two parameters instead of the
** one parameter that destructors normally want. So we have to introduce
** this magic value that the code knows to handle differently. Any
** pointer will work here as long as it is distinct from SQLITE_STATIC
** and SQLITE_TRANSIENT.
*/
#define SQLITE_DYNAMIC ((sqlite3_destructor_type)sqlite3MallocSize)
 
/*
** When SQLITE_OMIT_WSD is defined, it means that the target platform does
** not support Writable Static Data (WSD) such as global and static variables.
** All variables must either be on the stack or dynamically allocated from
** the heap. When WSD is unsupported, the variable declarations scattered
** throughout the SQLite code must become constants instead. The SQLITE_WSD
** macro is used for this purpose. And instead of referencing the variable
** directly, we use its constant as a key to lookup the run-time allocated
** buffer that holds real variable. The constant is also the initializer
** for the run-time allocated buffer.
**
** In the usual case where WSD is supported, the SQLITE_WSD and GLOBAL
** macros become no-ops and have zero performance impact.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_WSD
#define SQLITE_WSD const
#define GLOBAL(t,v) (*(t*)sqlite3_wsd_find((void*)&(v), sizeof(v)))
#define sqlite3GlobalConfig GLOBAL(struct Sqlite3Config, sqlite3Config)
SQLITE_API int sqlite3_wsd_init(int N, int J);
SQLITE_API void *sqlite3_wsd_find(void *K, int L);
#else
#define SQLITE_WSD
#define GLOBAL(t,v) v
#define sqlite3GlobalConfig sqlite3Config
#endif
 
/*
** The following macros are used to suppress compiler warnings and to
** make it clear to human readers when a function parameter is deliberately
** left unused within the body of a function. This usually happens when
** a function is called via a function pointer. For example the
** implementation of an SQL aggregate step callback may not use the
** parameter indicating the number of arguments passed to the aggregate,
** if it knows that this is enforced elsewhere.
**
** When a function parameter is not used at all within the body of a function,
** it is generally named "NotUsed" or "NotUsed2" to make things even clearer.
** However, these macros may also be used to suppress warnings related to
** parameters that may or may not be used depending on compilation options.
** For example those parameters only used in assert() statements. In these
** cases the parameters are named as per the usual conventions.
*/
#define UNUSED_PARAMETER(x) (void)(x)
#define UNUSED_PARAMETER2(x,y) UNUSED_PARAMETER(x),UNUSED_PARAMETER(y)
 
/*
** Forward references to structures
*/
typedef struct AggInfo AggInfo;
typedef struct AuthContext AuthContext;
typedef struct AutoincInfo AutoincInfo;
typedef struct Bitvec Bitvec;
typedef struct CollSeq CollSeq;
typedef struct Column Column;
typedef struct Db Db;
typedef struct Schema Schema;
typedef struct Expr Expr;
typedef struct ExprList ExprList;
typedef struct ExprSpan ExprSpan;
typedef struct FKey FKey;
typedef struct FuncDestructor FuncDestructor;
typedef struct FuncDef FuncDef;
typedef struct FuncDefHash FuncDefHash;
typedef struct IdList IdList;
typedef struct Index Index;
typedef struct IndexSample IndexSample;
typedef struct KeyClass KeyClass;
typedef struct KeyInfo KeyInfo;
typedef struct Lookaside Lookaside;
typedef struct LookasideSlot LookasideSlot;
typedef struct Module Module;
typedef struct NameContext NameContext;
typedef struct Parse Parse;
typedef struct PrintfArguments PrintfArguments;
typedef struct RowSet RowSet;
typedef struct Savepoint Savepoint;
typedef struct Select Select;
typedef struct SQLiteThread SQLiteThread;
typedef struct SelectDest SelectDest;
typedef struct SrcList SrcList;
typedef struct StrAccum StrAccum;
typedef struct Table Table;
typedef struct TableLock TableLock;
typedef struct Token Token;
typedef struct TreeView TreeView;
typedef struct Trigger Trigger;
typedef struct TriggerPrg TriggerPrg;
typedef struct TriggerStep TriggerStep;
typedef struct UnpackedRecord UnpackedRecord;
typedef struct VTable VTable;
typedef struct VtabCtx VtabCtx;
typedef struct Walker Walker;
typedef struct WhereInfo WhereInfo;
typedef struct With With;
 
/*
** Defer sourcing vdbe.h and btree.h until after the "u8" and
** "BusyHandler" typedefs. vdbe.h also requires a few of the opaque
** pointer types (i.e. FuncDef) defined above.
*/
/************** Include btree.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h *****************/
/************** Begin file btree.h *******************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
** May you do good and not evil.
** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This header file defines the interface that the sqlite B-Tree file
** subsystem. See comments in the source code for a detailed description
** of what each interface routine does.
*/
#ifndef _BTREE_H_
#define _BTREE_H_
 
/* TODO: This definition is just included so other modules compile. It
** needs to be revisited.
*/
#define SQLITE_N_BTREE_META 10
 
/*
** If defined as non-zero, auto-vacuum is enabled by default. Otherwise
** it must be turned on for each database using "PRAGMA auto_vacuum = 1".
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_AUTOVACUUM
#define SQLITE_DEFAULT_AUTOVACUUM 0
#endif
 
#define BTREE_AUTOVACUUM_NONE 0 /* Do not do auto-vacuum */
#define BTREE_AUTOVACUUM_FULL 1 /* Do full auto-vacuum */
#define BTREE_AUTOVACUUM_INCR 2 /* Incremental vacuum */
 
/*
** Forward declarations of structure
*/
typedef struct Btree Btree;
typedef struct BtCursor BtCursor;
typedef struct BtShared BtShared;
 
 
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeOpen(
sqlite3_vfs *pVfs, /* VFS to use with this b-tree */
const char *zFilename, /* Name of database file to open */
sqlite3 *db, /* Associated database connection */
Btree **ppBtree, /* Return open Btree* here */
int flags, /* Flags */
int vfsFlags /* Flags passed through to VFS open */
);
 
/* The flags parameter to sqlite3BtreeOpen can be the bitwise or of the
** following values.
**
** NOTE: These values must match the corresponding PAGER_ values in
** pager.h.
*/
#define BTREE_OMIT_JOURNAL 1 /* Do not create or use a rollback journal */
#define BTREE_MEMORY 2 /* This is an in-memory DB */
#define BTREE_SINGLE 4 /* The file contains at most 1 b-tree */
#define BTREE_UNORDERED 8 /* Use of a hash implementation is OK */
 
