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/*
 * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
 * or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
 * distributed with this work for additional information
 * regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
 * to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
 * "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
 * with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *   http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
 * software distributed under the License is distributed on an
 * "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
 * KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
 * specific language governing permissions and limitations
 * under the License.
 */

package org.apache.sshd.server.channel;

import java.io.Closeable;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;

import org.apache.sshd.server.ChannelSessionAware;
import org.apache.sshd.server.Command;

/**
 * Receiving end of the data stream from the client.
 *
 * <p>
 * Sequence of bytes that SSH client sends to the server is eventually sent to this interface
 * to be passed on to the final consumer.
 * By default {@link ChannelSession} spools this in a buffer so that you can read it from
 * the input stream you get from {@link Command#setInputStream(InputStream)}, but if command
 * wants to do a callback-driven I/O for the data it receives from the client, it can
 * call {@link ChannelSession#setDataReceiver(ChannelDataReceiver)} to do so.
 * (And to grab a reference to {@link ChannelSession}, a {@link Command} should implement
 * {@link ChannelSessionAware}.)
 *
 * @see ChannelSession#setDataReceiver(ChannelDataReceiver)
 * @see ChannelSessionAware
 */

public interface ChannelDataReceiver extends Closeable {
    /**
     * Called when the server receives additional bytes from the client.
     *
     * <p>
     * SSH channels use the windowing mechanism to perform flow control, much like TCP does.
     * The server gives the client the initial window size, which represents the number of
     * bytes the client can send to the server. As the server receives data, it can
     * send a message to the client to allow it to send more data.
     *
     * <p>
     * The return value from this method is used to control this behaviour.
     * Intuitively speaking, the callee returns the number of bytes consumed by this method,
     * by the time this method returns. Picture a one-way long bridge (for example Golden Gate Bridge)
     * with toll plazas on both sides. The window size is the maximum number of cars
     * allowed on the bridge. Here we are on the receiving end, so our job here is to
     * count the number of cars as it leaves the bridge, and if enough of them left,
     * we'll signal the sending end that they can let in more cars. The return value of this
     * method counts the number of cars that are leaving in this batch.
     *
     * <p>
     * In simple cases, where the callee has consumed the bytes before it returns,
     * the return value must be the same value as the 'len' parameter given.
     *
     * <p>
     * On the other hand, if the callee is queueing up the received bytes somewhere
     * to be consumed later (for example by another thread), then this method should
     * return 0, for the bytes aren't really consumed yet. And when at some later point
     * the bytes are actually used, then you'll invoke {@code channel.getLocalWindow().consumeAndCheck(len)}
     * to let the channel know that bytes are consumed.
     *
     * <p>
     * This behaviour will result in a better flow control, as the server will not
     * allow the SSH client to overflow its buffer. If instead you always return the value
     * passed in the 'len' parameter, the place where you are queueing up bytes may overflow.
     *
     * <p>
     * In either case, the callee must account for every bytes it receives in this method.
     * Returning 0 and failing to call back {@code channel.getLocalWindow().consumeAndCheck(len)} later
     * will dry up the window size, and eventually the client will stop sending you any data.
     *
     * <p>
     * In the SSH protocol, this method invocation is triggered by a <tt>SSH_MSG_CHANNEL_DATA</tt> message.
     *
     * @param channel
     *      The caller to which this {@link ChannelDataReceiver} is assigned. Never null.
     * @param buf
     *      Holds the bytes received. This buffer belongs to the caller, and it might get reused
     *      by the caller as soon as this method returns.
     * @param start
     *      buf[start] is the first byte that received from the client.
     * @param len
     *      the length of the bytes received. Can be zero.
     * @return
     *      The number of bytes consumed, for the purpose of the flow control.
     *      For a simple use case, you return the value given by the 'len' parameter.
     *      See the method javadoc for more details.
     */

    int data(ChannelSession channel, byte[] buf, int start, int len) throws IOException;

    /**
     * Called to indicate EOF.
     *
     * The client will no longer send us any more data.
     */

    void close() throws IOException;
}