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeClose(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetCacheSize(Btree*,int);
#if SQLITE_MAX_MMAP_SIZE>0
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetMmapLimit(Btree*,sqlite3_int64);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetPagerFlags(Btree*,unsigned);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSyncDisabled(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetPageSize(Btree *p, int nPagesize, int nReserve, int eFix);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeGetPageSize(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeMaxPageCount(Btree*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE u32 sqlite3BtreeLastPage(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSecureDelete(Btree*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeGetReserve(Btree*);
#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeGetReserveNoMutex(Btree *p);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetAutoVacuum(Btree *, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeGetAutoVacuum(Btree *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeBeginTrans(Btree*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseOne(Btree*, const char *zMaster);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCommitPhaseTwo(Btree*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCommit(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeRollback(Btree*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeBeginStmt(Btree*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCreateTable(Btree*, int*, int flags);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeIsInTrans(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeIsInReadTrans(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeIsInBackup(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3BtreeSchema(Btree *, int, void(*)(void *));
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSchemaLocked(Btree *pBtree);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeLockTable(Btree *pBtree, int iTab, u8 isWriteLock);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSavepoint(Btree *, int, int);
 
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3BtreeGetFilename(Btree *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3BtreeGetJournalname(Btree *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCopyFile(Btree *, Btree *);
 
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeIncrVacuum(Btree *);
 
/* The flags parameter to sqlite3BtreeCreateTable can be the bitwise OR
** of the flags shown below.
**
** Every SQLite table must have either BTREE_INTKEY or BTREE_BLOBKEY set.
** With BTREE_INTKEY, the table key is a 64-bit integer and arbitrary data
** is stored in the leaves. (BTREE_INTKEY is used for SQL tables.) With
** BTREE_BLOBKEY, the key is an arbitrary BLOB and no content is stored
** anywhere - the key is the content. (BTREE_BLOBKEY is used for SQL
** indices.)
*/
#define BTREE_INTKEY 1 /* Table has only 64-bit signed integer keys */
#define BTREE_BLOBKEY 2 /* Table has keys only - no data */
 
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeDropTable(Btree*, int, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeClearTable(Btree*, int, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeClearTableOfCursor(BtCursor*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeTripAllCursors(Btree*, int);
 
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeGetMeta(Btree *pBtree, int idx, u32 *pValue);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeUpdateMeta(Btree*, int idx, u32 value);
 
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeNewDb(Btree *p);
 
/*
** The second parameter to sqlite3BtreeGetMeta or sqlite3BtreeUpdateMeta
** should be one of the following values. The integer values are assigned
** to constants so that the offset of the corresponding field in an
** SQLite database header may be found using the following formula:
**
** offset = 36 + (idx * 4)
**
** For example, the free-page-count field is located at byte offset 36 of
** the database file header. The incr-vacuum-flag field is located at
** byte offset 64 (== 36+4*7).
*/
#define BTREE_FREE_PAGE_COUNT 0
#define BTREE_SCHEMA_VERSION 1
#define BTREE_FILE_FORMAT 2
#define BTREE_DEFAULT_CACHE_SIZE 3
#define BTREE_LARGEST_ROOT_PAGE 4
#define BTREE_TEXT_ENCODING 5
#define BTREE_USER_VERSION 6
#define BTREE_INCR_VACUUM 7
#define BTREE_APPLICATION_ID 8
 
/*
** Values that may be OR'd together to form the second argument of an
** sqlite3BtreeCursorHints() call.
*/
#define BTREE_BULKLOAD 0x00000001
 
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCursor(
Btree*, /* BTree containing table to open */
int iTable, /* Index of root page */
int wrFlag, /* 1 for writing. 0 for read-only */
struct KeyInfo*, /* First argument to compare function */
BtCursor *pCursor /* Space to write cursor structure */
);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCursorSize(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeCursorZero(BtCursor*);
 
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCloseCursor(BtCursor*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeMovetoUnpacked(
BtCursor*,
UnpackedRecord *pUnKey,
i64 intKey,
int bias,
int *pRes
);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCursorHasMoved(BtCursor*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCursorRestore(BtCursor*, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeDelete(BtCursor*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeInsert(BtCursor*, const void *pKey, i64 nKey,
const void *pData, int nData,
int nZero, int bias, int seekResult);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeFirst(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeLast(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeNext(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeEof(BtCursor*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreePrevious(BtCursor*, int *pRes);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeKeySize(BtCursor*, i64 *pSize);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeKey(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const void *sqlite3BtreeKeyFetch(BtCursor*, u32 *pAmt);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const void *sqlite3BtreeDataFetch(BtCursor*, u32 *pAmt);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeDataSize(BtCursor*, u32 *pSize);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeData(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);
 
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3BtreeIntegrityCheck(Btree*, int *aRoot, int nRoot, int, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE struct Pager *sqlite3BtreePager(Btree*);
 
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreePutData(BtCursor*, u32 offset, u32 amt, void*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeIncrblobCursor(BtCursor *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeClearCursor(BtCursor *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSetVersion(Btree *pBt, int iVersion);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeCursorHints(BtCursor *, unsigned int mask);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeIsReadonly(Btree *pBt);
 
#ifndef NDEBUG
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCursorIsValid(BtCursor*);
#endif
 
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_BTREECOUNT
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCount(BtCursor *, i64 *);
#endif
 
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCursorInfo(BtCursor*, int*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeCursorList(Btree*);
#endif
 
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeCheckpoint(Btree*, int, int *, int *);
#endif
 
/*
** If we are not using shared cache, then there is no need to
** use mutexes to access the BtShared structures. So make the
** Enter and Leave procedures no-ops.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeEnter(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeEnterAll(sqlite3*);
#else
# define sqlite3BtreeEnter(X)
# define sqlite3BtreeEnterAll(X)
#endif
 
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_SHARED_CACHE) && SQLITE_THREADSAFE
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeSharable(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeLeave(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeEnterCursor(BtCursor*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeLeaveCursor(BtCursor*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3BtreeLeaveAll(sqlite3*);
#ifndef NDEBUG
/* These routines are used inside assert() statements only. */
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(Btree*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(sqlite3*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(sqlite3*,int,Schema*);
#endif
#else
 
# define sqlite3BtreeSharable(X) 0
# define sqlite3BtreeLeave(X)
# define sqlite3BtreeEnterCursor(X)
# define sqlite3BtreeLeaveCursor(X)
# define sqlite3BtreeLeaveAll(X)
 
# define sqlite3BtreeHoldsMutex(X) 1
# define sqlite3BtreeHoldsAllMutexes(X) 1
# define sqlite3SchemaMutexHeld(X,Y,Z) 1
#endif
 
 
#endif /* _BTREE_H_ */
 
/************** End of btree.h ***********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
/************** Include vdbe.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ******************/
/************** Begin file vdbe.h ********************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
** May you do good and not evil.
** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** Header file for the Virtual DataBase Engine (VDBE)
**
** This header defines the interface to the virtual database engine
** or VDBE. The VDBE implements an abstract machine that runs a
** simple program to access and modify the underlying database.
*/
#ifndef _SQLITE_VDBE_H_
#define _SQLITE_VDBE_H_
/* #include <stdio.h> */
 
/*
** A single VDBE is an opaque structure named "Vdbe". Only routines
** in the source file sqliteVdbe.c are allowed to see the insides
** of this structure.
*/
typedef struct Vdbe Vdbe;
 
/*
** The names of the following types declared in vdbeInt.h are required
** for the VdbeOp definition.
*/
typedef struct Mem Mem;
typedef struct SubProgram SubProgram;
 
/*
** A single instruction of the virtual machine has an opcode
** and as many as three operands. The instruction is recorded
** as an instance of the following structure:
*/
struct VdbeOp {
u8 opcode; /* What operation to perform */
signed char p4type; /* One of the P4_xxx constants for p4 */
u8 opflags; /* Mask of the OPFLG_* flags in opcodes.h */
u8 p5; /* Fifth parameter is an unsigned character */
int p1; /* First operand */
int p2; /* Second parameter (often the jump destination) */
int p3; /* The third parameter */
union { /* fourth parameter */
int i; /* Integer value if p4type==P4_INT32 */
void *p; /* Generic pointer */
char *z; /* Pointer to data for string (char array) types */
i64 *pI64; /* Used when p4type is P4_INT64 */
double *pReal; /* Used when p4type is P4_REAL */
FuncDef *pFunc; /* Used when p4type is P4_FUNCDEF */
CollSeq *pColl; /* Used when p4type is P4_COLLSEQ */
Mem *pMem; /* Used when p4type is P4_MEM */
VTable *pVtab; /* Used when p4type is P4_VTAB */
KeyInfo *pKeyInfo; /* Used when p4type is P4_KEYINFO */
int *ai; /* Used when p4type is P4_INTARRAY */
SubProgram *pProgram; /* Used when p4type is P4_SUBPROGRAM */
int (*xAdvance)(BtCursor *, int *);
} p4;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
char *zComment; /* Comment to improve readability */
#endif
#ifdef VDBE_PROFILE
u32 cnt; /* Number of times this instruction was executed */
u64 cycles; /* Total time spent executing this instruction */
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_VDBE_COVERAGE
int iSrcLine; /* Source-code line that generated this opcode */
#endif
};
typedef struct VdbeOp VdbeOp;
 
 
/*
** A sub-routine used to implement a trigger program.
*/
struct SubProgram {
VdbeOp *aOp; /* Array of opcodes for sub-program */
int nOp; /* Elements in aOp[] */
int nMem; /* Number of memory cells required */
int nCsr; /* Number of cursors required */
int nOnce; /* Number of OP_Once instructions */
void *token; /* id that may be used to recursive triggers */
SubProgram *pNext; /* Next sub-program already visited */
};
 
/*
** A smaller version of VdbeOp used for the VdbeAddOpList() function because
** it takes up less space.
*/
struct VdbeOpList {
u8 opcode; /* What operation to perform */
signed char p1; /* First operand */
signed char p2; /* Second parameter (often the jump destination) */
signed char p3; /* Third parameter */
};
typedef struct VdbeOpList VdbeOpList;
 
/*
** Allowed values of VdbeOp.p4type
*/
#define P4_NOTUSED 0 /* The P4 parameter is not used */
#define P4_DYNAMIC (-1) /* Pointer to a string obtained from sqliteMalloc() */
#define P4_STATIC (-2) /* Pointer to a static string */
#define P4_COLLSEQ (-4) /* P4 is a pointer to a CollSeq structure */
#define P4_FUNCDEF (-5) /* P4 is a pointer to a FuncDef structure */
#define P4_KEYINFO (-6) /* P4 is a pointer to a KeyInfo structure */
#define P4_MEM (-8) /* P4 is a pointer to a Mem* structure */
#define P4_TRANSIENT 0 /* P4 is a pointer to a transient string */
#define P4_VTAB (-10) /* P4 is a pointer to an sqlite3_vtab structure */
#define P4_MPRINTF (-11) /* P4 is a string obtained from sqlite3_mprintf() */
#define P4_REAL (-12) /* P4 is a 64-bit floating point value */
#define P4_INT64 (-13) /* P4 is a 64-bit signed integer */
#define P4_INT32 (-14) /* P4 is a 32-bit signed integer */
#define P4_INTARRAY (-15) /* P4 is a vector of 32-bit integers */
#define P4_SUBPROGRAM (-18) /* P4 is a pointer to a SubProgram structure */
#define P4_ADVANCE (-19) /* P4 is a pointer to BtreeNext() or BtreePrev() */
 
/* Error message codes for OP_Halt */
#define P5_ConstraintNotNull 1
#define P5_ConstraintUnique 2
#define P5_ConstraintCheck 3
#define P5_ConstraintFK 4
 
/*
** The Vdbe.aColName array contains 5n Mem structures, where n is the
** number of columns of data returned by the statement.
*/
#define COLNAME_NAME 0
#define COLNAME_DECLTYPE 1
#define COLNAME_DATABASE 2
#define COLNAME_TABLE 3
#define COLNAME_COLUMN 4
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_COLUMN_METADATA
# define COLNAME_N 5 /* Number of COLNAME_xxx symbols */
#else
# ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_DECLTYPE
# define COLNAME_N 1 /* Store only the name */
# else
# define COLNAME_N 2 /* Store the name and decltype */
# endif
#endif
 
/*
** The following macro converts a relative address in the p2 field
** of a VdbeOp structure into a negative number so that
** sqlite3VdbeAddOpList() knows that the address is relative. Calling
** the macro again restores the address.
*/
#define ADDR(X) (-1-(X))
 
/*
** The makefile scans the vdbe.c source file and creates the "opcodes.h"
** header file that defines a number for each opcode used by the VDBE.
*/
/************** Include opcodes.h in the middle of vdbe.h ********************/
/************** Begin file opcodes.h *****************************************/
/* Automatically generated. Do not edit */
/* See the mkopcodeh.awk script for details */
#define OP_Function 1 /* synopsis: r[P3]=func(r[P2@P5]) */
#define OP_Savepoint 2
#define OP_AutoCommit 3
#define OP_Transaction 4
#define OP_SorterNext 5
#define OP_PrevIfOpen 6
#define OP_NextIfOpen 7
#define OP_Prev 8
#define OP_Next 9
#define OP_AggStep 10 /* synopsis: accum=r[P3] step(r[P2@P5]) */
#define OP_Checkpoint 11
#define OP_JournalMode 12
#define OP_Vacuum 13
#define OP_VFilter 14 /* synopsis: iplan=r[P3] zplan='P4' */
#define OP_VUpdate 15 /* synopsis: data=r[P3@P2] */
#define OP_Goto 16
#define OP_Gosub 17
#define OP_Return 18
#define OP_Not 19 /* same as TK_NOT, synopsis: r[P2]= !r[P1] */
#define OP_InitCoroutine 20
#define OP_EndCoroutine 21
#define OP_Yield 22
#define OP_HaltIfNull 23 /* synopsis: if r[P3]=null halt */
#define OP_Halt 24
#define OP_Integer 25 /* synopsis: r[P2]=P1 */
#define OP_Int64 26 /* synopsis: r[P2]=P4 */
#define OP_String 27 /* synopsis: r[P2]='P4' (len=P1) */
#define OP_Null 28 /* synopsis: r[P2..P3]=NULL */
#define OP_SoftNull 29 /* synopsis: r[P1]=NULL */
#define OP_Blob 30 /* synopsis: r[P2]=P4 (len=P1) */
#define OP_Variable 31 /* synopsis: r[P2]=parameter(P1,P4) */
#define OP_Move 32 /* synopsis: r[P2@P3]=r[P1@P3] */
#define OP_Copy 33 /* synopsis: r[P2@P3+1]=r[P1@P3+1] */
#define OP_SCopy 34 /* synopsis: r[P2]=r[P1] */
#define OP_ResultRow 35 /* synopsis: output=r[P1@P2] */
#define OP_CollSeq 36
#define OP_AddImm 37 /* synopsis: r[P1]=r[P1]+P2 */
#define OP_MustBeInt 38
#define OP_RealAffinity 39
#define OP_Cast 40 /* synopsis: affinity(r[P1]) */
#define OP_Permutation 41
#define OP_Compare 42 /* synopsis: r[P1@P3] <-> r[P2@P3] */
#define OP_Jump 43
#define OP_Once 44
#define OP_If 45
#define OP_IfNot 46
#define OP_Column 47 /* synopsis: r[P3]=PX */
#define OP_Affinity 48 /* synopsis: affinity(r[P1@P2]) */
#define OP_MakeRecord 49 /* synopsis: r[P3]=mkrec(r[P1@P2]) */
#define OP_Count 50 /* synopsis: r[P2]=count() */
#define OP_ReadCookie 51
#define OP_SetCookie 52
#define OP_ReopenIdx 53 /* synopsis: root=P2 iDb=P3 */
#define OP_OpenRead 54 /* synopsis: root=P2 iDb=P3 */
#define OP_OpenWrite 55 /* synopsis: root=P2 iDb=P3 */
#define OP_OpenAutoindex 56 /* synopsis: nColumn=P2 */
#define OP_OpenEphemeral 57 /* synopsis: nColumn=P2 */
#define OP_SorterOpen 58
#define OP_SequenceTest 59 /* synopsis: if( cursor[P1].ctr++ ) pc = P2 */
#define OP_OpenPseudo 60 /* synopsis: P3 columns in r[P2] */
#define OP_Close 61
#define OP_SeekLT 62 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4] */
#define OP_SeekLE 63 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4] */
#define OP_SeekGE 64 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4] */
#define OP_SeekGT 65 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4] */
#define OP_Seek 66 /* synopsis: intkey=r[P2] */
#define OP_NoConflict 67 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4] */
#define OP_NotFound 68 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4] */
#define OP_Found 69 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4] */
#define OP_NotExists 70 /* synopsis: intkey=r[P3] */
#define OP_Or 71 /* same as TK_OR, synopsis: r[P3]=(r[P1] || r[P2]) */
#define OP_And 72 /* same as TK_AND, synopsis: r[P3]=(r[P1] && r[P2]) */
#define OP_Sequence 73 /* synopsis: r[P2]=cursor[P1].ctr++ */
#define OP_NewRowid 74 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid */
#define OP_Insert 75 /* synopsis: intkey=r[P3] data=r[P2] */
#define OP_IsNull 76 /* same as TK_ISNULL, synopsis: if r[P1]==NULL goto P2 */
#define OP_NotNull 77 /* same as TK_NOTNULL, synopsis: if r[P1]!=NULL goto P2 */
#define OP_Ne 78 /* same as TK_NE, synopsis: if r[P1]!=r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Eq 79 /* same as TK_EQ, synopsis: if r[P1]==r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Gt 80 /* same as TK_GT, synopsis: if r[P1]>r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Le 81 /* same as TK_LE, synopsis: if r[P1]<=r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Lt 82 /* same as TK_LT, synopsis: if r[P1]<r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_Ge 83 /* same as TK_GE, synopsis: if r[P1]>=r[P3] goto P2 */
#define OP_InsertInt 84 /* synopsis: intkey=P3 data=r[P2] */
#define OP_BitAnd 85 /* same as TK_BITAND, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]&r[P2] */
#define OP_BitOr 86 /* same as TK_BITOR, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]|r[P2] */
#define OP_ShiftLeft 87 /* same as TK_LSHIFT, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]<<r[P1] */
#define OP_ShiftRight 88 /* same as TK_RSHIFT, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]>>r[P1] */
#define OP_Add 89 /* same as TK_PLUS, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]+r[P2] */
#define OP_Subtract 90 /* same as TK_MINUS, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]-r[P1] */
#define OP_Multiply 91 /* same as TK_STAR, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P1]*r[P2] */
#define OP_Divide 92 /* same as TK_SLASH, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]/r[P1] */
#define OP_Remainder 93 /* same as TK_REM, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]%r[P1] */
#define OP_Concat 94 /* same as TK_CONCAT, synopsis: r[P3]=r[P2]+r[P1] */
#define OP_Delete 95
#define OP_BitNot 96 /* same as TK_BITNOT, synopsis: r[P1]= ~r[P1] */
#define OP_String8 97 /* same as TK_STRING, synopsis: r[P2]='P4' */
#define OP_ResetCount 98
#define OP_SorterCompare 99 /* synopsis: if key(P1)!=trim(r[P3],P4) goto P2 */
#define OP_SorterData 100 /* synopsis: r[P2]=data */
#define OP_RowKey 101 /* synopsis: r[P2]=key */
#define OP_RowData 102 /* synopsis: r[P2]=data */
#define OP_Rowid 103 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid */
#define OP_NullRow 104
#define OP_Last 105
#define OP_SorterSort 106
#define OP_Sort 107
#define OP_Rewind 108
#define OP_SorterInsert 109
#define OP_IdxInsert 110 /* synopsis: key=r[P2] */
#define OP_IdxDelete 111 /* synopsis: key=r[P2@P3] */
#define OP_IdxRowid 112 /* synopsis: r[P2]=rowid */
#define OP_IdxLE 113 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4] */
#define OP_IdxGT 114 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4] */
#define OP_IdxLT 115 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4] */
#define OP_IdxGE 116 /* synopsis: key=r[P3@P4] */
#define OP_Destroy 117
#define OP_Clear 118
#define OP_ResetSorter 119
#define OP_CreateIndex 120 /* synopsis: r[P2]=root iDb=P1 */
#define OP_CreateTable 121 /* synopsis: r[P2]=root iDb=P1 */
#define OP_ParseSchema 122
#define OP_LoadAnalysis 123
#define OP_DropTable 124
#define OP_DropIndex 125
#define OP_DropTrigger 126
#define OP_IntegrityCk 127
#define OP_RowSetAdd 128 /* synopsis: rowset(P1)=r[P2] */
#define OP_RowSetRead 129 /* synopsis: r[P3]=rowset(P1) */
#define OP_RowSetTest 130 /* synopsis: if r[P3] in rowset(P1) goto P2 */
#define OP_Program 131
#define OP_Param 132
#define OP_Real 133 /* same as TK_FLOAT, synopsis: r[P2]=P4 */
#define OP_FkCounter 134 /* synopsis: fkctr[P1]+=P2 */
#define OP_FkIfZero 135 /* synopsis: if fkctr[P1]==0 goto P2 */
#define OP_MemMax 136 /* synopsis: r[P1]=max(r[P1],r[P2]) */
#define OP_IfPos 137 /* synopsis: if r[P1]>0 goto P2 */
#define OP_IfNeg 138 /* synopsis: r[P1]+=P3, if r[P1]<0 goto P2 */
#define OP_IfZero 139 /* synopsis: r[P1]+=P3, if r[P1]==0 goto P2 */
#define OP_AggFinal 140 /* synopsis: accum=r[P1] N=P2 */
#define OP_IncrVacuum 141
#define OP_Expire 142
#define OP_TableLock 143 /* synopsis: iDb=P1 root=P2 write=P3 */
#define OP_VBegin 144
#define OP_VCreate 145
#define OP_VDestroy 146
#define OP_VOpen 147
#define OP_VColumn 148 /* synopsis: r[P3]=vcolumn(P2) */
#define OP_VNext 149
#define OP_VRename 150
#define OP_Pagecount 151
#define OP_MaxPgcnt 152
#define OP_Init 153 /* synopsis: Start at P2 */
#define OP_Noop 154
#define OP_Explain 155
 
 
/* Properties such as "out2" or "jump" that are specified in
** comments following the "case" for each opcode in the vdbe.c
** are encoded into bitvectors as follows:
*/
#define OPFLG_JUMP 0x0001 /* jump: P2 holds jmp target */
#define OPFLG_OUT2_PRERELEASE 0x0002 /* out2-prerelease: */
#define OPFLG_IN1 0x0004 /* in1: P1 is an input */
#define OPFLG_IN2 0x0008 /* in2: P2 is an input */
#define OPFLG_IN3 0x0010 /* in3: P3 is an input */
#define OPFLG_OUT2 0x0020 /* out2: P2 is an output */
#define OPFLG_OUT3 0x0040 /* out3: P3 is an output */
#define OPFLG_INITIALIZER {\
/* 0 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01,\
/* 8 */ 0x01, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00,\
/* 16 */ 0x01, 0x01, 0x04, 0x24, 0x01, 0x04, 0x05, 0x10,\
/* 24 */ 0x00, 0x02, 0x02, 0x02, 0x02, 0x00, 0x02, 0x02,\
/* 32 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x20, 0x00, 0x00, 0x04, 0x05, 0x04,\
/* 40 */ 0x04, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x05, 0x05, 0x00,\
/* 48 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x02, 0x02, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 56 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x11, 0x11,\
/* 64 */ 0x11, 0x11, 0x08, 0x11, 0x11, 0x11, 0x11, 0x4c,\
/* 72 */ 0x4c, 0x02, 0x02, 0x00, 0x05, 0x05, 0x15, 0x15,\
/* 80 */ 0x15, 0x15, 0x15, 0x15, 0x00, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c,\
/* 88 */ 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x4c, 0x00,\
/* 96 */ 0x24, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02,\
/* 104 */ 0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x08, 0x08, 0x00,\
/* 112 */ 0x02, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x01, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 120 */ 0x02, 0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 128 */ 0x0c, 0x45, 0x15, 0x01, 0x02, 0x02, 0x00, 0x01,\
/* 136 */ 0x08, 0x05, 0x05, 0x05, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00,\
/* 144 */ 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x02,\
/* 152 */ 0x02, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00,}
 
/************** End of opcodes.h *********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in vdbe.h ***********************/
 
/*
** Prototypes for the VDBE interface. See comments on the implementation
** for a description of what each of these routines does.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE Vdbe *sqlite3VdbeCreate(Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp0(Vdbe*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp1(Vdbe*,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp2(Vdbe*,int,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp3(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp4(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int,const char *zP4,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOp4Int(Vdbe*,int,int,int,int,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAddOpList(Vdbe*, int nOp, VdbeOpList const *aOp, int iLineno);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeAddParseSchemaOp(Vdbe*,int,char*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP1(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P1);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP2(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P2);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP3(Vdbe*, u32 addr, int P3);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP5(Vdbe*, u8 P5);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeJumpHere(Vdbe*, int addr);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeToNoop(Vdbe*, int addr);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeDeletePriorOpcode(Vdbe*, u8 op);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeChangeP4(Vdbe*, int addr, const char *zP4, int N);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSetP4KeyInfo(Parse*, Index*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeUsesBtree(Vdbe*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE VdbeOp *sqlite3VdbeGetOp(Vdbe*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeMakeLabel(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeRunOnlyOnce(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeDelete(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeClearObject(sqlite3*,Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeMakeReady(Vdbe*,Parse*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeFinalize(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeResolveLabel(Vdbe*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeCurrentAddr(Vdbe*);
#ifdef SQLITE_DEBUG
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeAssertMayAbort(Vdbe *, int);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeResetStepResult(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeRewind(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeReset(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSetNumCols(Vdbe*,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeSetColName(Vdbe*, int, int, const char *, void(*)(void*));
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeCountChanges(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3 *sqlite3VdbeDb(Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSetSql(Vdbe*, const char *z, int n, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSwap(Vdbe*,Vdbe*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE VdbeOp *sqlite3VdbeTakeOpArray(Vdbe*, int*, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_value *sqlite3VdbeGetBoundValue(Vdbe*, int, u8);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSetVarmask(Vdbe*, int);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE
SQLITE_PRIVATE char *sqlite3VdbeExpandSql(Vdbe*, const char*);
#endif
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3MemCompare(const Mem*, const Mem*, const CollSeq*);
 
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeRecordUnpack(KeyInfo*,int,const void*,UnpackedRecord*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3VdbeRecordCompare(int,const void*,UnpackedRecord*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE UnpackedRecord *sqlite3VdbeAllocUnpackedRecord(KeyInfo *, char *, int, char **);
 
typedef int (*RecordCompare)(int,const void*,UnpackedRecord*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE RecordCompare sqlite3VdbeFindCompare(UnpackedRecord*);
 
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_TRIGGER
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeLinkSubProgram(Vdbe *, SubProgram *);
#endif
 
/* Use SQLITE_ENABLE_COMMENTS to enable generation of extra comments on
** each VDBE opcode.
**
** Use the SQLITE_ENABLE_MODULE_COMMENTS macro to see some extra no-op
** comments in VDBE programs that show key decision points in the code
** generator.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_EXPLAIN_COMMENTS
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeComment(Vdbe*, const char*, ...);
# define VdbeComment(X) sqlite3VdbeComment X
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeNoopComment(Vdbe*, const char*, ...);
# define VdbeNoopComment(X) sqlite3VdbeNoopComment X
# ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MODULE_COMMENTS
# define VdbeModuleComment(X) sqlite3VdbeNoopComment X
# else
# define VdbeModuleComment(X)
# endif
#else
# define VdbeComment(X)
# define VdbeNoopComment(X)
# define VdbeModuleComment(X)
#endif
 
/*
** The VdbeCoverage macros are used to set a coverage testing point
** for VDBE branch instructions. The coverage testing points are line
** numbers in the sqlite3.c source file. VDBE branch coverage testing
** only works with an amalagmation build. That's ok since a VDBE branch
** coverage build designed for testing the test suite only. No application
** should ever ship with VDBE branch coverage measuring turned on.
**
** VdbeCoverage(v) // Mark the previously coded instruction
** // as a branch
**
** VdbeCoverageIf(v, conditional) // Mark previous if conditional true
**
** VdbeCoverageAlwaysTaken(v) // Previous branch is always taken
**
** VdbeCoverageNeverTaken(v) // Previous branch is never taken
**
** Every VDBE branch operation must be tagged with one of the macros above.
** If not, then when "make test" is run with -DSQLITE_VDBE_COVERAGE and
** -DSQLITE_DEBUG then an ALWAYS() will fail in the vdbeTakeBranch()
** routine in vdbe.c, alerting the developer to the missed tag.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_VDBE_COVERAGE
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3VdbeSetLineNumber(Vdbe*,int);
# define VdbeCoverage(v) sqlite3VdbeSetLineNumber(v,__LINE__)
# define VdbeCoverageIf(v,x) if(x)sqlite3VdbeSetLineNumber(v,__LINE__)
# define VdbeCoverageAlwaysTaken(v) sqlite3VdbeSetLineNumber(v,2);
# define VdbeCoverageNeverTaken(v) sqlite3VdbeSetLineNumber(v,1);
# define VDBE_OFFSET_LINENO(x) (__LINE__+x)
#else
# define VdbeCoverage(v)
# define VdbeCoverageIf(v,x)
# define VdbeCoverageAlwaysTaken(v)
# define VdbeCoverageNeverTaken(v)
# define VDBE_OFFSET_LINENO(x) 0
#endif
 
#endif
 
/************** End of vdbe.h ************************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
/************** Include pager.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h *****************/
/************** Begin file pager.h *******************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 15
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
** May you do good and not evil.
** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This header file defines the interface that the sqlite page cache
** subsystem. The page cache subsystem reads and writes a file a page
** at a time and provides a journal for rollback.
*/
 
#ifndef _PAGER_H_
#define _PAGER_H_
 
/*
** Default maximum size for persistent journal files. A negative
** value means no limit. This value may be overridden using the
** sqlite3PagerJournalSizeLimit() API. See also "PRAGMA journal_size_limit".
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_JOURNAL_SIZE_LIMIT
#define SQLITE_DEFAULT_JOURNAL_SIZE_LIMIT -1
#endif
 
/*
** The type used to represent a page number. The first page in a file
** is called page 1. 0 is used to represent "not a page".
*/
typedef u32 Pgno;
 
/*
** Each open file is managed by a separate instance of the "Pager" structure.
*/
typedef struct Pager Pager;
 
/*
** Handle type for pages.
*/
typedef struct PgHdr DbPage;
 
/*
** Page number PAGER_MJ_PGNO is never used in an SQLite database (it is
** reserved for working around a windows/posix incompatibility). It is
** used in the journal to signify that the remainder of the journal file
** is devoted to storing a master journal name - there are no more pages to
** roll back. See comments for function writeMasterJournal() in pager.c
** for details.
*/
#define PAGER_MJ_PGNO(x) ((Pgno)((PENDING_BYTE/((x)->pageSize))+1))
 
/*
** Allowed values for the flags parameter to sqlite3PagerOpen().
**
** NOTE: These values must match the corresponding BTREE_ values in btree.h.
*/
#define PAGER_OMIT_JOURNAL 0x0001 /* Do not use a rollback journal */
#define PAGER_MEMORY 0x0002 /* In-memory database */
 
/*
** Valid values for the second argument to sqlite3PagerLockingMode().
*/
#define PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_QUERY -1
#define PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_NORMAL 0
#define PAGER_LOCKINGMODE_EXCLUSIVE 1
 
/*
** Numeric constants that encode the journalmode.
*/
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_QUERY (-1) /* Query the value of journalmode */
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_DELETE 0 /* Commit by deleting journal file */
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_PERSIST 1 /* Commit by zeroing journal header */
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_OFF 2 /* Journal omitted. */
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_TRUNCATE 3 /* Commit by truncating journal */
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_MEMORY 4 /* In-memory journal file */
#define PAGER_JOURNALMODE_WAL 5 /* Use write-ahead logging */
 
/*
** Flags that make up the mask passed to sqlite3PagerAcquire().
*/
#define PAGER_GET_NOCONTENT 0x01 /* Do not load data from disk */
#define PAGER_GET_READONLY 0x02 /* Read-only page is acceptable */
 
/*
** Flags for sqlite3PagerSetFlags()
*/
#define PAGER_SYNCHRONOUS_OFF 0x01 /* PRAGMA synchronous=OFF */
#define PAGER_SYNCHRONOUS_NORMAL 0x02 /* PRAGMA synchronous=NORMAL */
#define PAGER_SYNCHRONOUS_FULL 0x03 /* PRAGMA synchronous=FULL */
#define PAGER_SYNCHRONOUS_MASK 0x03 /* Mask for three values above */
#define PAGER_FULLFSYNC 0x04 /* PRAGMA fullfsync=ON */
#define PAGER_CKPT_FULLFSYNC 0x08 /* PRAGMA checkpoint_fullfsync=ON */
#define PAGER_CACHESPILL 0x10 /* PRAGMA cache_spill=ON */
#define PAGER_FLAGS_MASK 0x1c /* All above except SYNCHRONOUS */
 
/*
** The remainder of this file contains the declarations of the functions
** that make up the Pager sub-system API. See source code comments for
** a detailed description of each routine.
*/
 
/* Open and close a Pager connection. */
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerOpen(
sqlite3_vfs*,
Pager **ppPager,
const char*,
int,
int,
int,
void(*)(DbPage*)
);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerClose(Pager *pPager);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerReadFileheader(Pager*, int, unsigned char*);
 
/* Functions used to configure a Pager object. */
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerSetBusyhandler(Pager*, int(*)(void *), void *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerSetPagesize(Pager*, u32*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerMaxPageCount(Pager*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerSetCachesize(Pager*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerSetMmapLimit(Pager *, sqlite3_int64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerShrink(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerSetFlags(Pager*,unsigned);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerLockingMode(Pager *, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerSetJournalMode(Pager *, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerGetJournalMode(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerOkToChangeJournalMode(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE i64 sqlite3PagerJournalSizeLimit(Pager *, i64);
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_backup **sqlite3PagerBackupPtr(Pager*);
 
/* Functions used to obtain and release page references. */
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerAcquire(Pager *pPager, Pgno pgno, DbPage **ppPage, int clrFlag);
#define sqlite3PagerGet(A,B,C) sqlite3PagerAcquire(A,B,C,0)
SQLITE_PRIVATE DbPage *sqlite3PagerLookup(Pager *pPager, Pgno pgno);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerRef(DbPage*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerUnref(DbPage*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerUnrefNotNull(DbPage*);
 
/* Operations on page references. */
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerWrite(DbPage*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerDontWrite(DbPage*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerMovepage(Pager*,DbPage*,Pgno,int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerPageRefcount(DbPage*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PagerGetData(DbPage *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PagerGetExtra(DbPage *);
 
/* Functions used to manage pager transactions and savepoints. */
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerPagecount(Pager*, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerBegin(Pager*, int exFlag, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseOne(Pager*,const char *zMaster, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerExclusiveLock(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerSync(Pager *pPager, const char *zMaster);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerCommitPhaseTwo(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerRollback(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerOpenSavepoint(Pager *pPager, int n);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerSavepoint(Pager *pPager, int op, int iSavepoint);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerSharedLock(Pager *pPager);
 
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_WAL
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerCheckpoint(Pager *pPager, int, int*, int*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerWalSupported(Pager *pPager);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerWalCallback(Pager *pPager);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerOpenWal(Pager *pPager, int *pisOpen);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerCloseWal(Pager *pPager);
#endif
 
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_ZIPVFS
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerWalFramesize(Pager *pPager);
#endif
 
/* Functions used to query pager state and configuration. */
SQLITE_PRIVATE u8 sqlite3PagerIsreadonly(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerRefcount(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerMemUsed(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3PagerFilename(Pager*, int);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const sqlite3_vfs *sqlite3PagerVfs(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_file *sqlite3PagerFile(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE const char *sqlite3PagerJournalname(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerNosync(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PagerTempSpace(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerIsMemdb(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerCacheStat(Pager *, int, int, int *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerClearCache(Pager *);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3SectorSize(sqlite3_file *);
 
/* Functions used to truncate the database file. */
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerTruncateImage(Pager*,Pgno);
 
#if defined(SQLITE_HAS_CODEC) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_WAL)
SQLITE_PRIVATE void *sqlite3PagerCodec(DbPage *);
#endif
 
/* Functions to support testing and debugging. */
#if !defined(NDEBUG) || defined(SQLITE_TEST)
SQLITE_PRIVATE Pgno sqlite3PagerPagenumber(DbPage*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PagerIswriteable(DbPage*);
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
SQLITE_PRIVATE int *sqlite3PagerStats(Pager*);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PagerRefdump(Pager*);
void disable_simulated_io_errors(void);
void enable_simulated_io_errors(void);
#else
# define disable_simulated_io_errors()
# define enable_simulated_io_errors()
#endif
 
#endif /* _PAGER_H_ */
 
/************** End of pager.h ***********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
/************** Include pcache.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ****************/
/************** Begin file pcache.h ******************************************/
/*
** 2008 August 05
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
** May you do good and not evil.
** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
*************************************************************************
** This header file defines the interface that the sqlite page cache
** subsystem.
*/
 
#ifndef _PCACHE_H_
 
typedef struct PgHdr PgHdr;
typedef struct PCache PCache;
 
/*
** Every page in the cache is controlled by an instance of the following
** structure.
*/
struct PgHdr {
sqlite3_pcache_page *pPage; /* Pcache object page handle */
void *pData; /* Page data */
void *pExtra; /* Extra content */
PgHdr *pDirty; /* Transient list of dirty pages */
Pager *pPager; /* The pager this page is part of */
Pgno pgno; /* Page number for this page */
#ifdef SQLITE_CHECK_PAGES
u32 pageHash; /* Hash of page content */
#endif
u16 flags; /* PGHDR flags defined below */
 
/**********************************************************************
** Elements above are public. All that follows is private to pcache.c
** and should not be accessed by other modules.
*/
i16 nRef; /* Number of users of this page */
PCache *pCache; /* Cache that owns this page */
 
PgHdr *pDirtyNext; /* Next element in list of dirty pages */
PgHdr *pDirtyPrev; /* Previous element in list of dirty pages */
};
 
/* Bit values for PgHdr.flags */
#define PGHDR_DIRTY 0x002 /* Page has changed */
#define PGHDR_NEED_SYNC 0x004 /* Fsync the rollback journal before
** writing this page to the database */
#define PGHDR_NEED_READ 0x008 /* Content is unread */
#define PGHDR_REUSE_UNLIKELY 0x010 /* A hint that reuse is unlikely */
#define PGHDR_DONT_WRITE 0x020 /* Do not write content to disk */
 
#define PGHDR_MMAP 0x040 /* This is an mmap page object */
 
/* Initialize and shutdown the page cache subsystem */
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PcacheInitialize(void);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheShutdown(void);
 
/* Page cache buffer management:
** These routines implement SQLITE_CONFIG_PAGECACHE.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PCacheBufferSetup(void *, int sz, int n);
 
/* Create a new pager cache.
** Under memory stress, invoke xStress to try to make pages clean.
** Only clean and unpinned pages can be reclaimed.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PcacheOpen(
int szPage, /* Size of every page */
int szExtra, /* Extra space associated with each page */
int bPurgeable, /* True if pages are on backing store */
int (*xStress)(void*, PgHdr*), /* Call to try to make pages clean */
void *pStress, /* Argument to xStress */
PCache *pToInit /* Preallocated space for the PCache */
);
 
/* Modify the page-size after the cache has been created. */
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PcacheSetPageSize(PCache *, int);
 
/* Return the size in bytes of a PCache object. Used to preallocate
** storage space.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PcacheSize(void);
 
/* One release per successful fetch. Page is pinned until released.
** Reference counted.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE sqlite3_pcache_page *sqlite3PcacheFetch(PCache*, Pgno, int createFlag);
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PcacheFetchStress(PCache*, Pgno, sqlite3_pcache_page**);
SQLITE_PRIVATE PgHdr *sqlite3PcacheFetchFinish(PCache*, Pgno, sqlite3_pcache_page *pPage);
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheRelease(PgHdr*);
 
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheDrop(PgHdr*); /* Remove page from cache */
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheMakeDirty(PgHdr*); /* Make sure page is marked dirty */
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheMakeClean(PgHdr*); /* Mark a single page as clean */
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheCleanAll(PCache*); /* Mark all dirty list pages as clean */
 
/* Change a page number. Used by incr-vacuum. */
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheMove(PgHdr*, Pgno);
 
/* Remove all pages with pgno>x. Reset the cache if x==0 */
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheTruncate(PCache*, Pgno x);
 
/* Get a list of all dirty pages in the cache, sorted by page number */
SQLITE_PRIVATE PgHdr *sqlite3PcacheDirtyList(PCache*);
 
/* Reset and close the cache object */
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheClose(PCache*);
 
/* Clear flags from pages of the page cache */
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheClearSyncFlags(PCache *);
 
/* Discard the contents of the cache */
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheClear(PCache*);
 
/* Return the total number of outstanding page references */
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PcacheRefCount(PCache*);
 
/* Increment the reference count of an existing page */
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheRef(PgHdr*);
 
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PcachePageRefcount(PgHdr*);
 
/* Return the total number of pages stored in the cache */
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PcachePagecount(PCache*);
 
#if defined(SQLITE_CHECK_PAGES) || defined(SQLITE_DEBUG)
/* Iterate through all dirty pages currently stored in the cache. This
** interface is only available if SQLITE_CHECK_PAGES is defined when the
** library is built.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheIterateDirty(PCache *pCache, void (*xIter)(PgHdr *));
#endif
 
/* Set and get the suggested cache-size for the specified pager-cache.
**
** If no global maximum is configured, then the system attempts to limit
** the total number of pages cached by purgeable pager-caches to the sum
** of the suggested cache-sizes.
*/
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheSetCachesize(PCache *, int);
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PcacheGetCachesize(PCache *);
#endif
 
/* Free up as much memory as possible from the page cache */
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheShrink(PCache*);
 
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMORY_MANAGEMENT
/* Try to return memory used by the pcache module to the main memory heap */
SQLITE_PRIVATE int sqlite3PcacheReleaseMemory(int);
#endif
 
#ifdef SQLITE_TEST
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PcacheStats(int*,int*,int*,int*);
#endif
 
SQLITE_PRIVATE void sqlite3PCacheSetDefault(void);
 
#endif /* _PCACHE_H_ */
 
/************** End of pcache.h **********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in sqliteInt.h ******************/
 
/************** Include os.h in the middle of sqliteInt.h ********************/
/************** Begin file os.h **********************************************/
/*
** 2001 September 16
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
** May you do good and not evil.
** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
******************************************************************************
**
** This header file (together with is companion C source-code file
** "os.c") attempt to abstract the underlying operating system so that
** the SQLite library will work on both POSIX and windows systems.
**
** This header file is #include-ed by sqliteInt.h and thus ends up
** being included by every source file.
*/
#ifndef _SQLITE_OS_H_
#define _SQLITE_OS_H_
 
/*
** Attempt to automatically detect the operating system and setup the
** necessary pre-processor macros for it.
*/
/************** Include os_setup.h in the middle of os.h *********************/
/************** Begin file os_setup.h ****************************************/
/*
** 2013 November 25
**
** The author disclaims copyright to this source code. In place of
** a legal notice, here is a blessing:
**
** May you do good and not evil.
** May you find forgiveness for yourself and forgive others.
** May you share freely, never taking more than you give.
**
******************************************************************************
**
** This file contains pre-processor directives related to operating system
** detection and/or setup.
*/
#ifndef _OS_SETUP_H_
#define _OS_SETUP_H_
 
/*
** Figure out if we are dealing with Unix, Windows, or some other operating
** system.
**
** After the following block of preprocess macros, all of SQLITE_OS_UNIX,
** SQLITE_OS_WIN, and SQLITE_OS_OTHER will defined to either 1 or 0. One of
** the three will be 1. The other two will be 0.
*/
#if defined(SQLITE_OS_OTHER)
# if SQLITE_OS_OTHER==1
# undef SQLITE_OS_UNIX
# define SQLITE_OS_UNIX 0
# undef SQLITE_OS_WIN
# define SQLITE_OS_WIN 0
# else
# undef SQLITE_OS_OTHER
# endif
#endif
#if !defined(SQLITE_OS_UNIX) && !defined(SQLITE_OS_OTHER)
# define SQLITE_OS_OTHER 0
# ifndef SQLITE_OS_WIN
# if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32) || defined(__CYGWIN__) || \
defined(__MINGW32__) || defined(__BORLANDC__)
# define SQLITE_OS_WIN 1
# define SQLITE_OS_UNIX 0
# else
# define SQLITE_OS_WIN 0
# define SQLITE_OS_UNIX 1
# endif
# else
# define SQLITE_OS_UNIX 0
# endif
#else
# ifndef SQLITE_OS_WIN
# define SQLITE_OS_WIN 0
# endif
#endif
 
#endif /* _OS_SETUP_H_ */
 
/************** End of os_setup.h ********************************************/
/************** Continuing where we left off in os.h *************************/
 
/* If the SET_FULLSYNC macro is not defined above, then make it
** a no-op
*/
#ifndef SET_FULLSYNC
# define SET_FULLSYNC(x,y)
#endif
 
/*
** The default size of a disk sector
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_DEFAULT_SECTOR_SIZE
# define SQLITE_DEFAULT_SECTOR_SIZE 4096
#endif
 
/*
** Temporary files are named starting with this prefix followed by 16 random
** alphanumeric characters, and no file extension. They are stored in the
** OS's standard temporary file directory, and are deleted prior to exit.
** If sqlite is being embedded in another program, you may wish to change the
** prefix to reflect your program's name, so that if your program exits
** prematurely, old temporary files can be easily identified. This can be done
** using -DSQLITE_TEMP_FILE_PREFIX=myprefix_ on the compiler command line.
**
** 2006-10-31: The default prefix used to be "sqlite_". But then
** Mcafee started using SQLite in their anti-virus product and it
** started putting files with the "sqlite" name in the c:/temp folder.
** This annoyed many windows users. Those users would then do a
** Google search for "sqlite", find the telephone numbers of the
** developers and call to wake them up at night and complain.
** For this reason, the default name prefix is changed to be "sqlite"
** spelled backwards. So the temp files are still identified, but
** anybody smart enough to figure out the code is also likely smart
** enough to know that calling the developer will not help get rid
** of the file.
*/
#ifndef SQLITE_TEMP_FILE_PREFIX
# define SQLITE_TEMP_FILE_PREFIX "etilqs_"